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Full text of "The Massachusetts magazine : devoted to Massachusetts history, genealogy, biography"

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Vol. II. 



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The Salem Press Co., Salem, Mass. 

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A Quarterly cMagazine Devoted to History, Genealogy and Biography 
Thomas Franklin Waters, Editor, ipswich, mass. 

ASSOCIATE AND ADVISORY EDITORS 

Frank A. Gardner, M.D. Charles A. Flagg John N. McClintock Albert W. Dennis 

8ALEM, MASS. WASHINGTON, D. C DORCHESTER, MASS. B.U.IM, MAXS. 

Issued in January, April, July and October. Subscription, $2.50 per year, Single copies 75c. 



VOL. II 



JANUARY, 1909 



NO. 



Contents af tips Issue, 



The /'Scarlet Letter " and Old Ketterie 
Colonel Ephraim Doolittle's Regiment , . 
The Rev. James Noyes House in Newbury 
The Pathfinder at Marietta, Ohio in 1888 
Massachusetts Pioneers in Michigan . . . 
The Williams House at Deerfield .... 
Some Articles Concerning Massachusetts in 

recent Magazines 

Department of the American Revolution 

Criticism and Comment 

Some Massachusetts Historical Writers . 

Pilgrims and Planters ; . . 

Our Editorial Pages 



Herbert M. Sylvester 
F.A.Gardner, M.D. 
Benj. L. Noyes, M.D. 
George Sheldon . . 
Charles A. Flagg 



Charles A. Flagg 
F.A.Gardner, M.D. 



Lucie M. Gardner 
Thomas F. Waters 



3 

11 
30 
33 
39 
41 

42 
45 
4S 
51 
54 
55 



CORRESPONDENCE of a business nature should be sent to The Massachusetts Magazine. Salem. Ma=s. 

CORRESPONDENCE in regard to contributions to the Magazine may be sent to the editor, Eev. T. F. 
Waters, Ipswich, Mass., or to theottice of publication, in Salem. 

BOOKS for review may be sent to the office of publication in Salem. Books should not be sent to individual 
editors of the magazine, unless by previous correspondence the ediCor consents to review the hook. 

SUBSCRIPTION should be sent to The Massachusetts Magazine Salem, Ma?s. Subscription ǥȣ 
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danger of loss send by post-office money order, bank check, or express money order. 

CHANGES OF ADDRESS. When a subscriber makes a change of artjlress J^hoidd nnMnrtte P*^*"*; 
giving both his old and new addresses. The publishers cannot be responsible for lost copies, if the) are not 
fied of such changes 




•x March 13, 1908, at the post office at Salem, Mass., under the act of Con ere, s of 
March, -i, 187/J. Office of publication, 4 Central Street, Salem, Mass. 




THE "SCARLET LETTER" AND 

OLD KETTERIE 



By Herbert M. Sylvester 




AWTHORNE'S "Scarlet Letter" offers no sugges- 
tion of the source from which he drew the inspiration 
for his creation of the immortal Hester Prynne, or 
of the story of Mary Bachiller of old Ketterie ; yet 
one may well assume the tale as not unknown to 
him whose brain teemed with quaint and curious 
Xew England happenings. Mary Bachiller's spirit 
may have looked over the shoulder of Hawthorne as 
he wrote this tragedy in prose which has become one 
of the choicest classics of Xew England literature. 
Old Salem, as Hawthorne knew it, was conducive to the mood in which 
he must have been to have written as weirdly as he did at times ; for he 
must have been under a "spell" to have wrought the characters so foreign to 
his own experiences. Be that as it may, his desk in the old Custom House 
was not so far from famous Kittery, which lay up the coast a day's drive on 
the east shore of the Piscataqua just opposite ancient Strawberry-bank, new 
historic Portsmouth, like olden Newcastle and Sagamore Creek, overlooked, 
by the mi-v gabled manse of the Xew Hampshire Wentworths. whose 
rarest and most romantic memories are resolved into the tradition of the 
wooing and winning of Martha Hilton, the fairest flower of old Newcastle, 
and the whilom waiting-maid at "The Dolphin," who became Lady Benning 
Wentworth much to the astonishment of Mistress Starers who kept that not- 
able inn in old Queen street. Just down the bay were the wharves of old 



4 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

Gosport which nestled against the side of Haley's Island, one of the seven 
islands that made up the Isles of Shoals where Parson Tucke in the middle 
of the 17th century had his little university, and where for years he taught 
the select youth of Massachusetts Bay their Greek, Latin and Mathematics 
to his own satisfaction if not to that of his pupils. 

There is no more picturesque country than just here where New Hamp- 
shire and Maine touch elbows through the fogs of the Piscataqua. No part 
of the coast is possessed of more lively traditions or antiquarian lore ; for 




A GLIMPSE OF KITTERY POINT. 

even in these days the shore of modern Kitten* is lined with a score of roof- 
trees that date back to the beginning of things English on the Maine coast. 
Here are floors that have echoed to the tread of the first settlers, the Shap- 
leighs, Hiltons, Gunnisons and the Pepperells and those who came along with 
them. The whole length of Kittery Point shore runs a country highway as 
unsuggestive of a summer resort as heart could desire, along which are strung 
like so many pearls the silvery roofs that were contemporary with the Pala- 
tinate of Sir Ferdinando Gorges. 



THE "SCARLET LETTER" AND OLD KETTERIE 5 

The Parsonage dates back to 1629. The church was built the following 
year. Alexander Shapleigh built in 1635 and set up the first tavern. Fifteen 
years later William Hilton was using it as an "ordinary" as taverns were 
known in those days, and the Rev. Stephen Bachiller had taken up his res- 
idence among the Kittery folk. Bachiller was a character whose marital ex- 
periences might have suggested to Alexander Pope, who was born thirty-seven 
years later, to exploit in pungent verse the alliance of January and May. 
Moreover, he was a lively thorn in the flesh of the politic Winthrop and as 
well persona non grata to the Great and General Court. 

Born in England in 1561, his Non-Conformist affiliations compelled him 
to take asylum in Holland. Some years later he had drifted back to London, 
and on March 9th, 1632 he set sail for Boston on the William and Francis 
to join his daughter Theodate who had preceded him Xew England-ward. 
Arriving safely in Boston he made his way to Lynn to the residence of his 
daughter, where he began at once to "hold forth, " whereupon the General 
Court ordered him "To forbeare exercising his gifts as pastor or teacher 
publiquely in our Pattent, " From Lynn, Bachrller went to Ipswich where he 
had a land-grant; but having in mind the establishment of a church at 
Yarmouth, he set out for that place afoot, in mid-winter, of 1637, — a hun- 
dred mile journey. Failing in this project, he went to Hampton. He was 
about eighty years of age at this time "when he committed a heinous offence, 
which he at first denied but finally acknowledged, and was excommunicated 
from the church therefor." 

His disgrace was but temporary, as he was soon after admitted to Com- 
munion and invited to preach at Exeter; but the General Court would not 
permit him to accept the call. This was in 1644, and six years later he was 
in Portsmouth, where, at the extreme age of eighty-nine he determined 
to take unto himself a third wife. . Hardly a novice in marital matters he 
decided that — 

"A stale virgin with a wintry face," 

would not be to his taste, and likewise endowed with the fervent belief that 
"A wife is the peculiar gift of Heaven," 

he forthwith married one Mary, — the surname is lost, — for his third spouse 
whose age is given as "twenty-three." 

Unfortunately for the peace of the Kittery settlement, with or without 
provocation, Mary Bachiller became enamoured of a worthless fellow, one 
George Rogers, whose untimely and scandalous behaviour with the girlish, 
and no doubt charming, wife of this foolish old man was such that in October 



6 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

of 1651 they were indicted under the Laws of Massachusetts Bay and brought 

summarily to book. It was a swift disillusionment for the poor wife; for 
upon-t heir presentment to the Court, -which-was undoubtedly held in Hugh 
Gunnison's tavern, the same previously carried on by Shapleigh and afterward 
by Hilton, they were duly sentenced. The trial is given at length in "Book 
B" of the York Records. Rogers, after the fashion of the time, was let off 
with "forty stroakes save one at ye first Towne Meeting held at Kittery," 
which he could cover up with his coat; while the girl-wife was adjudged to 
receive "forty stroakes save one at ye first Towne Meeting held at Kittery 
weekes after her delivery, & be branded with the letter A . . . two inches 
long, and proportionable bigness, cut out of cloath of a contrary color to her 
cloathes and sewed upon her upper garments on the outside of her arm or on 
her back in open view," and if by mischance or intent she should be found 
without her letter, she was to be "publiquely whipt." 

The "Towne Meeting" was held in the old church now standing upon its 
original foundation just opposite the ancient burial-ground, and it was upon 
the Common, doubtless, in front of this historic edifice that the sentence was 
carried out upon the culprit. 

Here was a Hester Prynne ready-made for Hawthorne, with the difference, 
that Mary Bachiller came by her "Letter" by due process of law and not 
under the magic wand of the romancer. Poor woman, forever disgraced and 
branded on that fateful day "six weekes after," her story, ghostlike, will never 
down ! 

Kittery is not a far-cry from old Salem, and it is not to be doubted for a 
moment but Hawthorne was aware of thexircumstance. It was the only case 
of its kind east of the Piscataqua River, and in fact, the only one within 
the knowledge of the writer as having occurred within the purlieus of Massa- 
chusetts Bay, as it 'was then designated, so suggestive in its character. 

If Hawthorne derived his inspiration from Mary Bachiller's misfortune. 
and it seems most likely that he did, she was fortunate in her interpreter ; 
for I apprehend, taking into consideration the laxity of morals in those days, 
and lax they were, she was more sinned against than sinning, — nor is the 
stage-setting of her story less weird and lonely than the times were harsh 
and unmerciful to her sex. It is a great story, however, and worthy of Xew 
England's greatest romancer, — a wizard tale, by a veritable wizard. 

What became of Mary Bachiller is unknown. The historian of that day 
is silent. Nothing exists by which her fate can be gleaned either by record 
or tradition. But for the musty records of old York her story would have 
been as much a myth as is that of Hester Prynne. As for her nonogenarian 



<© 



THE "SCARLET LETTER" AND OLD KETTERIE 7 

consort, he sailed for England that same year, where, undivorced from his 
third wife, he married a fourth with whom he spent the remainder of his days 
which were terminated in 1G60. 

What a commentary on the times, the old times of the Colonies, this inci- 
dent, or rather, tragedy, affords, when sentiment and mercy were meas- 
ured out with niggard hand; when everybody was bitted, and not a few 
saddled; when the right of way was hereditary; when the clergy carried the 
whip and held the reins ; when the preacher went from his pulpit to the Bench, 
and when Precedent was good law and seldom called to halt! The superstitions 
that made the Salem witch-trials of 1690 a possibility, indicated cloudy skies 
and doubtful weather to such as exercised liberty of thought and action 
which were as likely to be pointed with tragedy as otherwise. Strange and 
soul-troubling vagaries were a common heritage, and wherever the law 
touched, whether the culprit went to the whipping-post, pillory, stocks, duck- 
ing-stool, or common gaol, it left a brutal scar for a genius like Hawthorne's 
to immortalize. 

As for the tragedy of Mary Bachiller, for tragedy it was, it is one of the 
hideous things to keep one company along this oldest highway of Maine, with 
the gray worn roofs of a nondescript architecture strewn along its marge at 
uncertain intervals, the relics of a quaint and original people. As one goes, 
Witch of Endor-like, he conjures the past with many a spell of the imagina- 
tion, or reads their stories in the original to translate as freely as a lively 
imagination will allow. For all that has been written, one sees as through a 
glass, darkly, wishing in vain for the Mormon's Goggles, where Time has set a 
wall as impassable as the Bridge of Al Araf. Yet, through it all, out of it all, 
comes the hopeless wail of Mary Bachiller as the lash falls upon her nude back 
at the whipping-post, and the gleam of a flame-like letter blisters and burns 
upon the vision. It is like the stain upon the hand of Lady Macbeth that 
will not out, this letter that perpetuated the degradation of a woman, settling 
in entail upon an innocent offspring a like degradation in pcrpctuiim. 

But what a setting, this riant landscape, for such a memory! Behind one 
is the ghost of the whipping-post, and before, the shimmer of the shales 
where the tide makes up, the glittering lustres of the micas, or the gray glooms 
of the massive granites, their feet sandalled in the emerald of the sea. 
snooded with bands of dusky kelp. Always as one looks over the low wall 
of the old burial-ground, with the old church at his back and its unchristian 
associations as well, the vision is filled with a medley of hooded capes dyed 
with the blue of the farthest waters or the purple of royalty. Along the broken 
shores the trees have been sculptured into fantastic shapes by the vagrant 



8 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



winds. Sleep-distilling pine-laden odors haunt the zephyrs that steal frith 
noiseless foot-fall across the golden floors of the marshes, or with haste:. -1 
pace weave the salt grasses into webs of unmatchable color. Deep bays make 
spacious anchorages that might hold all the navies of the world, and number- 
less inlets and creeks make'inlayings of silver amid the inland verte, that 




mm^m 






KITTERY POINT MEETINGHOUSE. 

This, the oldest church east of the Piscataqua. was built in 1630. The Parsonage which makes the 

background of the sketch, was erected a year earlier. Both are in a fine state of preservation. 

The first home of the Episcopalians in the Gorges jurisdiction, it was presented with a 

silver communion service by Sir William Pepperrell which is still in use. It was in 

this church undoubtedly that Marv Batchiller had her trial. Under the shadow 

of its low gable she stood in pillory, and had her "thirty-nine stroakes." 

lay mostly fast asleep in the summer sun after a vagabondish fashion, where 
even the wildest gales are shorn of their tumult. Xo wonder men set up their 
easels along these ribs of sun-bleached sands to catch 

"The tremulous shadow of the sea!" 
For all the charm and beauty of these Kittery shores and the sea that lies 
beyond, look as I may. the glow of that "Scarlet Letter" marks the uneasy 
spirit of Mary Bachiller, whose noiseless footfall keeps loitering pace with ray 
own, even as the rift in the cloud-smothered horizon at set of sun betrays the 
ruddv stain of a dav that is dead. 



THE "SCARLET LETTER" AND OLD KETTERIE 9 

There is a flavor of brutality to this story that makes the blood mount 
in temperature. While its meagreness of detail throws something of a sha 
over this swift meting out of justice, — and justice was younger then than 
now, — that in itself reflects the rough indifference of the times. One 
cringes as if Norton's lash were whistling about one's ears: and it would be 
incredible altogether, except that forty years later alleged witches were swirl- 
ing from Gallows-trees on the top of Witch's Hill. Lest in these days of 
imaginative writing, any doubt should be left, the original relation burnt 
into the time-yellowed page of the ancient York Records is here quoted. 
Mary Bachiller's first appearance in Court was in October of 1651. (0. S.). 
The Record has this entry, — 

The Court houlden at Kittery the 14th of this P r sent 
Month of Octob : 1651. & Election mad as Follows 
P r sent m r Edward Godfrey Gov r 

m r Richard Leader ma 'estrat 
m r Nicolas Shaply ma'estrat 
m r Abraham Preble ma'estrat 
m r Tho.. Weathers ma'estrat 

m r Edward Rish worth w th Uniiis Amicus Consent 
chosen an Assistant ma'estrat & Recorder 

'Actions knowne to be entered, somoneses granted out Re- 
cogniscences payrtys bound to appere as delinquent & others to 
give evadence against them, in regard of Late decease of the 
Recorder, we call y m to remembrance as followeth 

Actions or sommones granted : 

X X X X X X 

P r sentments mayd by the Grand inquest houlden at Pischa : 
Octob : 16 : 1651 

We do p r sent George Rodgers for, & mary Batcheller the 
wife of m r Steven Batcheller minis tr for adultery. It is ordered 
by ye Court y t George Rodgers for his adultery with mis batch- 
eller shall forthwith have fourty stripes save one upon the bare 
P . skinne given him : It is ordered y e mis Batcheller for her adultery 

ec on shall receaye 40 stroakes save one at ye First Towne meeting held 
Done. at Kittery, 6 weekes after her delivery & be branded with the 
letter A : 

p r . Ed : Rish worth Record" 

Five months later, Mrs. Bachiller was again presented, and suffered the 
delayed penalty. 

"P r sentments given in by the Grand inQuest: 
Held at Gorgeana March : 18 : 1651 

We p r sent mis Bacheller for adultery 
mis Batcheller is to be whipped at the next 
town-meeting & m r Norton is to be sent for" 

From this entry it is evident that the gossip over the affairs of Mary 
Bachiller had achieved a culminating point. Kittery society had called a 
halt by giving her over to Xorton for discipline. There is no mention of the 
evidence taken in the case, — only the bare finality, the stripping off the 



10 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

garb of womanhood to brand the remnant a moral leper, an outcast among 
her kind, whose distinguishing mark never to be thereafter hidden from the 
eyes of men, was the initial letter of her offense. There is no accent of regret, 
extenuation, or apology on the part of the Court, — only the coarse cry of 
the lash and the taunt of the Scarlet Woman. 

The following year we find another entry in the Court record. It is a 
part and parcel of the spirit of the times. Norton and his whipping-post, 
the pillory and the "brand" had not proved efficacious. In this record 
we have Mary Bachiller's final appearance, and one wonders if she were so 
very much the worse than those who sat in judgement upon her. The same 
record lets in a side light as to George Rogers, who appears to have had a 
family of his own, and with the disposition of whose children the tale of old 
Kittery's scandal is closed. Here is the record, — 

"P r sentments brought in by the Grand in.Quest at a Court 
houlden at Agament* Oct 14 1652 

For the Province 

"We p r sent mis Batcheller for entertayneing Idle people on 
the sabbath day 

"It 9 ordered y l George Rogers, his children, shall be desposed 
of as followeth, The one child is to be desposed of to Daniell 
Hard & m r Shapleigh or m r Withers are to see the indenters 
' drawne betwixt them Ed Rishworth is to despose of another 
Girls at hangst . Anthony Emrey is to have another & m r 
Shapleigh & m r Withers are to be putt out as is specifyd & y n 
indentars drawne." 

The hand that wrote this story in the original is stilled. The chirography 
is labored and hieroglyphic. Words touch elbows, and the lines are jammed 
into irregular parallels, but the ink, like the blood on the hand of Lady Mac- 
beth is of the indelible sort, and the paper sewed into its vellum tubers is 
unmatchable. 1651-2, the decadence of the Gorges Palatinate had not been con- 
summated ; but the ancient records remain, and so far as Mary Bachiller is 
concerned, a stain upon the times and an indictment of those who had a part in 
the making. And the people, — how rough and uncouth, who could so out- 
rage common decency, much less leer at helpless Mary Bachiller where the 
sunlight beat most fiercely upon her degradation. 

Hawthorne felt all this. His resentment found its highest expression when 
he had impelled Arthur Dimmesdale to creep through the shadows of the 
night to where Hester Prynne, with an unnamable terror had shivered and 
quailed at the hoots and jeers of the Puritan purists. It remained for Haw- 
thorne to rechristen Mary Bachiller and to make her the heroine of Xew 
England's greatest tragedy in prose. 



COLONEL EPHRAIM DOOLITTLE'S 

REGIMENT 



Colonel Ephraim Doolittle's Minute-Men's Regiment. 1775. 
Twenty-fourth Regiment, Army op the United Colonies. 177.3. 



By Frank A. Gardner, M. D. 

This regiment was composed largely of men from the central part of 
the state. It was one of the first to be equipped and ready for active serv- 
ice, and had an honorable record all through the opening year of the war, 
at the close of which it disbanded. 

The following document gives us an interesting insight into the char- 
acter of the command and the difficulties which Colonel Doolittle en- 
countered at the beginning of the conflict. 

"To the Hon ble John Hancock, Prefident of the Hon ble Provuntia! 
Congrefs to be holden by adjournment at Concord on the 22 nd Day of 
March Inftant S r Pleafe to communicate the following To your Body 
haveing Rec d a Requifition for the Hon u - Congrefs Directing of me To 
make Return of my Regiment, their Numbers and acquipments for war I 
have accordingly applied my self to the Bufinefs but have not as yet ob- 
tained a Return of But Two or three Companys and if I Can obtain a full 
account before the Congrefs Rifes Shall forward it Emediately — but we 
are in a moft Lamentable Scituation for want of a Sanction of Government 
on our Establifhments our Tory Enemies ufing all their Secret machena- 
tions to divide us and Break us to pieces ad to this the Defieulties that arire 
by ambitious men who are Indeavouring to Break our Companys to pieces 
in order to get Promotion for as there is no Eftablifhment but what aRifes 
in the Breafts of Individuals we are Continually Breaking to Peases and a 
Number of* Companys in my Regiment are now in such Circumftances and 
I fear if we are not soon Called to action we shall be Like a Rope of Sand 
and have no more Strength — if it may be Rec d with Candour I should be 



12 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

Exceeding Glad if our Continental Committee might be Instructed to Lay 
the Deficulties which we Labour under for want of a Civil Conftitution 
before that Body and that they Indeavour to obtain their voice in Justifi- 
cation of this Provinces Eftablishing one. God Give you all Grace and 
Wifdom to Direct you in the Important afair of American Liberty. Re- 
main your and the Publicks well wisher and Humble Ser* 

Ephr m Doolittle 
Petersham March 31-1775" 

■ 
Colonel Doolittle demonstrated his untiring patriotic zeal and execu- 
tive ability during the few weeks following, for he had a regiment of eight 
companies, properly officered when the Lexington Alarm was sounded on 
the 19th of April. These officers were as follows : — 



Colonel, Ephraim Doolittle. 
Lieut. Colonel, Benjamin Holden. 
Major, Willard Moore. 
Adjutant, William Bridge. 

Holden Company. 

Captain, James Davis. 

First Lieutenant, Samuel Thompson. 

Second Lieutenant, Samuel Hubbard. 

2 sergeants, 4 corporals, 1 fifer and 29 men. 

Athol Company. 

Captain, Ichabod Dexter. 
First Lieutenant, Ephraim Stockwell. 
Second Lieutenant, Abner Graves. 
4 sergeants, 4 corporals and 21 men. 

Royalston Company. 

Captain, Jonas Allen. 

Lieutenant, Daniel Pike. 

4 sergeants, 2 corporals and 16 men. 

Templeton Company. 

Captain, Joel Fletcher. 

First Lieutenant, Paul Kendall. 
• Second Lieutenant, John Wilder. 

4 sergeants, 4 corporals, 1 drummer and 31 men. 



COLONEL EPHRAIM DOOLITTLE'S REGIMENT 



13 



Hubbardston Company. 

. Captain, William Marean. 

Lieutenant, Adam Wheeler. 

Ensign, William Mussey. 

4 sergeants, 4 corporals and 25 men. 
Princeton Company. 

Captain, Boaz Moore. 

First Lieutenant, John Jones. 

Second Lieutenant, Adonijah How. 

3 sergeants, 4 corporals, 1 fifer, 1 drummer, 27 men 
Paxton Company. 

Captain, Phineas Moore. 
First Lieutenant, Josiah Newton. 
Second Lieutenant, Seth Snow. 
2 sergeants, 1 fifer and 28 men. 
Winchendon Company. 
Captain, Abel Wilder. 
First Lieutenant, John Boynton. 
Second Lieutenant, Dudley Parley. 

4 sergeants, 4 corporals and 30 privates. 
Petersham Company. 

Captain, John Wheeler. 
Lieutenant, Edward Barker. 
Ensign, John Bowker. 
When the regiment was reorganized 
•officers were appointed : — ■ 

Colonel Ephraim Doolittle, 

Lieut. Colonel Benjamin Holden, 

Major Willard Moore, 

Adjutant John Woodward, 

Surgeon Barnit W r ait, 

Surgeon's Mate Enoch Dole, 
"On the 3 d of May, a party of two hundred privates and officers, under 
Colonel Doolittle,. were ordered on fatigue ; the directions for the work 
to be done were to be given by Mr. Charwick, engineer." 

The following report shows the strength of the regiment at the date 
appended : — 



a few days later the following 



engaged April 24. 



51 


men. 


59 


a 


59 


<< 


45 


it 


38 


it 


59 


tt 


59 


li 


59 


" 


59 


(I 


59 


it 



14 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

Epharaim Doolittle Coll° 
Benj n Holden Lieut. Coll° 
Willard Moore Major 

"Cap 1 Abel Wilder 

Cap 1 Adam Wheeler 

Cap 1 Joel Fletcher 

Cap 1 Eben Millet 

Cap 1 Ichabod Dexter 

Cap 1 Jon a Holman 

Cap 1 Robert Oliver 

Cap 1 John Woods 

Cap 1 Abijah Moore 
; Cap 1 Hezekiah Stowell 

547 
Oliver Holman, Adj't. 

May 20, 1775. ~ 

"To the Hon le Prefedent of the Colony Congrefs S r if you will Deliver 
the Commifsions for my Reg 1 to my Major Willard Moore you will oblige 
your moft obedient Humble Ser 1 

Eph m Doolittle Coll° 

May 23, 1775." 

A number of men petitioned the Colonial Congress, June 10, 1775, 
stating that "when they Ingeaged had an Expectation that Cap 1 Ichabod 
Dexter would have been their Cap 1 and that they underftood at the same 
Time that they were to be of Co 11 Ephraim Doolittle's Reg 1 and further 
say that we have Done Duty and Draw d Provetions for a Considerable 
Time in his Reg 1 until of Late we have underftood that Cap 1 Dexter had 
Returned his Company in Col 1 Woodbridge's Regiment without Confulting 
his Company thereon we would further Reprefent that our Company is 
not full as there is Still an opening in Col 1 Doolittle's Reg 1 whereby our 
Company may be Compleat by Joyning Cap 1 Abijah More who is willing 
to Receive us with the men he has Inlifted whereby we may be Emediately 
Muttered and Receive our Pay Therefore we Humbly Petetion that we 
may Emediately be alo\v d to Joyn the Company of Abijah More aforesaid 
and the Reg 1 of which Eph m Doolittle is Collonel and not be Joyned to any- 
other Reg 1 

June 10, 1775 

Abner Graves L 1 " (and 16 others.) 
The records show that this petition was not granted. 



COLONEL EPHRAIM DOOLITTLE'S REGIMENT 15 

"A Lift of the Company officers in Coll Doolittle's Reg't Ready to 

be Commifsioned June 12, 1775. 

Cap 1 Joel Fletcher. Capt Robert Oliver. 

Lt John Wheeler. Lt Thos Grover. 

Enf n Jonas Proctor. Enf n Abraham Pennel. 



Capt Adam Wheeler. Cap 1 Able Wilder. 

Lt Elijah Stearns. L 1 Jonas Allin. 

Enf n Adam Maynard. Enf n Daniel Pike. 



Capt Jon a Holman. Capt John Lealand. 

Lt John Bowker. L 1 Sam 1 Burbank. 

Enf n David Poor. 



Cap 1 John Jones. 
Lt Sam 1 Thornton.. . 

. Frothingham in his account of the Battle of Bunker Hill mentions this 
regiment as follows : — "The colonel and lieutenant-colonel were absent on 
the day of the battle, and Major Willard Moore led on, it is stated, three 
hundred of its men. Few details are preserved of the service of this regi- 
ment, or the conduct of its officers. The depositions speak in glowing 
terms of the good qualities of Major Moore. He was a firm patriot and 
chivalrous soldier. On the second attack he received a ball in the thigh, 
and while his men were carrying him to the rear another ball went through 
his body. He called for water, but none could be obtained nearer than 
the Neck. He lingered until the time of the retreat, when feeling his 
wounds to be mortal, he requested his attendants to lay him down, leave 

him, and take care of themselves. He met a soldier's death 

Few notices appear of individuals of this regiment. Robert Steele, a drum- 
mer, stated in 1825, that he 'beat Yankee Doodle when he mustered for 
Bunker Hill on the morning of the 17th of June, 1775' ' 

The same authority in his "Battle of Bunker Hill," tells us that Cap- 
tain Wheeler's Company of this regiment, Captain Crosby's Company oi 
Colonel James Reed's (N. H.) Regiment, and a Company from Colonel 
B. Ruggles Woodbridge's Regiment, were stationed in Main Streer. at 
the base of Breed's Hill and constituted the extreme right of the American 
line. Six men of this regiment were killed or missing and nine wounded, 
in the battle. 



16 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

The following changes in the field and staff officers occurred during 
May and June : — 

Major Jacob Miller, promoted June 18, to succeed Major Willard 
Moore who was killed in the battle of Bunker Hill. 

Quartermaster Benjamin Haywood, appointed May 26. 
Surgeon Enoch Dole, promoted from Surgeon's Mate, June 18. 
Surgeon's Mate Absolom Russell, appointed June 21. 

"A Regimental Return of the Number of Commifsioners & Soldiers, 
June 29, 1775," gave the same list of officers as the above list of June 12th, 
except that the name of "Enfign Frances Wilfon," was added to Captain 
John Jones Company. 

The following comprises a list of company commanders in this regi- 
ment in June-July 1775, with the list of towns in which the companies were 
raised : 

Captains. 
"Robert Oliver, Conway, Montague, Colraine, Deerfield. 
Josiah Stearns, Lunenburg, Edgecomb. Pownalsboro. Georgetown. Ashby, 

&c. 
Oliver Capron, Richmond, Winchester, &c. &c. 
Abel Wilder, Royalston, Winchendon, Lunenburg, &c. &c. 
Joel Fletcher, Templeton, Petersham, Westford, &c. 
John Jones, Princeton. Holden, Lancaster, Hubbardston. &c. 
Jona. Holman, Templeton, Petersham, Winchendon, Hubbardston, &c. 
James Hubbard. Wells. Arundel, Sanford. 
Jacob Miller, Holliston, Dublin, Med way, &c. 
Adam Wheeler, Hubbardston, Rutland. Princeton, Paxton." 

Ten small arms were delivered to Colonel Doolittle, for the use of his 
regiment, amounting "as by appraisement, to twenty-two pounds, eighteen 
shillings, for which a receipt was taken in the minute book." We know 
from the returns that the regiment was stationed on Prospect Hill during 
the first three weeks of July. On the 16th Captain Robert Oliver was 
appointed recruiting officer. This regiment was assigned to Brigadier 
General Sullivan's Brigade, on the 22nd. and formed a part of the left 
wing of the armv under Major General Lee. It was stationed on Winter 
Hill. 



COLONEL EPHRAIM DOOLITTE'S REGIMENT 17 

The following letter of three days later explains itself: — 

"To The Gen tm of the Committee of Supplies my Reg* have unani- 
mously agreed not to Drink any more of the Beer from the Brewers that 
have La-itly Supply d us to be so Cheated out of our Rights and helth is 
unfufferable I have Converfed with M r Cap 1 Benj a Hall of Med ford 
who has ingeaged to Brew it according to my Direction and if you have 
any Inclination to Continew to us our Beer please to give him orders - I 
Brew our Beer and Allow him the fully Quantity the Province all 
for that purpofe I doubt not of your Readynefs to do us Justice other- 
ways I should Emmediately have made application to aneother Quarter 
this from your moft obedient homble Ser 1 July 25, 1775. 

Eph m Doolittle Coll°" 

This complaint was withdrawn two days later. 

Returns made to August 1, show that the officers remained the same 
as given in the list above in the companies of Captains Fletcher, Holman, 
Jones, Oliver and Wilder. The other companies in the regiment were as 
follows : — 

Capt. Oliver Capron, Richmond. 
Lieut. David Barney, " 

4 sergeants, 4 corporals, 1 drummer and 34 men. 
Capt. Jacob Miller, Holliston. (Promoted Major June 18.) 

Lt. Sam 1 Burbank 
Ensign OHv r Work 

4 sergeants, 4 corporals, 1 drummer, 1 fifer, and 42 men. 
Capt. Josiah Stearns, Lunenburgh. 
Lieut. Nath'n P. Smith, Pownelsborough. 
Ensign W m Thurlo, Fitchburg. 

3 sergeants, 4 corporals, 1 drummer and 40 men. 

Capt. Jpmes Hubbard, Wells. (Report of this company dated Oct. 10.) 
1st Lt. Joseph Churchill, " 
2nd Lt. Nathan Cousins. 

4 sergeants, 4 corporals, 1 fifer, 1 drummer and 39 privates. 

— We knoW ffbrri the" rolls and records of the regiment that it was still 
stationed on Winter Hill late in October, and probably remained there 
until disbanded at the end of the year. 



1773. 


Com. Ofp.* 


June 9, 


21 


July 


19 


Aug. IS, 


28 


Sept. 23, 


31 


Oct. 17, 


19 


Nov. 18, 


24 


Dec. 30, • 


26 



18 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

The strength of this regiment at various periods through the year is shown 
by the following table: — 

Staff Non Com. Rank & mrf Total 

36 330 344 

3 42 333 397 

4 48 369 449 

4 58 458 551 

5 43 382 449 
5 47 393 469 
4 40 378 448 

COLONEL EPHRAIM DOOLITTLE was Captain of a company 
on the Crown Point Expedition, according to a muster roll bearing date of 
March 5, 1756. His expenses for guns, blankets, etc. lost, amounted to 
£8:10:06. 

He was a member of the Petersham committee of correspondence in 
1772. He represented that town and was moderator of the town meeting 
held there, January 4, 1773. In August he was a member of the Worcester 
Convention, and served on a committee to prepare resolves on the '"state 
of public affairs." (Aug. 30.) October, 1774, he was a member of the 
Provincial Congress from Petersham and w T as appointed on a committee 
to wait on Governor Gage. He also served on a committee "to report a 
resolve recommending total disuse of India teas,*' and on a committee 
to prepare a non-consumption agreement. November 26, he was appointed 
on a committee to "devise some means of keeping up a correspondence 
between this province, Montreal, and Quebec, and of gaining very frequent 
intelligence from thence of their movements." 

The account of his service as Colonel of the Minute Men's Regiment 
and the 24th Regiment, Army of the United Colonies, we have given 
above. He may have been and very likely was the Ephraim Doolittle 
who served as a private in Captain John Oliver's Company, in Colonel 
Nathan Sparhawk's Regiment, from September 28, to October 18. 1777, 
in the Northern Army as reinforcements against Burgoyne. 

LIEUT. COLONEL BENJAMIN HOLDEN was born in Dedham. 
He was a Lieutenant in the French and Indian War and at that time 
resided in Roxbury. February 18, 1767, he was Captain in the 3d. Regi- 



*Sergeants, fifers and drummers. fCorporals and privates 



COLONEL EPHRAIM DOOLITTLE'S REGIMENT Y) 

ment of Worcester County Militia. The records show that he served 
as Captain of the "Prince town" Company in Colonel John Murray's R 
ment, in the year 1767. He served as Lieut. Colonel in Colonel Ephraim 
Doolittle's Minute Men's Regiment in 1775 and the 24th Regiment 
the end of the year. He was Lieut. Colonel of Colonel Israel Hutchin- 
son's 27th. Continental Regiment, through 1776. His name appears on 
the pay accounts as Lieut. Colonel of the (late) Colonel Hutchinson's 
Regiment from January 1, 1777 to May 25, 1778. As Colonel Hutchin- 
son's Regiment disbanded at the end of 1776, this pay was undoubtedly 
.given to Lieut. Colonel Holden as a prisoner of war, for we know that he 
-was captured at Long Island and held by the enemy. 

MAJOR WILLARD MOORE came from Paxton. He took a promi- 
nent part in the Worcester Convention in September 1774. He was an 
Ensign in Captain Paul How's (Paxton) Company in Colonel John 
Chandler's Regiment. (Year not given.) He also served as Lieutenant 
in Captain Ralph Earl's (Paxton) Company, in Colonel John Chandler's 
1st. Regiment Worcester County Militia in 1771. He was chosen Captain of 
a company of minute men in January, 1775. He was Major of Colonel 
Ephraim Doolittle's Minute Men's Regiment and marched for Cambridge 
on the Lexington Alarm. The story of his gallant service and death on 
the field of Bunker Hill have been given in the account of the exploits of 
the regiment. He was a brave officer and a loss to the patriot army. 

MAJOR JACOB MILLER of Holliston. was called Major, and re- 
ported as field officer of the guard. May 9, 1775. He was a Captain in 
"Colonel Doolittle's Regiment, appointed in the place of Captain John 
Lealand, resigned. Major Willard Moore was killed at the Battle oi 
Bunker Hill and on the following day Captain Jacob Miller was engaged 
as Major of the regiment. He was, however, to retain command oi his 
•company. He served in the regiment through the year. May 10. 1776. he 
~was engaged as Major of Colonel Josiah Whitney's 2nd. Worcester 
'County Regiment. 

ADJUTANT WILLIAM BRIDGE, held that office in Colonel 
"Ephraim Doolittle's Minute Men's Regiment from April 19 to 26. 1775. He 
served as Adjutant of the 7th. Middlesex County Regiment in 177S. 
(Elected June 20.) 

ADJUTANT JOHN WOODWARD was engaged April 24 (or 27). 
1775, and served in Colonel Doolittle's Regiment through the year. He 



20 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

was 2nd. Lieutenant and Adjutant of Colonel Loammi Baldwin's 26th. 
Regiment in the Continental Army through 1776, and was appointed Lieu- 
tenant and Paymaster of the 9th. Regiment, Massachusetts Line, January 
1, 1777. He died October 17, 1778. 

ADJUTANT OLIVER HOLMAX was mentioned in an order of the 
day dated May 16, 1775, as Adjutant of Colonel Doolittle's Regiment. 
Another order dated June 8, was signed by him. His name, however, does 
not appear in a list of staff officers of this regiment dated August 1, 1775, 
which was intended to include all who had served between April 24 and the 
above mentioned date. 

QUARTERMASTER BEXJAMIX HAYWOOD was engaged May 
26, 1775. He may have been the "Benjamin Haywood'' who was Pay- 
master of Colonel Nixon's 6th. Regiment, Massachusetts Line, in 1777 and 
a Captain in the same regiment later. 

SURGEON BARXIT WAIT was engaged April 27, 1775, and served 
1 month and 25 days. No further record of service is given. 

SURGEON ENOCH DOLE of Lancaster was engaged April 24 
(or 27) as Surgeon's Mate in this regiment and served until June 18, when 
he was promoted Surgeon. He served in that office through the year. He 
was Surgeon's Mate in Colonel Whitney's Regiment in 1776. 

SURGEON'S MATE ABSOLOM RUSSELL was engaged June 21, 
1775, and served at least 1 month and 13 days. No further record of serv- 
ice is given. 

CAPTAIN JONAS ALLEN of Royalston, commanded a company in 
Colonel Doolittle's Minute Men's Regiment. He was probably the Cap- 
tain Jonas Allen who was in charge of guard detail under Major Baldwin 
May 15. 1775. He served as Lieutenant in Captain Able Wilder's Com- 
pany in the 24th. Regiment under the same commander through the year. 

CAPTAIN OLIVER CAPRON of Richmond was engaged April 30. 
1775. A muster roll dated August 1, showed that he had served 3 months, 
9 days. He was recommended for a commission in a petition signed by 
Colonel Ephraim Doolittle. He was the son of Banfield and Hannah 
(Jencks) Capron. He was born in July, 1736. He lived in Cumberland 
a few years and then moved to Richmond, N. H. In the French war he 
served in two campaigns near Crown Point. He is described in the "'Capron 
Genealogy" as "a stout, spry and active man. well built, rather more than 
middling stature, light complexion and reddish hair." 



COLONEL EPHRAIM DOOLITTLE'S REGIMENT 21 

CAPTAIN JAMES DAVIS of Holden was a company commander in 
Colonel Doolittle's Regiment of Minute Men, April 19, 1775. His service- 
lasted 19 1-2 days. He also served for 5 days as a Captain in Colonel 
Benjamin Flagg's (Worcester County) Regiment, in April, 1777. 

. . CAPTAIN. ICHABOD DEXTER of Athol commanded a company in 
Coonel Doolittle's Minute Men's Regiment, April 19, 1775. He was en- 
gaged as a Captain in Colonel Benjamin Ruggles Woodbridge's 25th. Regi- 
-ment, April -24, and served in that- regiment many months, probably 
through the year. He was the son of Samuel and Mary ( Clark j Dexter, 
and was born in Athol 24 June, 1737. The statement is made that he and 
his brother were in the French and Indian war at the taking of Ticonderoga. 
They were taken captive by the Indians but awoke in the night, killed 
their captors and escaped. He was a selectman in Athol in 1768. In 1780 
he removed to Hardwick and was a selectman there in 1781-2 and 1785 and 
a Representative in 1782-3. 

CAPTAIN JOEL FLETCHER of Templeton served as Captain in a 
company in Colonel Doolittle's Minute Men's Regiment, April 19. 1775. 
He "Loft in the Battle of Chelfea,* one Blanket,, one Pair of Shoes, one 
Pair of Plated Buckels, one Bayonet." He was in the Battle of Bunker 
Hill and lost at that time, "three Guns, Blankets three, three Cartuch 
boxs, 1 Powder Horn.'' "Capt Fletcher left in Mornin Battle his wearing 
Aperil his gun & Accutermerits and four Dollers of Cash Whofe Family 
is very needy." He served through the year in the 24th Regiment, Army 
of the United Colonies under the same commander. 

CAPTAIN JONATHAN HOLMAN of Templeton was a lieutenant 
in Captain Ezekiel Knowdton's Company, in Colonel Nathan Sparhawk"s 
Regiment, April 19, 1775. He was engaged April 24. as Captain in Colonel 
Doolittle's Regiment. At the Battle of Bunker Hill, he lost "one Coat, one 
Blanket, one Gun." He served through the year in the 24th. Regiment, 
Army of *the United Colonies, under Colonel Doolittle. 

CAPTAIN JAMES HUBBARD of Wells (now Maine) joined the 
regiment with his company in the last of June or early part of July and 
served into October. He died in that month while in the service at Cam- 
bridge. The "History of Wells" (Me.) states that "He was a worthy citi- 
zen, firm and resolute in his adhesion to the principles which were the 



♦May 27, 1775. See Massachusetts Magazine, v. I, p. 164. 



22 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

moving cause of the Revolution, and ready to offer himself on the altar of 
liberty. He was one of the selectmen of the town; was also one of the 
committee of correspondence chosen to consult with the friends of liberty." 

CAPTAIN JOHN JONES of Princeton was a Lieutenant in Captain 
Boaz Moore's Company, in Colonel Ephraim Doolittle's Regiment of 
Minute Men, April 19, 1775. He was engaged April 24th as Captain in 
Colonel Doolittle's Regiment. At the Battle of Bunker Hill he lost "one 
gun, two Blankets, two Coats, one Cutlafs, one fine Shirt. He served 
through the year under the same commander. 

CAPTAIN JOHN LEALAND of Holliston was Captain of a Com- 
pany of Minute Men in Colonel Abijah Pierce's Regiment. April 19, 1775. 
June .12th he commanded a company in Colonel Doolittle's Regiment. 
He resigned (probably in June or July) and Captain Jacob Miller was 
appointed in his place. He was the son of John Lealand and was born in 
Holliston, January 12, 1744. He was a farmer and schoolmaster before 
the war but afterward became a minister and settled in Partridgefield. He 
served there successfully for nearly forty years and died at the age of eighty. 

CAPTAIN WILLIAM MAREAN of Hubbardston lived first in 
Newton, later in Barre and went to the first named town in 1768. He was 
Captain of a Company of Minute Men in Colonel Doolittle's Regiment, 
April 19, 1775, serving 17 days. He was chosen March 24, 1776, a Captain 
in Colonel Nathan Sparhawk's 7th. Worcester County Regiments He also 
served as Captain in Colonel Jonathan Reed's 1st. Regiment of Guards in 

1778 and in Colonel Stearns's Regiment of Guards in the same year. In 

1779 he was First Major, in Colonel Jonathan Grout's 7th. Worcester 
County Regiment. He died May 10, 1826, aged 83. 

CAPTAIN EBEXEZER MILLET of Holden served first as Quarter- 
master of Captain Davis's Company of Minute Men, April 19, 1775. He 
was -a Captain in Colonel Doolittle's Regiment in May, 1775, but left the 
organization before June 12th. 

CAPTAIN ABIJAH MOORE of Putney was Captain of a Company 
of Minute Men, April 19, 1775. In May he was Captain of a Company in 
Colonel Doolittle's Regiment but he left before June 12th. A man of the 
same name from the same town was a private in Captain Benjamin 
Hastings' Company in Colonel Asa Whitcomb's Regiment, in August and 
October, 1775. 



I 



COLONEL EPHRAIM DOOLITTLE'S REGIMENT 23 

CAPTAIN BOAZ MOORE of Princeton commanded a Company in 
Colonel Ephraim Doolittle's Regiment of Minute Men, April 19, 1775. He- 
served for 13 days. 

CAPTAIN PHINEAS- MOORE of Paxton had command of a Com- 
pany in Colonel Ephraim Doolittle's Regiment of Minute Men, April 19 
1775. Service 10 days. 

■ 

CAPTAIN ROBERT OLIVER of Conway was born near Boston in 
1738. He commanded a Company of Minute Men which marched in 
Colonel Samuel Williams' Regiment, in response to the Lexington Alarm. 
He was engaged May 1, as Captain in Colonel Doolittle's Regiment and 
served through the year. He w r as in the Battle of Bunker Hill and 
"one Gun, one Piftol, one Gun Lock, four Pair of Leather Breeches, four 
Shirts, Trouser two Pair, Stockine four Pair. Shoes three pair, one Hand- 
kerchief." He was a Captain in Colonel John Greaton's 24th. Continental 
Regiment in 1776, and in the 3d. Regiment Massachusetts Line (2nd. in- 
White Plains numbering) in 1777. He was promoted Major November l r 
1777, and served until January 1, 1783. On the latter date he was trans- 
ferred to Lieut. Colonel Ebenezer Sprout's 2nd. Regiment. Massachusetts 
Line, and on the 30th of September was made Lieut. Colonel by brevet. 
He served to November 3, 1783. He was celebrated as a disciplinarian and 
for a time acted as Adjutant General of the Northern Division of the Army. 
He served as a volunteer in Shay's Rebellion and was a founder of Mari- 
etta, Ohio in 1788. He represented Washington County in the Territorial 
Legislature in 1798 and was President of the Territorial Council in 1800-3. 
He also served as Colonel of the 2nd. Territorial Regiment and Judge of the 
Court of Common- Pleas. He was a Member of the Society of the 
Cincinnati. 

CAPTAIN JOSTAH STEARNS of Lunenburg commanded a Com- 
pany in Colonel Doolittle's Regiment as early as July 10. 1775, and served 
through the year. He was the son of Thomas and Abigail (Reed) Stearns 
of Littleton, and was born July 18, 1747. He moved to Lunenburg. In 
1776 he was a member of the "Committee of Correspondence" and in the 
years following often served as assessor and selectman. He was Town 
Treasurer for eight years and Town Clerk from 1817 to 1822. He was a 
Representative for three years and a member of the Governor's Council 
fom 1797 to 1799. He died Aujnist 7, 1822. 



4*- 



• 



24 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

CAPTAIN HEZEKIAH STOWELL was in command of a Company 
in Colonel Doolittle's Regiment, according to a general return dated May 
20, 1775. He served only a short time. 

CAPTAIN ADAM WHEELER of Hubbardston went there from 
Rutland about 1766. He served first as a Lieutenant in Captain William 
Marean's Company, in Colonel Ephraim Doolittle's Regiment of Minute 
Men, April 19. 1775. He was made a Captain soon after in the same regi- 
ment. In the Battle of Bunker Hill he lost "three Guns and one Coat." He 
served to the end of the year in Doolittle's 24th. Regiment and in 1776 was 
a Captain in Colonel John Nixon's 4th. Regiment, 'Continental Army. In 
1777 and 1778 he was a Captain in Colonel Thomas Nixon's 6th. Regiment, 
Massachusetts Line. A receipt was given to Benjamin Hey wood, dated 
Shrewsbury, June 21, 1779, signed by said Wheeler, Captain, for "S120 and 
a State note of £100 in full for the gratuity and first moiety granted him 
by the General Court for his service as a Captain in the Continental Army.'' 
Retired October 15, 1778. He commanded a company of men in sympathy 
with Daniel Shays in Shays's Rebellion. He fled to Canada where he re- 
mained four years until the proclamation of amnesty. 

CAPTAIN JOHN WHEELER of Petersham was commander of a 
Company in Colonel Ephraim Doolittle's Regiment of Minute Men. April 
19, 1775. On the 27th. of that month he was engaged as a Lieutenant in 
Captain Joel Fletcher's Company, in Colonel Doolittle's Regiment, and 
- served through the year. He was commissioned an Ensign in Captain 
Ezekiel Knowlton's Company, in Colonel Nicholas Dike's Regiment, in 
October, 1776, and engaged as First Lieutenant on the 1st. of December 
in the same year. He with other officers agreed to tarry until March 1, 
1777. 

CAPTAIN ABEL WILDER of Winchendon served in that rank in 
Colonel Ephraim Doolittle's Regiment of Minute Men, April 19. 1775. He 
was at Bunker Hill and lost "three Coats, Shirts three, three Pair of Stock- 
ing three Guns, one Drum, one Blanket." He was the son of Thomas, and 
Mary (Wheeler) Wilder, and was one of the first settlers of Winchendon. 
He was the first Town Clerk and was annually elected for twenty-seven 
years, and was often moderator and selectman. It is said that he was plow- 
ing in the field when called on the Lexington Alarm. He served as a mem- 
ber of the State Constitutional Convention and was a representative in the 
first Legislature in 1781. He was a senator from Worcester County for 



COLONEL EPHRAIM DOOLITTLE'S REGIMENT 25 

six consecutive years, and a presidential elector in 1792. "He was of stout 
build and had a pleasant countenance and a commanding presence. 

.- He filled the largest place in the history of the town. 

He was pre-eminently useful in life, cheerful and prepared for death and 
universally lamented." 

CAPTAIN JOHN WOODS is given as a company commander in a 
list of officers of Colonel Doolittle's Regiment, May 20, 1775. 

LIEUTENANT DAVID BARNEY of Richmond was a Lieutenant 
in Captain Oliver Capron's Company, in Colonel Doolittle's Regiment. Ik- 
enlisted April 30, 1775, and served through the year. 

LIEUTENANT JOHN BOWKER of Petersham served first as En- 
sign in Captain John Wheeler's Company, in Colonel Ephraim Doolittle's 
Regiment of Minute Men, April 19, 1775. Five days later he enlisted as a 
Lieutenant in Captain Jonathan Holman's Company in the same regiment. 
Reported deserted September 8, 1775. He was in Captain Nathan Hamil- 
ton's Company, in Colonel Samuel Brew r er's Regiment, in February, 1777. 
In August of that year he was 2nd. Lieutenant in Captain Wing Spooncr'a 
Company, Colonel Nathan Sparhawk's Regiment. 

LIEUTENANT JOHN BOYNTON of Winchendon held that rank in 
Captain Abel Wilders Company, in Colonel Ephraim Doolittle's Regiment 
of Minute Men. April 19, 1775. He was commissioned, April 6. 1776. 
Captain of the 8th. Company in Colonel Nathan Sparhawk's (7th. Worces- 
ter Co.) Regiment. In 1777 he had two short terms of service in the same 
regiment, one at Bennington and the other in the Northern Army. 

LIEUTENANT SAMUEL BURBANK of Holliston was an Ensign 
in Captain John Lealand's Company of Minute Men in Colonel Abijah 
Pierce's Regiment, April 19, 1775. June 12th. he was commissioned a 
Lieutenant in the same company. He continued to serve in this company 
under Captain Jacob Miller, through the year. July 27, 1777. he was com- 
missioned Captain in Colonel Samuel Bullard's (5th. Middlesex Co.) Regi- 
ment, chosen in place of Benjamin Marshall, deceased. He was the son ox 
Samuel Burbank and was born in Woburn in 1735. He settled in Holliston 
and later resided in Fitchburg, where he died February 6. 1828. 

LIEUTENANT JOSEPH CHURCHILL of Wells held that rank in 
Captain James Hubbard's Company in Colonel Doolittle's Regiment, from 
August, through the year. 



26 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

LIEUTENANT THOMAS GROVER of Montague was a Captain in 
Colonel Samuel Williams Regiment of Minute Men, April 19, 1775. May 
1, he was engaged as a Lieutenant in Captain Robert Oliver's Company, 
Colonel Doolittle's Regiment, and served through the year. He was en- 
gaged July 20, 1779, as First 'Lieutenant in Captain Elisha Lyman's Com- 
pany, Colonel Elisha Porter's (4th. Hampshire County) Regiment. Serv- 
ice 1 mo. 14 days. He also served in Captain Samuel Merriman's Company 
in Colonel Israel Chapin's 3d. Hampshire in 1779 and in Captain Oliver 
Shattuck's Company in Lieut. Colonel Barnabas Sears's Hampshire County 
Regiment, in 1781. 

LIEUTENANT PAUL KENDALL held the rank of First Lieutenant 
in Captain Joel Fletcher's Company of Minute Men in Colonel Doolittle's 
Regiment, April 19, 1775. He was commissioned, June 26, 1777, Second 
Lieutenant in Captain Josiah Wilder's (3d.) Company, in Colonel Nathan 
Sparhawk's (7th. Worcester County) Regiment. From August 31 to 
November 29, 1777, he was a Second Lieutenant in Captain David Bent's 
Company, Colonel Job Cushing's Regiment. 

LIEUTENANT JOSIAH NEWTON of Paxton served as a First 
Lieutenant in Captain Phineas Moore's Company, in Colonel Ephraim 
Doolittle's Regiment of Minute Men, April 19, 1775. 

LIEUTENANT DANIEL PIKE of Royalston was Lieutenant of 
Captain Jonas Allen's Company in Colonel Doolittle's Regiment of Minute 
Men, April 19, 1775. He w r as Ensign in Captain Abel Wilder's Company 
in the same Regiment, commissioned June 12, 1775, and he served through 
the year. 

LIEUTENANT DAVID POOR of Winchendon was a First Lieu- 
tenant in Captain Moses Hale's Company in Colonel Nathan Sparhawk's 
Regiment, winch marched on the alarm, April 19, 1775. April 24, he was 
engaged as Ensign in Captain Jonathan Holman's Company, in Colonel 
Doolittle's Regiment. He was a Lieutenant in the same company in Octo- 
ber. In 1776 he was a Lieutenant in Colonel Israel Hutchinson's 27th. 
Regiment, Continental Army, and was taken prisoner at Fort Washing- 
ton, November 16, 1776. He was confined on Long Island for over four 
years, and was exchanged December 17, 1780. 

LIEUTENANT NATHAN SMITH of Pownalsboro was engaged. 
April 26, 1775, to serve in Captain Josiah Stearns's Company, in Colonel 



COLONEL EPHRAIM DOOLITTLE'S REGIMENT 27 

Doolittle's Regiment. In a company return given October 6, he was called 
First Lieutenant. 

LIEUTENANT ELIJAH STEARNS of Rutland was in Captain 
Adam Wheeler's Company, Colonel Doolittle's Regiment, as early 
12, 1775. Company returns show that he continued in that organization 
through the year. 

LIEUTENANT EPHRAIM STOCKWELL of Athol served in that 
rank in Captain Ichabod Dexter's Company, Colonel Doolittle's Reginu 
of Minute Men, April 19, 1775. In April, 1776, he was commissioned First 
Lieutenant in Captain John Oliver's Company, in Colonel Nathan Spar- 
hawk's (7th. Worcester County) Regiment. He was engaged July 2ti. 
1777, as a Captain in Colonel Job Cushing's Regiment. 

LIEUTENANT SAMUEL THOMSON of Holden held the rank of 
First Lieutenant in Captain James Davis's Company, Colonel Doolittle's 
Regiment of Minute Men, April 19, 1775. Five days later he was engaged 
as Lieutenant in Captain John Jones's Company in the same Regiment and 
served through the year. January 1, 1776, he was engaged as First Lieu- 
tenant in Colonel Loammi Baldwin's 26th. Regiment, Continental Army. 
September 26, 1777, he was engaged as Captain in Major Asa Baldwin's 
Division of Colonel Samuel Denny's Regiment. He served one month 
in the Northern department. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT NATHANIEL COUSINS of Wells had 
served under General Abercrombie at Fort Niagara in 1758 and also at 
Lake George held that rank in Captain James Hubbard's Company, in 
Colonel Doolittle's 24th. Regiment, Army of the L'nited Colonies, in Oct ■- 
ber, 1775. A Nathaniel Cousens, probably the same man, was a Lieutenant 
in Captain Tobias Lord's (Seacoast) Company, which marched January 1. 
1776, and served 11 months at Falmouth, Cumberland County. January 
29, 1779, he was commissioned Captain in Colonel Thomas Cutts. 3d. York 
County Regiment. Later in that year he served as Captain in (late) [Major 
Daniel LittlefielcTs detachment of York County Militia, and August 1. 
served as Major in the same command on the Penobscot expedition. He 
was a selectman of Wells. He died in 1832 aged 95 years. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT ABNER GRAVES of Athol served first 
as an officer in Captain Ichabod Dexter's Company in Colonel Doolittle's 
Regiment of Minute Men, April 19, 1775. He was a Lieutenant in Captain 



28 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

John BlancharcTs Company, Colonel James Wesson's 9th. Regiment, 
Massachusetts Line, from January 1, 1777, to June 17, 1778. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT- ADONIJAH HOW of Princeton was an 
officer in Captain Boaz Moore's Company, in Colonel Doolittle's Regiment 
of Minute Men, April 19, 1775. He served 18 days. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT SAMUEL HUBBARD of Holden held 
that rank in Captain James Davis's Company, in Colonel Doolittle's Regi- 
ment of Minute Men, April 19, 1775, service 5 1-2 days. April 5, 1776. he 
was commissioned First Lieutenant in Captain Nathan Harrington's Com- 
pany, in Colonel Samuel Denny's 1st. Worcester County Regiment. He 
marched, July 27, 1777, as a Lieutenant in Captain Jesse Stone's Company, 
Colonel Job Cushing's Regiment, in General Warner's Brigade at Benning- 
ton. He was a Captain in the same Regiment from September 3 to Novem- 
ber 29, 1777. March 5, 1779, he was commissioned Captain of the 3d. Com- 
pany in Colonel Samuel Denny's 1st. Worcester County Regiment. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT DUDLEY PARLEY of Winchendon 
served for 16 days in that rank in Captain Abel Wilder's Company, in 
Colonel Doolittle's Regiment of Minute Men, in response to the alarm 
call April 19, 1775. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT SETH SNOW of Paxton was one of the 
officers in Captain Phineas Moore's Company in Colonel Doolittle's Minute 
Men's Regiment, April 19, 1775; service, 19 days. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT JOHN WILDER of Templeton was an 
officer in Captain Joel Fletcher's Company in Colonel Doolittle's Regiment 
of Minute Men, April 19, 1775. 

ENSIGN ADAM MAYNARD of Paxton served first as Sergeant in 
Captain Phineas Moore's (Paxton) Company in Colonel Doolittle's Minute 
Men's Regiment, April 19, 1775. He was an Ensign in Captain Adam 
Wheeler's Company, in Colonel Doolittle's Regiment, June 12. 1775. At 
Bennington in 1777, he was Second Lieutenant in Captain Loring Lincoln's 
Company, under Lieut. Colonel Flagg-: and April 28. 1778. was commis- 
sioned Captain in the 1st. Regiment, Worcester County Militia. 

ENSIGN WILLIAM MUSSEY of Hubbardston was an Ensign in 
Captain William Marean's Company, in Colonel Doolittle's Regiment oi 
Minute Men, April 19, 1775; service, 17 days. 



COLONEL EPHRAIM DOOLITTLE'S REGIMENT 29 

ENSIGN ABRAHAM PEXXEL of Colrain served first as a Second 
Lieutenant in Captain Hugh McClellan's Company of Minute Men, in 
Colonel Samuel William's Regiment, which marched in response to the 
alarm of April 19, 1775. He was an Ensign in Captain Robert Oil 
Company, in Colonel Doolittle's Regiment, from May, through the vear. 

ENSIGN JONAS PROCTER of Westford was a Corporal in Captain 
Timothy Underwood's Company, in Colonel William Prescott's Regiment 
of Minute Men, April 19, 1775. He was engaged May 2, as an Ensign in 
Captain Joel Fletcher's Company, in Colonel Ephraim Doolittle's Regi- 
ment, and served through the year. 

ENSIGN WILLIAM THURLO of Fitchburg was a Lieutenant in 
Captain Ebenezer Bridge's Company, in Colonel John Whitcomb's Regi- 
ment of Minute Men, April 19, 1775. He served as an Ensign in Captain 
Josiah Stearns's Company, in Colonel Ephraim Doolittle's Regiment ; en- 
gaged July 13, 1775. He was a Lieutenant in the same company later in 
the year. In 1776 he was Captain in the 8th. Regiment, Worcester County 
Militia. In August, 1777, he was Captain of a company which marched 
under command of Major Ebenezer Bridge, to reinforce the troops at 
Bennington. In the following year he served under the same commander, 
and in July-September of that year was Captain of a company in Colonel 
Josiah Whitney's Regiment. 

ENSIGN FRANCIS WILSON of Holden held that rank in Cap- 
tain John Jones's Company, in Colonel Ephraim Doolittle's Regiment; en- 
gaged April 24, 1775. The Colonel and others, in a communication to 
General Washington, stated that he "behaved most valiantly in the Charles- 
town fight". He was a Captain in Colonel Danforth Keyes' Regiment ; 
engaged June 27, 1777, and elected Major in the same regiment, then under 
Colonel Nathaniel Wade, February 27, 1778. He served as a Captain in 
Colonel Samuel Denny's Regiment from October 21 to November 23, 1779. 

ENSIGN OLIVER WORK of Holliston was an Ensign in Captain 
Jacob Miller's Company, from April, through 1775. 



30 



THE REV. JAMES NOYES HOUSE 

IN NEWBURY 



By Benjamin Lake No yes. M. D. 



Robert Noyes, of Cholderton, County of Wilts, England, through a 
negotiation with John Thornburg, in 1596, secured the '"advowsan"' or 
Tight of presentation of the rectory of his parish in such a way as to place 
William, one of his three sons, as pastor in that church. This Rev. William 
.was born in 1568 and died in Cholderton shortly before 1622, after serving 
as rector about twenty years. He m. Anne Parker about 1595, and of 
their six children, the third and fourth, James and Nicholas Noyes, together 
with their cousin, Rev. Thomas Parker, in March, 1633, embarked for New 
England in the ship "Mary and John," of London, and were among the first 
settlers of Newbury, Mass., May, 1635. They first settled at the "Lower 
Green" on the Parker River, but in a very few years, upon the removal of 
the meeting house, in 1646, to the "L'pper Green," Rev. James transferred 
his abode to a palatial (for the times) residence which he built near the 
church, and the same is yet found standing on what is now known as 
Parker street, Newbury, where he lived until death. He served as teacher 
in the Newbury church over which the Rev. Thomas Parker was pastor. 

In the "Proprietors Book" it is recorded that, "In consideration of Mr. 
James Noyes his resigning up unto the towns hands four acres by the river 
(Parker) side, Two acres in Richard Rents Island & four acres in the Xeck 
behind the great Swamp, they granted him eight acres by the New Pond 
at the New Town to continue in his and his heyrs for ever." 

There is no date to this record, but it is probable that the grant did not 
take effect until 1646, as the commissioners appointed, in 1642, to lay out 
the new town, ordered "that in respect of the time for the inhabitants re- 
moving from the place they now inhabit, to that which is laid out and ap- 
pointed for their new habitations, each inhabitant shall have their house 
lotte foure years from the day of the date of the commission." 

The house was built about this time (1646) and the two cousins, 
minister and teacher, lived therein in pleasant companionship for nearly 



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^ ter, 



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i 



THE REV. JAMES NOYES HOUSE 31 

ten years, when Mr. Noyes died, Oct. 22, 1656, aged forty-eight Mr. 
Parker, writing of him, says "He was much honored and esteemed in the 
Country, and his death was much bewailed. I think he may be reckoned 
among the greatest worthies of the age.'' 

The will of the Rev. James Xoyes, dated Oct. 16, 1656, gave all his 
real estate and personal^ property to his wife, Sarah, who was the el 
daughter of Joseph Brown, of Southampton, England. In the inventory, 
filed in the Probate Office, in Salem, mention is made of a house with -even 
acres of land adjoining and an orchard all valued at 100 pounds. The en- 
closure described as an orchard will account for the additional acre named 
in the original proprietors grant. The house, orchard, and premises covered 
by this will are fairly well shown by the accompanying photograph taken 
by the author about the year 1902. 

The widow and children, of Rev. James Xoyes. continued to live in the 
house, with the Rev. Thomas Parker as an honored member of the family. 
and here Mr. Parker died, unmarried, April 24, 1677. Mrs. Xoyes died ten 
or twelve years later and the house passed into the possession of her son 
Thomas, who was twice married and had thirteen children, and whose 
further offspring, for several successive generations, resided therein ; the 
last occupant being Miss Mary Coffin Xoyes (of the sixth generation from 
the Rev. James Xoyes), who died Jan. 2, 1895. 

The old house is still in a fine state of preservation as is readily attested 
to by a glance at the photographic view, and it. no doubt, is the oldest one 
in town. The heavy oak frame shows no signs of decay and occasional 
repairs have kept the exterior walls in excellent condition. The chimney 
was formerly about four yards square at the base, and extended nearly to 
the rear wall of the house. About the year 1881 it became necessary to 
somewhat reduce its size and in doing so, the existence of a secret closet 
was discovered. There was no entrance to it from either the first or second 
story and the only way of access was from the cellar. It was evidently con- 
structed to serve as a safe hiding-place or deposit vault for gold and silver 
and other valuables that might require absolute security from fire or other 
destructive agencies that existed then, more so than today — especially 
Indian raids. 

The main house was originally of four rooms, each about 18 by 22 feet. 
The west part was added on by Silas Xoyes over one hundred years ago — 
or about 1803. The southeast room, down stairs, is now 18 by 21 feet and 
contains many articles associated with old bygone days. The northeast 



32 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

side has the old table and chair of Rev. James Xoyes, brought from Eng- 
land. In the hall, by the stairs is an old fashioned table, very oddl) 
signed so as to fold up, if necessary. This is called an "eight legged table" 
and, together with an old oak arm chair, very heavy and clumsy, and some 
other articles, was also brought from England. The arrangement of the 
rooms is after the style of the times and the addition of the wing at the 
back gives the house the shape of the letter L. The small front entry with 
doors opening on either side, and the narrow staircase, making two square 
turns in an ascent of less than a dozen steps, has never been altered. The 
slender balusters are very quaint and seem very fragile to one not accus- 
tomed to the "old fashioned ways". The cellar door opens under the -tairs 
and it is here that one first realizes the great bulk of the chimney, sufficient 
of which was removed to allow for the establishment of a small kitchen 
between the two large rooms in the main part of the house. The bricks 
falling out at the back of the chimney, owing to an excessive amount of 
sand in the mortar, was one incentive prompting the reducing of the 
chimney and of bricks and mortar taken away there were 20 wagon 1 
Much of the plastering on the ceilings is over 250 years old and is as firm 
as ever. To enumerate the articles of antique furniture and heirlooms 
which this house contains would require more space than can be devoted 
to the purpose. 

The northeast chamber has been divided into three ample apartments 
and the southeast chamber into two, each as large as the average room in 
a dwelling of our time. 

In the rough, unfinished attic, which extends the whole length oi the 
house, are many of the relics of the Xoyeses of each generation, a clutter 
of most everything. Here we find three old guns, nearly six feet long and 
falling into pieces from extreme age. There we discover two swords, one 
an army weapon of antique pattern and the other a gentleman's^ rapier. 
such as dangled by the side of the gallants of old. ready to spring forth in 
a flash to defend an honored name, to resent an insult, or to strike a blow 
for church and country. May these things continue to be cherished for as 
many centuries and years to' come! The elm trees shown in the pictures 
were' undoubtedly planted about the time of the house's construction. 

Without grimace or complaint, this treasured abode — a cherished 
memento — has combated the storms and tempests of over two and a half 
centuries: but it still stands a memorial of the past, closely identifiedwuh 
the pioneer history of Newbury and -the domestic and sacred lives of two 
of its eminent divines, these first occupants both sleeping in the same 
cemetery close bv. ,, . 

The highway shown in the photograph is called "Parker Street in 
honor to him who lived so nigh. 



33 



THE PATHFINDER AT MARIETTA, 

OHIO, IN 1888. 



By George Sheldon. 



The public is always responsive to "personal recollections" of distinguished 
people. Aside from its interest in the tale I have to tell, it seems fitting 
that an incident in the career of Mrs. Mary A. Livermore, to which I was 
knowing, should have a permanent record as of historic value in the annals 
of woman's achievement. 

The third week of July, 1SSS, was a gala time in Marietta, Ohio. The five 
states carved out of the great Northwest Territory, had sent their most emi- 
nent citizens back to Marietta, the maternal hive, to celebrate the centennial 
of her birth. Governor Foraker and his stirring wife, kept open house during 
that week, in a fine mansion vacated for the occasion by the public-spirited 
owner. Tents were pitched upon the spacious lawn, for the governor's staff, 
and high officers of the state militia. Sentinels in showy uniforms guarded 
the grounds, day and night. Here were made welcome the distinguished 
visitors. There were representatives from the states of the great Xorthwest 
Territory, and men from the grandmother states, men of national fame who 
took part in the ceremonies of the week. Senator Evarts of New York, the 
eloquent but cold and philosophic orator; Senator Daniels the ardent, still 
Virginia's favorite son ; the stately and polished Senator Sherman ; Gen- 
eral Ewing, the popular idol of Ohio; Professor Butler, the traveler and 
oriental scholar; Professor Hinsdale, the historian; Bishop Gilmore, Gov- 
ernor Smith, Senator Palmer, and a host of other leading men of the great 
Northwest. Busy among them all was Mrs. Martha J. Lamb, taking notes 
for the "Magazine of American History." 

Apart and apparently aloof from them all, was the calm and dignified 
Mrs. Mary Livermore. For it had been decreed in the councils of the high- 
bred women of the city, who were several rounds of the ladder in advance of 
the men, that the work done by the pioneer women could be represented 
more fittingly by a woman ; and for this office they selected Mrs. Livermore. 



34 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

How far this step was in defiance of the "Lords of Creation," does not ap- 
pear. Marietta was said to be "the richest and slowest of Ohio cities," and 
this was a radical advance for the place and event. The women had in view Mrs, 
Livermore's advanced position as a leader in demanding the rights of woman, 
and they were walking on thin ice; for the woman suffragists had so far, no 
standing in that stronghold of conservatism. There is no outside word as to 
this work of the committee of arrangements, but to show the inside object of 
inviting Mrs. Livermore, I will quote from a letter by one who was appar- 
ently on the committee. 

"In arranging a program which should properly celebrate the work of the 
Settlers it was recognized by the Committee that a part of the work done 
by the pioneer women must be presented by a woman speaker, and an invi- 
tation was sent to Mrs. Livermore to fill that honored place. In our corre- 
spondence we used the arguments most likely to touch Mrs. Livermore's prin- 
ciples and opinions, as well as to overbalance the penalty of fatigue in a long July 
journey. To win her consent stress was laid on the fact that at no previous 
Centennial Celebration of this character, had woman been accorded such 
prominence as was now intended. It was an advance movement ^hich as a 
Suffragist, she would, or should, value at its full worth. % She would be able to 
emphasize the work of women, not as mothers only, but as co-workers in 
founding, nursing and developing the great communities of the Xorthwest. 
Of course such a review would be a tribute to woman's power of endurance, 
and to her preservation, even in hardships, of those gentler forms of life. 
all too apt to sink from sight in the camps of soldier or pioneer. This was 
almost too obvious to call for oratory, but experience shows that the obvious 
was not recognized at all by a large per cent of the history makers." 

Through a fortuitous chain of circumstances I had been introduced to 
the managers of the celebration; had been invited to attend, and been as- 
signed to the hospitality of Mr. W. H. B , and his charming wife, who 

were among the leaders of the Committee of One Hundred. Thus I had an op- 
portunity to see some of the inside workings of the machine. The exercises 
of the celebration were opened on Sunday. 

Mrs. Livermore had been advertized in the printed program to appear on 
the platform on Monday morning. This was changed to Monday evening. 
An enterprising newspaper man printed an abstract of the address on Tuesday. 
as having been delivered Monday evening, and said she had a large and in- 
terested audience. But through some influence unknown to me. another 
party was put in her place for Monday evening. This was not an unusual. 



* 698877 



THE PATHFINDER AT MARIETTA 35 

nor was it the only break by the reporters. The small office force at com- 
mand had more matter than it could digest. Frequent and sudden changes 
in the program occurred, and the contemporary newspaper reports cannot 
always be depended upon as to the order of events. As has been said, Mrs. 
Livermore's address had been put off; after the heavy artillery had been 
discharged as they supposed, another date was fixed upon. It was to be in 
the evening, the third meeting of the day. On the morning of that day, my 
hostess appeared to be much disturbed in her mind. Her face was clouded, 
and she was seen occasionally gazing into vacancy. Presuming on my in- 
timacy in the family, I ventured to inquire the reason of this apparent 

trouble. What was going amiss? "Mrs. B frankly told me that she was 

worrying as to what kind of a reception Mrs. Livermore would receive in 
Marietta, the stronghold of conservatism. No woman had yet appeared on 
her public platform. Would anybody go to hear her? Would she be inter- 
rupted? abused? allowed to go on? Would she be insulted on the street when 
recognized? What did I think she could do to help matters along smoothly. 

Mrs. B had evidently been instrumental in bringing this radical woman 

to Marietta, and the responsibility was weighing heavily. The crucial hour 
was near. She was in torturing uncertainty as to the outcome. She was 
slightly relieved when assured that from my knowledge of Mrs. Livermore 
she need not have the slightest fear as to how the orator would be received 
by the audience. Regarding the number of hearers, we had no right to ex- 
pect a large meeting after the gatherings and orations of morning and 
afternoon, for there was a limit to human endurance and capacity for listen- 
ing, But get any audience, small or large, face to face with Mrs. Livermore, 
you need have no doubt whatever of a satisfactory result. There will be no 
insult, and no interruption, you may be sure of that. Mrs. B was grate- 
ful for this assurance, but she did not so fully rely upon it as I could 
wish. She had as little faith in my assurance, as I had sympathy in her 
troublous fear ; she was also very skeptical about getting any audience at ah\ 

It may be supposed that Mrs. B- represented the general feelings of the 

women, and it was decided, during the day, to open the evening with a pro- 
cession of the Marietta women in carriages. This was a shrewd scheme, 
worthy the sharpest wits. The women would all be thus committed to the 
cause, would give Mrs. Livermore open support, and backing; they would 
become, at least, the nucleus of an audience, and above all, if worst came 
to worst, in case of any disturbance, the men of Marietta must rally to the 
rescue of their wives and daughters. 



: 



36 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

So at the appointed time a long array of carriages filled with women 
was drawn up on the street where Mrs. Livermore had been entertained by Mr. 
and Mrs. L— — , ready for the parade. I was among the men who crowded the 
sidewalk, and noticed some shifting of the occupants. Suddenly I was seized 
by two marshals, resplendent with the insignia of office, who conducted me 
to the leading carriage in which Mrs. Livermore was seated, and asked me 
to enter. I positively refused ; told them there was some mistake; that I 
knew- all the arrangements of the affair; not a man but the coachmen 
was to be in the procession. A moment later, the marshals appeared again 
with smiling faces, saying, ' 'Well, we have orders to put the gentleman from 
Massachusetts into this carriage." 

Perhaps the hearts of the management had failed at the last moment ; 
they could not take the risk of letting Mrs. Livermore go out of sight into 
unknown hazzards without a Massachusetts body guard. So, they may have 
reasoned, the responsibility will be divided. This was only twenty years 
ago. With our present light, all these performances seem almost incredible. 

The signal given, the procession moved. With the rattle of drums, 
the braying of brass, the flashing lights and waving flags, we paraded the 
principal streets. The crowds were orderly, respectful. There were no signs of 
disturbance. But there was no cheering, no appearance whatever of approval. 
Doubts must needs arise. What is the meaning of all this machinery? What 
means this crowd, this silence? Does it bode ill or good? What will the 
harvest be? 

Calm as a mountain lake in the moonlight, sat Mrs. Livermore utterly 
innocent of anything unusual in the air; not indifferent to the supposed 
honor paid her, but not having the most distant idea of ill or mischance. 
She had long been accustomed to the lime light. 

She had also been accustomed to crowded houses in the East, and I felt 
it my duty r to prepare her against a sudden disappointment. I dwelt upon 
the fact of the great meetings day after day, of the two meetings that very day, 
of a limit to the listening power, and said "we have no right to expect more 
than a small audience to-night." ''How many do you predict?" she at length 
asked. "You will have just twelve hundred," was the positive reply. 

"If I have twelve hundred," she said.'T shall be entirely satisfied. When 

Senator Evarts closed his eloquent oration he had only for I counted 

them." (Mrs. L gave the exact number which I cannot recall, but it 

was about six or seven hundred). 

When the procession reached the front of the great Memorial Auditorium 



THE PATHFINDER AT MARIETTA 37 

on the bank of the Muskingum it turned down by one side to reach the 
platform by the rear entrance. As we passed the first and second of the 
great tall side doors, there was to be seen within a wide and dreary expanse 
of empty seats, and I trembled for my reputation as aprophet. But the 
lower door revealed a compact semicircle of men and women seated before 
the platform. 

"Look there, Mrs. Livermore, there is your twelve hundred I promised," 
said the prophet. " Yes, there is, just about that, and I am entirely 
satisfied." 

The face of Mrs. B , which had reminded one of the last quarter of 

the waning moon, now brightened up a trifle. We passed round to the rear 
where were men in plenty to help the women up the steps to the waiting room 
back of the platform. All parties looked pleased, the experiment was so far a 
success. The women were safe and sound, and an audience was waiting, twelve 
hundred strong. After a delay of four or five minutes for the women to 
preen themselves, we passed-in to the platform. A wonderful transformation 
met the eye. We almost ceased to breathe with amazement. Even* seat in 
that vast auditorium was filled, every door was crowded with faces, and on 
the great platform stood hundreds of the leading men of the Centennial Cele- 
bration. Governors crowded United States Senators, Senators elbowed Judges 
•of the Supreme Court and officers of the several states. There even seemed 

scant room for the women escort. Mrs. B and the prophet exchanged 

swift glances. Her face glowed with the light of a double full moon, if such 
there could be. Together we looked on an audience of nearly six thousand 
people, awaiting the speaker in perfect silence. Together we looked upon the 
quiet but glowing face of Mrs. Livermore. Grand and queenly she stood, 
apparently the least surprised of us all, as if her feet were now on her native 
heath. 

The silence was not for long. Mrs. Livermore had hardly taken the stand 
when see seemed to be caught up on the wings of a great enthusiasm, far 
beyond what I had ever before witnessed. She fully realized the situation ; 
she felt the call to the uttermost, she saw the flood tide of opportunity, 
and responded magnificently. For an hour and a half she held that vast 
mass of humanity in the hollow of her hand, and swayed it at her will, as 
she might wave a silken banner. History, patriotism, reverence for woman, 
duty, service and sacrifice in the civil and social life of man and the nation, 
all took on a new form and meaning from her inspired lips. Cold indifference 
•and the chain armor of fortified conservatism were alike melted in her elo- 



38 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

quent and fervid pleadings for the right. Her strong but musical voice reached" 
every ear in that rapt assembly, and applause from platform and floor filled 
the air as her eloquent periods enriched her lofty themes. Not one foot-print 
pointed outward during that long oration ; but those standing without 
pressed steadily in, until every one of the long aisles was packed solidly to 
the platform, and every inch of standing room about the side doors was but 
a compact mass of faces with every eye fixed steadfastly on the speaker.. 

By unquestioned assent Mrs. Livermore's spontaneous outpouring was 
the event of the week. That night, as all agreed, she stormed the heart and 
head of Marietta. The backbone of conservatism was damage 1 beyond 
repair. Progress in civil and social life succeeded indifference and sloth, and 
the century-old Marietta entered on a new era of vital thought and action. 

The uppermost reason for the invitation of Mrs. Livermore to Marietta 
has been given in an extract from a correspondent's offering. Another ex- 
tract from the same source will show the result, as measured by her discern- 
ing mind, of the immediate and ultimate effect of this address of Mrs. 
Livermore. She says: — "The majestic appearance of -Mrs. Livermore, her 
voice and personal presence, were fully equal to the large audience and the 
■spacious platform. From the first word to the last, she held her audience 
with an ease which implied strength and eloquence hardly drawn upon. — a 
remarkable exhibition of physical vitality and mental resource. Perhaps," 
she continues, "it may be asked how much of that spell she worked over the 
gathered throng, was due to what met the eye, and how much the ear. 
The indirect influences of Mrs. Livermore's presence on this occasion should 
not be ignored, however impossible to trace them. So far as the town of 
Marietta is a measure, while public opinion was fairly ready for sneaking by 
women in the churches and the City Hall, it was a jar to many conservatives, 
that a woman should be asked to address delegates from five states, and an 
audience up in the thousands. When the event came to hand, when the 
woman filled her part victoriously, and the people 'cried for moro." one more 
nail had been driven in the coffin of medievalism. Whatever advance in 
woman's share of civic and national hie takes form in this great Middle 
West, while few may appreciate the pathfinder, certain it is that a wide and 
upward way began, and continues from Mrs. Livermore's address at Marietta 
in 1SS8," 



■•* 



40 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Carpenter, Harriet, b. 1805; m. Elijah 
Kingsley of Mich. Berrien Port., 426. 

John E., soldier of 1S12; set. X. Y. 

Berrien Port., 512. 
Josiah, b. Adams, 1801; set. X. Y., 

1826, Mich., 1836. Lenawee Hist. II, 

460; Lenawee Port., 612. 

Julius, b. Worcester, 1836; set. Mich., 



1836. Oakland Port., 62S. 

— Powell, b. 1771; set. X. Y., 1800! 
Oakland Biog., 423. 

— R., b. 1806; set. Mich., 1844. Wash- 



tenaw Hist., 495. 

— Sidney, b. Worcester Co., 1810; set. 
N. Y., 1824, Mich., 1836. St. Joseph, 
188. 

— William, b. Charlestown, 1' 



set. 

N. H., X. Y., 1808. Lenawee Illus., 120; 

Lenawee Port., 1202. 
Carrier, Elijah, b. 1798; set Ct., X. Y. 

Hillsdale Port., 5S2. 
Carroll, Deborah of Rowe; m. 1845 Josiah 

Upton of Mass. and Mich. Clinton 

Past., 422. 
Carruth, Thomas, b. Marlborough, 1849; 

set. Mich., 1883. Monroe, appendix 36. 

Carter, Ira F., set. Wis., 1840? Saginaw 

Hist., 840. 
Xathaniel, b. Leominster, 1806; set. 

Mich., 1831. Macomb Hist., 226, 245, 

691. 
Cary, Martha A., m. 1869 T. C. Bishop of 

Mich. Jackson Hist., 1064. 
Seiden P., b. Williamstown, 1819; 

set. Mich., 1853. Detroit, 1453. 
Case, Ezekiel, b. Washington; set. X. Y., 

1810? Mich. Hillsdale Port.. 233. 
James, set. X. Y., 1800? Oakland 

Port., 347. 
Sarah B., b. 1831; set. Mich. Wash- 



tenaw Hist., 495. 

Casey, Samuel, b. Lanesboro, 1803; set. 
N. Y., Mich., 1826. Washtenaw Hist., 
1075. 

Cassada, James, set. X. Y., d. 1836. Grat- 
iot, 560. 

Castle, Melissa, m. 1825 Ashley Parks of 
X.Y. and Mich. Washtenaw Hist., 1310. 



Caswell, Solomon, b. Belchertown, 1700; 

set. X. Y., 1805, ()., 1817. Mich., 1821. 

Oakland Hist., 286. 
Catlix, Jane, b. 1813; m. Daniel Hull of 

O. and Mich. Ionia Port., 318. 
Caulkins, Betsey, m. 1815!' Horace Hovey 

of O. and Mich. Clinton Port., 480. 
Cawkins, Priscilla, m. 1825:' Frederick 

Prior of Mass. and Mich. Oakland 

Biog., 577. 
Cazar, Jane. m. 1805 'Elijah Moore of X.Y. 

Isabella, 477. 
Chace, Jonathan, b. Worcester Co., -et. 

Vt., 1800? Saginaw Hist., 820. 
Chadwick, Benjamin F., set. X. Y., Mich. 

Berrien Hist., 479. 
Lewis, b. 1799; set. Vt., 1800, Mich., 

1834. St. Clair, 308. 
Chalker, Xathaniel, b. 1780; set. Yt., 

X. Y., Mich., 1837. Clinton Port., S90. 
Chamberlain, Benjamin, set. X. Y , 1815? 

Kent, 702. 
C. Cloa, of Dudley; m. 1805 Moses 

Curtis of X.Y. Kalamazoo Hist, facing 

476. 
Eliza M.. b. Petersham. 1809; m. 1st, 

Jesse Rogers of Mass. and Mich., m. 2d, 

Robert J. Street of Mich. Lenawee 

Hist. I, 471. 

Luther, b. Westford, 1795: set. Yt., 

X. Y., Mich., 1839. Kalamazoo Hist., 
403. 

Milton, set. Mich.; d. 1859. Genesee 

Port., 511. 

Moses, b. Hopkinton. 1757; set. X. H., 

Vt. Berrien Port., 885. 

Xicholas. set. X. Y., 1790? Kala- 
mazoo Port., 381. 

Samuel, b. Chelsea. 1734; set. X. H., 

Vt. Berrien Port., 885. 

Chambkrun*. Benjamin, b. Bedford. 1S06; 
set. X. Y., Mich.. 1836. Calhoun, 175. 

John M.. b. Springfield. 1S09; set. 

X. Y., Mich., 1828. Oakland Port., 672. 
Xancy, of Dalton. m. 1S05 5 Harry 

Day of X. Y. Macomb Hist., 695. 

Porter, set. Mich., 1829. St. Clair. 

721. 



(To be continued.) 






-xS£ *zg$m»^ 








' i 







r 






! 




| 








— 




;•: 







k. 









THE WILLIAMS HOUSE AT DEERFIELD 



In its association with the eventful past, this venerable house is one 
of foremost interest among the many historic houses still standing in the old 
frontier town of Deerfield. 

It was in a house occupying this same site that Parson John Williams 
and his family were sleeping on the occasion of that murderous Indian raid 
in 1704 when he and his family were dragged away to captivity, after two 
of his children and a negro nurse had been slain. 

His wife was also killed the next day but he escaped death, and wrote a 
narrative of his dreadful experiences, which was published and forms one of 
the important contributions to the history of the Indian wars in the Massa- 
chusetts colony. 

After a long captivity his release was secured. He left behind him his 
daughter Eunice, 7 years old, who married an Indian, 1713, and relapsed into 
their barbarous- ways.. He returned to Deerfield, and his home was rebuilt 
for him by the town, which is the house standing today. 

He married again in 1707, and died in 1729, but his widow continued to 
live here until 1754. 

Ownership in the house' succeeded to one of Parson Williams' children, 
Maj. Elijah Williams (son by his second wife), who made extensive repairs 
to the house in 1756. But Mr. George Sheldon, Deerheld's historian, has 
given careful investigation to the subject, and concludes that there is no 
doubt but that the original frame of the old house is still preserved. 

The following is a brief description of the house from Mr. Sheldon's pen. 
It is an extract from a public appeal made in 1879 which saved the house 
from destruction: 

The house stands fronting the east, is two stories high, the main part 47x21 feet, a 
gambrel-roofed ell 40x23 projects from the southwest rear, and a "lean-to" 20x10 from 
the northwest rear, the whole covered with rived or cleft clap-boards, nicely joined. 
There are nine windows in front and five at each end, and they are rather_ narrow. 
The upper tier are set close under the cornice, the lower ones are finished with hand- 
some pointed pediments. There are three doors-one in front, one in the southwest cor- 
nor of the main building, and one in the ell. The front entrance is quite an elaborate 
affair; the door is double or folding, each divided into three parts, the upper finished 
with oblong, the center with square panels, and the lower with a sort of crusaders' cross. 
In the top of the door is a window, and a fine old brass knocker invites entrance. 

Entering, on the right and left are doors opening to the front rooms. These are 
finished with fine chimney-pieces, rich panels, and a heavy cornice, while the massive 
summer-tree across the centre cuts the ceiling into two large, deep panels. Both 
rooms have barred wooden shutters, and deep, cosy window-seats, suggesting security 
and comfort. 

In the south end of the garret is a finished room, and from this room a flight of 
stairs goes down into a mysterious room in the second story which is entirely isolated 
from the rest of the chambers. Adjoining this room is another, some eight feet square. 
near the center of the house, in the floor of which is a trap-door. This being raised 
discloses a very narrow and crooked stair-case landing in a small, dark closet _on the 
lower floor, and with a trap-door in this, the cellar might be reached, thus affording 
communication between the garret and cellar secluded from observation and entirely 
distinct from the hall stairs or the back stairs in the ell. 






SOME ARTICLES CONCERNING MASSACHU 

SETTS IN RECENT MAGAZINES 



General. English notes about early set- 
tlers in New England. Communicated 
by Lothrop Withington. (Essex Insti- 
tute. Historical collections, Oct., 190S. 
v. 44, p. 371-374 . 

How Mass. utilizes waste and neg- 
lected lands. Outlook. 1 Aug.. 190S. 
v. 89. p. 735-736). 

Irish names in colonial military his- 
tory. By P. O. Larkin. 'American 
Catholic quarterlv review. Julv. 190S. 
v. 33. p. 471-485). 

Legal qualifications of voters in 

Mass. (Essex antiquarian. Oct., 190S. 
v. 12, p. 145-151). * 

Barnstable. Barnstable vital records. 
Transcribed by G. E. Bowman. | May- 
flower descendant. Oct.. 1908. v. 10. p. 
249-250). 
Part 12: began in Oct.. 1900. v. 2. p. 212. 

Barnstable County. Cape Cod canal. 
i By W. B. Parsons, (Annals of the 

American academy of political and social 
science, Jan.. 1908. v. 31. p. 81-91). 

Knocking about Cape Cod. Bv 

T. F. Day. (Outing. Aug.. 190S. v. 52, 
p. 57S-58S). 

Unrecorded Barnstable Countv deeds. 



Collected bv G. E. Bowman. (Mayflower 
descendant'. Oct.. 190S. v. 10. p. 23S- 
241.) 
Part 3; be-an in July. 1906. v. 8. p. 155. 

Boston. The battle for free speech. The 

police adopt Russian methods in Boston. 

Bv B. O. Flower. Arena. Oct.. 1908. v. 

40, p. 345-350). 
On the refusal by the authorities to allow a pub- 
He meeting of Lett?. Aug. 3, 190S. to protest against 
police methods. 
Fenway district and its notable 

buildings. (Inland architect. Julv, 1908. 

v. 52, p. 3-4). 
Boxford. Ancient Pearl house. West 

Boxford. I Essex antiquarian. Oct.. 190S. 

v. 12, p. 175 and frontispiece. 
Brewster see Harwich. 
Bristol County. Abstracts from the 

.first book of Bristol County probate 



records. Copied by Mrs. L. H. Green- 
law. | Xew England' historical and genea- 
logical register, Oct.. 190S. v. 62, p 345- 
352,. 
Part 5: (first three instalments a p pe ar ed in Gen- 

alogical advertiser. Dec. 1900- Dec.. 1901 aad the 

:ourth in the Register. Ju I 

Brooklixe. The wealthiest town in the 
world and the best governed. By T. F. 
Anderson. (Xew England magazine, 



Nov., 190S. v. 39. p. 26-3-2 



Cape Cod see Barnstable County. 

Charles River. Boating on the Charles 
River. Bv A. S. Pier. (Outing, Aug., 
1908. v. 52. p. 543-555 . 

Chatham. Deaths in Chatham. 1S36. 
(Xew England historical and gene:, 
cal register, Oct.. 1908. v. 62. p. 382-383. 

Chatham vital records. Transcribed 

bv G. E. Bowman. < Mayflower descend- 
ant. Oct.. 190$. v. 10. p.' 194-19S . 

Part 9; be -an in July. 1902. v. 4. p. 1*2. 

Concord. A river that binds today with 
yesterday. [Concord River] By Perry 
Walton. (Xew England magazine. Nov., 
190S. v. 39. p. 311-315). 

Tarry* at home travel. ■ 1SS9. By 

E. E. Hale. III. I Xew England magazine, 
Nov.. 190S. v. 39. p. 376-381 . 

Dennis. Dennis vital records, trans- 
scribed bv M. A. Baker. Mayflower 
descendant. Oct.. 1908. v. 10. p. 209- 
213. 

Part 9: began in Jan.. 1904. v. 6. p. 2. 

Douglas. Capt. Job Knapp chapter. 
D.A.R. East Douglas. By Mrs. Effie M. 

Jones, historian. I American monl 
magazine. Oct.. 190S. v. 33. p. 914 . 
Eastham. The records of Wellfleet, for- 
merly the North precinct of East 
Transcribed by G. E. Bowman. May- 
flower descendant. Oct.. 190S. v. 10. 



p. 221-225). 
Par. 7. 11739-1745); 



began Oct.. 1902. 



4. p. 



— Records of the First church in 
Orleans, formerlv the First church in 



RECENT MAGAZINE ARTICLES 



43 



Eastham. (Mayflower descendant, Oct., 
1908. v. 10. p/230-233). 

Part 2 (1 772-1 77S); began Julv, 1908. v. 10, p. 
16o. 

Essex County. Abstracts of all records 
in vol. 6 of the Suffolk County registry 
of deeds, relating to Essex County. 
(Essex antiquarian, Oct.. 190S. v. 12, 
p. 167). 
Part 6; began in July. lCCo. v. 9, p. 97. 

Essex County notarial records, 

1097-1768. (Essex' Institute. Historical 
collections, Oct.. 190S. v. 44, p. 325-331). 

Part 9 (1719-1721); began 190.5. v. 41. p. 1S3. 

Ipswich court records and files. 

(Essex antiquarian, Oct., 1908. v. 12, 
p. 168-172). 

Part 6 (1658); began Jan.. 1904. v. 8. p. 1. 

Newspaperjtems relating to Es-sex 

County. (Essex Institute. Historical 
collections, Oct.. 1908. v. 44, p. 338- 
347). 

Part 5 (1757-1758^: began 1906. v. 42, p. 214. 

Soldiers and sailors of the Revolu- 
tion. (Essex antiquarian, Oct., 1908. v. 
12, p. 185-187). 

Names Brimblecom to Brooks. From state rec- 
ords. Began in v. 1, Jan.. 1897. 

Essex County see also Norfolk County, 
Old. 

Fitchburg. An eastern city with western 
ideas. Bv D. C. O'Connor. (Xew Eng- 
land magazine, Oct., 1908. v. 39, p. 199- 
213). 

Gloucester. A sea lover's paradise. 
By S. T. Franklin. (Xew England mag- 
azine, Aug., 1908. v. 38, p. 689-696). 

Harwich. Records of the First parish in 
Brewster, formerly the First parish in 
Harwich. Transcribed by G. E. Bow- 
man. (Mavflower descendant, Oct., 1908. 
v. 10, p. 251-253). 

Part 13; began Oct.. 1902. v. 4, p. 242. 

Haverhill. Haverhill inscriptions prior 
to 1800. Greenwood cemetery. (Essex 
antiquarian, Oct., 1908. v. 12, p. 155). 

Haverhill inscriptions prior to 1800. 

•Walnut cemeterv. (Essex antiquarian, 
Oct., 1908. v. 12. p. 152-155). 

Mansfield. Mansfield, an economic study. 
By C. M. Rockwood. (Xew England 
magazine, Dec, 1908. v. 39, p. 493-499). 

Marlborough, Colonial records of Marl- 
borough. Copied by Miss M. E. Spalding 
and communicated by F. P. Rice. (Xew 



England historical and eenealogical n 
ter, Oct., 1908, v. 62. p. 336 344), 

Part 2 (1661-1662); be^an July, 190S. v. 62 :>. 
220. 

Marshfield. Gravestone records from 
the "Two mile" cemetery. Urr i 
Xorth Marshfield. Communicated by 
J. \V. Willard. < Mayflower de .cendant, 
Oct., 1908. v. 10. p. 246-249) 

Medfield. A private record of deaths in 
Medfield, 174&-1844. Kept by Thank- 
ful (Adams) Bullard, Amy Bullard and 
Elizabeth Bullard. Xew England 
torical and genealogical regi.-ter, Oct., 
1908. v. 62. p. 368-372). 

Medford. Unpublished manustr 
Washington in Medford. and Li I 
schoolmasters. 1789-1821. (Med tor: 
torical register. Oct., 1908. v. 11. p. W- 
96). 

Nantucket. Xantucket Island. 'Sub- 
urban life, Boston. Julv. 1908. v. 7, p. 
15-16, 46-47). 

The Spectator [on Xantucket]. Out- 
look, 1 Aug., 1908. v. 89. p. 745-7413 . 

Tales of an old whaling town. By 

R. P. Gettv. (World to-dav. Chicago, 
July. 1908' v. 1.5. p. 701-708). 

Newbury see Xewburyport. 

Newburyport. The early church plate 
of Xewburyport. Newbury, West New- 
bury and ' Rowley. By J. H. Buck. 
(Essex Institute. Historical collections,. 
Oct., 1908. v. 44, p. 293-304). 

Extracts from interleaved almanacs 

kept in Newburyport, probably by 
Joseph O'Brien. (Essex Institute. His- 
torical collections, Oct.. 1908. v. 44. p. 



332-337). 

— Rev. John Murray. 
Essex gazette, Sept. .5—12. 



Reprint from 
1769. Es^ex 



Old. Old Norfolk 
(Essex antiquarian, 
p. 178-184). 



antiquarian, Oct., 1908. v. 12. p. 173- 
175). 
Norfolk County, 
County records. 
Oct., 1908. v. 12. 

Began in v. 1. Feb.. 1907. Xot the present Nor- 
folk County but a county , organized in 1643 :o in- 
clude the towns north of the Merrimack River. 

Orleans see Eastham. 

Pembroke. Gravestone records from the 
Cemetery at Pembroke Centre. Com- 
municated bv J. W. Willard. May- 
flower descendant, Oct., 1908. v. 10. p. 
234-238). 

Part 6 (Parris-Sturtevant); began in Jan.. 1907 
v. 9. p. 3. 



44 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Pepperell. Prudence Wright chapter 

D. A. R. Report by Lucy B. Page. 

(American monthlv magazine, Dec, 

1908. v. 33, p. 1135-1136). 
Plymouth Colony. Plymouth Colony 

deeds. (Mayflower descendant, Oct., 

1908. v, 10. p. 213-217). 
1656-1657; series began in v. 1, Apr., 1899. 

- Plymouth Colony wills and inven- 

tories. (Mayflower descendant, Oct., 
1908, v. 10, p. 198-203). 

1651; series began in v. 1, Jan.. 1899. 
Plymptox. Gravestone records in the 
Old cemetery at Plympton. Communi- 
cated by J. W. Willard. (Mayflower 
descendant, Oct., 1908. v. 10, p. 217-221). 

Part 6 (M. -Pratt); began in Julv, 1906. v. 8, p. 

150. 

Rowley see Newbury port. 

Salem. Notable paintings from old Salem. 
By J. R. Dexter. (New England mag- 
azine, Dec, 1908. v. 39, p. 419-422). 

■ Revolutionary letters written to 

Colonel Timothy Pickering. By George 
Williams of Salem. (Essex Institute. 
Historical collections, Oct., 1908. v. 44, 
p. 313-324). 
Part 4; began Oct.. 1906. v. 42. p. 313. 

Salem in 1700. By Sidney Perley. 

(Essex antiquarian, Oct., 1908. v. 12, 
p. 177-178). 

No. 33; series began in Nov., 1898; each number 
has a plan showing old streets and boundary lines of 
estates. 



Scitlate. Records of the First church in 
Scituate. Transcribed by G. E. Bow- 
man. (Mayflower descendant, Oct., 1908. 
v. 10, p. 225-230). 

Part 2 (1716-1723); began in Apr.. 1908. v. 10. 
p. 90. 

Springfield. An international Fourth of 
July. By Mary V. Clark. (Chanties and 
The commons, X. Y., Julv 11, 1908 v. 
20, p. 469-470). 

Springfield, the model city of the 

Connecticut Valley. By E. X. Bagg. 
(Xew England magazine, Aug., 1908. 
v. 38, p. 711-721). 

Wellfleet. Records of the Duck Creek 

cemetery, Wellfleet. Communicated by 

S. W. Smith. (Mayflower descendant, 

Oct., 1908. v. 10, p. '204-208). 

Part 2 (Cheever-Freeman); began July, 1908. 

v. 10, p. ISO. 

Wellfleet see also Eastham. 
West Newbury see Xewburyport. 

Yarmouth. A Cape Cod Christmas gift. 

By C. H. Miller. (Country life in America, 

Dec, 190S. v. 15. p. 141-142. 204-206). 

An old house in Yarmouthport and its contents. 

Yarmouth vital records. Trans- 
cribed by G. E. Bowman. (Mayflower 
descendant, Oct., 1908. v. 10, p. 242- 
245). 

Part 9 (1692-1746); began in Oct., 1900. v. 2. 
p. 207. 



\S 



ipcptaimf of ft^miHmuS(floIutinn 



82 

Frank AXjtar_dner.M. D. Editor. 



State Brigantine Independence. 

This vessel although ably commanded 
had the misfortune early to meet a supe- 
rior force, and her career was shorter than 
that of many of her sister ships. The first 
legislation with reference to her construc- 
tion was the following resolve; — ■ 

"In Council Deer 29 th 1775 Whereas 
feveral of the united Colonies have of late 
thought it expedient and necefsary, to fitt 
out armed Vefsells for the Defence of 
American Liberty, and it appears to this 
Court necefsary that Meafures be taken 
"by this Colony for our further Protection 
by fea therefore 

Refolved that Jn° Adams & Joseph 
Palmer Esqr s with fuch as the Honourable 
Houfe fhall join be a Committee to con- 
iider and report to this Court a Plan for 
fitting out one or more armed Vefsells, 
for the Defence of American Liberty. 

fent down for Concurrence 

Perez Morton Dep- V Sec*" 

In the Houfe of Reprefentatives 

Read & concurred and Sent up Dec r 
30, 1775, Coll Orne, M r Brown of Bofton 
& Coll Otis are joined. 

William Cooper, 

Speaker Pro Tern." 

A committee was appointed in the 
House of Representatives, December 29. 
1775, to report on a plan for fitting out 
one or more armed vessels. This com- 
mittee reported January 10. 1776. On 
the 6th of February, the following act 
was passed : 

" Resolved, That there be built at 
public Expense of this Colony, for the 
Defence of American Liberty Ten Sloops 
of War of one hundred & ten Tons or 
fifteen Tons eich suitable to Carry from 
fourteen to Sixteen Carriage Guns of Six 
& four pounders. " Four days later the 
"Com** for fitting out ten vefsells" had 
a grant of £2000. On the 17th a resolve 
was passed directing the committee to 
suspend contract for more than five. 



The committee on armed vessels was or- 
dered, March 14th, to revise the act rel- 
ative to fitting them out. 

A report was made as follows: "To 
the Hon ble the Council & House of Rep- 
resentatives in Gen 1 Court afsembled at 
Watertown, March 26, 1776. 

The Memorial of William Sever & Thomas 
Durfey. 

That your Memorialists were by the 
Hon 1 Court with others appointed on a 
committee for building & equipping Su: I 
armed vefsels which were proposed to be 
rigged Sloops, that your Memorialists are 
of the opinion the two vefsels they are 
now building for that purpose are of such 
size that it will be very Inexpedient to 
rig them as Sloops, they therefore re- 
quest that they may be authorized & 
directed by y r honors to rig & fix the 
s d Vefsells as Brigantines. 

y r Memorialists would also represent to 
y r honors that they are unable to purchase 
Duck for sails for the said Vefsells 8c if 
your honors think proper they prav that 
the Comifsary Gen 1 be directed to Supply 
them with Eighteen Bolts of duck out 
of the Colony Stores for each of the 
said vefsels & yr memorialists shall ever 
pray. 

W m Stover 
Thomas Durfee " 

Permission to make the change was 
granted and 36 bolts of Duck were al- 
lowed for use in the two vessels, April 3. 
1776. Two days later the commi-sary was 
directed to supply the duck required. 

"The Houfe. according to the Order of 
the Day, made choice by Ballot, of 
Simeon Sampson, as a Captain to command 
the armed Brigantine, building at Kings- 
ton, for the Service of the Colony, under 
the Direction of the honorable William 
Sever Esq. 

Sent up for Concurrence " 
April 17, 1776. 

" In the Houfe of Reprefentatives, 
April 19, 1776. 

The Committee appointed to report 
fuitable Names for the five armed Vef- 



*" 



46 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



seis now building by this Colony, reported 
that the Brigantine building at Kingston 
be called the Independence that the Brig- 
antine building at Dartmouth be called 
the Rijing Empire that the Sloop build- 
ing at Salifbury be called the Tyrannicide 
that one of the Sloops building as Swanzey 
be called the Republic and the other the 
Freedom. 

Read and Accepted, 
April 19, 1776. 

Sent up for Concurrence, 

J. Warren." 

" In the House of Representatives, 
April 24, 1770. 

Resolved that the Commisary General 
be & he is hereby directed to procure 
Eight Duble fortified Cannon Suitable 
for Ships use that will Carry a Ball of 
6 lb w* each, one hundred & Twenty Swivel 
Guns & Twenty Cohorns. also Ten Tons 
of Round Shott. five Tons of Chain & 
Duble headed Shott, Three Tons Grape 
Shott, Three Tons of Powder and one Ton of 
hand Grenadoes, as Soon as Pofsible, and 
deliver the Same or anv part thereof to the 
Hon W m Seiver y e Hon Rich' 1 Derby the 
Hon Jerethmeel Bowers & Thomas Durfey 
Esq 1 " and Cap c Josiah Batchelder J r or to 
either of their O -Tiers to be bv them ap- 
plied for the use of the armed Vefsels, now- 
Building &c for the Service of this Colony. 
Sent up for Concurrence 

J. Warren Spkr 
April 24, 1776." 

The officers of the " Independence " 
on her first cruise were as follows; — 

Simeon Samson, Commander, Entered 
service, April 17, 1776. 

Daniel Adams, First Lieutenant, En- 
tered service, Apiil 30, 1776. 

Solomon Higgins, Second Lieutenant, 
Entered service, May 2, 1776. 

Walter Hatch, Master, Entered service, 
April, 30, 1776. 

Samuel Nutting, Surgeon, Entered ser- 
vice, May 10, 1776. 

Samuel Gilbert. Surgeon's Mate, Entered 
service, May 10, 1776. 

CAPTAIN SIMEON SAMSON'S full 
record has already been published in this 
magazine in v. I. pp. 195—8. The Indepen- 
dence was the first naval vessel commanded 
by him. 



Captain Samson and Surgeon'-; Mate 
Gilbert were from Plymouth, M 
Walter Hatch from Hingham, and 
geon Samuel Nutting from Danver No 
record is lound of previous naval service 
of any of the officers in the above 

SECOND LIEUTENANT SOLOM 
HIGGIXS resigned September 22nd, 1 770, 
and Charles Dyer of Plymouth wa ; 
pointed to that office in his stead. 

MASTER WALTER HATCH was com- 
missioned commander of the privateer 
schooner " Hope" September 'J 6. 1776. hi^ 
service in the "Independence," ending four 
days before that date. He later served in 
the State brigantine, 'Hazard," and a full 
account of said service will be found in 
the Massachusetts Magazine, v. I. pp. 
195-7. He was succeeded in the "* Inde- 
pendence" by Theouhilus Cotton, of Ply- 
mouth, who had served as Prizemaster 
from July 1st. 

The officers of the "Independence" were 
then as follows; Simeon Samson, Captain; 
Daniel Adams, First Lieutenant; Charles 
Dver, Second Lieutenant: Theuphilus Cot- 
ton, Master; Samuel Nuttine. Surgeon and 
Samuel Gilbert. Surgeon's Mate. 

In January 1777. thebrigantine. "Nancy." 
prize of the brigantine "Independence " ar- 
rived in Plymouth, under the command of 
First Lieutenant Daniel Adams, manned 
with 17 seamen and one boy from the 
"Independence." 

FIRST LIEUTENANT DANIEL 
ADAMS left the "Independence" at this 
time and was engaged January 20, 1777, 
to go on board the State brigantine •Free- 
dom" as First Lieutenant, under Captain 
John Clouston. He served in the last 
named vessel until captured some time be- 
tween August and October, 1777. He was 
exchanged in the following year for Rich- 
ard Emmes. \Y\< commission as com- 
mander of the sloop ''Lively" was approved 
April 22, 1782. His name is erroneously- 
given as " David" Adams in some of the 
documents. 

MASTER THEOPHILUS COTTON 

left the vessel March 25, 1"77_ He was 
commissioned November 15. 1777. Master's 
Mate of the brigantine "Hazard." having 
been engaged August 20, 1777. He served 
until April 13. 1778. Reported deceased. 



DEPARTMENT OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION 



47 



SURGEON'S MATE SAMUEL GIL- 
BERT al-o left the "Independence" March 
25, 1777. He was commissioned Surgeon of 
the state brigantine "Hazard"' November 
15, of the same year, serving until March 
24, 1778. He was reported sick at .Mar- 
tinico. 

The "Independence" was captured in the 
spring of 1777. Captain Samson's name 
appears in a list of prisoners sent from 
Halifax by Sir George Collier, June 28, 
1777, to be exchanged for British prisoners. 
August 9, he was chosen Commander of 
the vessel then building which was later 
called the "Hazard." A record of his ser- 
vice in this state vessel and the state ship 
"Mars" has already been given in the Mas- 
sachusetts Magazine, v. 1, pp. 195-8. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT DYER was 
also in the "Independence" when she was 
captured. He was sent from Halifax June 
28, to be exchanged. He was engaged 
August 20, to serve as First Lieutenant on 
the state brigantine "Hazard." His service 
on that vessel has already been given, in 
the above mentioned reference. 

SURGEON SAMUEL NUTTING was 
exchanged at the same time as his com- 
mander. He was serving as Surgeon of 
the ship "Rhodes," commanded by Captain 
Nehemiah Buffington, August 14, 17S0. 
His description being as follows: ''Age 38; 
stature, oft. 8 in.; complexion, light; resi- 
dence, Danvers." In the following year 
he served from August 16, to December 2, 
as Surgeon, Lieut. Col. Joseph Webb's 
Regiment, said regiment being stationed 
at Peekskill. 

"State of Massachusetts Bay. 

Council Chamber Aug 1 12, 1777. 
You are hereby directed to pay out of 
the public Treafury of this State to Capt 
Simeon Sampson for the L'se of the men 
borne on the annexed Roll for Services on 
Board Brig Independence & during their 
captivity from Jany 1777 to the 5th. July 
1777 the Sum of One Hundred & Eighty 
nine pounds & 2 d in full discharge of said 
Roll. 

for which this shall be your fuffi- 
cient Warrant 

By Advice of Council, 
£1089:00:02 Jn° Avery, Dy Secr'y 

Hon ble Henry Gardner Esq r Treasurer. " 



"A List of the Small Arms & other War- 
lik Implements taken in the Brigantine In- 
dependence belonging to the Officers & 
Men taken with said Brigantine under the 
Command of Cap 1 Simeon Samfon 

Simeon Samfon Cap' 1 Fuzee Compleat 
& Small fword neetly mounted." 

Charles Dyer first Lieu 1 1 Fuzee & Ranger 
(and 21 petty officers and men who lost 
1 gun each.) 

This list was accompanied by a petition 
from Captain Samson and Lieutenant 
Dyer in which they state that, " Your 
Petitioners flatter themselves, that their 
conduct was fuch as has fecured to them 
the approbation of their Countrymen, and 
they cannot suppofe your Honors will 
oblige them to fustain the lofs of weapons, 
which they employed in defence of the 
L nited States, and for the particular ad- 
vantage of this. They therefore request 
your Honors to grant them fuch a com- 
penfation, as will enable them to replace 
the Arms & accoutrements which they loft 
as aforefaid. And your Petitioners as in 
duty bound shall ever pray 

Sim n Samson 
Charles Dyer." 

"The Committe on the Petition of Simion 
Sampson Charles Dyer & others report by 
way of Refolve — 

State of Mafsachufetts Bay In the Houfe 
of Reprefentatives December 15, 1777. 

Refolved that the Board of War Deliver 
to Cap 1 Simion Sampson Lef 1 Charles Dyer 
(and 21 others) to each of them a Gun or 
Firelock to Replace thofe Loft by them in 
the Capture of the Brig* Independence. 
Sent up for Concurrence, 

J. Warren, Spk r " 

February 11, 177S. Henry Goodwin peti- 
tioned for back pay as clerk to Captain 
Simeon Samson, commander of the "Inde- 
pendence." The General Court resolved 
that the "Comifsary of Stores of this State 
be and he is hereby Directed to the Said 
Henry Goodwin two hundred and Seven- 
teen Days Rations being the whole now 
Due to him. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

J. Pitt, Spk r P. Tern." 



w 



<&rttmsro $c ($0mmmt 






Dedication of the Massachusetts Monument 
at Newbern, N. C. 

On Nov. 11 there was dedicated at New- 
bern, N. C, the monument erected by- 
Massachusetts in memory of 600 of our sol- 
diers who lost their lives in the Civil War and 
are there interred. In the absence of the 
Governor, the state was represented by 
Hon. W. D. Chappie, president of the 
Senate. Various Confederate patriotic or- 
ganizations took a prominent part in the 
ceremonies, while representatives of no 
less than 16 North Carolina regiments of 
the Confederate army, it is said, were 
present. 

This was by no means the first of such 
occasions on which men of the Bay State 
have met as brethren those who were once 
their foes. Such events as these are in- 
dicative, far more than the speech of 
politicians or newspaper editorials, that 
rabid sectionalism has nearly spent itself. 
No better confirmation is needed than has 
lately been given in the agitation regarding 
the Wirz monument at Andersonville. On 
the one hand we of the North have seen little 
of that vehement and angry protest which 
such a proposal would have called out a de- 
cade ago, while the intemperate Southern 
spirit which would have insisted on an in- 
scription laudatory and defiant beyond 
reason, was overcome by wiser counsels. 

It is well to bear in mind that large num- 
bersof able bodied men confined in idleness 
are not easy to control, so that comman- 
dants of military prisons are seldom beloved 
by their enforced guests, as one can as easily 
see who cares to read the experiences of 
southern men in northern prisons. It is 
also true that men of large heroic nature 
will not commonly be found, in war time, 
guarding prisoners in the rear. C. A. F. 

The name "Massachusetts Magazine." 

It may be unknown to many of our 
readers that ours is not the first periodical 



to be called the "Massachusetts Magazine.'"' 
At least two earlier publications have borne 
that title. 

I. The Massachusetts Magazine; or 
Monthly Museum of Knowledge and Ra- 
tional Entertainment. This was a general 
or literary monthly, containing riction, 
poetry, essays, comment, etc., with a de- 
partment of current news and each number 
embellished with a fine engraving as frontis- 
piece. Eight volumes were published, 1789 
to 1796, regularly except for the fact that 
vol. 7 began in April instead of Jan. and 
so had 9 nos. only. The editor was Thad- 
deus Mason Harris, who however withdrew 
in the middle of the last year, the last 6 
nos. of vol. 8 being edited by William 
Biglow. The printers of vols. 1—5 were 
Isaiah Thomas and E. T. Andrews. Boston; 
vol. 6, Weld and Greenough, Boston, vol. 7, 
W. Greenough (nos. 1-6) and Alexander 
Marten (nos. 7-9), vol. 8, James Cutler, 
Boston. 

II. The Bay State Monthly (predecessor 
of the present New England Magazine 1 ) 
was started in Jan. 1884 under the editor- 
ship of our present associate editor John N. 
McClintock who was also its publisher. Two 
volumes and part of a third were issued 
down to vol. Ill, no. 2. May, 1885, when 
there was litigation resulting in the ^pro- 
prietor losing his interest, the Bay State 
Monthly being continued in other hands. 
Mr. McClintock at once began the publica- 
tion of a new periodical, to be known as the 
Massachusetts Magazine, vol. I. no. 1 ap- 
pearing in Aug., 188o. with the imprint of 
J. A. Cline & Co., Boston. 

It was very similar to the Bay State 
Monthly consisting for the most part of 
historical articles with an admixture of 
purelv literary features, poetry, stories, etc. 

The next number, dated Nov., 1885, was 
called vol. II, no. 4, certain changes having 
meanwhile been decided on; reissuing the 
Oct. and Nov., 1S84 no;, of the Bay State 
Monthly (vol. II, nos. 1 & 2) with new covers 
as vol. II, no. 1 and 2 of the Massachusetts 



I 






CRITICISM AND COMMENT 



49 



Magazine, the Aug., 18S5 number thence- 
forth being known as vol. II, no. 3 (instead 
of vol. I, no. 1.) Vol. II, no. 5 appeared 
in April, 1886, with no publisher named and 
the periodical was concluded with vol. II, 
no. 6, Jan., 1SS0, that issue, as well as the 
title page and index for the volume bear- 
ing imprint, Cupples, Upham& Co., Boston. 



Some Massachusetts books of 1908. 

As this magazine has, during the past 
year, endeavored to list important magazine 
articles on Massachusetts, it may not be 
uninteresting to our readers to barely men- 
tion the more notable 190S books on state 
and local history that have come to our 
attention. Some of them may be found 
critically reviewed in the literary or histor- 
ical periodicals, while a good proportion 
will be listed in the trade -bibliographies; 
but nowhere grouped for the convenience 
of Massachusetts users. 

I General. 

Bradford's historv of Plvmouth Planta- 
tion 1606-1646. New edition by W. T. 
Davis, in the series of Original narratives 
of early American history. 437 p. 

John Harvard'^ life in America, or Social 
and political life in Xew England 1637- 
1638. By A. M. Davis. 45 p. 

Heads of families at the first census of 
the U. S. taken in the year 1790. Massa- 
chusetts volume. Pub. by the Bureau of 
the census. 363 p. 

Early Xew England towns; a compara- 
tive study of their development. By Anne 
B. MacLear. Being v. 29. no. l.of studies 
in history, economics and pubic law of 
Columbia University, 181 p. (Cambridge, 
Dorchester, Roxbury, Salem and Water- 
town are considered ). 

History of the 45-h regiment, Massachu- 
setts Volunteer Militia. Bv A. W. Mann. 
562 p. 

Xew England historical and genealogical 
register. Index of subjects for volumes 1- 
-50. (Being vol. 4, of the full index of which 
v. 1-3 comprise the Index of names). 296 p. 

Thomas Pownall, bv C. A. W. Pownall. 
488 p. 

Sons of the Puritans, a group of brief 
"biographies reprinted from the Harvard 
graduate's magazine. 244 p. 

Winthrop's Journal " Historv of Xew 
England." Xew edition by J. K. Hosmer in 



the series of Original narratives of early 
American history. 2 vols. 

II. Local. 

Andover. Old Andover days by S. S. 
Robbins. 189 p. 

Billerica. Vital records of Billerica. 
405 p. 

Bostox. A volume of records ... contain- 
ing Minutes of the selectmen's meetings 
1811 to 1S17. (Record commissioner's 
report v. 38). 378 p. 

St. Botolph's town. By M. C. Craw- 
ford. 365 p. 

Boston's story in inscriptions. By 

State street trust co. 37 p. 
Cambridge, see " Early Xew England 

towns" in section I. 
Chelsea. Documentarvhistorv of Chelsea. 

1624-1824. By M. Chamberlain. 2. 
The burning of Chelsea. By W. M. 

Pratt. 149 p. 
Dorchester, see " Early Xew England 

towns" in section I. 
Dover. Dedication of the Sawin Memorial 

Building. By the Dover Historical and 

Xatural History Society, 24 p. 

The founders of the First Parish. 

By F. Smith. 24 p. 

- Vital records of Dover. 107. p. 

Dudley. Vital records of Dudley. 2SS p. 

Essex. Vital records of Essex. 86 p. 

Hamilton. Vital records of Hamilton. 
112 p. 

Hatfield. The Hatfield book. By C. A. 
Wight. 59 p. 

Holliston. Vital records of Holliston. 
358 p. 

Lixcolx. Vital records of Lincoln. 1.9 p. 

Marblehead. Vital records of Marblehead. 
Vol. Ill containing supplementary re- 
cords collected by j. W. Chapman. 43 p. 

Marlborough. Marlborough. Mass.. burial 
ground inscriptions. Bv F. P. Rice. 
218 p. 

Martha's Vineyard. The story ot Mar- 
tha's Vinevard. By C. G. Hine. 224 p. 

Middlesex County. Historic homes and 
places and genealogical and personal mem- 
oirs relating to the families of Middlesex 
County. By W. R. Cutter. 4 vols. 

Milton. The' first four meeting houses of 
Milton. By J. A. Tucker. 5 p. with 
places. 

Xew Bedford. Commemorative exercises 
held in City hall. Mar. 39. 190S. Pub. 
by the Free Public Library. 20 p. 



50 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Roxbury. History of the First Church in 

Roxbury. By W. E. Thwing. 428 p. 
■ see also "Early New England towns" 

in section I. 
Sai.em. see " Early Xew England towns" 

in section I. 
Sharox. The church records of Rev. 

Philip Curtis of Sharon 1742-1797. J. 

G. Phillips, editor. Being no. 5 of Pub. 

of Sharon Historical Societv. 64 p. 
Watertowx. see y Early New England 

town" in section I. 
Westmixster. Vital records of West- 
, minster. 

Pioneers of Maine and New Hampshire. 

"The Pioneers of Maine and New Hamp- 
shire 1623 to 1660; a descriptive list, 
drawn from records of the colonies, towns, 
churches, courts and other contemporary 
sources. By Charles Henry Pope. . . . With 
foreword by James Phinney Baxter. 
Boston, published by Charles H. Pope, 221 
Columbus Avenue, 1908," xi,252pages. So. 

The author, already well known to the 
genealogical world through his connection 
■with several important family histories and 
' especially since the publication of his 
"Pioneers of Massachusetts" has here given 
us the result of his researches in a new field. 
While the last named work dealt with Massa- 
chusetts colonists for 30 years following the 
first permanent settlement of 1620; the 
present one starting at the date of the 
grant to Gorges and Mason, includes the set- 
tlers north and east of the Merrimac River 
down to the period of the Restoration, that 
date marking at once the close of the great 
English emigration to the colonies and 
the complete absorption of the eastern 
plantations under the Mass. provincial gov- 
ernment (Maine to there continue down to 
1820 while New Hampshire was to begin 
its independent colonial existence in 1679). 
As justifying the -initial date of 1623. it 
should be noted that the settlements of an 
earlier period, such as the Popham colony of 
1607 and the French in eastern Maine, had 
no connection with the subsequent develop- 
ment of the region. 

A score of plantations and towns are men- 
tioned in the introduction, whose records to- 
gether with sundry contemporary memoirs 
and manuscript collections comprise the 
sources drawn upon. 

In the body of the work the arrangement 
follows the alphabetical order, giving under 



each name, chronologically, such mention 
as is found m town, church and pi 
records, deeds and courts riles. Vital rec- 
ords of the immediate family of each set- 
tler are appended in each case, and at the 
end follows the only index needed, one of 
names incidentally mentioned. A rather 
elaborate systemof abbreviations allows the 
condensation of much in small space. 
There are inserted some admirable special 
studies, as under Hilton, Wheelwright, etc. 
The work seems admirably done and one 
can feel pretty confident that the rec >rds 
extant have been carefully gleaned. 

As brought into comparison with the old 
standard "Savage" it should be noted 
that the earlier work covers all Xew Eng- 
land, all immigrants before 1700 and not 
only children, but grandchildren of each 
settler; but in view of the many additional 
sources of informations now available, the 
"Pioneers of Maine and Xew Hampshire" 
must entirely supersede it in the field 
covered. 

So involved and perplexing is the early 
history of these trans-Merrimac settle- 
ments, distinct, confederated or quarrel- 
some as they were, that we could wish the 
author had chosen to give a concise in- 
troductory essay in a few pages, covering 
their history down to 1660, with perhaps a 
chart showing the various and conflicting 
grants, or at least indicated where such 
account may be found. Delving for this 
information in the pages of Bancroft, 
Palfrey, Osgood or the various other col- 
onial or state histories requires consider- 
able effort. 

A few minor points might be criticized: 
Under Authorities quoted, it would have 
been well to indicate which are manuscript 
and where such are to be consulted, as 
Lygonia Assembly, Records; and in case 
of printed books, fuller titles, with at least 
date of issue would be helpful. Essex His- 
torical Society Collections doubtless is an 
error for Essex Institute Historical Col- 
lections. 

Either in the list on page vii or elsewhere 
explanation should be given of such obso- 
lete terms as Spurwmk, Oyster River, etc. 
which occur in the text. Frequent ref- 
erences have been made from varying spell- 
ings of surnames to the form chosen for 
entrv, but still others would be useful, as 
from Hurd to Heard, from Leigh ton to 
Layton, etc. C. A. F. 



5 



SOME MASSACHUSETTS 
HISTORICAL WRITERS 

{Under this heading in each issue we shall give concise biographical sketches of town historians, family 
genealogists, and writers on other historical subjects pertaining to Massachusetts.] 



BODGE, GEORGE MADISON, clergy- 
man; born Windham, Me., February 14, 
1841; son of Rev. John Anderson Bodge, 
and Esther A. Harmon Bodge. He lived 
on a farm in his native town and attended 
the district school until the age of fourteen, 
when he removed with his father's family, 
to Naples, Me., and there continued school 
in the winter, studying the higher branches 
under the instruction of Dr. H. D. Torrey, 
M. D., for several years; then attended 
Bridgton Academy, in the Fall and Spring 
terms, teaching school in the winters, and 
working in the summers, at whatever 
offered. Obliged to "work his way," he 
was partially fitted for College in 1S61, 
when the war broke out, and he was in the 
army till the fall of 1862, when he resumed 
study at the Academy; entered Bowdoin 
College in 1864, and graduated from that 
institution in 1868. He was successively, 
Principal of Hallo well Academy, Gould's 
Academy, Bethel, Me., Gorham Seminaiy, 
and Westbrook Seminary. He graduated 
at Harvard Divinity School in 1878. and 
entered the Unitarian Ministry, being im- 
mediately settled at Dorchester, Mass., 
and afterwards held continuous pastorates, 
at East Boston, Leominster, and Westwood, 
Mass-., till 1905, when in broken health, he 
was obliged to retire. 

Mr. Bodge enlisted in the Seventh Maine 
Regiment in July, 1861, was appointed 
Fife-Major of the regiment in August, and 
served until June, 1862, when, prostrated 
by malarial fever, in the Chicahominy 
swamps, he was sent home to Maine, and 
•discharged in August following. 

He became a member of the Grand Army 
of the Republic, Post "Cuvier Grover," 
Bethel, Me., and was elected Commander, 
in 1871. He was made a Free Mason, in 



Bethel Lodge, in 1868, took Royal Arch 
degrees, in Oxford Chapter, in I860, and 
has been Prelate of William Park-man 
Commandery, Knight Templars, of 
Boston, since 1885. Was a Charter mem- 
ber of Columbia Lodge, Knights of Pythias. 
in 1893, was elected Grand Prelate o. the 



--•*" '*^? it JJHB 




******* .-■*->■ ,*i.*n...> ,„„ -,-r-- ■-...-■ J 

Key. George M. Bodge. 



Grand Lodge of Massachusetts, in 1895, 
and served until 1905; Chaplain of the 
Massachusetts Society of Colonial Wars 
from 1894 to 1905: Member of the Sons of 
the American Revolution; Member of the 
Society of Mayflower Descendants; an 



52 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



active member, since 1875. of the New Eng- 
land Historic Genealogical Society. 

Historical work has been : The History 
of Windham. Maine, to the close of the 
French and Indian wars, with the history 
of the Churches down to 1850, published 
in the Maine Genealogical Recorder, also 
"Soldiers in King Philip's War," published 
for the author, in Boston, now in the third 
edition. Numerous sketches and memoirs 
of members of the X. E. H. & Gen. Society 
in the Register. Editor and colleague — 
compiler of the "Churchill Family in Amer- 
ica." Has now in preparation, Windham 
Maine Genealogies, and also genealogies of 
the Bodge. Plummer, and Harmon families 
and allied lines. 

The title page to Mr. Bodge's great work 
reads as follows : "Soldiers in King Philip's 
War, being a critical account of that war. 
with a concise history of the Indian wars 
of New England from 1620 to 1677; official 
lists of the soldiers of Massachusetts Colony 
serving in Philip's war, and sketches of the 
principal officers, copies of the ancient 
documents and records relating to the war; 
also lists of the Narraganset grantees of the 
United Colonies Massachusetts, Plymouth 
and Connecticut; with an appendix." The 
first edition was published in 1892. a second 
edition was called for in 1896, and a third 
edition issued in 1906. The author's plan 
in presenting the history of the war is to 
give the experiences of individual com- 
panies, in separate chapters as follows : 
Beginning of hostilities, Capt. Henchman's 
company; Capt. Samuel Mosely and his 
company; Cavalry companies, or "Troops," 
of Capt. Prentice, Lieut. Oakes, and Capt. 
Nicholas Paige; Major Thomas Savage, his 
forces and operations; Capt. Thomas 
Wheeler and Edward Hutchinson at Brook- 
field; Major Simon Willard, his military 
operations and men; Capts. Richard Beers, 
Thomas Lathrop and their companies; 
Major Samuel Appleton, his operations and 
men; Capt. Isaac Johnson and hiscompany; 
Capt. Joseph Gardiner and his company; 
Capt Nathaniel Davenport and his com- 
pany; Capt. James Oliver and his company; 
Narraganset campaign, the Swamp Fort 
Battle; close of the Narraganset campaign, 
the hungry march; Capt. Brocklebank's 
company, Marlboro garrison; Capt. Samuel 
Wadswo'rth, the Sudbury fight; Capt. 
William Turner, the Falls Fight; Capts. 
Jonathan Poole, Thomas Brattle, and 



companies; Capt. Joseph Sill and his com- 
pany; Various officers and companies; 
Major Richard Walderne's operations and 
men; Capt. William Hathorne and hi-; men; 
Capt. Joshua Scottow and his Black Point 
garrison; Capts. Benjamin Swett and 
Michael Peirse; Lancaster and other garri- 
sons, assignment of wages; Philip, Canon- 
chet, and other hostile Indians; the Chris- 
tian Indians of New England; Narragansett 
townships, additional credits, etc. 

In the fore part of the third edition Mr. 
Bodge has introduced a long chapter of 
forty-three pages giving a concise history 
of the Indian wars of New Elngand from 
1620 to 1677. There is also an appendix 
containing lists of governors, deputy gov- 
ernors and others; additional matter relat- 
ing to the three colonies. At the end of 
the book is given a personal-names index, 
and a place-names index. 

Mr. Bodge married Margaret E. Went- 
worth. a lineal descendant of Elder Wil- 
liam Wentworth, of Wills. Me. They had 
three daughters : May Alice, died at Leo- 
minster, 1896; Clare j., married Russell H. 
Damon, of Leominster, and lives there; and 
Margaret W., who married George A. 
Littlefield, of Boston and lives at \\'est 
Roxbury. 

Mr. Bodge's address is "11 Meredith 
Street, West Roxbury, Mass. 



SYLVESTER, HERBERT MILTON, 
lawyer and author, born Feb. 20. 1S49, 
at Lowell, Mass. ; son of Ezekiel J. and 
Miriam T. (Sargent) Sylvester; attended 
Bridgeton Academy. Married August 5, 
1872, Clara Marie Elder, at Portland. Me., 
and has one son, Robert E. Sylvester, aged 
34. Congregational in religion. Repub- 
lican in politics. Admitted to the Cum- 
berland bar in 1872 and practiced law in 
Portland for 13 years; admitted to Suf- 
folk bar in 18S5, and practiced law in 
Boston for 14 years; returned to Otisfield P 
Me., in 1S99 retiring from active practice, 
has since devoted his time to literary work; 
trial justice of Cumberland County. He 
is a Sir Knight and a thirty-second degree 
Mason. 



MASSACHUSETTS HISTORICAL WRITERS 



53 



Historical Works : Romance of Casco Bay, 
in five historical sketches in Xew England 
Magazine, 1890; "The Romance of the 
Maine Coast," a five-volume historical 
work upon the period of earliest discovery 
of the Maine Coast, the five volumes being 
entitled: Casco Bay, Old York, Sokoki 
Trail, 01d e Pemaquid, Land of St. Castin; 






1 






: r 



14" / - 



iMbmY'-^L^. 



Herbert M. Svlvester. 



also a sixth supplemental volume entitled 
The Wawennock (four volumes issued; the 
fifth and sixth in press) : a History of Maine, 
in five volumes; Ancient Burial Grounds of 
Maine; Ancient Roof -Trees of Maine in 
preparation. 

Mr. Sylvester's greatest published work 



is his'projected five volumes entitled "Maine 
Coast Romance," four of which have al- 
ready been published, under the sub-titles 
or individual titles: "Ye Romance 
Casco Bay," "Ye Romance of Old Y 
"The Sokoki Trail," "Ye Romance of Olde 
Pemaquid." Each volume contains up- 
wards of 400 pages and is profusely illus- 
trated with first-hand pen-and-ink sketches 
from the author's own pen of old houses, 
ancient land-marks and bits of scenery 
associated with the history and traditions 
of these old places. There are as many as 
150 of these sketches in one volume. With 
Sir Walter Scott as an ideal, the writer's 
aim has been to bring out and preserve the 
romance and history of these shore towns 
along the Maine coast. The first volume 
on Casco Bay contains the following chap- 
ters; Cascoe; Stogummor; A relic; Harrow 
House; A Wayside Inn; An Old Fish-Yard; 
Mountjoy's Island; The Wizard of Casco; 
The Troll of Richmon's Island; ThePassing- 
of Bagnall. The second volume on Old 
York has chapters on The Voyagers; Ac- 
comenticus; The Bells of York; Saddle-bag 
Days; Old Ketterie; Back-log Stories; The 
Pleiads of the Piscataqua. The third 
volume: The Forerunners; The Winter 
Harbor Settlement; The Isle of Bacchus; 
The Story of A Broken Tytle; The Romance 
of Black Point; The Sokoki Trail. The 
fourth volume : Early Explorers at Saga- 
dahoc; Fort St. George; Pemaquid; Mon- 
hegan; Sheepscot; The Priest of Xanrant- 
souak. The fifth volume of the series is 
to be entitled The Land of St. Castin. 

Other literary works: Prose Pastorals, 
published by Ticknor in 1SS7; Homestead 
Highways, published by Ticknor in 1888; 
A series of nature stories in Donahue's 
magazine in 1891 ; in preparation three his- 
torical readers for public schools of Maine. 

Mr. Sylvester is an illustrator as well as 
author, his Maine CoastRomance containing, 
between seven and eight hundred of his 
pen drawings. 

Residence, Otisfield, Me.; business ad- 
dress, Harrison, Me. 



$1 




iUvhnsana f?Ua titers 

*** 16 2 0-163 f»^» 



Lucie ML Gardner. A. B.. Eds 



Societies 

MAYFLOWER SOCIETY. 
Membership, Confined to Descendants of the May- 
flower Passengers. 
Governor — Asa P. French. 
Deputy Governor — John Mason Little. 
Captain — Edwin S. Crandon. 
Elder — Rev. George Hodges, D. D. 
Secretart — George Ernest Bowman. 
Treasurer — Arthur I. Nash. 
Historian — Stanley W. Smith. 
Surgeon — William H. Prescott, M. D. 
Assistants — Edward H. Whorf. 

Mrs. Leslie C. Wead. 

Henry D. Forbes. 

Mrs. Annie Quincy Emery. 

Lorenzo D. Baker. Jr. 

Miss Mary E. Wood. 

Miss Mary F. Edson. 



THE OLD PLANTERS SOCIETY, 

Incorporated. 

Membershiv Confined to Descendants of Settlers 

in New England prior to the Transfer of the 

Charter to New England in 1630. 

President — Col. Thomas Wentworth Higginson, 

Cambridge 
Vice Pres. — Frank A. Gardner, M. D., Salem. 
Secretary — Lucie M. Gardner, Salem. 
Treasurer — Frank V. Wright, Salem. 
Registrar — Mrs. Lora A. W. Underbill, 

Brighton. 
Councillors — Wm. Prescott Greenlaw, Boston. 
R. W. Sprague, M. D., Boston. 
Hon. A. P. Gardner, Hamilton. 
Nathaniel Con-ant, Brookline. 
Francis H. Lee, Salem. 
Col. J. Granville Leach, Phila. 
Francis N. Balch, Jamaica Plain. 
Joseph A. Torrey, Manchester. 
, Edward O. Skelton, Roxburt. 

The Society held its fall meeting in Ellis 
Hall, in the Massachusetts Historical So- 
ciety building, Thursday, November 19th. 
The paper of the afternoon was on " The 
Settlers about Boston Bay prior to 1630," 
by Miss Lucie Marion Gardner, Secretary 
of the society. The first part of the paper 
""Consisted of a brief sketch of the various 
temporary and scattered settlements at 
Wessagusset, Wollaston, Shawmut, etc., 
etc., up to the arrival of Governor Win- 



throp's fleet in June 1030. The second 
part included a biographical list of nearly 
fifty men who resided along the shorts of 
Boston Bay between 1622 and 1630 

Dr. Frank A. Gardner Vice-President of 
the society, presided in the absence of the 
President, Colonel Thomas Wentworth 
Higginson. He congratulated the members 
upon the fact that satisfactory arrange- 
ments had been made with the pub'.; 
of the Massachusetts Magazine, whereby 
all members of the society will be regularly 
supplied with copies of the magazine. He 
outlined the society's plans for the coming 
season and spoke of the increase of interest 
in historical matters in general and of the 
growth in numbers as well as interest of 
"The Old Planters." 

The address of the afternoon will be pub- 
lished in the April number of the Massa- 
chusetts Magazine. 

The Annual Meeting of the Old Planters 
Society will be held in Salem, March 24, 
at the parlors of the Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association. A meeting of the Coun- 
cil will be held at 2.30 p. m., to be followed 
by the general meeting at 3 o'clock. The 
annual reports will be read and officers 
elected for the ensuing year. 

The annual address will be delivered by 
Dr. C. J. H. Woodbury, of Lynn, upon 
"John Woodbury, Planter." This bio- 
graphical address will be one of a series 
delivered before the society. Similar 
contributions have been given concerning 
Roger Conant, Thomas Gardner. William 
JefTery and in the end it is hoped to in- 
clude all of the men who came to Xew 
England before 1630. Many of these men 
lived to an advanced age and were very 
prominent in the affairs of the Colony. 
What they accomplished is a matter of 
deep interest not only to their many de- 
scendants but to all students of early 
American history. This will be followed 
by an informal reception to the guests and 
their friends and light refreshments will be 
served. A cordial invitation is extended 
to all who are interested in New England 
History. 



$:£ 



0ur]IBU0riaT l^atjt^ 



Rev. Thomas Franklin Waters. 



LOWELL'S acute essay on "a certain 
condescension of foreigners" might 
be followed, if the genial but critical 
essayist were st'ili with us, by another on 
"the presumption of genealogists." The 
time is ripe. The dimensions of the gen- 
ealogical quest have expanded within a 
few years by leaps and bounds. Ancestor 
hunting is already a close second in popu- 
larity to the hunting of game with gun or 
fishing tackle. It has become a fine art 
with some, and is recognized as a profes- 
sional employment, which entitles its prac- 
titioner to an ample fee. As for the ama- 
teur searcher of pedigrees his name is legion. 
No pursuit, perhaps, involves a greater 
dependence on the help of others. The 
investigator is constantly rinding that he 
has need of data, which he cannot obtain 
except by journeying hither and thither 
to consult public records or interview in- 
dividuals, who are regarded as treasure- 
houses of information. But he has no 
time to spare, and the pecuniary expense 
is prohibitive. It is vastly easier and 
cheaper to presume on the good nature of 
a town clerk, or the keeper of a city rec- 
ord, or the local antiquarian or town his- 
torian, and forthwith a letter is written, not 
always couched in gracious speech, request- 
ing the desired data. 

Just here the trouble begins. There is 
a perfectly innocent forget fulness on the 
part of some inquirers that there may be 
as real a trespass upon a man's time, or 
goodnature, as upon his domicile, that in- 
quiries of this kind may be so frequent 
that they become burdensome, and that it 
is wholly unreasonable to expect a town 
official or an expert student in local lore 
to feel the personal interest, which ani- 
mates the writer. It would be a matter of 
genuine surprise to many an investigator, 
if he could know the experience of the 



town clerk or the historian. He could 
tell of many letters received, which en- 
closed not even a return stamp, of cour- 
teous replies which he has made, containing 
transcripts of records, which did not elicit 
a word of thanks, an 1 of extended re- 
searches, undertaken with the promise of 
due compensation, f.^r which not a cent 
was ever paid. 

The natural consequence of this easy 
make-shift on the part of the genealogical 
inquirer, is that the individuals in every 
community, who have become their target, 
have become case-hardened. They are 
neither impolite, nor rude, as many arhrm. 
Our own experience is that nobody could 
be more helpful and kindly when any rea- 
sonable service is asked. 

But in self defence, they refuse to listen 
to the appeal of the stranger and cast the 
letter into the waste basket. With perfect 
justice, they regard the service which is 
asked, as a professional service, which may 
not be asked gratuitously, any more than 
the service of a lawyer or a physician. 
No one is offended, when the carpenter, 
who has stopped a leak, or the plumber, 
who has thawed the frozen pipe sends in his 
bill, and the custodian of records, or the 
student of local history, has equal right to 
set some value on his time and skill and 
his reserves of knowledge, and equal right 
not to be called crabbed or mercenary if he 
insists on his perquisite. 

The passion for genealogical pursuits and 
kindred studies must not be allowed to- 
make its enthusiasts intolerable bores. 
The rules of good breeding and the square 
deal, which is fundamental in business 
transactions, must be observed. Gratui- 
tous favors must not be taken for granted. 
Let the easy-going ancestor hunter .spar- 
ing himself the toil and expense of original 
research, inclose a modest fee for a small 
service, and a proportionately larger for a 
larger demand, which will be a pledge of 
good faith in ultimate settlement, and he 
will relieve himself of the just reproach of 
presumption, and will greatly facilitate his 
quest. 



56- OK 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



AT THE recent Convention of the 
Modern Language Association of 
America at Princeton, discussion 
arose as to the attitude of the Carnegie In- 
stitute at Washington in failing, as it was 
declared, to further scientific researches 
in literature and art, as well as in the field 
of science. Resolutions were adopted look- 
ing toward a closer cooperation with the 
Institute for the publication of historical, 
archaeological, philosophical, linguistic, 
literary and artistic researches. It may be 
that the extremely broad scheme proposed 
would overtax even the splendid resources 
of the Carnegie foundation, but it com- 
mends itself as wise and timely. Scientific 
research is alluring and is crowned with 
results of the profoundest value to human- 
kind. The enthusiastic investigator in 
chemistry, in physiology, in bacteriology, 
and in many other departments of exact 
science, deserves all the help and all the 
honor that may come to him:- But the 
student in literature, in history, in archae- 
ology, though he fails to achieve results as 
sharply defined and materially valuable, 
as the scientific investigator, is doing much 
for the welfare of humanity. His labors 
tend to enlarge the field of knowledge, to 
create an atmosphere of culture, and' make 
life increasingly interesting. His contribu- 
tion to the general well being is direct and 
generous. He may claim with good rea- 
son the same financial support as the 
student of science. 

This is specially obvious in the research 
of the historical student. His realm may 
seem narrow and insignificant. He may 
be delving in the records of a single State, 
or only a single community. But prolonged 
and accurate research in the many records 
of even a small village or town inevitably 
contributes at once to the bettering of the 
life of that community, when published 
in readable and attractive form. The 
patient, sturdy life, the hard toil, the in- 
tense devotion to high spiritual ideals, the 
heroism in time of danger, the stern laws 
and cruel penalties of by -gone generations, 
are a stimulating tonic to the life of to-day. 
Every present day dweller in the com- 
munity, which has been taught the story 
of its past, is helped to become a broader 
minded and better citizen. 

But the local history is the unit in the 
compiling of general history. The history 



of a State is the collective history of its 

cities, towns, and villages. In o : :r own 
Commonwealth, the history of Plyrm 
Salem and Boston, of Deertield, L 

and Concord, are part and parcel of the 
history of Massachusetts, and Amei 
and of the human race. In less stf 
ways, the history of every communit 
part of the history of the' nation and' of 
the world. 

THE student of history is en;/ 
then, in a large and distinguished 
work. He needs just the help and 
encouragement, «*hich the Carnegie foun- 
dation offers. The history of no commu- 
nity can be completely investigated within 
its own limits. Resort must be made to 
large libraries, to various depositories of 
records, and to the archives of the State, 
and the expense incident to long-continued 
study is not inconsiderable. The thorough- 
going examination of the many sources of 
information requires months and years. 
The collaboration of the materia! thus de- 
rived is tedious, and the final work of 
writing is slow and even painful. The 
financial question involved in all this is a 
very serious one. Many a would-be student 
finds the expense of travel, and of tempo- 
rary residence within easy reach of the 
material he needs, prohibitive. Many an 
investigator, diligent, acute, enrhusiastic. 
is obliged to earn his bread and butter 
by long hours of work at his vocation, and 
steal what time he can for his hobby. 
Even with rich material all gathered, pub- 
lication is an impossibility, for the writer 
must bear the heavy expense, and the lim- 
ited sale which only can be anticipated, 
will reimburse him in small degree for his 
outlay. Can not the Carnegie fund or a 
similar one in every State in our land, be 
so administered that the pecuniaryobstacles 
to wise, thorough, and productive investi- 
gation and research in this realm maybe 
removed, wholly or in large degree 5 With 
a State Commission to administer such a 
trust, selecting worthy and promising in- 
vestigators for its benefaction, and direct- 
ing perhaps the work of research, great 
impetus might be given to the search tor 
new material, and to the publication of 
many volumes of standard and enduring 
value. 



THE 



MASSACHVSETTS 
MAGAZINE 




(DevofcD'fo-(nRSsac^usctt5 *Hi8forjj»GncttlogySioarft£J?^ 
Published by the Salem Press Co. Salem, Mass. US A 



v.opvn*nteo i'«H. r>v «_ nii'Kvnt i. 




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A Quarterly cMagazine Devoted to History, Genealogy and Biography^ 
Thomas Franklin Waters, Editor, ipswich, mass. 

ASSOCIATE AXD ADVISORY EDITORS 

Frank A. Gardner, M. D. Charles A. Flagg John X. McClintock Albert W. Dennis 

SAI.EM, MASS. WASHINGTON, D. C. DORCHESTER MASS. SALEM, MASS. 

Issued in January, April, July and October. Subscription, $2.50 per year, Single copies 75c. 



VOL - " APRIL, 1909 NO. 2 



Confcnfa of Una Issue 



Charles William Eliot, Edward J. James, Booker T. Washington, 

Daniel Starr Jordan, Cyrus Northrop 59 

Massachusetts Pioneers in Michigan . . . Charles A. Flagg . 66 
Colonel Timothy Danielson's Regiment . . F.A.Gardner, M.D. 69 
Local Historical Societies in Massachusetts Charles A. Flagg . 84 
The Old Merriam House ......... Charles A. Flagg . 9S 

Some Articles Concerning Massachusetts in 

recent Magazines Charles A. Flagg . 99 

Department of the American Revolution F. A.Gardner, M. D. 101 

Criticism and Comment 107 

Personal Diary of Ashley Bowen of Marblehead 109 

Pilgrims and Planters Lucie M. Gardner . 115 

Our Editorial Pages . Thomas F. Waters . 118 



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w3 ; 




CHARLES WILLIAM ELIOT 



Tributes bv President Edward J. James of the University of Illi- 
nois, Principal Booker T. Washington of Tuskeegee Institute, 
President David Starr Jordan of Leland Staniford Jr. 
University, President Cyrus Northrop of Univer- 
sity of Minnesota. 




HARLES WILLIAM ELIOT will retire from the presi- 
dency of Harvard University on May 17th, 1909, when 
he will have completed forty years of service in this posi- 
tion. His personal character and the success of his admin- 
istration of this great educational institution, make him 
one of the most admired and most influential men in Amer- 
ican life today. He is often referred to as our first American 
citizen. Barring the president of the United States and the exceptional 
popularity of our one living ex-president, there is probably no one to con- 
test him this title. As Booker T- Washington says in the article which fol- 
lows: "Certainly there is no citizen in this country who has exerted a larger 
or more lasting influence during recent years." 

Nothing is more significant of his position in the public mind today than 
the fact that since the announcement of his retirement, made several months 
ago', but two of the many American magazines of prominence has attempted 
to tell the story of his life and work. 

His influence is too far-reaching and his greatness too obvious to allow 
of a careful study of his career at the present time, but the accompanying 
personal tributes" from four American leading educators, will give some idea 
of the esteem cf his compeers. 

The simple facts of Doctor Eliot's life are these: Born March 20. 1S3L 



60 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

His father was Samuel Atkins Eliot, a prosperous Boston merchant. His 
mother was Mary Lyman. He was fitted for college at the Boston Latin 
School; was graduated from Harvard in 1853; was Instructor in mathe- 
matics at Harvard and student in chemistry with Prof. Josiah P. Cooke, 1854- 
8; Assistant professor of mathematics and chemistry at Lawrence Scientific 
School, Harvard. 1S5S-63; studied chemistry and investigated educational 
methods in Europe, 1S63-5 : Professor of analytical chemistry at the Massa- 
chusetts Institute of Technology, 1S65-9; elected President of Harvard in 
1869. Married twice: first October 27, 1858, Ellen D. Peabody; second 
October 30, 1S77, Grace M. Hopkinson. 



It will be thirty-five years next autumn, November first, 1S74. when I 
saw President Eliot for the first time. I remember the occasion as well as if 
it were yesterday. I had been employed during the summer season just 
passed on the U. S. Lake Survey. The party was not disbanded until the 
last week in October and consequently I arrived late at Cambridge to begin 
my work as Freshman in Harvard College. 

As it was against the rules to admit students except at the regular times 
for opening the college year, I was obliged to seek a special dispensation 
irom the President of the University. This took me to President Eliot 's 
'house. The interview was brief and confined chiefly to the necessary in- 
quiries as to why I had arrived late, and what my previous preparation had 
been. The President gave me no advice, did not indulge in any exhortation 
to be industrious, avoid bad habits, or any of the usual lectures to incoming 
Freshmen. But I left his presence with a conscious sense of increased power 
and determination. ■ I felt that virtue had come into me, and I experienced 
an unexpressed but deep feeling that there was a man whom I would wish to 
be like. 

This sense of looking up to President Eliot as a leader has remained 
with me during all these years and I am delighted to have this opportunity 
to give public expression to it. 

I have been for more than twenty-five years a member of university 
faculties, first at Pennsylvania, then at Chicago, and Northwestern and the 
University of Illinois. I do not think it is too much to say that no large 
question of University policy has ever been discussed in any of the numer- 
ous faculty meetings I have attended in the quarter of a century without 
bringing to the surface one or another of the issues which President Eliot 
has made in American higher education. In fact I should sum up his work 



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CHARLES WILLIAM ELIOT 61 

in a word as that of issue-maker and if we add to that, pace-maker in edu- 
cational progress, we sum up in a general way his career. 

A distinguished college professor in one of the smaller New England 
Colleges said to me on one occasion, many years ago, with a touch of bitter- 
ness in his voice: "President Eliot has been dragging the Xew England Col- 
leges around at his chariot wheels now for ten years as Achilles dragged the 
dead body of Hector around the walls of Troy, and it is time to stop it.'' 
Of course, it was not stopped since President Eliot was heading the party of 
progress and the day of old things was passing away. 

It is not too much to say that President Eliot has been the most prom- 
inent figure and I believe the most potent single influence in the reorganiza- 
tion of American higher education in the great historical institutions of the 
country. Xo other man was in a position to do so much as he, owing to his 
native ability and educational experience and insight and above all his daunt- 
less courage. Nor could he have done his work in any other institution than 
Harvard. It was a combination of time, place and the man such as does 
not often occur. The result has been a unique career in the history of edu- 
cation not only in this country but in the world — a career of which every 
American may well be proud, since it represents the possibilities of world 
wide influence open to American brains, courage and character. 

Edward J. James. 
University of Illinois. 



I have noted that when distinguished men come to this country from 
abroad they frequently express their surprise that the people of all classes in 
this country take as much interest as they do in the subject of education. 

These strangers had heard and seen so much of the business energy and 
material progress of this country that they imagined, before they came here, 
that the ideals of the American people must be low and that as a people 
Americans were not interested in spiritual things. Nothing shows so clearly 
that this is not true as the fact that outside of the President, the most influ- 
ential citizen of the United States is the president of a University, Doctor 
Charles W. Eliot, of Harvard. Certainly there is no citizen in this country 
who has exerted a larger or more lasting influence, during recent years, and 
this fact but illustrates again the enormous power which the Universities, 
largely under the influence of Dr. Eliot 's example, have attained in this country. 

While I do not feel myself competent to define the character or extent 
of Dr. Eliot's influence, it seems to me he derives a large part of his power 
from his ability to state simply, incisively, and in a few words, the ideas 



62 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

which he has gathered from a wide and deep knowledge of men and events. 
He has been able to lend a kind of distinction to the most familiar and homely 
truth from the manner in which he utters it. On the other hand he has fre- 
quently expressed original ideas and profound truths, with such directness, 
force, and simplicity that they have seemed to us who heard or read them as 
convincing and familiar, as if we had always known them. 

Few men of wide learning and deep knowledge, I venture to say, have 
known how to express themselves so clearly and so impressively. President 
Eliot's ability in this direction is, in my opinion not merely a large source 
of his power as an educator and an administrator, but it is at the same time 
the expression of his great and sane mind. In fact it often seemed to me that 
in the case of Doctor Eliot it is almost possible to say that sanity has 
amounted to genius. 

I have had several opportunities for meeting and knowing President 
Eliot in a personal way, but I have never met him that I have not been sin- 
gularly impressed with his dignity and with his scholarly bearing. The thing 
that emphasized this impression was that in him dignity was combined with 
simplicity ; scholarship had not put him out of touch with plain and practi- 
cal interests of life. 

It has been my fortune at different times to ask assistance of Dr. Eliot 
in matters that I appreciated would make some rather severe demands upon 
his time and attention. In every case, he has readily and without hesita- 
tion, granted what I asked. I remember at one time, when we were ar- 
ranging for a large public meeting in Boston, in the interest of Tuskegee 
Institute that I went to him in order to try to induce him to deliver one of 
the principal addresses. I had never met him before, and I naturally had 
some fear, that he would not be able to grant my request, but I told him 
plainly and frankly what I wanted, and without hesitation he consented to 
assist us in the way I had suggested. 

Later, when we celebrated our twenty-fifth anniversary at Tuskeegee 
Institute, I went to him and told him that I wanted him to represent Har- 
vard University and be one of the speakers on that occasion. Again he con- 
sented without hesitation and with apparent willingness to do anything he 
could to lend importance to our celebration. 

To me, the most interesting occasion upon which I met Dr. Eliot was 
when I was invited, by the trustees of Harvard University, to receive an 
honorary degree. Throughout the day, I was thrown in frequent contact 
with him, and on each occasion, he was most kind in his bearing toward me 
and left nothing undone to make me feel welcome at Harvard. 



CHARLES WILLIAM ELIOT 63 

One other thing that has impressed itself upon me, in regard to Dr. 
Eliot is his ability to keep himself in touch with the latest and best things 
that are taking place in the world. Usually, we expect a man at his age to 
become very set in his ways and in his manner of thinking and doing things. 
After men reach a certain age, we know that they are disposed to live in the 
past. Dr. Lyman Abbott and President Eliot, in this regard, are two strik- 
ing exceptions. These two men live just as much in the present as men of 
twenty-five or thirty years of age. In this respect, President Eliot sets a 
great example, in my opinion, to all Americans. 

Booker T. Washington. 

tuskeegee institute, 
Alabama. 



It is easy to say that for forty years President Eliot has been the leader 
of our leaders in higher education, the man all the rest have looked up to 
and by the side of whom the oldest and most experienced of the others have 
seemed hopelessly young. 

It is also clear that this leadership has been due mainly to three things 
— his sure mastery of business affairs, his untiring industry, and his courage 
in setting aside the present to deal with the future, which he knows will 
come. 

As a result of this, Harvard College — Harvard University — has never been 
a fact accomplished. It has been a continuous struggle, a movement towards 
the future, a struggle for greater means, better methods, stronger men and 
higher ideals. Because Harvard has thus been a continuous struggle, all 
other American institutions have become such. This is their chief distinc- 
tion as compared with the universities of other nations. American universi- 
ties are never completed. They are still being born. 

In the forty years of rebuilding Harvard, Dr. Elliot has led the race, and 
the long procession of institutions representing higher education in America, 
have followed near or far in his trail. The various impulses of originality 
in other institutions, notably those originating with White at Cornell and 
Gilman at Johns Hopkins, have been absorbed and carried forward by Har- 
vard. To Cornell we owe originally the doctrine of democracy of studies, 
the idea that no one shall say which study or which discipline is best until 
one knows the man who administers the discipline and the man on whom it 
is to be tried. To Johns Hopkins we owe the idea that advanced work in any 
subject has a greater culture value than elementary work in the same or 



64 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

other subjects. The one great educational idea which Harvard has not as- 
similated is that which finds its best representative in the University of Wis- 
consin. This is the idea that the state university, as the centre of intelli- 
gence and force should recreate the state, advancing and strengthening all 
its varied interests. 

The greatest single achievement of Dr. Eliot has been the establishment 
of the elective system in higher education. The rival systems have passed 
away never to return, and our real problem is that of adjusting checks and 
balances in such a way as to best develop the individual student. 

In many lines, courses are prescribed in the nature of things, one sub- 
ject following another with which it is linked and on which it depends. But 
; there is no longer any place for prescribed courses of mixed science, litera- 
ture, art and philosophy, so many units of one, so many of another, dis- 
jointed members brought together in the name of culture. These results of 
the pulling and hauling of college faculties have passed away for good. 

The checks needed in the elective system must, for the most part, come 
from the student himself. He must train himself to guard against premature 
specialization or rather against advanced work on inadequate foundation on 
the one hand, and from the greater danger of limp diffuseness on the. other. 
Specialization is but another name for thoroughness. " The mind is made 
strong by the thorough possession of something." 

The writer once heard President Eliot disclaim any unusual degree of 
prophetic vision, allowing for himself only an honest industry, attacking one 
problem after another, as it arose with such solution of each as might 
be within the range of practical action. 

One of Dr. Eliot's predecessors in Harvard was once complimented on 
the logical coherence of his sermons. He disclaimed all special excellence in 
this regard " I write one sentence, ' ' he said, ' ' then I thank God and write 
another." President Eliot has himself accepted this definition of his method. 
One thing done, he turns to and does the next, and this is the essence of his 
educational foresight. He does the next and the next, never stopping with 
the first result or the first achievement. 

It is this doing what is needed, not for today, but for the unseen tomor- 
row and the oncoming years to follow, which has made the history of Har- 
vard, a history of unending endeavor, of continuous struggle. On the con- 
tinuance of this struggle by men never satisfied with what is already achieved, 
the hope of higher education in America depends. 

David Starr Jordan. 



CHARLES WILLIAM ELIOT 60 

The forty years of Fresident Charles W. Eliot's administration as head 
of Harvard University have been remarkable for the changes in educational 
methods introduced into Harvard and widely copied bv other institute 
For these changes President Eliot has himself been mainly responsible. Be- 
lieving that men will work best when they like their work and that students 
will study best when they are interested in the subject studied, and that 
mental discipline can be cultivated as well in the investigation of things that • 
are important as of things that are not important but are only difficult, he 
took away the barriers that confined students to a very limited number of 
subjects for study, and gave to every student the liberty of choosing what- 
ever he pleased from the whole field of knowledge. It was a sad blow to 
ideas and old methods. But he made a success of it at Harvard, and though 
subjected to much criticism he is as confident to-day that his plan is right 
as he has ever been; and judging from the number of colleges which are to- 
day conducted according to his ideas as far as their resources will permit, it 
is safe to say that the opinion of the educational world is practically a unit 
in favor of his essential idea. Undoubtedly the tremendous increase in the 
number of college students in the last twenty years may be attributed in 
some considerable degree to the enlarged curriculum and greater freedom of 
choice offered to students. President Eliot has clearly vindicated his right 
to be considered the leading educator of the last half century. 

But his fame does not by any means rest exclusively upon his work in 
Harvard. He has been a careful student of our national, political and indus- 
trial life, and of the civic administration of government in cities, and of the 
administration of boards of education throughout the country. A profound 
thinker he has contributed much to the clear understanding of many vital 
questions. Always having the courage of his convictions he has spoken 
frankly whether in the presence of friends or foes to his ideas, and his cour- 
ageous expression of- opinions has always commanded respect for the man 
even among those who were not convinced by his arguments. The interest 
which he has manifested in the various conditions of human life and the sug- 
gestions which he has made to remedy evils and promote the civic welfare 
have given him a very high place as a citizen, so that he is hardly more 
honored as the great educator than he is as the great citizen. With an acute 
intellect, deep interest in human welfare, profound study of great problems, 
and a readiness to give the whole country the benefit of his best thoughts, he 
has achieved greatness in more than one field of labor, and he is to-day a 
mighty force in moulding public sentiment on many vital questions. Less 
militant than he once was, but not less earnest, the sweetness and fruitful- 
ness of his closing years are making his last days his best days; and honor 
awaits him wherever he goes — at home or abroad. 

Cyrus Xorthrop. 



a 



fThis is the fifth instalment of a series of articles on Massachusetts Pioneers to other states, to be 
published by The Massachusetts Magazine] 

MASSACHUSETTS PIONEERS. 
MICHIGAN SERIES. 



By Charles A. Flagg 



Besides the abbreviations of book titles, (explained on pages 76, 
are used: b for born; d. for died; m. tor married; set. for settled in.' 



78 and 79 of April issue; the foU - | 



Chamberilx, Wells, set. X. Y., 1820? 

Washtenaw Port., 344. 
Chandler, Tonathan, b. Concord?' set. Vt., 

N. Y., Mich. Branch Port., 4S4. 
Chanev, Hannah, m. Nathaniel Parmeter 

of Mass. and X. Y. Xewaygo, 328. 
Chapel, Annis L., m. 1840? Luke L. Den- 

nison of Mass. Midland, 197. 
Chapix, Almno M., b. Chicopee. 1810; set. 

N. Y., Mich., 1843. Ingham Hist., 313, 

316; St. Clair, 122. 

Gad, set. Vt.; Revolutionary soldier; 

set. X. Y., 1879. Washtenaw Hist., 284. 
Hannah, b. Franklin Co.; d. 1833; 

m. Zadock Hale of Vt. Kalamazoo 

Port., 407. 
Henry A., b. Levden, 1813 or 14; set. 

Mich., 1836. Cass Hist., 146; Cass 

Twent., 60, 357. 
• James set. Mich., 1840' Mecosta, 

479. 
Jane, m. 1835? Joseph L. Beebe of 

N. Y. Jackson Hist.. 587. 
Joseph, b. Pamsaf?); set. X. Y., Pa., 

1832. Kalamazoo Port., 824. 
Levi, b. Chicopee. 1787; set. X. Y., 

1818, Mich., 1844. Ingham Hist., 316. 

■ Marshall, b. Bernardston, 1798; set. 

X. Y., Mich., 1819. Detroit, 1033; 
Wayne Chron., 202. 

• Xoah J., b. 1814; set., X. Y. 1815' 

Mich., 1854. Traverse, 2S7. 
Rachel, m. Paul Davis, Revolutionary 

soldier, of Mass. and X. Y. Branch 

Port., 459. 
Chapman, Alcott C, of Pittsfield. b. 1793; 

set. Mich., 1810? Monroe, 140. 

Edmond, set. X. Y., 1810' Mich., 

1836. Branch Twent., 500. 



Chapman, George W.. b. Belchertown, 
1815; set. Mich , 1841. Saeinaw Hi,t., 
816; Saginaw Port., 815. 

Jane, m. 1830? Jarrah Sherman of 

X. Y. Jackson Port., 753. 
Lucius W.. b. Franklin Co., 1820; 

set. Mich., 1870. Saginaw Port., 251, 

899. 

Xina. m. 1840' Lvman West of O. 



and Mich. Clinton Past., 238. 

Wellington, b. Hampshire Co.. 1814; 

set. Mich., 1841. Saginaw Hist., 818; 
Saginaw Port.. S55. 

William H. H.,b. Berkshire Co.. 1841; 

set. Mich., 1841. Saginaw Port.. 815. 

Chappell, William, set. X. Y., 1800? 

Clinton Pa. t. 193. 
Chase, Alanson, b. 1806; set. Mich.. 1S30? 

Washtenaw Hist., 1076. 

Beniamin. set. X. Y.. 1815' Wash- 
tenaw Hist.. 973. 

Clark, set. X. Y.. 1800' d. 1821. Kal- 
amazoo Hist., facing 423. 

Mrs. J. M.. b. 1822; set. Mich.. 1S47. 

Washtenaw Hist.. 496. 

Chesebrough, Eh'sha, set. X. Y.. 1820? 
Jackson Port.. 697. 

Maria, m. 1820' Milton Holmes of 

Mass. and X. Y. Jackson Port.. 698. 

Sarah, b. 1793; m. 1815' Warner I 

Hodge of Mass. and Mich. Taekson 
Hist., 831; Jackson Port., 697. 

Child, Alpha, b. Boston, 1836; >et. Wis., 
Mich., 1872 Kent. 422. 

Childs, Clarissa, b. 1790' m. 1810 Shubael 
Atherton of X. Y. and Mich. Genesee 
Hist.. 348; Genesee Port.. 815. 

Daniel, b. 1779; set. X. Y.. 1819. 

Hillsdale Port., 266. 



MICHIGAN PIONEERS 



67 



Childs, Henrv B., b. Shelbume, 1S14; 

set. Mich., '1846. Grand Rapids City, 

604; Kent, 263. 
Sarah, m. 1S19 Shubael Atherton of 

N. Y. Genesee Hist., 349. 
Sophia, b. Pittsfield, 1789; m. 1816 

Samuel Ledvard of X. Y. Branch Port., 

615. 
Chittenden". Elizabeth, b. 1783; set. Mich. 

Washtenaw Hist.. 590. 
Chubb, Franklin, set. Mich., 1830' Clinton 

Port., 335. 
Church, Chandler M.. b. Berkshire Co., 

1S04; set. X. Y., Mich. Calhoun, 145. 

Jesse, set. X. Y., 1807. Calhoun, 145. 

Lucy, m. 1810? Appolos Baker of 

Mass. and X'. Y. Lenawee Port., 594. 
Xathan, b. 1847; set. Mich., 1869. 

Kent, 429. 
Thomas B., b. Dighton. 1S13 or 21; 

set. Mich., 1838. Grand ""Rapids Hist., 

725; Grand Rapids Lowell, 753; Kent, 

971. 
Claghorx, Elizabeth, b. Williamsburg; 

m. 1800? Joseph Beal of X. Y. and Mich. 

Ionia Port., 457; Lenawee Hist. II, 175. 
Sarah, b. Williamsburg, 1776: m. 

1800 Ephraim Green of X. Y. Lenawee 

Hist. I, 484. 
Clapp, James H., set. X. Y.. 1850, O. 

Grand Rapids City, 436. 
Luther, b. Hampshire Co., set. O. 

1840. Gratiot, 362. 
Stephen, b. Xorthampton. 1750; set. 

N. Y., 1780. Lenawee Hist. I, 492. 
Clark, Albert, b. Xorthampton; set. O., 

Mich., 1863. Berrien Port., 583. 
Aurilla, m. 1820' Justus Stiles of X.Y. 

and Mich. Muskegon Port., 322. 
Calvin, b. Westhampton, 1805; set. 

Mich., 1835. St. Clair, 122. 
Climene, b. Westhampton; m. 1839 

Erastus Hopkins of Mich. Oakland 

Hist., 189. 

Enos, set. X. Y., 1820? Mich., 1S39. 

Allegan Twent., 455. 

Ethan A., set. X. Y., 1820? Oak- 
land Port., 269. 

Hannah, of Greenwich, m. 1804 Brad- 
ford Xewcomb of Vt. Lenawee Hist. I, 
309. 

James M., set. O., 1840? Osceola, 

240. 



Clark, Jason, b. 1791; set. \\ Y., Mich., 
1S23. Ingham Port.. 761. 

John, b. 1770; set. Vt.. 1777, Mich*, 

1833. Shiawassee, 442. 

Lucius L., b. Hawlev, 1810; set. 

Mich., 1839. St. Clair, 122. 

Lydia, b. Hampshire Co.. 1803? m. 

Alvah Whitmarsh of Mass., X. Y., and 
111. Lenawee Port., 1136. 

Mary, m. 1815? Xathaniel Macumber 

of X. Y. and Mich. Xewaygo, _'i>7. 

Mary A., of Xorthampton; m. 1835 



Watson Loud of Mass. and Mich. Ma- 
comb Hist., 663. 

— Miles D.. set. O., 1838. Washtenaw 
Hist., 1261. 

— Xancy, b. Somerset, 1773; m. 1796 
Henry Weatherwax of X. Y. and Mich. 
Lenawee Hist. II, 234. 

— Orange, b. Berkshire Co.. set. X. Y., 
O., 1831, Mich., 1854. Berrien Twent., 
579. 

— Polly, b. Colerain, 1792; m. 1S11 
Daniel Jennings of X. Y. Hillsdaie Port, 
222; Lenawee Hist. I. 272; Lenawee 
Port., 395. 

— Rhoda. b. Sharon; m. 1820' Fisher 



Bullard of X. H. Kent, 1392. 
— Robert W., from near Pelham; set. 
X. Y.; d. 1839. Ingham Port., 750. 



— Sophronia, b. Southwick, 1803; m. 
Henry W. Clapp of O. and Mich. Jack- 
son Hist., 1010. 

William A., b. Pittsfield; set X. Y„ 



1820? Saginaw Port., 455. 
William H , b. Hopkinton, 1805; set. 

Mich., 1845. Macomb Hist.. 693. 
Clarke, Archibald S., set. X. Y., 1810? 

Jackson Hist., 968. 
Franklin S.. b. Berkshire Co.. 1S12; 

set. X. Y., Mich., 1S43. Jackson Hist., 

611. 
John. Jr., b. Brewster. 1824: set. X.Y. 

Cal., Mich., 1860. Hillsdale Port.. 263. 
Linus, set. X. Y., 1S25. Jackson 

Hist., 611. 

Robert M., b. Brewster, 1S25; set. 



Cal. Hillsdale Port., 263. 
— William B.. set. X. Y.. 1820" Sagi- 



naw Hist., 744. 
Cleaves, William S.. b. Lowell. 1851; 
set. Mich., 1860. Upper P., 277. 



- : , 



68 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Clegg, Alice, b. Taunton, 1S."_; ni. Asa L. 

Crane of Mich. Hillsdale Port., 842. 
Clemans, Asa, b. Worcester, 1S04? set. 

Mich., 1837. Hillsdale Port., 372. 
Clemens, Jonathan, Revolutionary soldier; 

set. X. Y. Jackson Port., 341.' 
Clough, Elijah, set. Mich., 1839. Oak- 
land Port., 765. 
Cobb, John, set. Mich., 1S34; d. 1875 

Jackson Hist., 880. 
Coburn. Jeptha, set. Mich., 1S30. Oak- 

> land Port., 488. 
— Sallie, m. 1820? Daniel Stearns of 

N. Y. Xewaygo, 274. 
Codding, Abiah, set. Vt., 1812 soldier. 

Berrien Port., 481. 
Cody, Rufus, set. X. Y., 1800. Hillsdale 

Port., 715. 
Coffin, Lydia, b. Xantucket, 17S0; m. 

1797 Obed Macy of Mass., X. Y. and 

Mich. Lenawee Hist. II. 32G. 
Cogswell, Asahel, set. X. Y., 1800? Sagi- 
naw Hist., 755. 
Cole, Dyer, b. 1799; set. Mich. Lansing, 

182. 

Luther, set. X. Y., 1785. Monroe, 

. 152. 

Xathaniel, b. Rehoboth, 1794; set. 

X. Y., Mich., 1837. Macomb Hist., 650. 
Coleman, Almeda, m. 1820? John Russell 

of X. Y. and Mich. Jackson Hist., 955. 
Coles, Columbus, b. Williamsburg. 1828; 

set. O., Mich., 1854. Isabella, 353. 
Horace, set. O., 1839; d. 1882. Isa- 
bella, 353. 
Oliver, b. Belchertown, 1790? set. 

X. Y. and Mich. Osceola, 255. 
Collier, Charles S., b. Charlestown, 1803; 

set. X. Y., 1840, Mich, 1853. Oakland 
I Biog., 76. 
Susan, m. 1830? Samuel Andrews of 

Mich. Bay Gansser, 486. 
Collins, Angeline, b. 1811; m. Alanson 

Flower of Mich. Oakland Port., 421. 
> Benjamin, from Cape Cod; set. X. Y., 

1802. Berrien Hist., 326. 
George, b. Wilbraham; set. Mich., 

1830? Washtenaw Past, 105. 
John, b. Hampshire Co., 1816; set. 

Mich. Genesee Port., 500. 



Collins, Jonah S . b. Cape Cod, 1700, set. 
Mich. Genesee Port.. 500. 

Xathaniel, set. X. Y., 1825!' Xew- 
aygo. L7S. 

Colt, Clara or Clarissa, m. 1825 Elnathan 
Phelps of Mass. and Mich. Oakland 
Biog., 607; Oakland Port., WO, 

George, b. Pittsfield. 1807; set. Fla., 

1828, Cuba, 1836, Mich., 1853. Clinton 
Port., 385. 

Sylvia E., b. Pittsfield, 1706; m 1813 

Charles Larned of Mich. Wavne Chron., 
325. 

Colton, John B., b. Conwav, 1827; set. 
Mich., 1844. Kent. 264.' 

Colver, Calvin, b. 1788; set. Mich. Wash- 
tenaw Hist., 590. 

Coman, Samuel, set. X. Y.. 1800; Mich., 
1835. Hillsdale Port., 700. 

Comings, Chester, from Worcester Countv, 
set. Mich., 1837. Allegan Hist., 219, 253 

Comstock, John, b. 1774; set. X. Y.. 17SS, 
Mich., 1S30. Lenawee Hist. I. 497. Len- 
awee Port., 648. 

Xathan. set. X. Y., 1788. Lenawee 

Hist. I, 497. 

William, set. Mich., 1850?' Muske- 
gon Port., 434. 

Conant. Charles R., b. Franklin Co.. 1814; 
set. Vt.. 1823, Mich., 1851. Tackson 
Port., 594. 

Cone, Obed. b. 1792; set. X. Y.. 1825? 
Mich., 1853. Lenawee Hist. II. 130. 

Congdon, William T.. b. near Boston; set. 
X. Y., 1830? Ingham Port.. 246. 

Conklin, Ebenezer H., b. Lenox 1790; 
set. X. Y., 1806, Mich., 1831. Washte- 
naw Hist., 1336. 

Conn. George, set. X. H., 1795' X. Y 
Clinton Port., 719. 

Connable, Abbie, b. Bernardston: m. 
1830' James C. Bontecou of R. I.. Mass. 
and O. Xorthern M.. 474. 

Converse. Benjamin, b. Belchertown, 
1813; set. Mich.. 1834. Lenawee Port., 
1207. 

Ephraim. b. Brookfield. 1779; res. 

Belchertown; set. Mich., 1851. Lena- 
wee Port., 1207. 



(To be continued.) 



69 



[This is the fourth of a series of articles, giving the organization and histo y of all the Uassachtuettl 
regiments which took rJart in the war of the Revoluti n.] 

COLONEL TIMOTHY DANIELSON'S 

REGIMENT 



Colonel Timothy Danielson's Minute Men's Regiment, 1775. 
18th Regiment Army of the United Colonies, 1775. 



By Frank A. Gardner, M. D. 

The southern division of Hampshire County, which - has been known as 
Hampden county since the division in 1812, furnished nearly all of the men for 
this regiment. The snug farmhouses which nestled in these fertile valleys or 
withstood the gales on the green hillsides of this attractive region were the 
homes from which went hundreds of sturdy fighters in the cause of liberty. 
, Colonel Danielson in response to the Lexington alarm of April 19, 1775, 
assembled a regiment of eight companies with the following officers : — 

"Colonel Timothy Danielson, of Brimfield. 

Lieut. Colonel William Shepard, of West tie Id. 

Major David Leonard, of West Springfield. 
Springfield Company. 

Captain, Gideon Burt. 

First Lieutenant, Walter Pynchon. 

Second Lieutenant, Aaron Steele. 
61 men. 
Westfield Company. 

Captain, Warham Parks. 

First Lieutenant, John Shepard. 

Second Lieutenant, Richard Falley. 
70 men. 
West Springfield Company. 

Captain, Enoch Chapin. 

First Lieutenant, Samuel Flower. 

Second Lieutenant, Luke Day. 
53 men. 



70 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

Blandford and Murray-field Company. 

Captain, John Ferguson. 

First Lieutenant, David Hamilton. 

(No Second Lieutenant) 
36 men. 
Granville Company. 

Captain, Lebbeus Ball. 

First Lieutenant, Lemuel Bancroft. 

(No Second Lieutenant) 
60 men. 
Southwick Company. 

Captain, Silas Fowler. 

First Lieutenant, George Grainger. 

Second Lieutenant, John Keent. 
22 men. 
Monson Company. 

Captain, Freeborn Moulton. 

First Lieutenant, Asa Fisk. 

Second Lieutenant, Abel Allen. 



•r 

- 
j 

45 men. 



Brimfield Company. 

Captain, Joseph Thompson. 
First Lieutenant, Aaron Mighill. 
Second Lieutenant, Joseph Hoar. 



The long distance covered in the march to Cambridge made the regiment 
late in arriving at headquarters. It was assigned upon arrival to the forti- 
fications at Roxbury. The following note on the roll of Captain Fowler's 
Company is of interest: — "Captain Silas Fowler's Co. of Southwick left 
there Apr. 21, 1775, marched 110 miles to Roxbury arrived there Apr. 29 & 
joined Col. Danielson's Regt." 

May 22d, the regiment was made up as follows: 
"Joseph Thompson 1 2 4 2 52 61 Caleb Keep 

John Carpenter 
Enoch Cheapin 1 2 4 1 43 51 Sam'l Flower 

Luke Day Jr. 
Warhum Parks 1 2 4 1 52 60 John Shepard Jun 

Richard Fallev 



COLONEL TIMOTHY DANIELSON'S REGIMENT 71 

Lebbeus Ball 1 2 4 2 48 57 Lemuel Bencraft 

Levy Dunham 
Gideon Burt 1 4 2 50 57 

Paul Langdon 1 1 37 39 Dan'l Cadwell 

John Ferguson 11 26 28 Dav' 1 Hambilton 

Svlvanus Walker 1 1 3 1 35 41 



8 11 23 9 343 399 
David Shepard, Surgeon; John Miller, Surgeon's Mate; William Toogood, 
Adjutant. 

Signed, William Shepard. " 

The field officers at this time were the same as in the Minute Men's Regi- 
ment. William Young of Hatfield was made Quartermaster May loth. On the 
16th of June the total membership of the regiment was 463. with 9 "not yet 
joined." They had in their possession 423 guns and 16S bayonets. The regi- 
ment was numbered the "Eighth" in the Provincial Army under General 
Artemas Ward and contained, about July 1, 1775,-579 men in all, wanting 
only 1 sergeant, 5 drummers, and fifers. and 57 men to complete. The 
following list gives the names of the company commanders about this time, 
with a list of the towns in which the companies were raised: 
Captains. 
Sylvanus Walker, Palmer, Brookfield, Sturbridge, Brimfield, Western, Ware 

etc. 
Daniel Egrey, Dartmouth, Rochester, Middleboro. 
Lebbeus- Ball, Granville, Southwick, Loudon, Roxbury. 
Thomas Plympton,* Dartmouth, Rochester, Westerly, R. I. 
John Fergueson, Blanford, Murrayfield, Brimfield. 
Joseph Thompson, Brimfield, Marion, South Brimfield, Palmer. 
Warham Parks, Westfield. 

Enoch Chapin, West Springfield, Watertown. Suffield, Ct. 
Gideon Burt, Springfield, Marblehead, Ludlow. 

Paul Langdon, Wilbraham, Ludlow, Belchertown, Somers and Windsor, Ct. 
Nathan Peters, Stonington, Preston, Norwich and Suffield. Ct. 

General Washington took command of the forces on July 4th, and in the 
formation of the Army of the United Colonies this regiment became the 
" Eighteenth" and was in Brigadier General Thomas's Brigade, " Major Gen- 
eral Artemas Ward's Division. It was stationed at Roxbury as it had been 

* Mistake in the original. It should be "Kempton." 



72 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

in May and June in the Provincial Army. The regiment continued to serve 
in these fortifications through the year. 

The strength of the company each month is shown in the following 
table: 



1" to 


Com. Off. 


Staff. 


Non'.-COM. 


Rank & Pile. 


Total 


Aug. IS, 


32 


3 


60 


491 


586 


Sept. 23, 


33 


4 


61 


4S1 


579 


Oct. 17, 


33 


4 


59 


466 


562 


Nov. IS, 


31 


4 


59 


454 


548 


Dec. 30, 


27 


2 


57 


453 


539 



COLONEL TIMOTHY DANIELSON, the third son of John and Mar- 
garet (Mughill) Danielson, was born December 6, 1733. His father intended 
• • him for the ministry. He graduated from Yale in 1756 and later received 
the degree of A. M. from the same college. He never became a preacher, how- 
ever, but taught school, and in 1771 was one of the two traders in Brimneld. 
He represented the town in General Court from 1766 to 1773. 

September 26, 176S, he was chosen by the citizens of Brimneld to attend 
a convention in Boston, "in order that such measures may be consulted and 
advised, as his Majesty's service and the peace and safety of his subjects may 
require." In September 1774, "Mr. Timothy Danielson of Brimneld" was 
chairman of a 4 'Congress of committees, from every town and district within 
the County of Hampshire, and province of the Massachusetts Bay. except- 
ing Charlemont and Southwick, held at the courthouse in Northampton." He 
was a member of the First Provincial Congress which met at Salem in Octo- 
ber 1774, serving on several important committees, including the one. ap- 
pointed October 21st, "to report a non-consumption agreement relative to 
British and India teas." December 7, 1774, he was appointed on a commit- 
tee with "John Adams, Esq., and Mr. Samuel Adams." to bring in a resolve 
directing the Hon. James Russell Esq., import officer , to pay the moneys 
now in his hands to Henry Gardner, Esq. and not to Harrison Gray. E~ : 

February 1, 1775, he was chosen a member of the Second Provincial Con- 
gress, from Brimneld and Monson. March 22, he was made chairman of the 
committee ' 'to receive the returns of the several officers of militia, of their 
numbers and equipments." In April he served on a committee to consider 
a letter from the "Committee of Correspondence of Boston." was chosen ' a 
gentleman to be added to the delegates appointed to repair to Connecticut."' 
and appointed on a county committee of rive for Hampshire. He served as 
a committeeman in May on a letter from General Ward, on a committee "to 



COLONEL TIMOTHY DANIELSON'S REGIMENT 73 

consider a false account of the excursion of the King's troops to Concord " 
and one on "an application to the Continental Congress for leave to take up 
civil government." He was chosen May 31, to represent the same two towns 
in the Third Provincial Congress, and was speaker pro tern, of the House of 
Representatives June 17, 1776. He commanded a regiment of Minute Men, 
April 19, 1775, and led them to Cambridge. This body of men was re- 
organized, later in the month, as the Sth Regiment of the Provincial Army 
under General Artemas Ward, and in July, into the 18th Regiment of the 
Army of the United Colonies under General Washington. The command was 
stationed through the year in the defences at Roxbury. 

He was chosen Brigadier General for Hampshire County, January 30, 
1776 and commissioned February Sth. A distinguished honor was conferred 
upon him Oct. 19th, 1776, when he was appointed chairman of a committee 
of five, the other members being ' 'Jonathan Gardner, Jun. Esq., George 
Partridge, Esq., Colonel Josiah Sartell and Capt. Seth Washburn," (i to 
repair without delay to the camp at or near New York ; and there, after 
gaining the best intelligence they can get, and after advising with his Excel- 
lency General Washington, the Commander-in Chief in that department re- 
specting the character of the officers belonging to this state now in the Army 
proceed to appoint from the officers now in the Army, or others, the Field 
and Staff officers for seven Battalions; and also the Captains and Subalterns 
for the Companies of seven Battalions, "etc., etc. He made reports in No- 
vember concerning the condition of the Army at White Plains and in De- 
cember upon the regimental officers. 

Another committee was to repair to Ticonderoga and after consulting 
with General Gates, do the same acts in the formation of five battalions. He 
made returns of a detachment of Hampshire County militia in the spring of 
1777, which marched to reinforce the army at Ticonderoga, and commanded 
a secret expedition in September of the same year. He was chosen Major 
General by a ballot in the Senate dated May S, 178.1, and the House concurred. 
He was commended by General Gates for his efficiency in raising recruits 
and forwarding supplies to the army. 

He was a member of the Massachusetts Constitutional Convention in 
1779-80, and a Fellow of the American Academy. In 177,9 the degree of A. M. 
was conferred up:>n him by Harvard College. He died at Brimfield Sept. 
19, 1791, aged 58 years and was buried with high military honors. Accord- 
ing to tradition he l * possessed a Herculean frame, united with Herculean 
strength. He was bold, energetic and combined in an eminent degree many 
of the qualities of a popular leader." 



74 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

LIEUT. COLONEL WILLIAM SHEPARD was born in Westfield, De- 
cember 1, 1737, and received the common school education of those davs. 
He enlisted in the French and Indian War, serving as Sergeant in Captain 
Jonathan Bull's Company, Colonel William William's regiment from April 13 
to Nov. 3. (probably 175S, year not given in the original document.) He 
served as Captain from February 22, to December 1, in 17G1 and also held 
the same rank in 1762 and 3. April 20, 1775, he was engaged as Lieut. 
Colonel of Colonel Timothy Danielson's Minute Men's Regiment, which 
responded to the call of the Lexington Alarm. He served in the same rank 
under Colonel Danielson through the year and was commissioned Lieut. Col- 
onel in Colonel Ebenezer Learned's 3d Regiment in the Continental Army, 
January 1, 1776. Colonel Learned petitioned, May 2, 1776, to be relieved 
on account of sickness, and William Shepard served as Lieut. Colonel in 
command until Oct. 2, when he was commissioned Colonel to rank from 
May 4, 1776. He served through the year and Jan. 1, 1777 was appointed 
commander of the 4th Regiment, Massachusetts Line, which he commanded 
until January 1st, 1783, when he retired. He commanded the 1st Massachu- 
setts Brigade, December 1781, and January 17S2. May 20, 17S2 he was 
granted a furlough at West Point by order of the Commander. The follow- 
ing account of his military service appeared in the biographical notices of 
the members of the Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati. 

" He was present at the siege of Boston; the evacuation of Long Island; 
was wounded at Frog's Point, N. Y., 18 Oct. 1776, by a musket-ball through 
the neck; was in the campaign ending in Burgoyne's surrender; commanded 
a brigade in the battle of Monmouth; and established a high character for 
bravery, sound judgment and humanity. As Major General of the Hamp- 
shire County militia,' he protected the U. S. arsenal at Springfield when 
threatened by insurgents under Shays in January, 17S7. Upon the advance 
of the latter on the afternoon of the 25th to attack him, General Shepard, 
after twice ordering them to retire, and warning them of their danger if 
they proceeded, discharged his canon on the centre of the rebel column, 
which immediately broke and fled in confusion, leaving three of their num- 
ber dead and a fourth mortally wounded. This was the only hostile col- 
lision during the rebellion, and its effect was such as to effectually pave the 
way for General Lincoln's subsequent successful operations, by which this 
apparently formidable movement was in a short time entirely subdued. 
General Shepard was a member of Congress in 1797-1803, a member of the 
Executive Council in 1788-90, and held other public trusts." 



m 



COLONEL TIMOTHY DANIELSON'S REGIMENT 75 

MAJOR DAVID LEONARD, of West Springfield, held that rank in 
Colonel Danielson's Minute Men's Regiment in April 1775, and continued 
under the same commander through the year. He was commissioned 2d 
Major of Colonel Daniel Moseley's 3d Hampshire County Regiment, February 
S, 1776, and on June 25th was chosen Lieut. Colonel of Colonel B. Ruggles 
Woodbridge's Hampshire County Regiment raised for service " at Quebec 
and New York." In February 1777, he was Colonel of a regiment of volun- 
teers raised in Hampshire County for service at Ticonderoga. 

ADJUTANT WILLIAM TOOGOODwas engaged April 28, 1775, in Col- 
onel Timothy Danielson's Regiment in the Provinciai Army, and served 
through the year. He was First Lieutenant in Captain Joseph Thompson's 
Company in Colonel Thomas Nixon's 4th Continental Regiment through 
1776. January 1, 1777"' he "was commissioned Captain in Colonel Thomas 
Kixon's 6th Regiment Massachusetts Line. ''Omitted" June, 1779. 

SURGEON DAVID SHEPARD, of Ludlow, served as a volunteer Sur- 
geon at Concord and Lexington, April 19, 1775. He was Captain of a com- 
pany in Col. Seth Pomeroy's Minute Men's Regiment which marched April 
22nd in response to the Lexington alarm. On the 2Sth of the same month 
he was appointed Surgeon of Colonel Danielson's Regiment and served 
through the year. He was a Surgeon of Militia at Bennington in August 
1777. 

SURGEON'S MATE JOHN MILLER held that rank in Colonel Daniel- 
son's Regiment as shown by a return, dated Roxbury May 22, 1775. 

QUARTERMASTER WILLIAM YOUNG, of Hatfield, served in the 
regiment from about May 15th to the end of the year. A William Young of 
Hatfield, (probably the same man) was a private in Captain Israel Chapin's 
Company, in Colonel John Fellow's Regiment of Minute Men, April 20, 1775. 

CAPTAIN LIBBEUS BALL, of Granville, served under Captain Ben- 
jamin Day in the South Regiment of Hampshire County, 25 days in October, 
1756. He was Captain of an independent company of Minute Men, which 
marched April 20, 1775, in response to the Lexington alarm, serving nine 
days. On the 29th of April, he was engaged as a Captain in Colonel Daniel- 
son's Regiment and served through the year. During 1776 he was a Captain 
in Col. Ebenezer Leamed's 3d Continental Regiment. January 1, 1777 he 
*as commissioned Captain in Colonel William Shepard's 4th Regiment 
Massachusetts Line, and on November 1st was promoted to the rank 
of Major, holding that office until he retired January 1,1781. He served 



76 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

seven days in June 17S2, as Major in Colonel David Moseley's 3d Hamp- 
shire County Regiment. 

CAPTAIN JONATHAN BARDWELL was probably the man of that 
name who served in May, 1747, under Ensign Obediah Dickinson. He 
served as a Captain in Colonel Jonathan Warner's Minute Men's Regiment, 
April 19, 1775. May 27, he was commissioned a Captain in Colonel Timo- 
thy Danielson's Regiment, and June 12, 1775 he was recommended for com- 
mission as Captain in Col. David Brewer's Regiment and he continued to 
serve in that organization through the year. In September and October, 1777, 
he served for a short time in Colonel Elisha Porter's 4th Hampshire County 
Regiment and on Jan. 9, 177S, he was commissioned Captain in that com- 
mand. 

CAPTAIN GIDEON BURT of Springfield was a descendant of Na- 
thaniel in the 5th generation. He was born July 30, 1743. He responded 
to the Lexington alarm as First Lieutenant of Major Andrew Colton's Com- 
pany of Minute Men. May 27, he was commissioned Captain in Colonel 
Timothy Danielson's Regiment in which he continued to serve through the 
year. June 13, 1776, he was commissioned Captain in Colonel Charles 
Pynchon's 1st Hampshire County Regiment, In March and April, 1777, he 
served as a company commander in Colonel David Leonard's Regiment, 
organized to reinforce the garrison at Ticonderoga. He was commissioned 
Oct. 7, 1777, 1st Major of Colonel John Bliss's 1st Hampshire County Regi- 
ment. Later he became Colonel of the same command and did tours of duty 
June 12 and 16„17S2, and Sept. 28, 17S4. He died June 12, 1S25. 

CAPTAIN ENOCH CHAPIN, of West Springfield, did duty as "Centi- 
nel" at Fort Massachusetts from Dec. 1st, 1753, to September 22, 1754, 
under Captain Elisha Chapih ; from that date to March 29, 1755, under Cap- 
tain Ephraim Williams; and from the 29th of that month to June 26. 1757, 
under Capt. Isaac Wyman. He commanded an independent company of 
Minute Men, which marched from West Springfield April 20. 1775. He en- 
listed in Col. Timothy Danielson's Regiment, April 2S, 1775 and served in 
command of a company through the year. July 6, 177S, he was commis- 
sioned Captain in a Hampshire County Regiment of Guards under Col. Jacob 
Gerrish and was in command of guards at Springfield until December 31. of 
that year. it 

CAPTAIN DANIEL EGREY, of Dartmouth, was a Lieutenant in Cap- 
tain Benjamin Terrey's 2nd Dartmouth company, in Colonel Thomas Gilbert's 
2nd Bristol County Regiment, July, 1771. He was Captain of an indepen- 



COLONEL TIMOTHY DANIELSON'S REGIMENT 77 

dent company of Minute Men which marched from Dartmouth, April 21, 
1775. He was engaged May 4, 1775, as Captain in Colonel Timothy Daniel- 
son's Regiment and served through the year. The records show that for a 
short time, in June he was in Colonel David Brewer's Regiment. January 
1, 1776, he was commissioned Captain in Colonel William Bond's 25th Con- 
tinental Regiment and served at least as late as July 23d. 

CAPTAIN JOHN FERGUSON, of Blandford. was a private in Lieuten- 
ant David Black's Company, in Colonel John Worthington's Regiment, in the 
French and Indian War, and a statement that a bayonet was issued to him 
was sworn to December 30, 1758. He was also a private in Captain Jon- 
athan Ball's Company, Colonel William William's Regiment, April 13 to 
November 3, probably 1758. He served as a Sergeant in Captain Wil- 
liam Shepard's Company. (Endorsed 1760) He was Captain of a Com- 
pany in Colonel Timothy Danielson's Minute Men's Regiment, April 20, 1775, 
and continued to serve under the same commander through the year. He 
was a Captain in Colonel Samuel Brewer's Regiment at Ticonderoga in 1776. 

CAPTAIN SILAS FOWLER of Southwick, commanded a company of 
Minute Men from that town which marched in response to the Lexington 
alarm on April 19, 1775, and joined Colonel Timothy Danielson's Regiment 
and served 21 days. He was commissioned a Captain in Colonel John Mose- 
ly's 3d Hampshire County Regiment, April 26, 1776. He held various terms 
of service in this regiment under different commanders, the last service end- 
ing June 17, 1782. 

CAPTAIN THOMAS KEMPTON, of Dartmouth, may have been the 
man of that name who was a private in Captain James Andrews's Company, 
Colonel Thomas Doty's Regiment, from April 10 to October 19, 175S, at that 
time of Plymouth. He was Captain of an independent company of Minute 
Men which marched from Dartmouth, April 21, 1775. May 4, 1775, he was 
engaged as a Captain in Colonel Timothy Danielson's Regiment and served 
through the year. He was in Colonel David Brewer's Regiment a short time 
in June. He was commissioned Lieut. Colonel of Col. Jacob French's Regi- 
ment in March, 1776. 

CAPTAIN PAUL LANGDON, of Wilbraham, was the son of Lieuten- 
ant Paul and Mary Langdon. He was a " Centinel" in 1747 and S under 
Lieutenant John Catlin and also under Maj. Israel Williams in the latter 
year. He was in Capt. Samuel Day's Company in the South Hampshire 
Regiment, " within two years of 1756." From April 19 to Dec. 9. (1755') he 



78 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

was a Sergeant in Capt. Luke Hitchcock's Company, Colonel John Worthing- 
ton's Regiment serving in the Crown Point expedition. He was captain of an 
Independent company of Minute. Men which marched from Wilbraham, April 
20, 1775. May 27, 1775, he was ordered commissioned a Captain in Colonel 
Timothy Danielson's Regiment in which command he served through the 
year. He died June 23, 1804 

' ' CAPTAIN FREEBORN MOULTON commanded a company from 
Monson, in Colonel Timothy Danielson's Minute Men's Regiment, April 10, 

1775. Service 21 days. 

CAPTAIN WARHAM PARKS was engaged in that rank in Colonel 
Timothy Danielson's Regiment, April 24, 1775. He was commissioned a 
Captain in Colonel Ebenezer Learned's 3d Continental Regiment, January 1, 

1776, and served through the year. He was Major of Colonel William Shep- 
ard's 4th Continental Regiment from January 1, 1777 to July of the following 
year. 

CAPTAIN NATHAN PETERS, of Preston, Conn., was the son of 
William and Hannah (Chenery) Peters. He was born in Med field August 
26, 1747. He was a private in Colonel W r ell's Connecticut Regiment which 
responded to the Lexington alarm. April 26, 1775, he was an Ensign in the 
7th Company of the 6th Connecticut Regiment. He was engaged on the fol- 
lowing day as Captain in Colonel Timothy Danielson's Regiment, serving 
through the year. He was Brigade Major in the Rhode Island Campaign 
under General Tyler. In 1780 he engaged in privateering from New London, 
Conn. He died February 7, 1824. 

CAPTAIN THOMAS PLYMPTON'S name is given in one of the lists of 
company commanders in the records but it is evidently a mistake, "'Kemp- 
ton" being intended. 

CAPTAIN JOSEPH THOMPSON, of Brimfield, was the son of James 
and Mary (Hancock) Thompson, and was born in Brimfield, March 25, 1733. 
He was an ensign in Captain Timothy Hamant's Company from May 26 to 
December 16, 1759. In the following year he was a 2nd Lieutenant in Cap- 
tain "Trustum" Davis's Company in " his majesty's service" from February 
14th to December 16, 1760. He was also a Lieutenant in Capt. Moses Hart's 
Company from April 18 to December 5 (1761?). In March 1775. he "was 
desired to raise a minute company of fifty men, to be paid one shilling every 
half day they shall train, and to train one half day each week.'' This com- 
pany marched as a part of Colonel Timothy Danielson's Regiment on the 



COLONEL TIMOTHY DANIELSON'S REGIMENT 79 

Lexington alarm. Captain Thompson served under the same commander 
through the year and in 1776 was a Captain in Col. Nixon's 4th Continental 
Regiment. From January 1 to Dec. 19, 1777, he was Major of Col. Thomas 
Nixon's 6th Regiment Massachusetts line, and from that date to the end of 
1779 was Lieut. Colonel of the same regiment. Through 1780 he was Lieut. 
Colonel of Col. Thomas Marshall's 10th Regiment Massachusetts Line. He 
was taken prisoner Febuary 3d of that year and exchanged on the 8th of the 
December following. He was retired January 1, 1781. After the war he 
went to live in Partridgefield, Berkshire County, (Peru and Hinsdale now). 
He removed later to Ohio where he had a landed estate. He died in Mari- 
etta, Ohio. 

CAPTAIN SYLVANUS WALKER, of Palmer, was a Corporal in Cap- 
tain Solomon Keyes's Company from April 11 to December 11, 1755, on the 
Crown Point expedition. He was Ensign of Capt. John Moseley's Company 
from Feb. 18 to Nov. 28, 1756, on another expedition to the same place. In 
the following year he was commissioned 1st Lieutenant in Col. Ebenezer 
Learned's Regiment, and was a Captain from May 15 to December 23, 
(1759?) He was engaged April 24, 1775 as a Captain in Colonel Timothy 
Danielson's Regiment, and served (probably) through the year. He was a 
Member of the Committee of Safety, March 21, 1780. 

LIEUTENANT ABEL ALLEN was in Captain Freeborn Moulton's 
Company in Colonel Timothy Danielson's Minute Men's Regiment. He was 
credited with 21 days service and was reported "left Cambridge" May 6. 
1775. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT LEMUEL BANCROFT of Granville, held that 
rank in Captain Lebbeus Ball's Company of Minute Men, which marched 
April 20, 1775. He served through the year in Colonel Timothy Danielson's 
Regiment. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT DANIEL CADWELL, of Wilbraham, held that 
rank in Captain Paul Langdon's Company of Minute Men which marched 
April 20, 1775. He continued to serve under the same company and regi- 
mental commanders through the year. He was a Captain in Col. Charles 
Pynchon's 1st Hampshire County Regiment in 1776, and December 25th of 
that year entered service as Captain in Colonel Timothy Robinson's de- 
tachment of Hampshire County militia at Ticonderoga. He died of small 
pox March 27, 1777. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT ASA COBURN, of Sturbridge, enlisted April 24. 
1775, in Captain Sylvanus Walker's Company in Colonel Timothy Danielson's 



80 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

Regiment in the above rank and served through the year. He held the same 
rank in the oth Continental Regiment through 1776. January 1, 1777, he 
was commissioned Captain in the 7th Regiment Massachusetts and served 
until June 17S3 in that command, under Colonel Ichabod Alden and Lieut. 
Colonel Commanding John Brooks. He removed to Ohio. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT SAMUEL FLOWER, of West Springfield, was 
called Lieutenant in Captain Chapin's Company in Colonel Timothy Dan- 
ielson's Regiment as early as May 22, 1775. Later in the year his rank is 
given specifically as ''First" Lieutenant. He served through the year. Jan- 
uary 1, 1777, he was commissioned Captain in Col. John Greaton's 3d Regi- 
ment Massachusetts line. He served until March 31, 1780, when he resigned. 
In June 17S2, he served as Major of Col. David Moseley's 3d Hampshire 
County Regiment, on duty in support of the government at Northampton. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT WILLIAM GILMORE, of Ware, served first in 
Captain Jonathan Bardwell's Company in Colonel Timothy Danielson's 
Regiment, in May and part of June 1775. When Captain Bardwell was 
transferred to Col. David Brewer's 9th Regiment, Army of the Lnited Colo- 
nies, Lieutenant GilmOre went with him and served through the year. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT GEORGE GRAINGER of Southwick, marched 
from that town April 21, 1775, in Captain Silas Fowler's Company of Min- 
ute Men. He arrived at Roxbury April 29, and joined Colonel Timothy 
Danielson's Regiment. He was dismissed at Roxbury and returned home 
after 21 days service. j 

FIRST LIEUTENANT DAVID HAMILTON, of Blandford. held that 
rank in Captain John Ferguson's Company, Colonel Timothy Danielson's 
Minute Mens Regiment, April 20, 1775. He served under the same officers 
through the year. In September, 1776, he was a Lieutenant in Captain 
Reuben Munn's Company, Colonel Nicholas Dike's Regiment, May 31. 1779. 
he was commissioned First Lieutenant in Captain Samuel Sloper's Company, 
Colonel John Moseley's 3d Hampshire County Regiment. He served with 
them again in June. 1782. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT CALEB KEEP, of Monson. served fir:>: as a 
Sergeant in Captain Freeborn Moulton's Company in Colonel Tim ot.iy Dan- 
ielson's Regiment of Minute Men, April 19, 1775. He was a Lieutenant in 
Captain Enoch Chapin's Company, and still later a First Lieutenant in Cap- 
tain Joseph Thompson's Company, both companies being in Colonel Timo- 
thy Danielson's Regiment. He was a Captain in Colonel William Shep- 



COLONEL TIMOTHY DANIELSON'S REGIMENT 81 

ard's 4th Regiment Massachusetts Line, from Jannary !, 1777. to April 
13, 177S, when he resigned. January 14, 1779, he was commissioned Captain 
in the 1st Hampshire County Regiment, and Oct. 15th was engaged as Cap- 
tain in Colonel Israel Chapin's Regiment. He was discharged November 21, 
1779. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT AARON MIGHILL, of Brimfield, was in Cap- 
tain "Trustum's" Davis's Company from February 14, to December 16, 1760, 
in the French and Indian war. He was a Lieutenant in Captain Joseph 
Thompson's Company in Colonel Timothy Danielson's Minute Men s Regi- 
ment, April 19, 1775, and served to April 29th. He was a Lieutenant in 
Captain John Morgan's Company, detached from the militia to guard 
stores at Springfield and Brookfield between December 26, 1777 and July 1, 
1778. October 2, 177S, he was commissioned Second Lieutenant in Captain 
Joseph Browning's Company -in the 1st Hampshire County Regiment under 
Colonel John Bliss. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT JOHN PICKENS, OF DARTMOUTH, was en- 
gaged May 4, 1775, in Captain Daniel Egrey's Company, in Colonel Timothy 
Danielson's Regiment, and served through the year. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT WALTER PYNCHON, of Springfield, was sec- 
ond Lieutenant of Major Andrew Colton's Company of Minute Men, April 19, 
1775. On the 28th of April he was engaged as First Lieutenant of Captain 
Gideon Burt's Company in Colonel Timothy Danielson's Regiment and he 
served through the year. May 21, 1776, he became a Captain in the 1st 
Hampshire County Regiment and was Commissioned June 13, 1776. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT JOHN SHEPARD JR., of Westneld. held that 
rank in Captain Warham Park's Company in Colonel Timothy Danielson's 
Regiment from April 28, to August 1. 1775, and probably through the year. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT AMASA SOPER, of Dartmouth, held that rank 
in Captain Thomas Kempton's Company of Minute Men, April 21, 1775. He 
continued under the same Captain through the year, although credited to 
Colonel David Brewer's Regiment for a time in June. He was named as 
Captain in a list proposed for Colonel Joseph Henshaw's Regiment, prob- 
ably in 1775. February 27, 1776, he was First Lieutenant in Colonel 
Jacob French's Regiment, and on July 5th was commissioned a Captain in 
Colonel Thomas Marshall's Boston Regiment. He continued to serve under 
the same commander in the 10th Regiment Massachusetts Line until he re- 
signed Oct. 30 (31 or Nov. 2), 1780. 



82 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

LIEUTENANT JOHN CARPENTER, of Brimfield, was a Sergeant in 
Captain James Sherman's Company. Colonel Pynchon's Regiment, which 
marched on the alarm of April 1'9, 1775. He was commissioned a Lieuten- 
ant in Captain Joseph Thompson's Company, Colonel Timothy Danielson's 
Regiment, May 27, 1775. He was evidently an Ensign during a part of his 
term of service in this regiment. June 27, 1777. he was engaged as First 
Lieutenant in Captain Joseph Sibley's Company. Colonel Danforth Keyes's 
Regiment, and served in Rhode Island until January 4. 177*. He was a 
Captain in Col. Ezra Wood's 3d Worcester County Regiment from the fol- 
lowing May until February 2, 1779. He was engaged as Captain of a Com- 
panv of guards, March 5, 1779, and continued in such service to March 31, 
1783. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT JOHN CHADWICK.of Dartmouth, was a Ser- 
geant in Captain Thomas Kempton's Company of Minute Men, April 21. 177"). 
He enlisted May 4, 1775, as a Second Lieutenant in Colonel Timothy Daniel- 
son's Regiment, and served through the year 

SECOND LIEUTENANT LUKE DAY, .of West Springfield/served in that 

rank in Captain Enoch Chapin's Company of Minute Men, April 20, 1775. 
He was an Ensign in Captain Chapin's Company in Colonel Timothy Daniel- 
son's Regiment, and May 22nd his name appears on the roll as Lieutenant. In 
a company return dated October 6, he was reported as "on command at Que- 
bec." He was commissioned January 1, 1777, Captain in the 7th Regiment 
Massachusetts Line and served in that command under Colonels Alden and 
Brooks until June 3, 1783. He became a prominent leader with Shays in the 
rebellion of 17S6-7. 

SECOND LIEUTENAN1 LEVI DUNHAM, of Southwick, was a Sergeant 
in Captain Silas Fowler's Company of Minute Men. April 21, 1<75. 
He became an Ensign in Captain Lebbeus Ball's Company in Colonel Tim- 
othy Danielson's Regiment, and later a Second Lieutenant in the same com- 
mand, serving through the year. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT RICHARD FALLEY. of Westfield. served 
first as Ensign and then as Second Lieutenant in Captain Warham Park's 
Company in Colonel Timothy Danielson's Regiment. He was engaged first 
May 4. 1775, and later was appointed armorer and allowed "20 per month in 
addition to his pay as Ensign " as he was ' ' a complete master of the business. " 
In 1776, he was a First Lieutenant in Captain Jedediah Southworth's Com- 
pany, Colonel Lemuel Robinson's Regiment. He was granted beating orders 
for Hampshire County, April 11, 177G, as a member of Captain Josiah 
Smith's Company. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT JOSEPH HOAR, of Brimfield. held that rink 
in Captain Joseph Thompson's Company in Colonel Timothy Danielson's 
Minute Men's Regiment, April 19. 1775. June i3. 1776, he was commis- 
sioned First Lieutenant in Captain Aaron Charles's Company in Colonel 



COLONEL TIMOTHY DANIELSON'S REGIMENT 83 

Charles Pynchon's 1st Hampshire County Regiment. He was engaged M 
1, 1777. as a First Lieutenant in Captain Reuben Munn's Company, 'late) 
Colonel David Leonard's Regiment, to reinforce the army at Ticonder 
August 14 of that year he was engaged to serve in the same rank in Captain 
Daniel Winchester's Company, Colonel B. Ruggles Woodbridge's Regiment, 
He was engaged as Captain in Colonel Gideon Burt's Regiment, June 16, 
17S2. 

LIEUTEXAXT MOSES HOW, of Captain Jonathan Bardwell's Company 

in Colonel Timothy Danielson's Regiment, was in camp at Roxbury May 
27. 1775. June 12th, it was recommended that he be given a commissi m as 
Ensign under the same Captain Bardwell who was then in Colonel David 
Brewer's Regiment. 

SECOND LIEUTEXAXT JOHX KEEXT of Southwick. held that rank 
in Captain Silas Fowler's (Southwick) Company of Minute Men. This com- 
pany marched in response to the Lexington alarm and arrived at Roxbury 
April 29, 1775. He joined Colonel Timothy Danielson's Regiment and served 
in it 21 days. 

SECOXD LIEUTEXAXT AVERY PARKER, of Dartmonth, wasan offi- 
cer in Captain Daniel Egery's Company of Minute Men which marched April 
21, 1775, in response to the Lexington alarm. He served through the year 
under the same commanders except for a short time in June, when the com- 
pany was in Colonel David Brewer's Regiment. He was a Second Lieuten- 
ant in Captain Benjamin Dillingham's Company, Colonel Jacob French's 
Regiment at Winter Hill in February and March, 1776. In August. 17S0, 
he served for a few days as Captain in Colonel John Hathaway's 2d Bristol 
County Regiment. 

SECOXD LIEUTEXAXT SETH SMITH of Suffield, was an Ensign in 
Captain X T athan Peter's Company, Colonel Timothy Danielson's Regiment, 
and later served to the end of the year as Second Lieutenant in the same com- 
pany. He held the 'same rank in Colonel Ebenezer Learned's 3d Continen- 
tal Regiment through 1776. He died July 6, 1S30. 

SECOXD LIEUTEXAXT AAROX STEEL, of Springfield, was a Ser- 
geant in Major Andrew Colton's Company oi Minute Men which marched 
April 20, 1775. He was engaged April 2S, as a Second Lieutenant in Cap- 
tain Gideon Burt's Company, Colonel Timothy Danielson's Regiment. Jan- 
nary 1, 1777, he was appointed First Lieutenant in Captain Asa Coburn's 
Company in Colonel Ichabod Alden's 7th Regiment Massachusetts Line. 
He served in that regiment until he died Xovember 24, 177 <. Half pay 
was allowed his family to Xovember 25, 17S4. 

SECOXD LIEUTEXAXT JOSIAH WIXTER held that rank in Colonel 
Timothy Danielson's Regiment from May to December, 1775. 






tt 



LOCAL HISTORICAL SOCIETIES 

IN MASSACHUSETTS 



By Chas. A. Flagg 



The purpose of the Massachusetts Magazine being to gather and pre- 
serve the history of the state, it is appropriate that it should notice some of 
the other agencies engaged in the same work. Probably there is no other 
state with anywhere near the number of historical societies found here, 
and yet there is no list of them even approaching completeness. 

This list has been compiled from replies sent in by officers of the societies 
themselves, in nearly every case. 

Societies are entered under the name of city or town where they are 
located. Reference is made from other towns covered, except for county 
societies (which are indicated in the last part of the list.) 

The following particulars are given: 1, Corporate name; 2, Date of or- 
ganization (abbreviated by O.) ; 3, Incorporation (abbreviated by I.) ; 4. Num- 
ber of members (abbreviated by M.) ; 5. Frequency of meetings (+ indicating 
that besides the regular meetings mentioned, there are special ones subject to 
call ; 6, Xames of president, secretary and treasurer, address being given when 
differing from place of society's headquarters. 

There are also added notes of territory covered by local societies, if 
broader than a single town, and titles of serial publications issued, if any. 
etc. Xo mention is made of single or special publications, nor of the printing 
of local records undertaken by several of our societies.* 

Extinct societies are also noted with such information as could be ob- 
tained about them. 

It can hardly be expected that the list will be found free from errors 
or omissions. Any such, however trifling, should be reported, and correction 
will appear in the next number of the magazine. 

♦Those who wish full lists of society publications are referred to "Bibliography 
of American historical societies," bv A. P. C. Griffin, 2d edition, 1907. 



HISTORICAL SOCIETIES 85 

No attempt is made to include the denominational historical societies, of 
which there are a number with varying fields of activity; nor the national 
patriotic-hereditary societies with their state organizations and local chapters. 
These last named bodies are often found doing very valuable work in local 
history; but through their numerous registers and other publications it is 
comparatively easy to follow their activities. 

Of the 356 cities and towns in the commonwealth 87 have active 
societies and 31 more are represented in the list by references. 

There are 10 towns represented only by societies which are dead or 
inactive. 

Acton. 

Acton Historical Society. Inactive. 

Acushnet, see-under New Bedford. 

Amesbury. Amesbury Improvement Association. O. 1SSG. I. 1S97. M. SO. 

Monthlv. Pres. Cvrus AY. -Ro well; Sec. Mrs. Emilv B. Smith, 6 Pleasant 

St.; Tr'eas. FredW. Merrill. 
''Transactions," vol. 1, 1901. 

Amherst. Amherst Historical Society. O. 1899. I. 1903. M. about 50. 
Four each year. Pres. Mrs. Mabel L. Todd; Sec. William I. Fletcher; 
Treas. George Cutler. 

Andover. Andover Natural History Society. O. 1904. M. 40. Monthly. 

Pres. William G. Goldsmith; Sec. and Trcas. Myron E. Gutterson. 
Devoted to civil as well as natural history. 

Arlington. Arlington Historical Society. O. 1897. I. 1S9S. M. 134. Month- 
ly, Sept. to Apr. Pres. Hon. James P. Parmenter; Sec. Frederick E. 
Fowle, 430 Massachusetts Ave. ; Treas. Warren A. Peirce. 

Ashby. Ashby Historical Society. O. 1898. M. 25. Three each year-)-. 
Pres. Henry A. Lawrence ; Sec. Miss Sophia E. Lawrence; Trcas. Mrs. 
Mary E. Shaw. 

Ashland. 

There is now being organized a historical society under direction of a committee of 
three ladies, appointed four years ago by the Ashland Home Study Club. 

Ayer, see under Groton. 

Bedford. Bedford Historical Society. O. 1893 as an adjunct to the Bed- 
ford Free Public Library Corporation. M. 20. Irregular. Pres. George 
R. Blinn; Sec. Abram E.' Brown; Trcas. Charles W. Jenks. 

Belchertown. Belchertown Historical Association. O. 1903. M. 44. An- 
nual +• Pres. Dwight P. Clapp ; Recording Sec. Marion, Bartlett : Cor- 
responding Sec. Daniel D. Hazen ; Treas. Mrs. William Bridgeman. 

Bellingham, see under Mendon. 



86 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

Belmont, see under Watertown. 

Beverly. Beverly Historical Society. O. 1901. I. 1901. M. 87. Quart - - 
Prcs. George E. Woodbury; Sec. Annie March Kilham ; Trcas. Roland \V- 
Boy den. 

Billerica. Billerica Historical Society. O. 1S94. I. 1896. M. 42. Annual. 
Prcs. Charles E. Hosmer. M. D., South Billerica; Sec. Miss Martha A. 
Dodge; Treas. T. Frank Lyons. 

Blackstone, see under Mendon. 

Boston. Bostonian Societv. O. 18S1 (as successor of Boston Antiquarian 
Club 1S79-S1.) I. 1SS1. M. about 1125. Monthly, Oct. to May. 
Pres. James F. Hunnewell ; Clerk and Trcas. Charles F. Read. 

"Proceedings," annual since 18S2; "Publications," vol. I-V, 1886-1908. 



Bunker Hill Monument Association. O. 1823. I. 1S23. M. about 700. 
Annual. Pres. John C. Warren, M. D. ; Sec. Francis H. Brown, M. D. 
Trcas. Francis H. Lincoln, Hingham. 
'Proceedings/' annual since 1861. 



Dorchester Historical Society. O. 1S91. I. 1S93. M. 125. Monthly. 

Pres. Richard C. Humphreys; Sec. and Treas. John A. Fowle, Columbia 

Road. 
There was an earlier society, "The Dorchester Antiquarian and Historical Society" in 
existence 1843-93. which published "Collections," no. 1-3, 1844-50. 



Old South Historical Society. O. 1891. I. 1901. M. about SO. 
Monthly Prcs. J. C. S. Andrew, Beachmont ; Sec, Nellie I. Simpson, 
23 Franklin St., Charlestown ; Treas. Jessie G.. Paine, Cambridge. 



Roxbury Historical Society. O. 1S91 (as Roxbury Military Histori- 
cal Society.) I. 1901, under'present name. M 400. Quarterly. Prcs. 
John E. "Gilman; Sec. Henry A. May, 98 Moreland St., Roxbury; 
Treas. William S. Rumrill. 



Society of Mayflower Descendants (The parent or X. Y. Society. 0. 
1894.) Mass. society O. 189G. I. 1896. Governor, Asa P. French: Sec. 
George E. Bowman' 53 Mt. Vernon St., Boston; Trcas. Arthur I. Xash. 
"Mayflower Descendant." quarterly, vol. 1-10, 1899-1908. 

South Boston Historical Society. Such a society was reported O. 1896. but seems to be 

no longer in existence. 

Bridgewater. Old Bridgewater Historical Society. O. 1894. I. 1895. M. 300. 
Quarterly. Pres. Robert O. Harris. East Bridgewater; Recording Sec. 
Edward 'B. Maglathlin, West Bridgewater; Corresponding Sec. Joshua 
E. Crane, Bridgewater; Trcas. Fred A. Hunting, East Bridgewater 

For the old town of Bridgewater, including present Bridgewater, Brockton, bast 

Bridgewater and West Bridgewater. 



HISTORICAL SOCIETIES 87 

Brockton, see under Bridgewater. 

Brookfield. Quaboag Historical Society. 0-1895. 1. 1S95. M. about 350. 
Two each year. Pres. Robert Batchelder, Boston; Sec. John S. Cooke, 
North Brookfield; Trcas. Philander Holmes, Brookfield.. 

For the original town of Brookfield. from which the following towns were formed, 

wholly or in part: Brookfield, Xew Braintree, Xorth Brookfield, Warren and West 

Brookfield. 

Brookline. Brookline Historical Society. O. 1891- I. 1901. M. ISO. Month- 
ly, Oct. to May. Pres. Rufus G. F. Candage; Sec. and Treas. Edward 
W. Baker. 

"Proceedings," annually 1902-06; "Publications," no. 1-3, 1903-04. 

1895-1900 there was in existence a society with name Brookline Historical Publication 

Society, which issued 2 volumes of "Publications." 

Cambridge. Cambridge Historical Society. O. 1905. I. 1905. M. about 
185. Three a year, Pres. Richard H. Dana; Sec. Frank G. Cook, 44. 
Garden St.; Treas. Henry H. Edes. 

"Publications," no. I— III, 1906-08. - 



Harvard Memorial Society. O. 1895. M. 40 from each college class. 
Irregular. Pres. William C. Lane; Sec. George Gund. 21 Russell Hall; 
Treas. J. M. Groton. 
There was an earlier Harvard Historical Society in the "eighties." 



Shepard Historical Society O. 1889. M. about 100. Annual -f. 
Pres. Alexander McKenzie, D. D. ; Sec. Hewitt G. Fletcher, 375 Harvard 
St. ; Treas. Edwin S. Chapin. 
History of First Church in Cambridge, and parish and town in which it is situated. 

Canton. Canton Historical Society. O. 1871. I. 1893. M. 69. Five each 
year. Pres. Winthrop Packard, Canton Corner; Clerk, William A. 
Tucker, Randolph St., Ponkapoag; Treas. A. Herman Gill, Canton 
Corner. 

Charlemont. Old Folks' Association ofCharlemont and Vicinity. O. 1S70. 
Annual. Pres. Ansel L.Tyler; Sec. and Treas. Edward P. Smead. 

Charlestown, see Boston. 

Charlton, see under Southbridge. 

Clinton. Clinton Historical Society. O. 1S94. I. 1903. M. 105. Monthly. 
Sept. to June. Pres. Jonathan Smith; Sec. W. Irving Jenkins, 250 
Chestnut St.; Treas. William O. Johnson. 

Concord. Concord Antiquarian Society. O. 1886. I. 1886. M. 160. Month- 
ly, Sept. to June. Pres. Adams Tolman ; Sec. Henry F. Smith, Jr. ; Treas. 
Thomas Todd. 

[Publications] 11 nos. 1902-03. 



88 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

Danvers. Danvers Historical Society. 0. 1889. I. 1S93. M. 250. Annual 
and quarterly +. Pres. Ezra D. Hines; Sec. Andrew Nichols, Hathorne, 
Mass.; Treas. Loring B. Goodale. 

Dartmouth, see under New Bedford. 

Dedham. Dedham Historical Society. O. 1859. I. 1862. M. 142. Month- 
ly, Oct. to June. Pres. Julius H. Tuttle;S<?c. Frank E. Morse, Franklin 
Square, Dedham; Treas. George W. Humphrev. 

"Annual report" 1SS9-92; •"Dedham Historical Register, " quarterly, vol 1-14 18 r >0- 

1903. 

Deerfield. Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association. O. 1870. I. 1870. M. 

not given. Annual. Pres. George Sheldon; Corresponding Sec. Mrs. M. 

Elizabeth Stebbins; Recording Sec. Rev. Richard E. Birks; Treas. John 

Sheldon, Greenfield. 
"History and Proceedings" vol. 1-4, 1890-1905. 

Dorchester, see Boston. 

Dover. Dover Historical and Natural History Society. O. 1895. I. 1900. 
M. 65. Quarterly. Pres. Frank Smith ; Sec. and Treas. Mrs. Sarah A. 
Higgins. 

Dudley, see under Southbridge. 

Dunstable, see under Groton. 

East Bridgewater, see under Bridgewater. 

Fairhaven, see under New Bedford. 

Falmouth. Falmouth Historical Society. O. 1900. I. 1905. M. 42. Quar- 
terly. Pres. Henry H. Smythe; Sec. Seba A. Holton; William H. 
He wins. 

Fitchburg. Fitchburg Historical Society. O. 1S92. I. 1S96. M. 63. Month- 
ly, Oct. to May. Pres. Frederick F. Woodward; Sec. Ebenezer Bailey, 
39 High St. ; Treas. Frederick A. Currier. 

"Proceedings" vol. 1-4, 1895-1908. 

Foxborough. Foxborough Historical Society. O. 189S. I. 1898. M. 31, 
Quarterly. Pres. William E. Horton; Sec. Mrs. Alice M. Horton; Treas. 
William H. Carpenter. 

Framingham. Framingham Historical and Natural Historv Society. 0. 
1888. I. 1892. M. 110. Annual +. Pres. John H. Temple. 'South 
Framingham; Sec. Constantine C. Esty, Framingham; Treas. George H. 
Eames, South Framingham. 

Gloucester. Cape Ann Scientific and Literary Association. O. 1S75. I. 1892. 
M. 229. Several meetings a month except in summer. Pres. Dr. William 
Hale; Sec. Alfred E. Presson. 6 Liberty St.; Treas. George W. Woodbury. 

Greenfield. Greenfield Historical Society. O. 1907. I. 1907. M. 89; 
Monthly during winter. Pres. Judge John A. Aiken; Sec. Albert L. Wing. 
Church St. ; Treas. Charles Xims. 



HISTORICAL SOCIETIES 89 

Groton. Groton Historical Society. O. 1894. I. 1894. M. 100. Four each 
year. Pres. Dr. Samuel A. Green, Boston; Sec. Thomas L. Motley; Treas. 
Lillian W. Kane. 

For the towns wholly or partly included within the limits of old Groton: Groton, Pep- 

perell, Shirley, Aver, Littleton, Harvard, Westford and Dunstable. 

Harvard. Harvard Historical Society. O. 1897. I. 1900. M. 64. Quar- 
terly. Pres. Dr. H. B. Royal; Sec. Miss S. E. Pollard; Treas. Albert H. 
Bigelow. 
See also under Groton. 

Haverhill. Haverhill Historical Society. O. 1S97. I. 189S. M. 400. 
Quarterly +. Pres. Edward G. Frothingham; Sec. Stanley D. Gray, 
9 Dustin St.; Treas. Raymond Xoyes. 

Heath. Heath . Historical Society. O. 1900. I. 1902. M. 73. Annual. 
Pres. William A. Dickinson; Sec. Mamie E. Maxwell; Treas. Hugh Max- 
well. 

Holbrook. Holbrook Historical Society. O. 1897. I. 1897. M. about 25. 
Irregular. Pres. Lewis Alden; Sec. Mrs. Abbie H. French; Treas. Mrs. 
Annie M. Southworth. 

Hopedale. See under Mendon. 

Hyde Park. Hyde Park Historical Society. O. 1SS7. I. 1S90. M. about 
125. Quarterly +. Pres. Charles G. Chick; Recording Sec. Fred L. 
Johnson; Corresponding Sec. Henry B. Carrington, Summer St.; Treas. 
Henry B. Humphrey. 

"Hyde Park Historical Record," vol. I-VI. 1892-1908. 

Ipswich. Ipswich Historical Society. O. 1890. I. 1S9S.^ M. 267. Annual 
+. Pres. T. Frank Waters; Recording Sec. John W. Goodhue; Corre- 
sponding Sec. and Treas. T. Frank Waters. 

"Publications," I-XV, 1894-1907. 

Lawrence. Lawrence Society of Natural Historv and Archaeology. 0. 18S7. 
I. 1895. M. 106. Monthly. Pres. Richard H. Barlow; Sec. Mrs. Elizabeth 
Schneider, 36 Summer St.; Treas. Miss Helen M. Church. 

Leominster. Leominster Historical Society. O. 1906. I. 1907. M. 40. 
Monthly, Sept. to June. Pres. Perley M. Russell; Sec. Charles S. Hough- 
ton, 61 Orchard St.; Treas. Fred B. Hills. 

Lexington. Lexington Historical Society. O. 1SS6. I. 1886. M. about 200. 

Five each year. Pres. George O. Whiting; Recording Sec. Irving P. Fox; 

Corresponding Sec. Mary E. Hudson; Treas. Charles F. Prince. 
"Proceedings and Papers," vol. 1-3, 1890-1905. 

Littleton. Littleton Historical Society. O. 1896. I. 1896. M. 16. Quar- 
terly. Pres. Herbert J. Harwood; Sec. and Treas. Miss S. F. White. 
See also under Groton. 



90 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

Longmeadow. Longmeadow Historical Society. O. 1899. I. 1900. If. 

about 100. Annual +. Pres. Capt. Simon B. Parker; Sec. Water P. 
Sherman; Treas. Frank S. Bur.t. 

Lowell. Lowell Historical Society. O. 1902. 1.1902. M. about 150. Four 
each year. Pres. Solon W. Stevens; Recording Sec. Horace S. Bacon; 
Corresponding Sec. Alfred P. Seaver, 45 Merrimack St.; Treas. Albert L.' 
Bacheller. 

Successor of Old Residents' Histojical Society of Lowell, O, 1868, which published 

6 volumes of "Contributions," 1S73-1904. 

"Contributions of Lowell Historical Society," vol. I, no. 1, 1907. 

Lunenburg. Lunenburg Historical Society. O. 1897. M. 50. Annual -(-. 
Pres. James Hildreth; Sec. office vacant; Treas. George E. Jones. 

Lynn. Lynn Historical Society. O. 1S97. I. 1897. M. 550. Monthly. 

Pres. Benjamin N. Johnson; Sec. John Albree, Swampscott; Treas. Everett 

H. Black. 
"Register," 1S9S-1905, 7 vols. 

Maiden. Maiden Historical Society. O. 1SS6. I. 1SS7. M. 100. Four 
each year. Pres. Deloraine P. Corey; Sec. Frank E. Woodward, 
93 Rockland Ave.; Treas. office vacant. 

Manchester. 

Manchester Historical Society. O. 1886. I. 1896. M. 75. Quarterly. (Inactive 
since July, 1907.) Pres. office vacant; Sec. a>id Treas. Alfred S. Jewett. 

Marblehead. Marblehead Historical Society. O. 1S9S. I. 1902. M. 160. 
Monthly. Pres. Nathan P. Sanborn; Sec. Richard Tutt. Maverick St.; 
Treas. William D. T. Trefry. 

Medfield. Medfield Historical Society. O. 1891. I. 1891. M. 43. Two 
each year -\-.Pres. John M. Richardson; Sec. Harriet A. Fowle, 69 Main 
St.; Treas. William S. Tilden. 

Medford. Medford Historical Society. O. 1896. I. 1896. M. 275. Two 
each month, Oct. to Apr. Pres. Will C. Eddy; Recording Sec. Miss 
Alice E. Curtis; Corresponding Sec, George S. T. Fuller, 7 Alfred St. ; Treas. 
Alfred R. Winter. 

"Medford Historical Register," vol. I-XI, 1898-1908. 

Medway. Medway Historical Society. O. 1901. 1.1902. M. 52. Monthly 
except in summer. Pres. Herbert X. Hixon, West Medway; Sec. Orion 
T. Mason, School St., Medway; Treas. W. Irving Kelsey, West Medway. 

Mendon. Mendon Historical Society. O. 1896. M. 186. Two each year. 

one in Mendon and one in Bellingham. Pres. Marcus M. Aldrich; Sec. 

Horace C. Adams; Treas. Mrs. Herbert J. George. 
Old Mendon and her daughter towns: Bellingham, Uxbridge, Upton, Xorthbridge, 
Milford, Blackstone and Hopedale. 

Methuen. Methuen Historical Society. O. 1S95. I. 1S95. M.^120. 



HISTORICAL SOCIETIES 91 

Monthly. Oct. to June. Pres. Hon. Joseph S. Howe; Sec. Elizabeth B. 

Currier, 59 Hampshire St.; Treas. Dr. George E. Woodbury. 
"Publications," no. 1-2, 1896. The society has issued other later "Publications," but 
not in the numbered series. 

Milford, see under Mendon. 

Milton. Milton Historical Society. O. 1905. I. 1905. M. 220. Three each 
year. Pres. Nathaniel T. Kidder; Corresponding Sec. Mrs. Caleb L. Cun- 
ningham, 401 Adams St., East Milton; Recording Sec. Charles E. Churchill; 
Treas. Arthur H. Tucker. 
"Annual Report," lst-3d, 1906-08. 

Monson. s 

Monson Historical Society. I. 1895. M. about 30. Has been inactive for a num- 
ber of years. Treas. Geo. C. Flynt. 

Nantucket. Xantucket Historical Association O. 1S94. I. 1S94. M. 31S. 

Annual. Pres. Alexander Starbuck; Sec. Mrs. Elizabeth C. Bennett; 

Treas. Henrv S. Wver. 
"Bulletin," vol. I, no. 1-2: vol. H, no. 1-5; vol. III. no. 1, 1S98-1906. "Proceedings in. 
of 4th-14th annual meeting 1S9S-1908. (Proceedings of lst-3d meetings 189-5-97, pub 
one pamphlet 1907 J 

Natick. Historical, Natural History and Library Society of South Xatick. 
O. 1S73. I. 1873. M. 136. Quarterly. Pres. Gustavus Smith. South 
Natick; Sec. Isabelle R. Heinlein, South Xatick; Treas. Morton V. B. Bart- 
lett. 

Successor of the Historical and Xatural History Society of Eliot, O. 1S<0. 

New Bedford. Old Dartmouth Historical Society. O. 1903. I. 1903. M. 

about 1000. Quarterly. Pres. Edmund Wood; Sec. William A. Wing, 

20 South 6th St.; Treas. William A. Mackie. 
Old Dartmouth and her daughter towns; Dartmouth, Xew Bedford, Westport, Fair- 
haven, Acushnet. 

New Braintree, see under Brookfield. 

Newbury, see under Newburyport. 

Newburyport. Historical Society of Old Xewbury. O. 1S79, as Antiquarian 
and Historical Society of Old Xewburv;. name changed 1SS2. I. 1S96. 
M. 300. Monthly, Sept. to June. Pres. Rev. Herbert E. Lombard, 
Byfield Parish, Xewbury; Sec. Miss Harriet E. Jones, Xewburyport; 
Treas. Arthur W. Moody, Xewbury. 

Old Xewbury included the modern Xewbury, Xewburyport and West Xewbury. 

Newton. Newton Historical Society. O. 1902. I. 1902. M. 11. Annual +. 
Pres. Hon. Thomas Weston; Sec. Alfred W. Fuller; Treas. Frank A. 
Mason, 107 Homer Street. 

North Adams. Fort Massachusetts Historical Society. O. 1S95. I. 1S95. 
M. 150. Annual. Pres. Junius B. Temple; Sec. Willard E. Whitaker; 
Treas. Mrs. Hannah B. Richmond. 



92 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

North Brookfield. 

North Brookfield Historical Society. O. 18G4. Probably lived but a short time. 
See also under Brookfield. 

Northborough. Xorthborough Historical Society. O. 1906. M. 70. Monthly, 
Oct. to Apr. Pres. Gilman B. Howe; Sec. Rev. Josiah C. Kent; Treas. 
Ezra H. Bigelow. 

Northbridge, see under Mendon. 

Norwood. Norwood Historical Society. O. 1907. I. 1907. M. 33. Monthly 
Sept. to June. Pres. Milton H. Howard; Sec. Walter J. Berwick, 24 
Cottage St.; Treas. Emily C. Fisher. 

Orange. Orange Historical and Antiquarian Society. O. 1898. I. 1898. 
M. 21. Quarterly. Pres. Arthur F. Slate; Sec. Caroline M. Mayo, 24: 
Winter St.; Treas. Matilda Slate. 

Oxford. 

Huguenot Memorial Association, I 1S81. Composed of descendants of the early 
Huguenot settlers ; it bought a piece of land and erected a monument in 18S4. Since then 
has been inactive. 

Palmer. Palmer Historical Society. O. 1900. I. 1900. M. 50. Monthly, 
Oct. to May. Pres. James B. Stone; Sec. Mrs. Lucy A. Hitchcook, 15 
Squier St.; Treas. Mrs. L. E. Carpenter. 

Peabody. Peabody Historical Society. O. 1896. I. 1S96. M. about 160. 

Quarterly +. Pres. William Armstrong; Sec. Mrs. Elizabeth C. Osborn, 

55 Central St.; Treas. Svlvanus L. Xewhall. 
" Annual Report," lst-llth, 1896-1907. 

Pepperell. see under Groton. 

Pittsfield. Berkshire Historical and Scientific Society. O. 1S7S. M. 150. 

Quarterly. Pres. Joseph Peirson; Sec. and Treas. H. H. Ballard. 
"Collections" (early nos. have varying titles,) 1SS6-1900. 

Plymouth. Pilgrim Society. O. 1819. I. 1820. M. not given. Two each 
year. Pres. Arthur Lord; Sec. William W. Brewster; Treas. Charles B. 
Stoddard. 

Provincetown. Cape Cod Pilgrim Memorial Association. I. 1S92. M. not 
given. Pres. J. Henry Sears, Brewster; Sec. Osborne Xickerson, Chat- 
hamport; Treas. Howard F. Hopkins, Provincetown. 

Formed for the purpose of erecting a monument to commemorate the first landing of the 

Pilgrims at Provincetown. 

Quincy. Quincy Historical Society. O. 1S93. I. 1S93. M. about 120. Four 

each year. Pres. Brooks Adams; Sec. Emery L. Crane; Treas. James L. 

Edwards. 
Rehoboth. Rehoboth Antiquarian Societv. O. 1884. I. 1885. M. about 

100. Annual +. Pres. Hon. George X. Goff; Sec. Ellery L. GorT. Elm 

Square; Treas. Henry T. Horton. 



t 



HISTORICAL SOCIETIES 93 

Rockport, see under Gloucester. 
Roxbury, see Boston. 

Salem. Essex Institute. O. 184S.' I. 1848. M. 664. Monthly -f . Pres. 

Francis H. Appleton. Peabody; Sec. George F. Dow, Topsfield; Treas. 

William O. Chapman, Salem. 
Founded by union of Essex Historical Society (I. 1821) with Essex County Natural His- 
tory Societv. 

"Proceedings," vol. I-VI, 1856-70; "Historical Collections," vol. I-XLIV, 1859-1906; 
"Bulletin," vol. I-XXX, 1S70-9S; "Annual Report," 1899-190S. 



Old Planter's Society. O. 1S99. I. 190S. Annual -f. Pres. Col. T. W. 
Higginson, Cambridge; Sec. Miss Lucie Marion Gardner, 4 Lynde St., 
Salem; Treas. Frank V. Wright, Salem. 

Sandwich. Sandwich Historical Society. O. 1907. I. 1907. M. 52. 
Quarterly. Pres. William L. Nye; Sec. Charles M. Thompson; Treas. 
George E. Burbank. 

Sharon. Sharon Historical Society. O. 1903. I. 1903. M. 154. Quarterly. 

Pres. Edmund H.Talbot, Boston; Corresponding Sec. George Kempton; 

Treas. W. Winthrop Capen. 
Continues the work of the Sharon Antiquarian Committee, established by the town in 1888 
and reorganized in 1S95. 
"Publications," no. 1-5, 1904-08. 

Shirley, see under Groton. 

Shrewsbury. Shrewsbury Historical Society. O. 1S9S. I. 1902. M. 72. 
Five each year. Pres. Alfred H. Knight; Sec. Mrs. Jessie Prairie; Treas. 
George W. Cogswell. 

Somerville. Somerville Historical Society. O. 1897. I. 1S97. M. 206. 

Two each month. Pres. Frank M. Hawes; Sec. Ella R. Hurd. 458a Med- 

ford St.; Treas. William B. Holmes. 
"Publications," no. 1, 1901; "Historic leaves," quarterly, vol. 1-VI, 1902-190S. 

South Natick, see Natick. 

Southbridge. Quinabaug Historical Society. O. 1S99 as Southbridge Histor- 
ical Society. ~ L 1899, under present name. M. 135. Monthly. Oct. to 
Apr.-f-. Pres. John M. Cochran; Corresponding Sec. Miss Mary E. Clem- 
ence; Recording Sec. Mrs. Xewton E. Putney; Treas. Alvah L. Hyde. 

For /territorv comprising towns of Sturbridge, Southbridge, Dudley and Charlton. 

"Leaflets," vol. 1, 25 nos. (1902-07); vol. 2, no. 1-6. 

Springfield. Connecticut Valley Historical Society. O. 1876. M. about 220. 

Five each year. Pres. William F. Adams; Sec. Henry A. Booth; Treas. 

William C. Stone. 
"Papers and proceedings." vol. 1-2, 1881-1904. 

Stoughton. Stoughton Historical Society. O. 1895. I. 1903. M. about 
80. Monthly, Oct. to Apr. Pres. Henri L. Johnson; Sec. Amelia M. 
Clifton; Treas. Richard B. Ward. 



94 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

Sturbridge, see under Southbridge. 
Swampscott. 

Swampscott Historical Society. Has* been inactive for some time. 

Taunton. Old Colony Historical Society. 1.1853. M. 680- Four each year. 
Pres. Henrv M. Lovering; Sec. James E. Seaver; Treas. George A. King. 
"Collections," no.' 1-6 ,1879-99. 

Topsfield. Topsfield Historical Society. O. 1894. M. 261. Five each year. 

Pres. Charles J. Peabodv; Sec. and Treas. George F. Dow. 
"Historical Collections," vol. 1-13, 1895-190S. 

Townsend. 

Townsend Historical Society. O. 1S96. I. 1S96. M. 37. Inactive since 1S97. 

Upton, see under Mendon. 

Uxbridge, see under Mendon. 

Wakefield. Wakefield Historical Society. O. 1890. I. 1893. M. not given. 
Annual. Pres. Ashton H. Thayer; Corresponding Sec. Charles F. Mans- 
field, Avon St.; Recording Sec. F. W. Young; Treas. A. A. Hawkes. 

Walpole. 

Walpole Historical Society. O. 1S9S. I. 1S98. M. about 45. Xo meetings for about 

two years. 

Pres. J. Edward Plimpton; Recording Sec. Gilman F. Allen. 

Waltham, see under Watertown. 

Warren, see under Brookfield. 

Watertown. Historical Society of Watertown. O. 1888. I. 1891. M. about 
50. Five each year. Pres. Dr. Bennett F. Davenport; Sec. Alberto F. 
Haynes, 8 Marshall St.; Treas. Charles F. Mason. 

Original town of Watertown, covering present towns of Watertown, Weston, Waltham 

and Belmont. 

West Bridgewater, see under Bridgewater. 
V/est Brookfield, see under Brookfield. 

West Newbury. West Newbury Natural History Club. O. 1876 as West 

Newbury Botanical Club. Name changed 1882. I. 1901. M. about 40. 

Meetings irregular. Pres. George E. Noyes; Sec. William Merrill; Treas. 

Miss Marion H. Warren. 
Incorporated "for the purpose of promoting the knowledge of natural science and local 
history." 

See also under Newburyport. 

West Springfield. Ramapogue Historical Societv. O. 1903. I. 1903. M. 
about 150. Annual. Pres. Ethan Brooks; Sec. Mrs. Howard K. Regal, 
181 Park Ave.; Treas. Robert D. White. 

Westborough. Westborough Historical Society. O. 1SS9. I. 18S9. M. 142. 
Six each year. Pres. S. Ingersoll Briant; Sec. Mrs. Abby K. Harvey. o2 
West Mam St.; Treas. Dr. G. B. Gibson. 



HISTORICAL SOCIETIES 95 

Westfield. Western Hampden Historical Society. 0. 1901. M. not given. 
Annual. Pres. Hon. Milton B. Whitney; Sec. Louis M. Dewey, 279 Elm 
St.; Treas. Edwin L. Sanford. 

Westford, see under Groton. 

Weston, see under Watertown. 

Westport, see under New Bedford. 

Weymouth. Weymouth Historical Society. O. 1879. I. 1886. M. not 
given. Monthly, Aug. to May. Pres. John J. Loud; Sec. Rev. William 
Hyde; Treas. Francis H. Cowing. 

"Publications," no. 1-3, 18S 1-1905. 

Winchester. 

Winchester Historical and Genealogical Society. O. 1884. Issued "Winchester record" 
vol. 1-3, 1SS5-87. Inactive for a number of years. 

Woburn. Rumford Historical Association. O. 1S77. I. 1S77. M. 194. 

Annual. Pres. Hon. Edward F. Johnson; Sec. Andrew R. Linscott; Treas. 

Samuel A. Thompson. 
Organized to secure and hold the birthplace of Count Rumford, and to maintain a 
library, museum and reading room. 

Worcester. Worcester Society of Antiquity. O. 1875. I. 1877. M. about 
300. Monthly, except Aug. Pres. Mander A. Maynard; Sec. Walter 
Davidson; Treas. Frank E. Williamson. 

"Collections," vol. 1-15, 1881-97; "Bulletin" no. 1-14, 1897-99; Proceedings, vol. 16-23, 

1898-1908. 

There was an earlier Worcester County Historical Society, I. 1831 which lived only 5 or 

6 years. 

Yarmouth. 

Cape Cod Historical Society. O. 1882. I. 1883. M. not given. Xo meeting since 1006. 
Pres. Frederick C. Swift; Sec. Charles W. Swift; Treas. Samuel Snow, Brockton. 

CONDITIONS IN THE COUNTIES 

Barnstable County. 15 towns, of which 3 have societies. There is no county 
society. The Cape Cod Historical Society, Yarmouth (now inactive) may 
have attempetd to cover the field. This territory, however, is within that 
belonging to the Old Colony Historical Society, Taunton, the Pilgrim 
Society, Plymouth, and the Society of Mayflower Descendants. Boston, 
the last named in particular, collecting and publishing much in the way 
of local records. The Cape Cod Pilgrim Memorial Society, Province- 
town, is also virtually a county organization. 

Berkshire County. 32 cities and towns, of which 2 have societies. The Berk- 
shire Historical and Scientific Society, Pittsfield. is the county society. 

Bristol County. 20 cities and towns, of which 3 have societies. Xo county 
society. The Old Colony Historical Society, Taunton, includes all south- 
eastern Mass. as its field, and the Society of Mayflower Descendants, 



96 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

Boston, collects and publishes material on the county. The Old Dart- 
mouth Historical Society, New Bedford, covers a group of towns. 

Dukes County. 7 towns. No historical society, local or general. 

Essex County. 34 cities and towns, of which 16 have societies. Essex Insti- 
tute, Salem, is the county society.- The Old Planters Society, Salem, is 
also particularly interested in this county. Gloucester and Newbury- 
port have societies covering groups of towns. 

Franklin County. 26 towns, of which 5 have societies. Xo county society 
in the strict sense, but the Pocumtuck Valley Memorial Association, Deer- 
field has largely assumed the function of one, while this territory is also 
included in that covered by the Connecticut Valley Historical'Society, 
Springfield. 

Hampden County. 23 cities and towns, of which 5 have societie's. Xo countv 
society but the Connecticut Valley Historical Society, Springfield, is spec- 
ially interested in this county. The Western Hampden Historical Society, 
Westfield, is concerned with that portion of the county. 

Hampshire County. 23 cities and towns, of which 2 have societies. Xo county 
society, but this county also is in the region covered by the Connecticut 
Valley Historical Society. 

Middlesex County. 54 cities and towns, of which 19 have societies. Xo county 
society. Groton and Watertown have societies covering groups of 
towns. 

Nantucket County. Only one town in this county, so the Nantucket Historical 
Association is both general and local. 

Norfolk County. 29 cities and towns, of which 15 have societies. Xo county 
society. 

Plymouth County. 27 cities and towns, of which 2 have societies. Xo county 
society. The Pilgrim Society, Plymouth, and Old Colony Historical 
Society, Taunton, include it in their field; and the Society of Mayflower 
Descendants, Boston, is collecting and publishing much in the line of local 
records. The Old Bridgewater Historical Society, Bridgewater, covers a 
group of towns. 

Suffolk County. 4 cities and towns, of which 1 (Boston) has a number of 
historical societies. Xo county society. The Old Planters Society. Salem, 
covers this region, also. 

Worcester County, 59 cities and towns, of which 12 have societies. The 
county society is the Worcester Society of Antiquity. The Systematic 
History Fund (F. P. Rice, trustee) of Worcester, though not a society, is 
publishing much in the line of local records in this county. Brookfield, 
Mendon and Southbridge have societies covering groups of towns. 



.^-v 



m 



HISTORICAL SOCIETIES 97 

GENERAL OR STATE SOCIETIES IN MASSACHUSETTS 

Though hardly within the scope of this paper, it may not be uninteresting 
to mention briefly certain important general historical societies in the state. 

American Antiquarian Society, Worcester. O. 1812. I. 1812. Two meetings 

a year. 
Antiquities of the country at large, with special attention to history of Mass. 

Bay State Historical League. O. 1903. Pres. Will C. Eddy, Medford; Sec. 

John F. Ayer, Somerville; Treas. Howard M. Xewhall, Lynn. 
A league of the local historical societies of the state, at present including 34 such 
societies, largely in Essex and Middlesex counties. Meetings twice a year. Has issued 
3 "Publications," 1903-OS, no. Ill containing lists of papers read before each society, 
1902-07. 

Colonial Society of Massachusetts, Boston. O. 1S92. I. 1892. Six meetings 

each year. 
Colonial history, especially that of the Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay colonies. 

Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston. 0. 1791. I. 1794. Meetings 

monthly -f-. 
Resident membership limited to 100, with additional Honorary and Corresponding mem- 
bers. For a number of years it has deyoted most of its energies in the line of publication 
to selections from its own extensive and valuable manuscript collections. 

Military Historical Society of Massachusetts, Boston. I. 1S91. Meetings 

monthly Nov. to Apr. 
Military history and especially that of the Civil war period. 

New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston. O. 1S44. I. 1845. 

Meetings monthly, Oct. to May. 
Genealogy, biography and local history of Xew England, especially Mass. 

Prince Society, Boston. O. 1S58. I. 1874. Meetings annually. 
Publications of rare works in print or manuscript relating to early America. 









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SOME ARTICLES CONCERNING MASSACHU 
SETTS IN RECENT MAGAZINES 



By Charles A. Flagg 



General. Report of the D. A. R. com- 
mittee on patriotic education — Massa- 
chusetts. (American monthlv maga- 
zine, Jan., 1909. v. 34. p. 91-93). 



Bedford. Bedford intentions of marriage. 

Communicated by C. W. Jenks. (Xew 

England historical and genealogical 

register._ Jan., 1909. v. 63. p. 73-76). 

174S-17<6; supplementing "Vital records of 

Bedford to the year 1S50," 1903. 

Boston. Boston — why it is and what? 
Bv M. A. DeWolfe' Howe. (Harper's 
weeklv, Nov. 21, 1S0S. v. 52, no. 2709, 
p. 8-11). 

Boston's government. The pro- 
posed Boston charter. (The Outlook, 27 
Feb., 1909. v. 91, p. 418-420.) 

Modern Boston as contrasted with 

New York. (Harper's monthlv maga- 
zine, Jan. 1909. v. US, p. 317-320). 

Old South Chapter, D. A. R.. Bos- 
ton. By Sarah R. Sturgis, historian. 
(American monthlv magazine. Mar., 
1909. v. 34. p. 283-284). 

The playgrounds of greater Boston. 

By Mrs. Kate S. Bingham. (Xew Eng- 
land magazine, Apr., 1909. v. 39, p. 
18.5-192). 

■ Social Boston, past and present. 

Bv Julia Ward Howe. ( Harper's bazaar, 
Feb., 1909. v. 43, p. 105-110). 

Bristol County. Abstracts from the first 
book of Bristol County probate records. 
Copied by Mrs. Lucy H. Greenlaw. 
(Xew England historical and genealo- 
gical register, Jan., 1909. v. 63, p. 77- 
84). 

Part 6; first three instalments appeared in 
Genealogical advertiser. Dec., 190()-Dec.. 1901, and 
the 4th-oth in the Register, July-Oct., 1908. 

Brockton. Deborah Sampson chapter, 
D. A. R., Brockton. By Mary E. Charles, 
historian. (American monthlv maga- 
zine, Apr., 1909. v. 34, p. 389-390;. ' 



Brookfield. Great fights in early Xew 
England history. By H. A. Bruce. II. 
The siege of Brookfield. (Xew England 
magazine, Mar., 1909. v. 40. p. 31-37;. 

Essex County. Domestic animals in 
the earlv davs. (Essex antiquarian, 
Apr., 1909. v. 13, p. 49-55). 

Essex Countv notarial records, 

1697-1768. (Essex Institute. Histori- 
cal collections, Jan. -Apr., 1909. v. 45, 
p. 90-96, 130-136). 

Parts 10 and 11 (1722-1*32); series began Apr., 
1905. v. 41, p. 1S3. 

Xewspaper items relating to Essex 

County. (Essex Institute. Historical 

collections. Apr., 1909. v. 4.5. p. 157-160). 

Part 6 (175Sj; series began Apr., 19o6. v. 42, 

p. 214. 

Salem court records and files. (Es- 
sex antiquarian. Jan.-Apr., 1909. v. 13, 
p. 28-34, 88-93). 
Parts 29 and 30 (,1653-1660) ; series began June, 

1S99. v. 3, p. 81. 

Suffolk County deeds, v. VII and 

VIII. (Essex antiquarian. Jan.-Apr., 
1909. v. 13, p. 41-42, 83-85). 

Abstracts of all records in "Suffolk deeds" libri 
VII and VIII, 1S94-1896, relating to Essex County. 

Parts 6-7; series began with liber I in July. 1905. 
v. 9. p. 97. 

Framingham. The Framingham of today. 
Bv Thomas Fen wick. (Xew England 
magazine. Feb., 1909. v. 39, p. 730-753). 

Hull. An old fashioned day at Xantas- 
ket. Bv Isabel A. Dame.' (Xew Eng- 
land magazine, Apr.. 1909. v. 39. p. 159- 
161). 

Ipswich. Ipswich inscriptions 
1800. Ancient burying ground 
antiquarian. Jan.-Apr.. 1909. 
p. 1-24, 58-80). 

Xotable American homes. By Barr 

Ferree. The house of C. P. Searle at 
Ipswich. (American homes and gardens, 
Feb., 1909. v. 6. p. 4.5-49; . 



before 
• Essex 

v. 13, 



100 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Leominster. Leominster's lesson to the 
growing cities of Mass. By F. H. Pope. 
(New England magazine, Feb., 1909. 
v. 39, p. 709-721). 

Lexixgtox. How the news of the battle 
of Lexington reached England. By 
E. L. Waitt. (Xew England magazine. 
Mar. 1909. v. 40, p. 92-97). 

Marlborough. Colonial records of Marl- 
borough. Copied by Mary E. Spalding 
and communicated by F. P. Rice. (Xew 
England historical and genealogical 
register, Jan.. 1909. v. 43, p. 59-67). 
Part 3 (1663-1664;; series began July, 190S. 

v. 62, p. 220. 

Martha's Vineyard. Martha's Vine- 
yard, the gem of the Xorth Atlantic. 
By Capt. G. W. Eldridge. (Xew Eng- 
land magazine, Apr., 1909. v. 39, p. 162- 
179). 

Medford. Medford advertising in 1776. 
(Medford historical register, Jan., 1909. 
v. 12, p. 22-24). 

— One of Medford's historic houses: 

Jonathan Watson's. Some old Medford 
fish stories. From the Caleb Swan MSS. 
(Medford historical register, Jan., 1909. 
v. 12, p. 20-21). 

Wood's dam and the mill bevond 



the Mystic. By M. W. Mann. (Med- 
ford historical register, Jan., 1909. v. 12, 
p. 13-20). 

Middleborough. Xemasket chapter. D. 
A. R-. Report by Charlotte E. Ellis, 
historian. (American monthlv maga- 
zine, Jan., 1909. v. 34, p. 41-43). 

Nantasket, see Hull. 

Pepperell. Prudence Wright chapter, 
D. A. R. Report by Lucy B. Page. 
(American monthlv magazine, Jan., 
1909. v. 34, p. 43-49). 

Prudence Wright chapter. D. A. R. 

Erection of marker -in Old burying 
ground to Prudence Wright. By An- 
netta S. Merrill. (American monthly 



magazine. Mar.. 1909. v. 34, p. 284- 

288). 

Rutland. Rutland — the cradle of Ohio. 
A little journey to the home of Rufu> 
Putnam. By E. O. Randall. (Ohio 
archaeological and historical quarterlv, 
Jan., 1909. v. 18, p. .54-78). 

Salem. The new Salem; remarkable evo- 
lution of the historic Mass. city from Puri- 
tanism to progressiveness. By Thomas 
Fenwick. (Xew England magazine, 
Mar., 1909. v. 40. p. 47-57). 

Old Salem ships and sailors. Bv 

R. D. Paine. Parts VI I-X IV. (Outing 
magazine, Aug. -Dec, 1908. Jan.-FeS. 
and Apr.. 1909. v. 52, p. 607-615. 74:5- 
751; v. 53, p. 97-103, 226-234, 291-300, 
413-425, 559-570; v. 54, p. 104-1 12 

Contents:— VII. The first American voyager* 
to Japan. — VIII. The famous clipper privateers of 
1X12. — IX. The voyages of Nathaniel Siisbee — ■ 
X. The last pirates of the Spanish Main. — XI. 
The first Yankee ship at Guam. — XII. How Sur.i-a 
pirates took the "'Friendship."— XIII. Adver.-.ur- 
ing among the Fijis. — XIV. A port of vanished 
fleets. 

Series began in" Jan.. 1908. v. .51, p. 3S5. 

Revolutionary letters written to 

Colonel Timothy Pickering. (Essex 
Institute. Historical collections. Apr., 
1909. v. 45, p. 119-129). 

Part o; series began in Oct., 1906. v. 42. p. 313. 

Salem in 1700, nos. 34 and 35. By 

Sidney Perlev. (Essex antiquarian. 
Jan.-Apr.. 1909. v. 13, p. 35-37. 80-82 . 

Series began in Nov., 1S9S; each number has a 
plan showing old streets and boundary lines o: estates. 

Twenty-five largest ships registered 

in Salem. Compiled from Salem ship 
registers, 1789-1900. (Essex Institute. 
Historical collections, Apr., 1909. v. 45, 
p. 204). 

Scituate. Chief Justice Cushing chapter, 
D. A. R. Scituate. (American monthly 
magazine. Mar.. 1909. v. 34. p. 280-282). 

Shirley. Old Shirlev chapter. D. A. R. 
Shirley. By Abbie'j- Wells, ^American 
monthlv magazine, Apr.. 1909. v. 34, 
p. 390-391). 



' 



JDcpartmtiit of thyVmsriranBiDolutinn 



17 75-175 

Frank A.Gardner.M. D.E 



State Sloop* Freedom. 

The House of Representatives, in Feb- 
ruary 1776, authorized the construction of 
five war vessels for the State and two of 
them, the "Freedom'" and "Republic" 
■were built at Swanzey. The folio wing offi- 
cers served on the "Freedom's'" rirst cruise: 

Captain. John Clouston. 

First Lieutenant. James Scott. 

Second Lieutenant. Timothy Tobey. 

Master, David Bowers. Jun. 

Surgeon, Daniel Parker. 

Surgeon's Mate. Nathaniel Cook. 

The full complement of the vessel con- * 
listed of twelve other oir.cers and seventy 
men and boys. 

CAPTAIN JOHN CLOUSTOXwas of 

Scotch descent. He married about 1760, 
Hannah Bowers, daughter of Colonel 
George and Ah •'gal'- Fisher Bowers, and 
went to live in a house which is still stand- 
ing on the "Old Bristol Roade " just be- 
low the Taunton line towards Dighton. 

FIRST LIEUTEXAXTJAMES SCOTT 
was engaged to serve in that rank on the 
** Freedom," July S, 1776. 

SFXOND LIEUTENANT TIMOTHY 
TOBEY was engaged to serve as an officer 

on the '"Freedom.'" June 22. 1776. 

MASTER DAVID BOWERS JUN. 
was engaged to serve on this vessel June 
-22, 1776. 

SURGEON DANIEL' PARKER was 
engaged June 18. 1776. His commission 
was dated Sept 10. 1776. 

SURGEON'S MATE. NATHANIEL 
COOK was chosen to that rank in Colonel 



'Afterwar :s i kteic 



mgantine. 



Jacob Young's Regiment, stationed 
Winter H'.'. January 23. 1776. H- was 
engaged for service on the "Freed 
June IS, 1776. 

The following document relative t: 
fitting out of this vessel is of interest 

"Boston, September 1, 1776. 
To Carpenter's Stores for the SI [ 
Freedom. 

To 100 feet of oak Plank. 2 inch. 

To 200 fee: 2-inch pine Plank. 

To 60 feet 4-inch Plank, oak. 

To 50 weight Spikes. G inc - i :ng. 

To 2S pounds Deck Nails. 

To 1000 Drawing Nails. 

To 1000 Shingle Nails. 

To 1000 Clap-Board Nai'.s. 

To 10 pounds Pump Leather. 

To 2000 Pump Nails. 

To Jack Plane. 

To one Smoothing Plane. 

To 100 feet pine Boards. 

To 2 hhds Rum. 

To 2 bolts Duck. 

To 1 Iron Tiller. 

Watersail and Ringsale, and GarTtop- 
sail, and Topmast Steeringsafl from the) 
Brig at Plymouth. 

To 4 double blocks, Iron Pins .&: Brass 
Cogs. 

To sundry Hooks and Thimbles and 
Boks for deck and ring. 

To 1 yawl 17 feet : 1 Iron hearth at 
the Brig at Plymouth. 

To 2 tons of bn ken Cann c u f or bal 

To 1 Anchor, about 200 pounds weight 
for Hawser of 6 inches. 

To 1 Iron grappling aboard the Br.;." 



- 



102 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



"For Sloop Freedom 
100 double-headed Shot at Plymouth. 

10 6-pound Cannon and Carriages at do. 

11 Swivel Guns and 1 Cohorn. 
The Brig's Spritsail Topsails. 
30 Hammocks. 

•2 bolts Duck. 
2 Studding-sails. 
2 barrels Powder. 

Captain John Clouston." 

" Return of Officers on board the Armed 
Sloop called the Freedom, whereof John 
Clouston is Commander. 

John Clouston. Captain. 
James Scott, First Lieutenant. 
Timothy Tobey, Second Lieutenant. 
In Council September 4." 1776 

Read and Ordered that the above Offi- 
cers be commissioned agreeable to their 
respective ranks. 
Samuel Adams, Secretary." 

Richard Devens delivered to Captain 
John Clouston's order, 

"Seven Cannon of 6-pound each, £50 £350 
To Shell upwards of twenty tons at £20 per 

ton 400 

To three ton Grape Shell £100 300 

To freight and Iron, one ton 20 

To 630 Pots 5s 157 10 

To two tons of Shot to Closton. at £30 per 

ton 60 



To carting 13 guns to Taunt n 10s per 
Williams and Closton 



6 10 



Other stores were delivered to the "Free- 
dom" September 19, 1776. 

" State of Massachusetts-Bay to John 
Clouston, Commander of the Sloop Free- 
dom, in the service of said State. 

You are hereby directed and commanded 
to repair, with the vessel under your com- 
mand, to the harbour of Boston, in com- 
pany with the sloop Republick, com- 
manded by Captain John Foster Williams, 
now in Dartmouth, and there to wait for 
the further orders of the Council. 



By order of a major part of the Council, 
the 4th of September, 1776. 

Samuel Adams, Secretary." 

The following letter explains itself; 

" Captain John Clouston; 

The sloop Freedom, under your com- 
mand, being in all respects equipped in 
warlike manner, and being also well and 
properly manned, so as to enable you to 
proceed on a cruise, you therefore are di- 
rected to range the eastern shore of this 
State laying between the River Piscata- 
qua and Machias, in order to clear that 
coast of any of the enemy's cruisers that 
may be infesting the same, and from thence 
proceed to the mouth of the River St. 
Lawrence, and there cruise until the first 
of November in order to intercept any of 
the enemy's vessels that may be passing 
that way, and from thence you must pro- 
ceed to the coast of Newfoundland, and 
there cruise until the middle of November 
aforesaid, in order to surprise and seize 
such vessels of the enemy as you meet 
upon that coast, or in any of the harbours 
of the same, after which you may pro- 
ceed upon a cruise as far southward as 
latitude 3S° north, and continue upon 
cruise so long as you find it practicable or 
expedient; and then you are to return 
to the harbour of Boston, always 
using every necessary precaution to pre- 
vent the sloop under your command from. 
falling into the hands of the enemy. You 
are to observe and follow such orders and 
directions as you shall from time to time 
receive from Captain Daniel Souther, pro- 
vided they are consistent with the instruc- 
tions now given -you. And whereas you 
have received a commission by force of 
arms to attack, seize, and take on the high 
seas, all ships and other vessels belonging 
to the inhabitants of Great Britain or oth- 
ers infesting the sea-coast of this Conti- 
nent, you are therefore punctually to fol- 
low the instructions already delivered you 



DEPARTMENT OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION 



103 



for regulating your conduct in this matter, 
and in all things conduct yourself consis- 
tent with the trust reposed in you. 
In Council, September 20, 1776. 
In the name and by order of Council, 
John Avery, Deputy Secretary." 

" In Council, October 1, 1776. 

Whereas Captain John Foster Williams 
of the sloop Republick and Captain John 
Clouston of the Sloop Freedom, both be- 
longing to this State, are in want of some 
iron ballast that they may immediately 
proceed on their intended cruise; therefore 
the Committee for fortifying the Harbour 
of Boston be, and they are hereby directed 
to deliver the said Williams and Clouston, 
out of the row galley lying in Boston 
harbour, so much iron ballast, as they may 
stand in need of at this time for their sev- 
eral sloops." 

"State of MASSACHUSETTS-BAY to 
Benjamin Austin, Dr. 1776, September 28. 
— To cash paid Captain John Clouston of 
the sloop Freedom, for one month's ad- 
vance wages to the men on board the said 
Sloop at 40s each £14. 
Errours excepted 

Benj'n Austin. 
In council, October 3, 1776. 

Read and allowed, and ordered, That a 
warrant be drawn on the Treasury for £14, 
in full of the above acccount. 

John Avery, Deputy Secretary. 
Boston, 28 September, 1776. 

Received of Benjamin Austin, Esquire, 
fourteen pounds being so much he paid me 
for one months advance wages to seven 
men inlisted on board the sloop Freedom, 
belonging to this State. 

£14. Captain- John Clouston." 

The "Freedom" cruised in October and 
November and one of the vessels taken by 
her was the ship "La Soye Planter" which 
was recaptured before making an Ameri- 
can port. 



This cruise was interrupted as the fol 
ing resolves will explain: 

"Whereas the armed Sloop Freedom, 
Captain John Clouston, belonging to 
state, has had the misfortune to have her 
mast split, and is thereby disabled from 
continuing on her cruise, and is now in 
the harbour of Plymouth; and wherea- it 
will be much for the advantage of I .is 
State that the said Sloop should be altered 
into a Brigantine; and the masts, 
and rigging of the Brigantine Rising Em- 
pire, belonging to this State, lately con- 
demned, and now in said harbour, are 
every way suitable for that purpose. 

Ordered, that Epkraim Spooner Esq. of 
Plymouth, be desired, and is hereby em- 
powered, in conjunction with Captain 
Clouston, to see that the masts, sails and 
rigging belonging to the Brigantine Ris- 
ing Empire, be taken out of her, and 
forthwith applied to equip the said sloop 
as a Brigantine, that she may be able, as 
soon as possible, to proceed on her cruise." 
Passed October 9, 1776. 

"Whereas this Court on the 9th instant 
appointed Ephraim Spooner Esq.. in con- 
nection with Captain Clouston. to see that 
the masts, sails, and rigging belonging to 
the Brigantine Rising Empire be taken out 
of her and forthwith applied to equip the 
said sloop as a brig: and whereas it appears 
to this Court necessary that some person ac- 
quainted with building and rigging ves- 
sels should be upon the said committee: 
Therefore Resolved; that William Drew 
Esq., be added to the Committee afore- 
said, he to repair forthwith to Plymouth, 
and advise and direct in performing said 
business." October 14, 1776. 

The term of service of the officers ex- 
pired in December and none of them re- 
turned to serve under Captain Clouston on 
the next voyage. We have no further rec- 
ord of any service of First Lieutenant 
James Scott, Second Lieutenant Timothy 



104 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Tobey, Surgeon Daniel Parker, or Surgeon's 
Mate Nathaniel Cook. Surgeon Parker 
was reported " deserte.i ." 

MASTER DAVID BOWERS was sent 
on board the ship " La Soye Planter," with 
the prize crew and was captured in her by 
a British commander. His name appears 
in a list of prisoners brought in the first 
cartel from Rhode Island, as returned by 
John Avers dated Providence January 18, 
1777. He was discharged March 2, 1777, 
and was reported as sick with small pox to 
that date. 

The following rather ambiguous note is 
found in some miscellaneous records of the 
Council : 

"Voted that Capt. Clouston of Brig 
Freedom be fitted for sea." 

It will be noticed that this vessel, which 
up to this time has been a sloop, is now 
referred to as " brig" or more correctly as 
in nearly all other references, brigantine. 
The same change had been made in her rig 
as was made in the "Tyrannicide" after 
she had been in service awhile. 

The ''Freedom'' was officered and 
manned for the next cruise as follows; 

John Clouston, Captain. Engaged Jan- 
uary 2, 1777. 

Daniel Adams. First Lieutenant. 

John Hooper, Second Lieutenant. 

John Proctor, Master. . 

John Haven. Surgeon. 

Edward Carrell, Surgeon's Mate. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT DANIEL 
ADAMS (called also in the records"David.'' 
by mistake) served first as First Lieutenant 
of the State brigantine "'Independence" 
under Captain Simeon Samson, his com- 
mission bearing date of September 19, 
1776. He was engaged to serve on the 
"Freedom" January 20. 1777, and his com- 
mission was altered to allow him to serve 
on her, February 18, 1777. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT JOHN 
HOOPER held that rank first under Cap- 



tain William Cole in the privateer schooner 
"True Blue." August 20, 1770. He 
shipped on the " Freedom" February 4, 
1777, and was commissioned February 19th. 
MASTER JOHN PROCTOR was en- 
gaged to serve on the "Freedom" February 
4, 1777. 

SURGEON JOHN HAVEN was com- 
missioned January 14, 1777, to serve as 
Surgeon of the State brigantine " Massa- 
chusetts "under Capt. Williams. February 
14th he was engaged to hold the same 
office on the " Freedom " and his commis- 
sion was altered accordingly on the ISth. 
SURGEON'S SECOND MATE ED- 
WARD CARRELL was engaged February 
4, 1777. In addition were 17 other officers, 
57 men, 11 boys and 16 French men. 

Sailing orders were issued to Captain 
Clouston in February and we know from 
the following bills that he went to France. 
One of the bills rendered by Morris Pliarne. 
Penet & Co., tor ship supplies including 
medicines and surgical instruments, and 
money for the pay roll, amounted to 
£2149.05 :0S. This was made out to June 
9th. A supplementary bill including 
items " omitted in J. Gruel & Co. 's Gen- 
eral Account of Disbursements dated the 
6th June. 1777" included the following in- 
teresting items: 

"31 Cuttlafses (a 4:10 139:10: . 

31 belts for do @ 2:00 62: : . 

4 Pairs of fhip pistols a 10: 10 42 : . . 



Errors excepted, 
sion a 5 p Ct 



Commif- 



243:10 



Nantes 23d September 177S 255:13: 6. 

Penet DaCosta freres & 

Co." 
"Omitted in ye General Acct 

of 6 May last Vizt 
To the Butcher for 230 lb 

fresh meat at22 pr Ct 50.12: 

Commision at 5 p. Ct 2.10:07 



53:02:0" 
Errors excepted 

Nantes 11 May 177S 
Penet DaCosta freres cV Co. 



DEPARTMENT OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION 105 



Among the captures made on this cruise 
was the brigantine "Penelope," and the 
"William and Ann." 

Master John Proctor, Surgeon John 
Haven and Surgeon's Mate Edward Car- 
rell left the " Freedom " at the end of this 
cruise and we can find no further record of 
service. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT JOHN 
HOOPER was evidently put on the "Wil- 
liam and Ann" with a prize crew and was 
captured. He was paid to January 23, 
1778, the time when his captivity ended. 
He was commissioned on the 12th of the 
following September, First Lieutenant of 
the privateer ship " Pilgrim" of Salem, 
Captain Hugh Hill, commander. 

Captain John Clouston and First Lieu- 
tenant Daniel Adams re-engaged for the 
fall cruise of 1777. The following is a full 
list of the officers; 

John Clouston, Captain. 

Daniel Adams, First Lieutenant. 

Thomas Doten, Second Lieutenant. 

Caleb Dyer, Master 

Jacob Bacon, Surgeon. 

John Samuel Phillips, Surgeon's Mate. 

Second Lieutenant Thomas Doten was 
engaged July 23d; Master Caleb Dyer was 
engaged August 25th; Surgeon Jacob Ba- 
con, September 4th; and Surgeon's Mate 
John Samuel Phillips August 1st. We have 
no record that any of them had previous- 
ly seen service in an armed vessel. 

The "Freedom" was captured some time 
in September or October, 1777. Negotia- 
tions were entered into in October 1777, 
to effect an exchange of prisoners. 

CAPTAIN JOHN CLOUSTON 'S name 
appears on a list of prisoners to be ex- 
changed, said list bearing date of February 
24, 1778. He was exchanged for Captain 
William Roome of the ship "Maesgwin," 
and the Surgeon of the "Freedom" 
SURGEON JACOB BACON was exchanged 
for the Surgeon of the "Maesgwin," Dr. 



Joseph Mills. Captain Clouston lai 
at Bristol March 7, 1778. Neither • 
tain Clouston or Surgeon Bacon have 
further records on board armed vessels. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT DANIEL 
ADAMS was exchanged for Richard 
Emmes, mate of the "Maesgwin." Lieu- 
tenant Adams was commissioned April 
22, 1782, commander of the sloop "Live- 
ly," and a petition dated November ISth 
of the same year asked that he might be 
commissioned commander of still another 
vessel. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT DOTEN later 
commanded the ship " Russell" from Sa- 
lem for Hispaniola, and was captured on 
the outward passage by the Halifax 
Packet and carried into New York. His 
exchange was advised in the Council, Jan- 
uary 30, 17S3. 

MASTER CALEB DYER had wages 
allowed him to November 30, 177$. He 
was reported "detained in New York." 
December 5, 1778, he was engaged as 
Master of the sloop "Republic" in which 
he served until January 12, 1779. No 
further record of Surgeon's Mate Phillips 
is given. 

"The Struggle for American Independence." 

The last word in the Genesis of the Revo- 
lutionary War has not been spoken. Every 
teacher of the history of that period seems 
to find some new light or make some new 
interpretation. Professor Channing of 
Harvard is engaged upon a monumental 
work which will cover the whole field of 
American history. Every year brings 
some fresh volumes. The last that has 
caught our eye is Sidney George Fisher's 
"The Struggle for American Indepen- 
dence." 

In presenting this work the author has 
performed a distinct service to the student 
of the formative era of the American na- 



106 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



tion. His contention that the final out- 
break was simply the logical culmination 
of an evolutionary movement which started 
in very early colonial times, is ably borne 
out. He proves how England dreaded to 
use any oppressive measures so long as 
France held Canada on our north, but 
having conquered the French there the 
repression of the colonists was considered 
an easier matter. Our ancestors having 
had greater freedom than any other British 
colonies had ever enjoyed either before 
or since, would not be restricted. The 
stamp act fanned the flame but the fire 
had been smouldering and growing hotter 
for generations. 

The following paragraphs from his able 
and exhaustive review of the loyalists are 
characteristic : 

"The fatal defect in the loyalist position 
was its unnaturalness. They gave their 
devotion not to the land they lived in, 
and the government and social system 
that would naturally grow from that soil. 
They loved and worshipped a country 
and a government three thousand miles 
away. They had vaguely magnificent 
ideas that the colonists should support 
and encourage the superiortiy of England, 
join her in vast schemes of conquest, and 
reap some enormous reward in the plunder 
of inferior peoples in Asia, Africa, and 
India. The desire of the patriot party to 
own America as their own country was, 
the loyalists said a mere 'sentiment of self 
importance,' too ridiculous to be mentioned 
in the presence of the power and splendor 
of Great Britain." All the loyalist writ- 
ings and arguments are filled with this 
awe-struck admiration for the wonderful 
British constitution and the glorious 
British empire. Such devotion to a dis- 
tant excellence, is both political and spirit- 



ual degeneration. In the long run nothing 
but contempt awaits the men who will not 
stand by their own, who weakly wish to 
be ruled by a foreign power for the sake of 
what they suppose to be a superior refine- 
ment or civilization." . . . "At the time of 
the Revolution a large part of the lower 
classes of our people were more or le 
the loyalist side, because of the habit of 
dependence on England, fear of change 
or lack of conviction of any material ad- 
vantage in Americanism. As William 
Wirt long ago pointed out in his 'Life of 
Patrick Henry,' the Revolution originated 
among the upper classes of Americans, 
among rich planters, merchants and law- 
yers, who led the masses into the move- 
ment often very much against their will. 

The whole fabric and foundation of the 
Revolution, those long years of argumen- 
tation from 1764 to 1775, that basis of con- 
stitutional and legal reasoning, that appli- 
cation of the Reformation doctrines of the 
rights of man, could never have been 
wrought out in their perfection and finally 
expressed in effective language and drafted 
into state constitutions and governmental 
documents except by men of the highest 
education and training. Xo ignorant or 
untrained man, no upstart or mere popular 
demagogue can be found among the great 
leaders of the patriot party. It was the 
work of a Hamilton, a Jefferson, a Dickin- 
son, the Adamses, the Lees, and the Rut- 
ledges, a Bland, a Mason, a Drayton, a 
Cushing, or a Laurens." 

The author is to be especially commended 
for the careful and painstaking way in 
which he has cited authorities and given 
references in the footnotes. The work is 
certainly a valuable one for all students 
of American history. 

2v: octavo, J. B. Lippincott Company, 
Philadelphia. 



101 



(Sritm^m $c (Somtnntt 



on ^aofytf mtfo c^tliec ^ubjechs 



Historical Pageants. 

We are pleased to^announce that the 
movement in favor of the presentation 
this summer of a series of historical pa- 
geants, is being worked out by an able and 
efficient committee made up of representa- 
tives of the Copley Society, the state normal 
schools and the patriotic societies. 

Some of the events which they expect 
to represent are the following: 

1. The Indian home life and arrival of 
Norse Viking at "Vinland the Good" in- 
troducing Lief the Lucky. 

2. A Pilgrim Sabbath service, intro- 
ducing the Pilgrim characters. 

3. The election at Cambridge in 1637 
when Winthrop was elected over Vane. 

4. The attack on Hadley. Introduc- 
ing Phillip and GofTe the regicide. 

5. The court of King George III, when 
he sent Gen. Gage, Lord Howe, Clinton, 
Andre, etc. to subdue Boston. 

6. The impeachment of Chief Justice 
Oliver, introducing the Adamses, Otis, 
Paine, Cushing, Governor Hutchinson 
and prominent Tories. 

7. The establishment of the Common- 
wealth and the inauguration of John Han- 
cock. 

S. Western migration at Rutland. 

0. Visit of Lafayette in 1824, intro- 
ducing Webster, Everett, Quincy, etc. 

10. Return of battle flags to Governor 
Andrew and presentation of the key of 
Libby prison to Whittier, introducing 
anti-slaverv leaders. F. A. G. 



Ancestors of Benjamin Clemens Witherell. 

The following letter has been received 
at the office of the Massachusetts Magazine 



and in reply we give the appended list of 
names and dates from the records. 
"Dear Sir: 

Will you kindly inform me if you 
have any data or information in regard 
to the Witherell and Clemens Families of 
early Salem. They were there as early as 
1715. I have been trying to trace the 
ancestors of Benjamin Clemens Witherell. 
I do not rind them in the Norton Wither- 
ells, descended from William Witherell 
1643, the first settler. They may be 
among the Salem families of that name 
I should deem it a favor if you could throw 
any light on the matter for me." 

Salem Town Records. 

Clemons. Births; Samuel 1687. William 
16S9, John 1690, Benjamin 1792. Mar- 
riages; Samuel 1709, John 1712, Philip 
1725, Samuel 1739, Martha 1742, Samuel 
1750. No Clemens deaths recorded before 
ISIS. 

Witherell. Births; William 1716, Joshua 
1717-S, Samuel 1721. Marriages; Joshua 
1715, Joshua 1739. No other Witherells 
before 1750. 

Essex County Probate Records. 

Clemens. 

Abraham, Salisbury. Administration 

and Bond. l" 1 ^ 

Fawn, Newbury. Will and Probate. 1740. 
Job, Haverhill.' Will. 1733. 

John, Haverhill. Bond etc. 1693. 

John, Beverly. Administration and 

Bond. 175 °- 

Joseph, Haverhill. Guardianship and 

Bond. 1736 - 

Marv, Salem. Will and Probate. 1741. 



108 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Nathaniel, Haverhill. Inventory. 1690. 

Robert, Haverhill. Will and Inven- 
tory (on file). 1658. 

Timothy, Beverly. Administration 

and Bond. 1731. 

Wither ell. 

Susannah (Spinster,) Marblehead. 1772 

No other Witherells from 163S to 1S40. 

Essex County Registry of Deeds. 
demons, Clemens, etc., etc. Grantees 
Abraham, 1693-6. 
Anna (ux Timothy,) 1729. 
Benjamin, 1745-1793. 
Edward, 1720. 
Elizabeth, 1694-1720. 
Fawne, 1694-1732. 
Hannah, 1760-5. 
Jacob, 1754-1795. 



Jeremiah, 1716. 
Job, 1703-1736. 

John, 1654- 179.X. 
Jonathan, 1719-1765. 
Joseph, 1733-1798. 
Mary (alias Osgood), L695- 
Mary (ux Joseph), 1750. 
Mehetable, 1736. 
Moses, 1738-1787. 
Nathaniel, 1731-1760. 
Robert, 1694-1742. 
Ruth (ux Samuel), 1709. 
Samuel, 1689-1798. 
Sarah, 1777-8. 
Stephen, 1788-92. 
Timothy, 1721-1757. 
William, 1661. 
No Witherell records given, 



F. A. G. 



101 - •■• 

(Continued from Vol. 1. No. 4.) 

PERSONAL DIARY OF ASHLEY BOWEN OF 

MARBLEHEAD.* 



x. 

Memoranday of Coullax 1772 



May ye 15 R H s g Brig Nancy 


£0.6.8 


Ditto 


0.5.4 


June y 22 R H s g Schooner Nancy 


0.5.4 


Septem R H s g 2 p pack 8 


0.2.8 


Decern 12 Brig Nancy 


0.6.0 



1.6.0 
XI. 

Memorandam for a Schooner for Capt Philip Digings 

Main mast 57 feet 7 ha 9 ha 

fore mast 53 Ditto 7 D 9 D 

bowsprit 37 Ditto 

Main Boom 55 Ditto 

Main Topmast 25 hist fore 27 D 

To 100 fathoms of Shrouding 6 

To a Tigh Stay 11 fathoms 7 Inch 

To a four Stay S fathoms 6 Inch 

To 75 fathoms of 4 Inch 

To 100 fathoms of 3 3-4 Inch 

To 75 Ditto of 3 1-2 Inch 

To 60 Ditto of 3 1-4 Ditto 

To 120 Ditto of 3 — D 

To 140 Ditto of 2 1-2 D 

To 220 of 2 1-4 Inch 

To 60 fat of 2 

To 3 Coils of 12 Thread Ratline 

To 3 Coils 3 yarn Spun 

2 of 2 



.<^» : ;j:-' 



110 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

XII. 

(A long list of charges to the town of Marblehead for milk, work on 
fences, and burial of the dead. The following persons were buried on the dates 
named.) 
1773 

Aug y e 1 to Buriing M rs Rodger £0.6.0 

Ditto y e 5 to Bury Ela Rodger 0.6.0 

Ditto y e 9 to buring M rs Cleark 0.6.0 

Ditto y e 10 to bury M rs Goold 0.6.0 

Ditto y e 11 to burying T Dodd 0.6.0 

y e 16 to buring Clearck Child 0.6.0 

To Buring Thomas Goold 0.6.0 

XIII. 

Memorandum of Coll Orne &c New Brig July 1774 — 

Main mast 50 feet 6 feet hd 
fore mast 44 Ditto 6 ditto 
Bowsprit 21 Ditto feet or Stem 
M D four Topmast 27 feet 3:6 
Four yard 37 X Tay 37 D 
Main & four Top yard 27 D 
Jibb boom 24 feet 
Sprit Sail yard 27 Ditto 
Top gall mast 17 Ditto 3 D 
Top gall yards IS 
Main Boom 44 Ditto 



(Diary proper, June, 1773.) 

About y e 1 Came in John Wooldread 

y e 3 Sailed pitt Packit Leech 

y 12 Sailed Wittrong Barbudg 

about y 15 Sarah Mathew poisend . 

y e 17 the Custom h Boatt Sunk weareby 7 women and 3 men was Drowned 

5 women Prenent 
19 Sailed adventure Fittel 
24 Sailed Brig Gaspy Huntor 



DIARY OF ASHLEY BOWEN 111 

July 

y 3 Saild Ben Boden for Eur 

abut y 1 Sarah Hendly brok out with what was Said Poisen 

16 Sail Richd Stacey for Europ 

17 Said Ben Cally for Europ 

the 20 M rs Sarah Shaw broke out 

22 Sailed Alex. Rows for Europ 

23 Great Tolks of Small Pox in Town 

the 24 M rs Mary Bowen Removed Sarah Goold Sarah Reef Rodge Ann Rodge 
Wido Marcy Brinto M rs Cheambers M rs Dodd all tacon Small Pox at 
the Same time and many more much Suspected to have it 

the 28 Died M rs Sarah Shaw Ag 79 

y 31 Son Nathan Sent to his mother 

August 

y e 1 Dd Sarah Reef Rodger SO 

y 5 Dd Elishaw Rodgers 4 m 

y 7 Dd Elisebth Arbucal fery 

y 8 Dd Hannah Loveas fery 

y 9 Dd M rs Cleark at y e Almshous 

y 10 Dd Mrs Goold at y e Almshous 

y 11 Dd Tho Dodd at y e Almshous 

y 11 Dd Persiler Adley a ferry 

y 16 a child of Clearks at Aim . . 

y 16 Dd Thorn Goold at Almho 

y 22 Dd M rs Wodden at ferry 

y 23 Dd Mrs Savage at ferry 

y 25 my wife Returned home 

y 27 Come in g Brews a boy Dd 

y 31 a child of John Adams Dd ferry 

11 Saild Stephen Bleano in Brigg 
y 20 Sailed Brig Woodbridg Poatt 
arived Wittron from St Martins 

28 Saild Tho m Coller for Europe 

September 1773 

y 1 Dd M rs Abbott & Child at ferry 
y 11 Dd M 13 Stone at fery 



112 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

y 11 Dd Lear a bacor at fery 
y 12 Dd Ann mills a fery 

13 Dd a child of J Northys 
y 14 We hear John Dolly Dd a b 
y 21 Dd Richd Mace at fery 
y 30 Dd a Child of T Brays at fery 

3 Saild Richd Hincley Capt White 

4 Saild Capt Corbit W Indies 
7 Sailed Ship Volture for Europe 
Ditto Will Bleaner West Indies 

16 Sailed R James & Wittrone W In 

17 Mr John Tucker Drownded 

Octob y e 1773 
y e 5 Dd M r * Sandy at fery 

6 Dd Mary Pitman fery 

8 Dd a boy Bacor fery 

9 Dd Mary Bacor fery 

22 Dd Elis Parsons fery 

5 arved Bartlit & Phillyp Coners 
15 Saild John Hooper and Burn 

23 arived John Stephen 

24 Sailed S l Barbe 
Ditto J Lee in Brodbay 

28 Sailed Brig Tener Woolf Hill for verjenea 
arived John Addams Europe 

31 Arived St Paull H Gording 

November 

y 1 Dd a Child fery 

2 Arivd Da Lee from Gibberalter 

7 Arived Brig Patty Ballistor 
y 12 Dd a Girl at Catt Island 

25 Thanksgiving day 

29 arivd Leech from Europe 
y 17 Dd M rs Cruff at fery 
y 19 Alee Bray Dd At home 
y 21 Dd a Boy Witham a fery 
y 22 Joseph Abbitt Two Ser Drownd 



DIARY OF ASHLEY BOWEN 113 

v 19 Saild George Gording in Snow Gordoq for Europe 
19 Saild Jones for Verjinea 
21 Sailed Power for Europe 

Ditto Dav Lee for Verjenea 
24 Arivd Salsbury Roboson 

December 1773 

y e 1 Dd Benje Eaton Juner at Catt Is 
v e 3 Dd Doctor Hump Deverax Do 
v 4 Capt Lowel. Lost his Aamus Do 
y 14 Dd a Child of W Courts Juner Do 

Dd Will Allen at R Island 

Dd Thos Dollebar June Dto 

Dd a Child John Milzer 

Dd a Child Dodd fery 

Dd M r ~ Beseunes at home - 
11 arived D Dennes W Indies 
13 arived Sing dier from W Inds 

16 arived Brig Ledia T Coller 

and Tuck from W Indies ■ 

17 arived S Green Ed Lewis and W Tucker all from W Inds 
16 Dd John Fowler at fery 

18 arivd Capt Ben Calley and Stephen Bleaner from Cadis 
21 Dd Mrs Aston fery 

21 Arivd Capt John Grnshw 

22 Saild Brig Brig Patty Basester 

24 Arived Sch Adventure Titte 

25 Arived R James "W Indis 

29 Saild Sahoone Rappall 

30 Saild Jo Bubear for Europe 

December 27 1773 a town meeting and voted the Boat Should not land at New 
Worf nor Neck Cove but on Peeches point or Read Stone Cove 

31 Sam Reeds wife Like to Die at Ospital 

1774 ' 

January 
y 3 Sailed Brigg St Paul N Gord and Sloop Chariot J Reed Verjenear 
y 5 arived Will Andrews W Indies 



114 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

A Proklemation of King Georg ye 3 of England on October ye 7 1703 of 
granting Lands to Solders and Semen on the Expedishon Cannaday 
y 10 Sarah Broodstreet Come from Catt Island Sick as Shee was 
y 11 Sloop Ashley beet of from Xicks Cove obliged to go to Red Stone Cove 

with there Pashenjer 
y 12 This Evening the Boatt was Burnt at Nick Cove 
y 20 Granday Bredin Delap & Cleark Ware Tared and fetherd and hailed to 

Salem and Back 
y 26 this Night y e Essex Ospital took fier and was Confumed with Barn 

Litthous &c 
14 Dd Hannah Bleaner 
16 Capt Lowel arivd from Catt Island D Jack Disiered him not to Snowball 

any Body 
21 Sailed Ambros James 
Ditto John Gaile wind W X W 
Ditto Arivd Absalem Dupee 
26 Dd a Child Tomson a fery 

29 Dd M r Dorrell s Pox 

30 Dd Clem How wife a fery 

■ 



lib 



"^ ** 1620--1630 ^ ^"« 

Lucie M. Gardner. .A.Q.. Editor. 



Settlers About Boston Bay Prior to'i630. 

Lit ie M. Gardner. 

In tha first number of the Massachusetts 
Magazine we considered the early settlers 
of the Cape Ann-Salem colony and paid 
homage to those noble men who labored 
and struggled to lay the foundations of 
our beloved Commonwealth. 

In this article we present the names of 
the men who settled about the shores of 
Boston Bay, prior to the coming of G ov. 
Winthrop in 1630. The limit of the pion- 
eer period is an open question but we will 
confine ourselves to those men who were, 
to that locality, what Conant, Gardner, 
Woodbury. Balch and their associates 
were to Cape Ann;-the first to till the soil, 
to make new homes and to lay the founda- 
tions of that settlement which was to 
become Boston. 

The casual reader is content to follow 
the teaching of several writers of history 
who begin the story of Boston with the 
arrival of the Winthrop party in 1630, en- 
tirely disregarding the pioneer work 
which preceded that event. The several 
settlements which were made and in turn 
abandoned, all contributed their shares 
toward founding this great city, and we 
naturally desire to know all that we can 
about those isolated homes established by 
Biackstoneand Maverick in the wilderness. 
Captain John Smith and Governor Brad- 
ford have left valuable accounts of these 
very early days and even the rambling de- 
scriptions of- Thomas Morton make a vivid 
picture of the early struggles of the settlers 
of Boston Bay. We will consider in the first 
place the various settlements about the 
shores of what is now Boston harbor, which 
were made or attempted before the coming 
of Winthrop; and then give brief biograph- 
ical sketches of the forty-three men con- 
cerning whom the writer has found suf- 
ficient proof of residence before May. 1630. 

In 1G14 Captain John Smith undoubtedly 
entered and, tosomeextentexplored Boston 
Bay, especially the southern portions. His 
map on which Quincy and Weymouth bays 



are very clearly indicated is sufficient evi- 
dence of this. In the years 1616 and 1017 
that dreadful pestilence raged which killed 
off so many of the Massachusetts Indians, 
"clearing the woods of tho<e pernicious 
creatures to make room for a better 
growth" as Rev. Cotton Mather stated 
eighty years later. On a September after- 
noon in 1621. Miles Standish in command 
of a party composed of 10 Europeans 
and 3 savages, cast anchor off what is now 
Thompson's Island and named it Trevour 
in honor of William Trevour, one of their 
number. Under the leadership of the 
Indian guide Squanto, they explored the 
shore, seeking out the scattered remnant 
of the Indian tribe who were hiding in fear. 
In the afternoon they crossed to the Charles- 
town or Chelsea shore near the Mystic. The 
next day they landed and pushed inland 
in the direction of Medford and Winchester. 
They found the deserted home of Xane- 
pashemet and traded with a few squaws. 
They returned to Plymouth after an ab- 
sence of four days, having seen Boston 
harbor with its islands and beautiful sur- 
roundings during the finest season of the 
Xew England year. Small wonder then, 
that the Plymouth shore seemed fiat and 
tame and that they spoke regretfully of the 
broad harbor and beautiful region they had 
just left. Smith had been impressed in 
the same way seven years before and had 
pronounced the vicinity of Boston Bay 
"the paradise of all these parts." 

Some localities about Boston harbor still 
bear the names given by the Plymouth 
visitors — Point Allerton, was named for 
Isaac Allerton who was for many years 
deputy-governor under Bradford, the 
Brews'ters, for Elder Brewster. Trevour's 
Island soon lost the name given it by Miles 
Standish and since 1626 has been called 
Thompson's Island, but the peninsula 
opposite has always retained its original 
name, Squantum, perpetuating the memory 
of the Indian interpreter who guided the 
first party of Europeans that ever set foot 
upon it. Squanto has not had his due place 
in Xew England history. He was for a time 



116 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



the most essential factor perhaps in pro- 
longing the existence of the Plymouth col- 
ony, for it was he who showed them how 
to plant and tend the maize without which 
they could not have survived. 

We may pass over the unfortunate ex- 
periences of Weston and his '•fellows" of 
Wessagusset. Suffice it to say that they 
reflected little glory on their friends and 
themselves. The settlement was but tem- 
porary at best. Their houses which Brad- 
ford had cautioned the savages not to 
destroy, were unoccupied but a few months, 
for Captain Robert Gorges took possession 
in the September following that memor- 
able April, 1623. Weston was a man of 
the city, an adventurer and a trader. Gor- 
ges was a gentleman adventurer, a man of 
the court and a soldier. So far as juris- 
diction was concerned the powers civil and 
criminal intrusted to young Gorges were of 
the amplest description, for he was au- 
thorized to arrest, imprison and punish 
even capitally. The following spring Gor- 
ges was glad to return to England. Besides 
the hardships of the season, he had found 
his official position one of little considera- 
tion and no encouragement. His one at- 
tempt at authority had resulted in a 
miserable wrangle with Weston and he had 
been powerless to control the fishermen 
and traders. As a settlement, it had re- 
sulted in so little that it faiied completely to 
influence the course of subsequent events 
and has been deemed worthy of scant 
notice in history; yet it was an organized 
attempt replete with possibilities. 

The few who lingered there after Gorges 
left, were in the care of Reverend Mr. 
Morrell. For the year following there is 
no record of them. In the spring of 1625 
Morrell also returned to England. Those 
whom he left behind began to reach out 
to more favored points in Boston Bay. 
Blackstone moved across to the north shore 
and finally established himself where, five 
years later, Winthrop found him on the 
western slope of the peninsula of Shawmut 
opposite the mouth of the Charles river. 
Thomas Walford, an English blacksmith, 
who probably came as a mechanic with 
Robert Gorges, presently went over, with 
his wife, and built him a house near the 
mouth of the Mystic, and was there in 
what is now Charlestown when the Spra- 
gues and others went there in 1629. This 
place was first known a Mishawam. 
Samuel Maverick, a youug man of 22, came 



over in 1624. bringing with him hi 
Amias, and built at winnissimet or Chel- 
sea, a house which 33 years later was still 
standing. 

About the time Morrell left \W 
a Captain Wollaston sailed into B 
Bay with a little company of advent U 
some three or four men of substance and 
between thirty and forty servant Of 
this man we know little. ' He came from 
English obscurity, rested for a brief time 
on a hillock overlooking Boston Bav. g 
to it his name, and then disappeared into 
oblivion. Thomas Morton is the only one 
of the party of whom much is known, 
he it was who probably gave the informa- 
tion about the region. He was, it is be- 
lieved, a companion of Andrew Weston in 
the Charity, when she visited Boston Bav 
in the summer of 1622. He had seen 
America at the most beautiful season of 
the year and his glowing accounts led them 
hither. A season must have passed while 
they were building their houses and the 
winter which followed seemed to suffice 
for Captain Wollaston as it had for Robert 
Gorges. Consequently in 1626, he set sail 
for Virginia, leaving Rasdall in charge of 
the plantation. Wollaston soon sent for 
Rasdall to join him, leaving Fitcher in 
charge. At this time Morton's influence 
began to make itself felt. He had come 
with two distinct aims, pleasure and profit. 
Whatever may be said of his character, 
he was a close observer and a keen lover 
of nature, for his strange rambling book 
contains one of the best descriptions uf 
Indian life, their traits and habits, and of 
the trees, products and animal life of Xew 
England, which have come down to us. 
He maintains a discreet silence as to his 
methods as a trader but he writes freely 
of his pleasures. His taste for boistrous 
enjoyment culminated in a proceeding 
which scandalized the sombre" relig us 
settlement at Plymouth. As Governor 
Bradford wrote: "They set up a May pole, 
drinking and dancing about it many days 
together, inviting the Indian women for 
their consorts, dancing and frisking to- 
gether (like so many fairies or furies rather) 
and worse practices. As if they had anew 
revived and celebrated the feasts oi the 
Roman Goddess Flora, or rather the beastly 
practises of the mad Bacchinalians.'* 

Between 1625 and 1627 two new settle- 
ments had been effected in Boston B^y. 
one at Xantasket, the other at Thompson's 



PILGRIMS AND PLANTERS 



117 



Island and Squantum. It would seem 
that a sort of trading-post had been estab- 
lished at Xantasket as early as 1622. 
Thomas Gray is said to have purchased 
this place of the Indian Sachem, Chika- 
taubut, in this year. He, with others who 
favored the established church, finding 
Plvmouth inhospitable, removed his resi- 
dence to this place. John Gray and Walter 
Knight going with him. John Oldham 
and John Lyford had stirred up such 
strife and discord at Plymouth that the 
General Court was summoned in 1623 and 
these two men were arraigned on general 
charges of conspiracy, civil and spiritual, 
with intent to disturb the peace. Both 
were ordered to leave Plymouth but while 
Oldham was ordered to go at once, Lyford 
was allowed to remain six months. Roger 
Conant left Plymouth and came to Xan- 
tucket at the same time. In 1625 this 
settlement was broken up, and Roger 
Conant, Thomas Gray, Walter Knight 
and John Oldham joined the settlement 
of the Dorchester Company at Cape Ann. 

{To be continued) 



GARDNER FAMILY ASSOCIATION. 

The third reunion of the Gardner Family 
Association will be held at the Salem Wil- 
lows, on Wednesday, June 23, 1909. A 
pilgrimage about Salem will occupy the 
morning, the party starting from the Bos- 
ton and Maine station at 10 A.M. Trolley 
cars will then be taken to the Willows, the 
beautiful shore resort opposite the resi- 
dence which is to be occupied by President 
Taft this summer. A basket lunch will be 
eaten in the covered pavilion at noon, and 
following this, addresses will be given by 
members of the family. At the close of 
the exercises, a motor boat trip will be 
provided for those who desire, along the 
beautiful Xorth Shore and among the 
islands of the harbor. A cordial invitation 
is extended to all who are descendants of 
Thomas Gardner the Planter, or are inter- 
ested in the famib- through marriage. All 
membe-s of the Old Planters Society and 
their friends will be gladlv welcomed. 



THE OLD PLANTERS SOCIETY. 

The Annual meeting of the Old Planters 
Society was held according to the consti- 
tution^ Wednesday, March 24th, at 3 P. M. 
Formal adjournment was made to March 
2oth at three o'clock in the parlors of the 



Salem Young Men's Christian A 
in Salem. In the absence of the P« 
Colonel Thomas Went worth Higginson, 
the V 'ice-President. Dr. Frank A <, - 
presided. The arnual report of the 
tary was read an 1 accepted. Dr Gardner 
reviewed the work of the year and con- 
gratulated the members upon the 
fortune of the society in perfecting an i 
ments whereby The Massachusetts M 
zine had been made the official organ, so 
that copies would be sent regularly to each 
member. The work for the coining year 
was outlined, especial emphasis being placed 
on the Gardner family reunion in June 
and the summer meeting at Plvmouth. 
Officers for the ensuing year were elected 
* as follows: 

President — Col. Thomas Wentworth Hicginson, 

Cambridge 
Vice Pres. — Frank A. Gardner, M. D., Sai.lm. 
Secretary — Lucie M. Gardner, Salem. 
Treasurer — Frank V. Wright, Salem. 

Registrar — Mrs. Lora A. \Y. Underftili.. 

Brighton. 
Councillors — Wm. Prf?cott Grffnlaw, Boston. 

R. \Y. Sprague, M. D.. Boston. 

Hon. A. P. Gardner, Hamilton. 

Nathaniel Conant. Brookline. 

Francis H. Lee, S\i.em. 

Col. J. Granville Leach. Phila. 

Francis N". Balch. Jamaica Pi. ux. 

Joseph A. Torrey, Manchester. 

Edward O. Skelton, Roxbury. 

Announcement was made that the so- 
cietv had adopted as its official hymn, 
'"The Pilgrim and Puritan," written by 
Hon. John J. Loud, of Weymouth, and 
it was sung bv the audience. Reverend 
Peter H. Goldsmith, D. D.. pastor of the 
historic First Church of Salem, was then 
introduced and he delivered the annual 
address "The Xew England Minister :n 
Earlv Puritan Communities." The. de- 
scriptions of the various phases of life in 
the colonies were most vivid and interesting. 
The address was instructive and was 
lightened by many amusing incidents and 
extracts from letters and records which 
seemed^ to bring those early days very 
close to the present. At the close of the 
address. Dr. Goldsmith was given a very 
hearty vote of thanks. 

The audience lingered for a social hour 
and enjoved the dainty refreshments wh.ch 
had been provided. 'Owing to the very 
severe storm (one of the worst of the sea- 
son) the audience was not large, but what 
was lacking in numbers was compensated 
for in enthusiasm. 



I 



0ur!EibUDriaT JPat±t£~ 



Rev. Thomas Franklin Waters. 



■J 



AVERY sensible and happy idea is 
gaining ground in our High Schools. 
Instead of indulging in the usual 
elaborate graduating exercises, which often 
involve a burdensome expense for appro- 
priate dress, and cause much secret bitter- 
ness, many classes are agreeing to make 
their graduation simple and inexpensive 
and then devoting their energies to provide 
for a class excurison. The popular trip 
is a week's outing in Washington, and a 
better choice could not be made. The 
journey thither is probably the first ex- 
perience in travel to many and the night 
spent on one of the beautiful Sound boats, 
the early approach to Xew York, the 
glimpses of the huge bridges and the great 
buildings, the crossing of the Hudson and 
the swift run to the Capital are things to 
be long remembered. 

The educational possibilities of such a 
pilgrimage are unlimited. A few days 
spent as busily as these young pilgrims 
rejoice in doing, will make them measurably 
familiar with the great public buildings, 
the Capitol, the Library of Congress, the 
Mint, the collections of the Smithsonian 
Institution and museums and collections 
of a hundred sorts. They are sure to see 
many eminent men. Mr. Roosevelt was 
always very gracious to the school boys 
and girls, and the young travellers invaria- 
bly enjoyed the privilege of meeting him 
at the White House. Xo doubt the genial 
Mr. Taft is equally kind and approachable. 
They attain a new and keen interest in 
Congress. The whole history of the nation 



is seen in kaleidoscopic fashion. A proud 
and patriotic admiration of their country, 
and a deep and enduring appreciation of 
the privileges and responsibilities of citizen- 
ship, fill their minds and hearts. Such an 
excursion is a liberal education in itself. 

WE have just enjoyed a brief visit 
to the battle fields of Antietam and 
Gettysburg, and we are impressed 
with the desirability of extending these 
school excursions so that they may include 
these famous localities. The trip could 
be made with facility and the slight addi- 
tional expense could be met with no great 
self-denial. 

The history of the war of the Rebellion 
is studied with ease and clearness, when 
we stand on the ground that felt the tread 
and was wet with the blood of our soldiers. 
The confused jumble of dates and events, 
the nebulous conception of campaigns and 
their issue, the vague location of battle- 
fields, which most of us acknowledge, yield 
with surprising facility to an orderly idea 
of the general course of the War, a clear 
understanding of the strategy of a great 
campaign, and a precise location of the 
field of conflict, when we see the field with 
our own eyes. 

Antietam is so near Washington that 
the roar of the guns was heard distinctly. 
Few realize that the danger line came so 
close to the Capital. It was a day of 
dreadful slaughter. The narrow sunken 
lane, the approaches to Burnside bridge, 
and the open fields where the clash of 



OUR EDITORIAL PAGES 



119 



battle came, were the scenes of awful 
carnage. In a few hours, by the help of 
the skilful guides, whose services are al- 
ways available, the tour of the field can 
be made. Our government has erected 
tablets everywhere, marking the dispo- 
sition of the forces, Confederate and Union, 
and describing the movements of the troops. 
Fine macadam roads have been constructed 
along the battle line, and approach is easy 
to every point of especial interest. Massa- 
chusetts men did their part nobly and our 
Commonwealth has erected a monument 
of chaste and beautiful design. 

A few hours ride up the long slopes of 
the Blue Ridge mountains with ever widen- 
ing views of the beautiful Cumberland 
valley, through the gap into the valley of 
the Susquehanna, brings one to Gettysburg. 
Only by a visit to the spot can the magni- 
tude of that battle and the critical issues 
at stake for both armies be fully appre- 
ciated. General Lee had crossed the Poto- 
mac and was well on his way across Mary- 
land and into Pennsylvania, before the 
Northern army was aware of his move- 
ments. Advancing rapidly, he was within 
sound of the bells of Harrisburg. Had he 
occupied this city, and it was wholly de- 
fenceless, he would have been within easy 
striking distance by railroad of Philadelphia 
and New York. It is said that England 
had given assurances of intervention, if 
the Confederate army should gain one 
substantial victory north of Mason and 
Dixon's line. 

But before Lee could reap the fruit of 
his advance, the army of the North ap- 
proached, threatening his line of communi- 
cation with the South. He withdrew his 
forces, and planned to crush Gen. Meade's 
army. If he succeeded in this, Washington 



and the great cities of the North would be 
at his mercy and with the help of Great 
Britain, a victorious completion of th*- 
was in sight. The stakes were tremer. : 
It was a death grapple for two mighty 
armies. 

IT would be a thrilling and invaluable 
experience to young students of Ameri- 
can history to go from point to point, 
see the fields where the first day's battle 
was fought, to the discomfiture of our forces, 
greatly outnumbered by their enemy, and 
then pass on to the south of the little town, 
where the deadly struggles of the second 
and third day occurred. Standing on 
Cemetery Ridge, where batteries still 
occupy the earthworks thrown up in those 
days, the charge of the Louisiana Tigers 
up the rugged slope, and the hand to hand 
fight on the crest, with clubbed muskets 
cannon rammers and stones and bare fists 
becomes a vivid experience. On Little 
Round Top, which commands a view oi 
extraordinary breadth and beauty, we 
realize the seemingly impossible feat of 
arms involved in dragging batteries up 
through the woods to the summit and look 
down upon the Devil's Den and the Wheat 
Field, where thousands of brave men fell. 
At the Bloody Angle, the ridge occupied 
by the Confederate batteries is a mile away 
over the sloping fields of grain. After 
an artillery fire of unparalleled fierceness, 
from out the woods yonder, came the solid 
ranks of infantry, marching as if for re- 
view, a sight of terrible magnificence, as 
they advanced deliberately into the jaws 
of death. A half mile from where we 
stand, the Northern batteries opened with 
solid shot and ploughed great lanes through 
that dense line. Grape and cannister did 



120 - o K 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



their deadly work at shorter range. But 
that irresistible line, shattered and torn, 
but pressing on with quenchless enthusi- 
asm, rushed up against the firing line, 
broke it for a moment, and then was over- 
whelmed. Pickett's Charge, the most 
dramatic and dreadful event of Gettys- 
burg, will have a place in the memory of 
those who stand there today, with the 
defence of Thermopylae by Leonidas and 
his brave three hundred. Had General 
Lee's plan of an attack in the rear by his 
cavalry at the same moment that this des- 
perate charge reached the Union line, been 
carried out successfully, the whole North- 
ern army might have been vanquished. 

The Roll of Honor reared at this point, 
the high water mark of the invading army, 
the six hundred monuments that dot the 
great battle fields, the Cemetery, hallowed 
by the thousands of graves and the glorious 
Dedication address of Abraham Lincoln, 
kindle patriotism and rouse sympathetic 
admiration for the courage and devotion 
of the thousands who laid down their 
young lives upon the field of blood. 

But our boys and girls will learn here 
a better lesson, than this clear compre- 
hension of great historic events, in their 
proper setting and full significance. They 
will realize the awfulness of War, the 
horrid sacrifice of precious lives . and the 
measureless woe and misery, which it 
entails upon myriads of happy homes and 
millions of peaceful people. Military 
glory will always appeal to young men. 
To die for fatherland is sweet, and glorious. 
Despite our Hague Conferences, nations 
fall quickly into thought and talk of war, 
when complications arise, and the mad 
rush to excel each other in building Dread- 
noughts is unsettling to stable and un- 
broken peace. What better antidote to 
the War spirit in the minds of the coming 
generation can be conceived, than a visit 
to a great battlefield like this, where, under 



the solemn and sorrowful influence of the 
memories of suffering and death, there 
comes to every open mind, the vision of 
the higher glories of Peace, radiant in Light 
and Beauty, the friend of Life and Joy 
and all fruitful prosperity! 

BUT apart from the more expensive 
school excursions, the historical 
pilgrimage to points of interest near 
at hand is an educational device, well worth 
the trying. Boston can be reached easily 
from a large proportion of the cities and 
towns of the Commonwealth and in case 
of the more remote towns and villages of 
western Massachusetts, the very difficulty 
of access may invite such a stay-at-home 
and stagnant habit, that a graduating 
class might be greatly profited by the 
broadening and stimulating effect of a few 
days' visit to Boston and its suburbs. 
Twice, recently, we have spent a few spare 
hours in the Old State house, and we have 
found it marvellously rich in its historic 
associations. The Council Chamber of 
the Royal Government is intact and the 
great round table about which the Council 
sat was witness of many thrilling scenes. 
Here Otis and Adams and Hancock spoke 
and the war of the Revolution had its birth. 
Here the printing press of Benjamin Frank- 
lin is preserved and many relics of years 
ago. Admission to this ancient huilding 
and to Faneuil Hall is free to all, and a 
slight fee admits to the Old South Church. 
The State House, the Public Library, the 
Xavy Yard and Bunker Hill, the great 
Ocean steam ships, the bridges and park?, 
Harvard College close at hand with its 
wonderful museums, are all easily and 
cheaply reached. Why not economize in 
gowns and ribbons, flowers and music, and 
new graduating suits, and indulge in a 
class excursion to Boston, or Salem or Ply- 
mouth, or Lexington and Concord? 



THE 



MASSACHVSETTS 
MAGAZINE 







euofeD-fo.(nassacftusctt5*Hisfora«CreneftlcQ^Bioar^l)M 



ublished by the Salem Press Ca Salem, Mass. USA 



m^mm'.mm 



■,£*k £5 



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! - Draper, 

GoverntB Lrapcr's Fi 









A Quarterly cMagazine Devoted to History, Genealogy and Biography 
Thomas Franklin- Waters, Editor, ipswich, m am. 
ASSOCIATE AND ADVISORY EDITORS 

Frank A. Gardner, M. D. Charles A. Flagq John X. McClintock Albert \V. DeicVU 

SAiEM, MASS. WASHINGTON, D. C. DORCHESTER, MASS. SALEM, MASS. 

Issued in January, April, July and October. Subscription, $2.50 per year, Single copies 75c. 



VOL. II 



JULY, igog 



NO. 3 



Canfettfs af ffjtxs Jssitc. 



Ancestry of Governor Eben S. Draper . T. W.-M. Draper . 123 
Weston .... Colonel Daniel S. Lamson, John N. McClintock. 129 
Colonel John Fellows's Regiment . . . F. A.Gardner, M.D. HI 
Some Articles Concerning Massachusetts in- 
recent Magazines Charles A. Flagg . 162 

The Old Rand House . Caroline Rogers Hill 165 

Department of the American Revolution F. A.Gardner, M.D. 168 

Criticism and Comment 174 

Pilgrims and Planters " Lucie M. Gardner . 176 

Our Editorial Pages . . Thomas F. Waters . 1S6 



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m 




ANCESTRY OF GOVERNOR 
EBEN S. DRAPER 



By T. Waln-Morgan Draper 




AMES DRAPER was the fourth son and fourth child of Thomas 
Draper of the Priory of Hepstonstall, Vicarage of Halifax, York- 
shire County, England; born Heptonstall 1618, died Roxbury July 

; 1694; married Heptonstall, Apr. 21, 1646, Miriam, daughter of 

Gideon Stansfield and Grace Eastwood of Wads worth, Yorkshire, who was 
born Heptonstall Nov. 27, 1625, died Roxbury, Mass., Jan. 1697. 

Although James Draper is found in history as one of the original proprie- 
tors of the Town of Lancaster, there is no evidence that he ever lived there. 
His first residence was in Roxbury, and there Sarah, Susanna and James were 
born. He then moved into the adjoining town of Dedham, where his sons 
John, Moses and Daniel were born, but after some years, returned to his first 
home in Roxbury, where his youngest children, Patience and Jonathan were 
born, and where he and his wife died and are buried. In 1690, he was made 
a Freeman of Roxbury, which is now included within the corporate limits 
of the City of Boston, yet still preserves its rural aspect, and many of its old 
landmarks. James was also for a short time in Charlestown, Mass., where 
he sold to Jonathan Carey part of an orchard in 1672. (Deed recorded 1684^. 
and he was notified there in 1676. 

The following official records, bearing upon James Draper's career and the 
final settlement and division of his estate, are of great interest to his descend- 
ants. 



124 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

Petition of Widow Miriam to Judge of Probate Court Suffolk Co. Mass. 
No. 2387. 
"As the Honorable Wm. Houghton Esq. Judge of Probate is informed 
that I am leaft a widow throu God's providence therefore I do desire that my 
youngest son Jonathan Draper with my Eldest son James Draper may have 
adminestraytion granted unto them one the Estate of my deseased Husbands 
Estate I being agad and Crosey and not able to forto undertack a invuny. 

Miriam Draper. M 

her mark 
John Alldis. 
Jonathan Whiting. 

Administration Bond of James Draper. Aug. 19, 1697. Know all men 
by these presents That We, James Draper, Jonathan Draper, John Davis. 
Yeoman, and Joseph Warren, Carpenter, all of Roxbury within the County 
of Suffolk — within his Majestys Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New 
England and holden and stand firmly bound and obliged unto William 
Houghton Esq. Judge of the Probate of Wills and Granting Administration 
within the said County of Suffolk, in the full sum of Four Hundred pounds 
currant money in New England. To be paid unto the said William Hough- 
ton his successors in the said Office or Assignes. To the true payment 
whereof, we do bind ourselves, our heirs, Executors and Administrators 
jointly and severally firmly by these presents. Sealed with our Seals. Dated 
the nineteenth day of August Anno Domini 1697. 

Children 

6. Miriam, born Heptonstall, Eng. Feb. 7, 1646-7, died England in infancy. 

7. Susanna, born Roxbury, Mass., about 1650, married Charlestown. Mass., 

John Bacon, 1668. 

8. Sarah, born Roxbury,. Mass., 1652, married May 19, 1669, James Had- 

lock. Child:— 1. Sarah, born Roxbury Dec. 16, 1670. Baptized as 
an adult Oct. 24, 1686, married about 16S6, John Marcy. They had 
8 sons and 3 daughters. 

9. James, born Roxbury, Mass. 1564, died Roxbury, Apr. 30. 169S. 

10. John, born Dedham 24th day of 4th month, 1656, died Dedham, Apr. 5. 
1749. 
/ll. Moses, born Dedham, Sept. 26, 1663, died Boston, Aug. 14, 1693. 
^ 12. Daniel born Dedham, May 30, 1665, died Dedham. 

13. Patience, born Roxbury Mass. Aug. 17 1668. married Mar. 13. L689, 

Ebenezer Cass of Boston. 

14. Jonathan, born Roxbury, Mass. Mar. 10, 1670, died Roxbury. Feb. 28, 

1746-7. 



' 



ANCESTRY OF GOVERNOR EBEN S. DRAPER 125 

9. James, fourth child, eldest son of James Draper and Miriam Stansfield, 
of Roxbury, Mass., married by Rev. Mr. Walter Feb 18, 1681. to Abigail, 
daughter of Nathaniel Whiting and Hannah Dwight. of Dedham. She was 
born Roxbury, June 7, 1663, and died there. Oct. 25. 1721. She was a grand- 
daughter of John Dwight, from whom President Timothy Dwight of Yale 
and other prominent men are descended. 

He was a soldier in the King Philip War during the year 1675. James 
had received from his father part of his farm at Roxbury. This he subse- 
quently sold to John Aldis. 

Children 

15. Abigail, born Roxbury, Mass. Dec. 29, 1681, married James Griggs. 

17. Nathaniel, born Roxbury, Mass. Apr. 2 1684, died Dec. 30, 1721. 

17. William, born Roxbury, Mass. May 15, 1686, died young 

18. Eunice, born Roxbury, Mass. June 5, 1689, married Nathaniel Aldis. 

June 24, 1708. She died June 13, 1714. 

19. James, born 1691, died Apr. 24, 176S. 

20. Gideon, born Roxbury, Mass. 1694 

21. Ebenezer, born Roxbury, Mass. Apr. 27, 169S, died Attleboro June 3. 

1784. 

19. James, fifth child, third son of James Draper and Abigail Whiting, 
married 1st: May 2, 1716, Rachel, daughter of John and Mary Aldis. She 
was born Mar. 15, 1690, died May 16, 1717. He married 2dly: Nov. 12, 1719, 
Abigail, daughter of Joshua Child and Elizabeth Morris of Brookline. Mass. 
She was born 1698, died Nov. 23, 1767. She was a sister of Dorothy who 
married Ebenezer Draper. 

| James Draper was a Captain in the Trained Bands; was elected a Select- 
man in 1746 to serve one year, and again in 1756, to serve two years. He 
was a prosperous man, a large land owner, prominent in the affairs of the town 
of Dedham, and highly respected. 

Child by first wife 

22. John, born Jan. 29, 1716, baptized Mar 10, 1717, died Mar. 10. 1717. 

Children by 2nd wife 

23. James, born Stoughton, Sept. 22, 1720, died Spencer, Mar. 2, 1781. 

24. Abigail, born Stoughton, Dec. 12. 1721, died Spencer, Nov. 3. 1817. 

25. John 2d, born Stoughton, June 16, 1723, died Dedham, Nov. S, 1745. 



126 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

26. Joshua, born Stoughton, Dec. 25, 172 k died Spencer, Oct. 27, 1702. 

27. Josiah, born Stoughton, Apr. 3, 1720. died Aug. IS. 1720. 

27a. Josiah 2d, born Stoughton, Sept. 12, 1727 (no record of his death.) 

2S. Rebecca, born Stoughton, June 30, 1729, died Spencer, Jan. 30, 1820. 

29. Mary, born Stoughton, Sept. 24, 1731. 

30. Abijah, born Dedham, July 13, 1734, died Nov. 18, 1734. 

31. Abijah 2d, born Dedham, July 11, 1735, died Feb. 13, 1737. 

32. Abijah 3d, born Dedham, May 10, 1737, died Dedham, May 1, 1780. 

33. Samuel, born Dedham, Dec. 5, 1740, died Nov. 29, 1750. 

32. Abijah, eleventh child, eighth son of James Draper and Abigail 
Child, of Dedham, married 1st: Alice, daughter of John Eaton and Elizabeth 
Lovering, of Purgatory, Dedham, Apr. 8, 1762. She was born Jan. 31, 1741, 
died Jan. 22, 1777. He married 2dly: Mar. 25, 1778, Desire, the widow of 
Nathaniel Metcalf. She was the daughter of Ebenezer Foster and Desire 
Cushman, born Attleboro, Aug. 12, 1746, died Dedham, Oct. 23, 1815. 

Abijah Draper and both wives are buried in the cemetery in Dedham 
village. 

He succeeded his father, Captain James Draper in his landed estate at 
Green Lodge, Dedham. He was-an active and energetic man, of large execu- 
tive ability, public spirited and always ready to take part in every public 
enterprise. He was one of three chosen by the citizens of Dedham to erect 
a monument to William Pitt, in 1766. The base of this monument still exists 
in Dedham village, and is called "Pillar of Liberty." 

Mr. Draper held every office in the Militia up to that of Major, and com- 
manded in the latter capacity, a body of minute men at Roxbury, under 
Washington. While on duty there he was exposed to the small-pox. and 
probably carried it to his home on one of his furloughs, as his first wife, Alice, 
died of that disease. • 

Children by Alice 

34. Abijah, born June 11, 1763, died Dec. 1774. 

35. Ira, born Dec. 24, 1764, died Jan. 22, 1848. 

36. Rufus, born Nov. 27, 1766, died Nov. 18, 1788, at Norfolk, Va. 

37. Tames, born Apr. 14, 1769, died Jan. 22, 1777. 

38. Alice, born Apr. 13, 1771, died Jan. 27, 1852. 

39. Abijah 2d, born September 22, 1775, died March 26, 1S36. 

Child by second wife 

40. Lendamine, born Mar. 30, 1780, died Oct. 26, 1S23. 

35. Ira, second child and second son of Major Abijah Draper and Alice 
Eaton, married 1st: May 31, 1786, Lydia, daughter of Lemuel and Rebecca 
Richards. She was born Jan. 1768, died Sept. IS, 1811. He married 2dly: 
Mar. 9, 1812, Abigail, called Nabbie, his first wife's sister. She was born Sept. 
12, 1783, died 1847. 



ANCESTRY OF GOVERNOR EBEN S. DRAPER 127 

In 1775, during the retreat of the British after the battle of Lexington arvl 
Concord Bridge, he was present with his father, who had taken part in the 
fighting. During the early part of the century, he removed from Dedham 
to Weston, Mass., and later to Saugus. Beginning life with a hand- 
property for the time, he expended- most of it in the care and education of 
his sixteen children, and also in the development of his mechanical inventions. 
which proved more profitable to the community than to himself. He is 
said to have invented the first threshing machine of which there is any record. 
but it was never introduced extensively. He also invented the "fly shuttle 
hand loom," which possessed decided advantages it was believed, over those 
then in use. He invented the first machine for road scraping, and machines 
of this identical pattern were in use very recently in the vicinity of Boston. 
His invention which came into most general use, was the "revolving temple" 
for keeping cloth extended in weaving. This was adopted in the larger part 
of the looms both in this country and abroad, and formed the basis of a profit- 
able business, which was carried on by himself, his sons, grandsons, and great- 
grandsons. Under the administration of John Ouincy Adams he was a promi- 
nent candidate for U. S- Commissioner of Patents He was a man of large 
natural intelligence, mechanical ingenuity, and progressive thought. He 
was one of the early Unitarians and died in that faith 

Children by firs; wife, all bom in Dedham 

41. James, born May 28, 1781, died Dec. 5, 1S70. 

42. Ira, born Jan. 4, 1789, died June IS, 1S45. 

43. Rufus, born Aug. 30, 1790, died in infancy. 

44. A daughter born Aug. 7, 1791, died in infancy. 

45. A son born Dec. 17. 1793. died in infancy. 

46. Lucy Chickering born 1797, died Sept. 15, 1S01. 

47. Rufus Foster, born Julv 12, 1800, died 1841. 

48. Abijah, born Jan. 5, 1802, died Oct. 4, 1S02. 

49. Abijah 2d, born Nov. 15, 1S03. died Oct r 4, 1828, married Mary ; 

one child that died in infancy. 

Children by second wife 

50. Ebenezer Daggett, born June 13, 1813, died Oct. 20, 1SS7. 

51. Lydia, born Mar. 31, 1815, died Apr. 3, 1847. 

52. George, born Aug. 16; 1817, died June t. 1887. 

53. Abigail, born Oct. 24', 1819, died July 22. 184/ , married William VT. 

Cook, Feb. 2, 1842. Child: A son, born May 10. 1S44. died June 9. 
1846. Mr. Cook married 2dly: her niece, Xancy Marion. 

54. Lemuel Richards, born Saugus'. Dec. 1, 1S23; die Jan. 10, 1891. 

55. Lucy Rebecca, born Dec. 22, 1826; died July 1, 1S27. 

52. George, second son and third child of Ira Draper and his second 
wife, Nabby Richards, married Hannah, daughter of Benjamin and Anna 
Thwing of Uxbridge, Mar. 6 1S39. She was born Jan. 1, 1817, died Dec. 30. 
1883. He married 2dly: Mrs. Parmelia B. Blunt of Milford. Mass. 



128 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

George Draper was born in Weston. Mass. Up to his loth year he lived 
there, and in Saugus, Mass., on his father's farm, attending school winters 
and doing farm work summers. Though his years of schooling were brief, 
he acquired at school, and in later studies at home, a most excellent mathe- 
matical education, better than that possessed by most college graduates. 
At the age of fifteen he left home to take a position under his brother in 
the weaving department of the cotton mills at North Uxb ridge, Mass. He 
remained there two years, and then was made superintendent and manager 
of a small cotton mill at Walpole, Mass. From there, he went to Three 
Rivers, Mass., becoming overseer of weaving in what was then one of the 
largest fine mills in the country. While there he devised an improvement in 
the temple for weaving, which had been invented by his father, and placed 
the same in the hands of his brother, Ebenezer D. Draper, who made a 
business of making and selling it. In 1839, owing to a general depression in 
manufacturing business, caused by a progressive reduction of the tariff, he 
was thrown out of employment, in common with a large part of the skilled 
operatives in New England. 

He looked vainly for work as an overseer or superintendent, used up his 
small savings, ran into debt several hundred dollars, and finally accepted a 
position as an operator in the Massachusetts Cotton Mills of Lowell, at the 
remuneration of So. 00 per week. His experience at that time convinced him 
of the advantage to laboring men of a protective tariff, and he never for- 
got it. 

In 1843 he accepted a position as designer of the celebrated Edward Harris 
cassimeres at Woonsocket, R. I. In 1845 he was appointed superintendent 
of one of the mills of the Otis Company, at Ware, Mass., and later had charge 
of the entire corporation. In 1853 he removed from Ware to Hopedale, 
Mass., forming a partnership with his brother, Ebenezer D. Draper, and soon 
after joined the Hopedale Community. In 1S55, when the community broke 
up as a financial institution, he joined his brother, E. D. Draper, in guaran- 
teeing and paying its debts. From this time his career was one of uninter- 
rupted material prosperity. His business increased until it became one of 
the most important in the' State. In 1S6S his brother. E. D. Draper, retired, 
and he took into partnership his oldest son, William F. Draper, and later 
his sons, George A. and Eben S. Draper, and two of his grandsons. 

Children 

56. William F., born Apr. 9, 1842, at Lowell, Mass. 

57. Georgiana T., born June 30, 1844, Lowell, Mass., died July 23. 1 U4. 

58. Helen L., born Julv 11, 1845, Lowell. Mass., died Aug. 10. 1847. 

59. Frances E., born July 26, 1847, Ware. 

60. A son, born Dec. 15, 1850, died in infancy. 

61. Hannah T., born Apr. 11, 1853, Ware. 

62. George A., born Nov. 4, 1S55, Hopedale. 

63. Eben S., born June 17, 1858, Hopedale. 



m 



WESTON 



By Colonel Daniel S. Lamson and John N. McClintock 



Weston was a part of the ancient town of Watertown, and its history 
begins with the settlement of the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630, when 
Sir Richard Saltonstall, Mr. Phillips and their company located here. It is 
possible, however, that the Northmen may have attempted a settlement in 
this vicinity centuries before, and Spanish or French colonists or traders may 
have preceded the Puritans. The site of an ancient settlement at the former 
head of navigation on the Charles River has been marked by a massive and 
graceful tower, built by Professor Eben Norton Hosford. 

For nearly a century after its first settlement the territory of Weston 
was referred to as the Farms; and with propriety it might be so called to 
this day, or even more appropriately the Park; for throughout the town the 
farms and the roads apparently form an ancient park of great beauty, where 
every prospect is pleasing. The old roads, laid out by the founders with 
good judgment, have been improved by labor and care extending over nearly 
three centuries; bordering walls are often works of art; concrete sidewalks 
through lonely reaches are surprises; groves of trees almost primeval are a 
delight; and broad fields without a stone in sight give evidence of years of 
loving toil. 

The first allotment of farms in Weston was made in 1638, the year in 
which the bounds between Watertown and Dedham were established (the 
present line between Weston and Wellesley) ; and Jeremiah Norcross. Thomas 
Mayhew and John Whitney are the first recorded land-owners. In 1642 
among the proprietors of Weston were Bryan Pendleton, Daniel Patrick, 
Simon Eire, John Stowers, Abraham Browne, John Whitney, Edward How, 
Jeremiah Norcross and Thomas Mayhew. 

Weston was on the frontier of Watertown until 1651, when Sudbury was 
incorporated to the west, and the present line between Weston and Natick 
and between Weston and Wayland was established. In 1663 the so-called 
"Land of Contention," situated in the southwestern part of Weston, was 
resurveyed. In 1673 Lieut. Nathan Fiske bought 220_acres of land of Thomas 
Underwood in the northern part of Weston. 



130 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

The Town was incorporated in 1712; and save for the set-off and incor- 
poration of the northern part as a part of the Town of Lincoln, in 17.", 1. the 
ancient boundaries of the town have remained practically unchanged. It has 
been in Middlesex County since the county was organized. 

The oldest house in Weston, for rriany years the home of Oliver R. Robbins, 
now the home of William H. Hill, stands on Wellesley and Chestnut streets, 
and is said to have been built about 1690. The cellar of Herbert Seaverns 
house on Park street is said to have been built by his ancestor in 1695. 

In 1695 the proprietors ordered the building of the first church in town. 
a building thirty feet square, on land given by Nathaniel Coolidge, Sr.. and 
situated a few rods south and east of the corner of Central Avenue and School 
Street, where services were first held in 1700. In 1701 Rev. Joseph Morse, 
Harv. Coll. 1695, was called to preach, the precinct agreeing to build him a 
house; but difficulties arose, and Mr. Morse settled elsewhere. Rev. William 
Williams accepted a call to preach in town in 1709 and was settled the next 
year, when the church was organized. 

The first members of the Weston church were: 

Nathaniel Coolidge, Thomas Flagg, Joseph Lovell. 

John Parkhurst, John Livermore, Francis Fullam, 

Abel Allen, Ebenezer Allen, Francis Pierce, 

Joseph Jones, Thomas Wright, Joseph Allen, 

Josiah Jones, Jr., Joseph Woolson, Joseph Livermore, 

Joseph Allen, Jr., Josiah Livermore, Samuel Seaverns, 
George Robinson. 

The first book of Town records, covering a period of nearly sixty years 
(1695-1754), has disappeared; but the records of the church are very com- 
plete and of great value. 

In 1721 Benjamin Brown, Benoni Garfield, Ebenezer Allen, Joseph Allen 
and James Jones were a committee to complete the new meeting-house. 
Rev. Samuel Woodward was minister from 1751 to 17S2. Rev. Dr. Samuel 
Kendall was the minister from 1783 to 1814: Rev. Dr. Joseph Field from 
1815 to 1869: Rev. Dr. Edmund H. Sears from 1869 to 1S76: Rev. Charles F. 
Russell from 1882 to present time. The five, whose ministry covered a period 
of 167 years, died in town and were buried in the town cemetery. 

In 1S00 the meeting-house underwent thorough repairs, a steeple and two 
porches were added, and a new bell was bought of Paul Revere. In IS 40 the 
second house was built. The present noble structure occupied by the ancient 
church was dedicated in 1888. 



WESTON , 131 

The first Baptists in Weston began to gather in 1770 under the lead of 
Deacon Oliver Hastings; the meeting-house was completed in 17SS; and 
the church was organized in 1789. They had no settled minister until 1811, 
when they united with the church in Framingham and settled Rev. Charles 
Train as pastor. The union was severed in 1826 when the membership was 
about fifty. The present Baptist church building was built in 1828, Mr. Hews 
giving the land, and Mrs. Bryant contributing 81,000. Rev. Timothy P. 
Ropes (Waterville Coll.), was the first settled pastor, followed in 1835 by 
Rev. Joseph Hodges, Jr., in 1S40 by Rev. Origen Cram, in 1854 by Rev. 
Calvin H. Topliff, in 1S67 by Rev. Luther G. Barrett, in 1870 by Rev. Alonzo 
F. Benson, in 1S75 by Rev. Amos Harris. 

The Methodists of Weston began to gather about 1794, building a small 
chapel in the rear of present church. The first trustees were Abraham Bemis, 
Habbakuck Stearns, Jonas Bemis, John Viles and Daniel Stratton. The 
present church was erected in 182S, and in 1833 it became a regular station 
with a regularly appointed preacher. 

Between 1893 and 1901 Weston published four volumes of the early 
records of the church and town, edited by Mary Frances Pierce, which gives 
all births, marriages and deaths from 1709 to a recent date, beside much other 
matter of historical interest. These records show that of the ancestors of 
present Weston families, other than the founders of the first church. John 
Warren was in Weston in 1709; Benjamin Brown, in 1711; Jonathan Bigelow, 
1713; Benjamin Harrington, 1714; John Train, in 1715; Xathaniel Morse, 
in 1717; Thomas Upham, in 1722; Enock Stratton. in 1725; Isaac Hager, 
in 1726; Josiah Hobbs, in 1731; John Hastings, in 1735. 

In 1700, the pioneer John Lamson came from Reading and settled in 
Weston, founding a family that for two centuries has been prominent in the 
military, civil and social history of the town, represented today by Colonel 
Daniel S. Lamson whose house, built during the War of the Revolution, was 
honored by a visit paid by President Washington to Mrs. Lamson. the wife 
of an officer in the Continental Army. 

When the town was incorporated in 1712 it had a population of about 
1,000. Next to the minister perhaps the most important man in town at 
the time was Honorable Francis Fullam, a judge from 1719 to 1755, who 
besides presiding as chief justice on the bench, served as a Colonel in the 
militia and a member of the Council. His son, Sergeant Jacob Fullam. was 
killed in 1725 in the expedition under command of Captain John Lovewell 
against the Indians of northern New England. 

In 1675, John Parkkurst, Michael Flagg, John Whitney, Jr.. George 



132 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Harrington, Jacob Ballard, Nathaniel Hely, and John Bigelow, all of " Weston 
Farms" served in King Philip's War. The Indians burned a barn in the 
northern part of the town in the following year, but did no further damage. 

The men of Weston did their duty in the French and Indian War, 1735 
to 1760, in camp and on the field of battle. Through the town led the thor- 
oughfares to the frontiers over which went the soldiers and the munitions 
of warfare from the seaboard; and the Commonwealth then as now aided 
in maintaining highways of travel. 

A hundred men from the town took up arms on the day of the Lexington 
alarm, and attacked the invading British force on their retreat from Concord- 
Many served until the close of the war, winning honor and renown. The 
roll of the Weston Company is as follows: 

Captain, Samuel Lamson;* 
Lieutenants, John Fiske, 

Matthew Hobbs; 
Sergeants, Josiah Steadman, 
Josiah Severn, 
John Wright, 
Abraham Hewes; 
Corporals, Abijah Steadman, 

Simon Smith, 
Drummer, Samuel Nutting; 
Privates, Nathan Hager, 
John Allen, Jr., 
William Hobart, 
r Abijah Warren, 

* Isaac Cory, 

David Sanderson, 
Samuel Underwood, 
"***' Josiah Corey, 

I Thomas Rand, Jr., 

Nathl. Parkhurst, 
Wm. Whitney, 
Benjamin Pierce, 
David Livermore, 
Thomas Corey, 
Jonas Underwood, 
John Stimpson, 



Jonathan Stratton, 
John Warren, Jr., 
Micah Warren 
Isaac Flagg, 
James Jones, 
Abraham Harrington, 
Eben Brackett, 
Reuben Hobbs, 
Benjamin Dudley, 
Samuel Fiske, 
Abraham Sanderson, 



Isaac Bullard, 
Jonathan Warren, 
John Frost, 
Isaac Walker, 
Amos Jones, 
John Walker, Jr., 
Oliver Curtis, 
Thomas Rand, 
William Lawrence, 
Eli as Bigelow, 
Benjamin Rand, 
Saml. Child, 



David Fuller, 

Jonas Harrington (3), Jacob Parmenter, 

Roger Bigelow, Elijah Kingsbury, 

Converse Bigelow, William Pierce. 

Thomas Williams. Increase Lcadbetter, 



* Family names italicized are borne by Weston families today. 



WESTON 



133 



Elisha Stratton, 
Daniel Twitchel, 
John Xorcross , 
Daniel Lawrence, 
Samuel Train, Jr., 
Joseph Whitney, 
Nathl. Bovnton, 



Isaac Hobbs, 
William Bond, Jr. 
William Carey, 
Jedh. Bonis, 
Josiah Allen, Jr., 
Josh. Steadman. 
Eben Phillips, 



Benjamin Pierce, Jr., John Pierce, 



John Gould, 
Phineas Hager, 
Josh. Love well, 
Joseph Pierce, 
Hezekh. Wyman, 
Joel Smith, 
Daniel Bemis, 



Benjamin Bancroft, 
J ;hn Flint, 
John Bemis. 
Lemuel Stimpson, 
Daniel Benjamin, 
Jonas Pierce, 
Jedh. Wheeler, 
William Jones, 
Soln. Jones, 
Samuel Taylor, 
Thadeus Fuller, 
Elijah Allen, 
William Bond, 
Moses Pierce, 
Amos Parkhurst. 



John Lamson, 
Paul Coolidge, 
Peter Carey, 
Saml. Woodward, 
Ebenr. Steadman, 
Joseph Jennison, 
Benjamin Stratton, 
The Weston artillery company also served that day, comprising: 
Captain Israel Whitemore, Lieutenant Josiah Bigelow, Lieut. John George, 

Privates, John Whitehead, John Pownell, Nathan Weston, 

Joseph Russell, Nathan Smith, John Flagg, 

Jonathan Lawrence, James Smith, Jr., Thaddeus Garfield, 
Alpheus Bigelow, and Thomas Russell. % 

The remarkable thing about this list of names is that it numbers about 
half that of the voting population of Weston in 1775 and, so slow is the change 
of ownership in town, it includes the ancestors of very many of the present 
residents in town. 

As in the War of .the Revolution, the men of Weston did their duty in 
the Civil War. They numbered 126; of these, eight were killed, three died of 
wounds, and one died at Andersonville prison. A tablet to perpetuate the 
memory of the dead heroes is erected in Weston's beautiful town library. 

Aside from General Charles J. Paine, Colonel Daniel S. Lamson and Asses- 
sor^Corporal Henry L. Brown, Francis B. Ripley, Oliver L. Sherburne. Almon 
Wright, Jason Wright, George E. Hobbs. John H. Stone. Chas. A. Deane, 
and Hosea F. Traverse are the only veterans of the Union Army living in 
Weston in 1909. 

The population of Weston in 1860 was 1,243; and the town raised about 
S20.000.00 as a war tax. The town debt was paid many years ago; and the 
present tax rate is very low; while the present valuation is in excess of $6,000,- 
000, with a voting list of 410. 



• '/3 1 / 



I NC OL N 




W%t%lmx 5¥lass 



Ef(C»AVto ElPKEbiLY FOR thi^WoBi 

' . ^.U 1 " Scauc: 1/6 2.500 
Surveyed in I9QZ by John N McCl'miock A H C E 



WESTON ' 135 

The Main Road or Central Avenue of Weston is of great antiquity. For 
many years it was a part of the post-road leading from Boston south and west, 
a thoroughfare of great importance, a county road, and finally a State high- 
way. Many taverns along the way, some still standing, cared for the passing 
traveller and his horse, or the rattling stage-coach, in the eighteenth century 
and the early years of the nineteenth. At the sign of the Golden Ball, land- 
lord Jones welcomed the officers of the British garrison stationed in Boston 
before the Revolution to overawe the American colonies, and won fair. i as 
a good provider. At Capt. John Flagg's tavern President Washington .vas 
entertained. Along the dusty way, Burgoyne's army marched as prisoners of 
war, and encamped one night by the wayside. The house later occupie 1 by 
Mrs. A. H. Fiske was built in 1753 by the Rev. Samuel Woodward, who is 
said to have shouldered a gun and marched with the men of Weston to the 
aid of their Concord and Lexington neighbors, in 1775. 

In 1765 Abraham Hews established a pottery in Weston, probably the 
first industry of its kind in New England, and the business was continued 
by several generations of the founder's descendants, until 1871, when the 
business was removed to Cambridge. Josiah Hobbs established a tannery 
in 1730, or later, which was maintained for many years. The waters of Stony 
Brook were utilized in 1679 by Richard Child for a grist-mill and later a saw- 
mill. The grist-mill stood until 1840. The property was bought in 1831 by 
Coolidge & Sibley, who erected a machine-shop for the manufacture of cotton 
machinery and looms and supplied the factories of Lowell, Lawrence. Clinton, 
Lancaster, and factories outside the state. The power was abandoned when 
Cambridge came to Weston for a water supply. The organ factory was estab- 
lished near Kendall Green by F. H. Hastings in 1SSS, the business having 
been begun in Salem in 1827 by Elias Hook. The Ralph Kenney chair fac- 
tory for school goods is near the center of the town. 

Weston has a system of graded schools, well maintained, and provides 
transportation for scholars to and from school from every section. The 
roads are lighted at night by electricity. Water from Clinton passes through 
the town to the Metropolitan District, being impounded in a large reservoir. 
There are two private water companies in town, and Cambridge draws largely 
from the territory for her water supply. 

The town has a perfect set of assessors' plans, showing every lot in town, 
a uniformed police force, a poor-house, where there is generally one wreck 
of humanity, no electric-car lines, and a body of sturdy yeomen ready, as 
were their ancestors in olden times, to defend their rights and to uphold the 
law. 



136 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

As in the past the chief business carried on in Weston is agriculture at 
the present time, and the male population is composed for the most part of 
farmers, although many of the landowners are engaged in professional work 
or business elsewhere. 



GENEALOGY AND BIOGRAPHY 

In the history of a New England town, chief interest attaches to the record of indi- 
viduals and families; and who at different epochs, have been conspicuous in public 
affairs. The present board of Town officials is especially interesting. 

Francis Blake, Chairman of the Board of Selectmen, has been elected continuously 
to the Board since 1S90 and since 1900, he has been Chairman. He was born in 1850 
in Xeedham, near Xewton Lower Falls, the son of Francis and Caroline Burling (Trum- 
bull) Blake; the grandson of the Hon. Francis Blake, of Worcester, an eminent lawyer, 
and also the grandson of George Augustus Trumbull, of Worcester; and a descendant 
in the eighth generation from William and Agnes Blake, who came from Somersetshire, 
England, in 1636, and settled in Milton, becoming prominent in colonial affairs. 

In 1S66 his uncle, Commodore George Smith Blake, secured for him an appointment 
in the service of the United States Coast Survey, in which he acquired the scientific 
education that has led to his membership in later years in many learned societies. His 
ability was recognized in his early promotion to the rank of Assistant. 

In 1873 he married Elizabeth L., daughter of Charles T. Hubbard, and became a 
resident of Weston, settling and building on his estate, "Keewaydin." In April, 1878, 
he resigned from the Coast Survey; and in the following Xovember he disclosed to the 
world the "Blake Transmitter," an invention that perfected the Bell Telephone and 
made it of great commercial value and of unbounded usefulness. In 1902 he received 
the honorary degree of A.M. from Harv. Coll. His children are: 

Agnes Blake, born 1S76; married 1906, Stephen Salisbury Fitz Gerald. 

Benjamin Sewall Blake, born 1S77; Harv. Coll. 1901; married 190S, Ruth Field. 

Nathan S. Fiske, selectman and assessor, lives on the farm bought by his ancestor, 
Lieut. Nathan Fiske, in 1673. 

CUTTING FAMILY 

George Warren Cutting, son of Ephraim (b. East Sudbury, 1774; m. 1802: d. 1866 > 
and Theoda (Pratt) Cutting, born 1S05, in Roxbury; settled in Weston in 1822; bought 
the Jonathan P. Stearns grocery business in 1833; married 1S30, Elizabeth Lord, of 
Medford (b. 1S07; d. 1893) ; was postmaster from 1859 to 18S5; for 52 years conducted 
the only grocery in Weston; held many offices within the gift of the people; was highly 
esteemed by the community for his great amiability and strict integrity; died 1885. 
Children: 

Caroline Elizabeth Cutting, born 1831; married George Willis; died 1SSS. 

Sarah Lord Cutting, born 1833; married Theodore Jones, die! 1S3 3. 

George Warren Cutting, born 1S34; married Josephine M. Brown. 



WESTON 137 

Harriet Fenno Cutting, born 1838; married William C. Stimpson, killed at Poplar 

Spring, Va., Sept. 30, 1S64, 35 Reg. Mass. Vol. 
Margaret Lord Cutting, born 1S42; married Isaac E. Coburn; died 1007. 
Emma Louisa Cutting, born 1S44. 
Ellen Marion Cutting, born 1846; died 1849. 

Edward L. Cutting, born 1S50; married Caroline Augusta Keniston. 
George Warren Cutting, Jr., born 1S34; married 1S65, Josephine M. Brown; 
became associated with his father in business. In 1875 the firm bought 
the Lamson store, property that had been in the Lamson family for 150 
years. In 1864 upon the death of Nathan Hagar (died Xov. 14, 1863), he 
was chosen town clerk, and has served continuously in office since. He 
was representative in 1SS9, and assessor for a number of years, a trustee of 
of the Merriam Fund; a highly esteemed citizen, and is now postmaster. 
His children are: 

Sarah Lillian Cutting, born 1866; married Arthur B. Xims. 

Alfred Leslie Cutting, born 1868; married May C. Livermore. 

Bessie Brown Cutting born 1874; died 1S76. 

George Warren Cutting (2d) born 1877. 

Eleanor Mabel Cutting born 18S0. 

Edmund Eugene Cutting born 1882; died 1882. 

Alfred Leslie Cutting, born 1868; opened a grocery store on North Ave., in 1SSS and 
was appointed postmaster at Kendal Green when he was 21. He married 1S90, May C, 
daughter of Charles H. and Almira (Child) Livermore, and became associated with his 
father and brother-in-law in business. He was elected a selectman in 1900 and con- 
tinuously since; Representative in 1908 and re-elected for 1909. He is deservedly popu- 
lar, trusted and esteemed. 

Corporal Henry L. Brown, Assessor, was born in 1840. 

David Weston Lane, Assessor, born in 1846, is Chairman of Park Commission. 

Henry J. White, Town Treasurer and Collector, born in 1828, has served the town 
as representative, assessor and selectman. His father Henry J. White came to Wes- 
ton from Hallowell, Maine. 

HASTINGS FAMILY 

I. Dea. Thomas Hastings migrated and settled in Watertown in 1634, with wife, 
Susanna (born 1609; died 1650); married 2, 1651, Margaret Cheney; died 16S5. 

II. Nathaniel Hastings, born 1661; married Mary — ; died 1694. 

III. John Hastings, born 1698; married 1726, Mercy Ward; lived in Weston. 
Children: 

Elizabeth, born 1728; married 1750, James Livermore. 
Esther, born 1730; married 1747, Ading Harrington. 
Edward, born 1735; married 1758, Lydia Harrington. 
John, born 1738; married 1, Elizabeth—; married 2, Esther Pierce, 1778. 



\ 



138 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

HEWS FAMILY 
Genealogies. 

Abraham Hews of Weston established the first potterv business in New England in 
1765. 

Abraham Hews, his son, was appointed postmaster of Weston by President M 
in 1S12 and held the office until his death in 1S54. 
Children: 

George Hews, born 1S06; married Caroline Pelletier, of Boston; died 1873. 
Horace Hews, born IS 15, was town treasurer 25 years, resigning office in 1889 
on account of failing health. 

HUBBARD FAMILY 

William Hubbard, a graduate of Cambridge, England, came over to this country in 
1632. His son, William, was graduated with the first class at Harvard College; after- 
ward settled as a minister at Ipswich, Mass.; wrote the History of the Indian Wars. 
The descendants are as follows: 

John Hubbard, 

John Hubbard, 

Daniel Hubbard, 

Daniel Hubbard, 

Henry Hubbard, 

Charles T. Hubbard, — the one who built in Weston. 

Charles W. Hubbard, — the present owner. 

The other children of Charles T. Hubbard are: 

Louisa Sewall Hubbard, married 1st, John Cotton Jackson ; 2nd, Ferdinand Canda. 
Elizabeth L. Hubbard, married Francis Blake. 
Charlotte W. Hubbard, married Benjamin Loring Young. 
Charles Wells Hubbard, married Anne L. Swann. 
Anne Hubbard, married Bancroft Chandler Davis. 

LAMSOX FAMILY 

II. John Lamson, son of Joseph, I, or Samuel, I, settled in Weston in 1709; died 1757. 

III. John Lamson,' born in 1724, married Elizabeth Wesson in 1759. 

III. Colonel Samuel Lamson, born in 1736: married Elizabeth Ball in 1759; married 
2, Elizabeth Sanderson of Waltham in 1788. He was town treasurer and selectman of 
Weston many years, captain of Weston company at Concord, colonel of Third Middlesex 
regiment, active in town affairs. 

Isaac Lamson third child of Samuel, married Abigail, daughter of Xathan Fiske in 
1783; kept store in Weston from 1786 to 1S06. 

John Lamson, ninth child of Samuel, born 1791; married Elizabeth Turner Kendall 
of Boston in 1814; established the firm of Lane, Lamson & Co., with branches in Boston, 
New York, Paris and Lyons; retired in 1S53; resided at homestead in Weston; died L855. 

Daniel S. Lamson, born 1793, tenth child of Samuel, married Patience, daughter of 
John Flagg, in 1822; kept the dry-goods store in Weston, was Lieut. -Colonel of 3rd 
Middlesex Regiment; died in 1824. 



WESTON 139 

Daniel S. Lamson, grandson of Samuel, son of John, born in 1828; educated in France; 
studied law with Sohier & Welch and at Harv. Law School; was admitted to bar in 1S54; 
commissioned Major of 16th Regt. Mass. Vols, (the old 3rd Middlesex Regt.) in 1861; 
Lieut. -Colonel in 1S63; commanded regiment after death of Col. P. T. Wyman in battle; 
was discharged for disability in 1S64; resides on old homestead. 

John Lamson, son of John, was born in 1760; married Hannah Avers. Their son, 
John A. Lamson, was a highly esteemed merchant of Boston. 

Rev. Dr. Alvan Lamson, son of John (b. 1760), grandson of John (b. 1724), born 
1792; Harv. Coll. 1814; tutor at Bowd. Coll. ; Camb. Div. Sch. 1817; settled in Dedham 
in ISIS; married Francis Fidelia Ward, daughter of Chief Justice Artemas Ward, in 
1S25; was a noted preacher, writer, antiquarian and historian; died in 1864. 



SEARS FAMILY 

Rev. Dr. Edmund Hamilton Sears, son of Joseph and Lucy (Smith) Sears, born in 
Standisfield in IS 10; Union Coll. 1S34; Harv. Div. Sch. 1837; settled in Wayland in 
1839; married Ellen (who died 1897, aged S6), daughter of Hon. Ebenezer Bacon, of 
Barnstable; was called to Lancaster in 1S40; returned to Wayland in 1848; was asso- 
ciated with Rev. Dr. Field at Weston in 1S65 ; followed Dr. Field in 1869 ; was a preacher 
and writer of wide fame ; died in 1S76. 
Children: 

Katharine, born 1843; died 1S53. 

Francis Bacon, born 1849; married Mary E. Sparhawk. 

Edmund Hamilton, born 1852; married Hellen Clark Swazey of Springfield; lives 
in St. Louis, Mo. 

Horace Scudder, born 1S55. 

Francis Bacon Sears, son of Rev. Dr. Edmund H. and Ellen (Bacon) Sears, born 
in Wayland, 1849; passed his boyhood in Wayland; married in 1S75 Mary E., daughter 
of George and Mary S. (Jackson) Sparhawk; settled finally in Weston in 1891. 
Children: 

1. Katharine, born 1876; married Henry Endicott, Jr., resides in Weston; has 
one daughter, Ellen Bacon Endicott. 

2. Edmund Hamilton Sears, born 1S78; Harv. Coll. 1899; married in 1904, 

Leslie Buckingham of Wayland; has children, Mary Sears, born 1905; Ed- 
mund Hamilton Sears, born 1907. 

3. Jackson Knyvet Sears, born 1881; died 1905. 

4. Francis Bacon Sears, Jr., born 1882; Harv. Coll. 1905; married Marian 

Buckingham; resides in Wayland; has one son, Francis Bacon Sears, born 
1907. 

WINSOR FAMILY. 

Mrs. Anne Bent (Ware) Winsor, widow of Frederick Winsor of Winchester, settled 
in Weston [in 1889, buying the Hager farm, corner of Central Ave. and Wellesley St.; 
she died in 1907. Her children were: 



• . 



140 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

1. Robert Winsor, born 1S5S; Harv. Coll. 1880; banker (Kidder, Peabody & Co ) 

has farm of 300 acres; married Eleanor McGee of Winchester; has 4 children: 
Robert Winsor, Jr., Harv. Coll. 1905. 
Philip Winsor, Alexander Winsor, and Mary Winsor. 

2. Mary Pickard Winsor. 

3. Paul Winsor, born 1863; Chief Engineer Motive Power and Rolling Stock, 
Boston Elevated Railway Co.; married Jessie Baldwin of Winchester; has 
2 sons, Paul Winsor, Jr., Felix Winsor. 

4. Annie Ware Winsor, married Prof. Joseph Allen, of College of City of Sew 

York; has 3 children: Dorothea, Anne, Joseph. 

5. Jane Loring Winsor, married Lyman W. Gale of Weston; has 3 children, 
Priscilla, Emma, Winsor Gale. 

6. Elizabeth Ware Winsor, married Prof. Henry G. Pearson, of Mass. Inst. 
Tech. ; has 1 child, Theodore Pearson. 

7. Frederick W 7 insor, Jr., born 1872; Harv. Coll. 1893; resides in Concord; 
master, Middlesex School; married Mary A. Paine, daughter of Gen. Charles 
J. Paine; has 5 children: Charles Winsor, Dorothy Winsor, Frederick Win- 
sor, John Winsor, and Theresa Winsor. 

The genealogy of the other Weston families will appear in future numbers of this 
magazine. 



ff! 



[This is the fifth of a series of articles, giving the organization and history of all the Massachusetts 
regiments which took part in the war of the Revoluti m.] 

COLONEL JOHN FELLOWS'S 

REGIMENT 



Colonel John Fellows's Minute Men's Regiment. 1775. 
8th Regiment Army of the United Colonies. 177.3. 



By Frank A. Gardner, M. D. 

North western Massachusetts contributed nearly all the men who com- 
posed this regiment, six companies being raised in Hampshire County, three 
in Berkshire and one in Worcester County. 

Colonel Fellows's Minute Men's Regiment, which responded to the Lexing- 
ton Alarm of April 19, 1775, was officered as follows: 
Colonel, John Fellows, Sheffield. 
Lieut. Colonel, Thomas Brown, Sandisfield. 
Major, John Cotter, New Marlboro. 
Adjutant, Ebenezer Bement, Great Barrington. 

Company officers: 

Lieutenant (commanding) Moses Soule. 
Lieutenant Noah Allen. 
Ensign Solomon Demming. 



Captain William King. 

Lieutenant Samuel Brewer. 

Second Lieutenant Abijah Markham. 



Captain William Bacon. 
Lieutenant John Hubbard. 
Ensign William Ashley. 



Captain Caleb Wright. 
No lieutenant. 
Ensign Elisha Shelden. 



142 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

Captain Jacob Brown. 
Lieutenant Joel Smith. 



Captain Israel Chapin. • 
Lieutenant Perez Bardwell. 
Ensign William Watson. 



Captain John Holmes 
Lieutenant Michael Loomis. 
Lieutenant David Tullar. 



Lieutenant (commanding) John Hurlbut. 
No other commissioned officer. 

The regiment was reorganized .April 25, 1775, and became the 17th Massa- 
chusetts Bay Regiment in the Provincial Army. The field and staff officers 
were as follows: 

Colonel, John Fellows, Sheffield, engaged April 25, 1775. 

Lieut. Colonel, Nahum Eagur, Worthington, 
Major, Benjamin Tupper, Chesterfield, 

Chaplain, Samuel Spring, Uxbridge, May 10, 

Adjutant, Ebenezer Bement, Great Barrington, " April 25, 

Quartermaster, Seth Hunt, Northampton, May 23, 

Surgeon, Elihu Wright, New Marlboro, April 25, 

Surgeon, Samuel Adams, Truro, June 2S, 

Surgeon's Mate, Josiah Harvey, Granville, June S, 

Two letters connected with this period of the regiment explain themselves. 
"In Com tee of Safety, Cambridge May 11, 1775. 
Sir The Capts Caleb Wright & John Holmes of the County of Berkshire, 
now report verbally, that your Excel c >' is willing that about 60 of Col° Fellows's 
men, who have not enlisted, may have liberty to return home, they having 
first the consent of this Com tee We have conferr'd with his Excellency Gen 1 
Ward upon the Subject, & are of Opinion, That no liberty ought to be granted 
to any, for that purpose, until the Camps are so far strengthened, as that all 
who were called in upon the late alarm, may have liberty to return. And 
as the Troops from Connecticut are very soon (in a few days) expected, we 



COLONEL JOHN FELLOWS'S REGIMENT 143 

think that these, with others which are daily coming in, will strengthen our 
hands so far as to relieve those who want to return to their homes. 
We have the honor to be Sir, with great respect, 
Y r Excel n >" s ' most hum ble Serv fc 
Pr order of the Committee 

Rich d Deven Chairman." 

"The council of war having recommended that forty persons of the regi- 
ment commanded by Col. Fellows have liberty to return to their several 
homes. Resolved, that they be dismissed accordingly, and that the com- 
missary general be directed to supply said persons with six days provisions 
to serve them on their return home." 

Committee of Safety, May 15, 1775. 

A return of the regiment made at Roxbury Camp, May 23, 1775, gave the 
the total enrollment of privates as 526. 

We read in the records of the Committee of Safety, May 29, 1775, that 
"Col. Fellows having satisfied this committee that his regiment is full, we 
had a certificate thereof, and a recommendation that said regiment be com- 
missioned accordingly, was given him for the honorable Congress." 

"A true Return According to the Returns from every Company" dated 
Roxbury Camp, May 31, 1775, showed that the regiment numbered 54S, 
35 of whom were officers. 

A resolve passed in the Provincial Congress June 4, 1775, directed "That 
Col. Lemuel Robinson. . . . pay the advance pay of the three companies of 
Col. [Fellows'] regiment, which came from the county of Berkshire, out of 
the first money he may receive from the receiver general." 

"Roxbury Camp, June 10. 1775. 

A return of Col° Fellows Regiment of the Names of Officers and Number 
of Men. 



Capt. Robert* Webster 

Lt. Christopher Banester 49 

Ensg Everton Bosweck 



Capt. Abner Pemroy 

Lt. Jonathan Wales 45 

Ensg Daniel Kirtland 



144 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

Capt. Ebenezer Webber 

Lieut Samll Bartlett 66 

Lieut Samll Allen 



Capt Abel Shaw* 

Lieut Joseph Warner 39 



Capt. William Bacon 

Lt John Hubbard 57 

Ensg Michel Loomis 



Capt. W T illiam King 

Lt Sam 11 Brewer 55 

Ensg Gamaliel Whitine 



Capt. Jonathan Allen 

Lieut Oliver Lyman 64 

Ensg Jonathan Stearns 



Capt. Moses Soul 

Lt Noah Allen / 55 

Ensg Solomon Duning 



Capt Israel Chapin 

Lieut Perez Bar dwell 54 

Ensg William Watson 



Capt Simeon Hazeltine 

Lieut George Blake 45 



Ensg Steward Blake 



♦Although this name is given as Shaw in the manuscript record it is a mistake. 
His name was Thayer as proven by other original records; 



COLONEL JOHN FELLOWS'S REGIMENT 14. 

Elihu W right Scurgeon 

Sam 11 Spring Chaplin 

Eben r Bement Adj't j 

W m Bement Armerer 

Seth Hunt Quartermaster 



Field Officers ; 

Colo John Fellows 
Lt Col. Nahum Eager 
Maj r Benjamin Tupper 

N. B. 14 of the above soldiers have enlisted in the train of artillery 3 
not joined 1 Deferted 

567 
Colon & other officers of Commifiond Staff 37 



Total 564 

Ebenezer Bement Adjt pr order of the Colo." 

Commissions were ordered to be delivered to Colonel Fellows and the 
officers of his regiment, "agreeable to a list exhibited by the Lt. Col." June 
7, 1775. 

The following list shows the names of the company commanders about 
July 1, 1775, with the names of towns: 

Captains. 

William King, Great Barrington, Tyringham, Alford, etc. 

Jonathan Allen, Northampton, Dorchester. 

William Bacon, Sheffield, Egremont, Alford. 

Robert Webster, Chesterfield, Bridge water, Northampton, Pelham. 

Israel Chapin, Hatfield, Whately, Chesterfield, Enfield, Williamsburg. 

Ebenezer Webber, Ashfield, Worthington, Deerfield, Dorchester. 

Simeon Hazeltine, Hardwick, Oakham, Rutland, Ashfield. 

Abel Thayer, Williamsburg, No. 5. etc. etc. 

Moses Soule, Sandisfield, New Marlboro, Egremont, Spencer. 

Abner Pomroy, Southampton, Northampton, Norwich etc. 

A return of company commanders for provisions made July 3, 1775, 
showed that the regiment contained at that time 539 men, each of whom 
had a pound of beef, a pound of pork, two pounds of bread, two (pints prob- 



146 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

ably) of beer, a quarter of a pound of both rice and peas, and about 1-9 of a 
pound of butter, for the daily ration. 

The regiment was assigned Brigadier General Thomas's Brigade. July 22 
1775, and served through the year in the fortifications at Roxbury. We 
have already given the strength of the regiment at various times up to August, 
1775. The following shows the number of men each month through the 
remainder of the vear. 



Date. 


Com. Off. 


Staff. 


Non Com.* 


Rank and file 


Aug. 18. 


33 


5 


56 


460 


Sept. 23. 


33 


5 


59 


470 


Oct. 17. 


33 


5 


59 


468 


Nov. 18. 


31 


5 


59 


466 


Dec. 30. 


31 


5 


59 


453 



Many of the officers of this regiment served in other organizations in 
later years of the war. Two attained the rank of brigadier general, one became 
a colonel, four, majors and others, company commanders. 

COLONEL JOHN FELLOWS of Sheffield, was born in Pomfret. Con- 
necticut, in 1733. He was in Sheffield in 175S and was an Ensign in Colonel 
William Williams's Regiment from March 13 to November 1, of that year. 
He served as Captain in 1759, 60 and 61, and again in 1764. In 1771 he was 
1st Major in Colonel John Ashley's South Regiment of Berkshire. 

He was a member of the First Provincial Congress from Sheffield. Great 
Barrington, Egremont and Alford, in October 1774. On the 19th of the 
month he was appointed on a committee "to make as minute an inquiry 
into the present state and operations of the army as may be. and report." 
He was also to "consider what is necessary to be now done for the defence 
and safety of the province." December 7, 1774 he was appointed on a com- 
mittee "to prepare .... a true statement of the number of the inhabitants 
and of the quantities of exports and imports of goods .... of all kinds, within 
the colony, [to] be used by our delegates in the Continental Congress." He 
represented Sheffield and Great Barrington in the Second Provincial Con- 
gress. February, 1775. 

He organized a regiment of minute men and marched them from the 
hills and vales of Berkshire County upon the alarm of April 19th 1775. On 
the 25th of that month the reorganization took place and this regiment be- 

* Sergeants, fifers and drummers. 



' 



COLONEL JOHN FELLOWS'S REGIMENT 147 

came the 17th. Massachusetts Bay regiment in the Provincial Army. In the 
Army of the United Colonies, June-December, it was known as the 8th 
Regiment. 

In the Provincial Congress, June 7, 177o, it was "Ordered, That com- 
missions be delivered to Col. Fellows and officers of his regiment, agreeably 
to the list exhibited by his lieutenant colonel." Colonel Fellows received 
his commission on the following day. He served through the year 177o with 
his regiment in the fortifications at Roxbury. 

In January, 1776, he was raising a regiment in the County of Berkshire 
but on the 30th of that month was chosen Brigadier General for that county, 
and was commissioned February Sth. June 26, 1776, he was chosen to com- 
mand a brigade of militia to reinforce General Washington at Xew York. 
This brigade was composed of three regiments. Colonel Simeon Cary's. Colonel 
Jonathan Holman's and Colonel Isaac Smith's. August 5th the brigade was 
assigned "to take the place of Gen. Scott's Brigade which was to move into 
the city." Unfortunately, the brigade was composed entirely of raw militia- 
men who had never been in action, and made a lamentable display in the 
retreat from New York. General Nathaniel Greene in a letter to Governor 
Cooke wrote: "We made a miserable, disorderly retreat from Xew York, 
owing to the disorderly conduct of the militia, who ran at the appearance 
of the enemy's advance guard; this was General Fellows's brigade. They 
struck a panick into the troops in the rear, and Fellows's and Parsons's whole 
brigade ran away from about fifty men, and left his Excellency on the ground 
within eighty yards of the enemy so vexed at the infamous conduct of the 
troops, that he sought death rather than life." General Washington did not 
consider that General Fellows was responsible for this stampede, as the follow- 
ing letter to the President of Congress makes evident. 

"As soon as I heard the firing, I rode with all possible dispatch toward 
the place of landing, when, to my great surprise and mortification. I found 
the troops that had been posted in the lines retreating with the utmost pre- 
cipitation, and those ordered to support them (Parsons' & Fellows's brigades) 
flying in every direction, and in the greatest confusion, notwithstanding the 
exertion of their Generals to form them. I used every means in my power 
to tally and get them in some order; but my attempts were fruitless and 
ineffectual; and on the appearance of a small party of the enemy, not more 
than sixty or seventy, their disorder increased, and they ran away in the 
greatest confusion, without firing a single shot. Finding that no confidence 
was to be placed in these brigades" etc. etc. Up to November 23. 1776, 
17 members of the brigade had been killed, 4 taken prisoners and 11 missing. 



148 THE M/.SSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

General Fellows served later at Bemis Heights and Saratoga and was 
present at the surrender of Burgoyne. After the war he was made high 
sheriff of Berkshire County. He died at Sheffield, Massachusetts, August 
1, 1S08. 

LIEUT. COLOXEL THOMAS BROWN of Sandisfield was a Captain 
in Colonel John Ashley's South Berkshire Regiment, July, 1771. He was 
engaged April 21, 1775, as Lieutenant Colonel of Colonel John Fellows 's 
Minute Men's Regiment and is credited with IS days service. 

LIEUT. COLOXEL XAHUM EAGER of Brookfield "carried his own 
arms" as a private in Captain Asa Whitcomb's company February 5, 1756. In 
August of the following year he was a private in Captain Xathaniel Wolcott's 
Company, on the alarm at Fort William Henry. In 1758 he served in Captain 
Nathan Tyler's Company, Colonel William Williams's Regiment. He was 
a private in Captain Asa Whitcomb's Company in Colonel Jonathan Bayley's 
Regiment (year not given). From March 4 to X'ovember 27, 1762, he was 
a Lieutenant in Captain William Jones's Company. He was credited to 
Westboro at this time. He was engaged April 25, 1775, as Lieut. Colonel 
of Colonel John Fellows's Regiment of Minute Men and served through the 
the year under that commander. A list of officers of the Continental Army 
in 1776 credits him as Lieut. Colonel of Colonel Israel Hutchinson's Regiment, 
but this was either a mistake or he did substitute duty for a short time only, as 
Lieut. Colonel Benjamin Holden is given as second in command in that regi- 
ment throughout the year 1776. 

' MAJOR JOHX COTTER (COLLER or COLLAR), of Xew Marlboro, 
was a member of the Committee of Inspection of that town. January 24. 1775. 
He was Major of Colonel John Fellows's Minute Men's Regiment and was 
engaged for that service April 21, 1775. He was commissioned Captain in 
a Berkshire County regiment October 14. 1777, and in 1779 served in the same 
rank in Colonel John Ashley's 1st Berkshire County Regiment. He served 
six days in the same regiment in 17S0. In 17S4 he held the rank of Lieutenant 
Colonel. 

MAJOR BEXJAMIX TUPPER of Chesterfield was born in 173S in that 

part of Stoughton now known as Sharon. He was the son of Thomas and ■ 

(Perry) Tupper. His father died when he was quite young and he was ap- 
prenticed to a farmer in Dorchester by the name of Withington. At the 
age of sixteen he removed to Easton and kept a district school for several 



COLONEL JOHN FELLOWS'S REGIMENT 149 

winters. He was "centinel" in Captain Nathaniel Perry's Company in Colonel 
John Winslow's Regiment from June 13 to September 2 >, 1754. From April 
1, to November 28, 175S, he was a Corporal in Captain James Andrews's 
Company in Colonel Thomas Doty's Regiment. March 25, 1759, he enlisted 
in Captain Josiah Thatcher's Company in Colonel Ephraim Leonard's Regi- 
ment. From November 1st of that year until January 11, 1761 he was a 
sergeant in Captain Samuel Glover's Company in Colonel Bayley's Regiment. 
He was a Lieutenant of militia at the breaking out of the revolution. He 
was engaged April 25, 1775, as Major in Colonel John Fellows's Provincial 
Regiment and as the efficient leader of several important expeditions during 
the year gained an enviable reputation for skill and valor. The first was on 
July S, 1775, when a party of volunteers under Majors Tupper and Crane, 
at two o'clock in the morning attacked the advanced guard of the British 
at Brown's house on Boston Neck, within three hundred yards of their main 
works. They trained two field pieces on the guard house, fired two rounds, 
drove the guards back to their main lines and burned the house. The next 
of these expeditions is thus described by Frothingham in his " Siege of Boston.'' 

"The enemy had commenced rebuilding the light-house, and this day, 
July 31, Major Tupper, with three hundred men, was detached with orders 
to disperse the working party. The enemy prepared to receive the Ameri- 
cans in a hostile manner. Major Tupper landed in good order on the island, 
marched up to the works, killed ten or twelve on the spot, and took the re- 
mainder prisoners. Having demolished the works, the party were ready 
to embark, but the tide leaving them, they were obliged to remain until its 
return. Meantime, a number of boats came up from the men-of-war to 
reinforce those at the island, and a smart firing from both parties took place. 
A field piece, under Major Crane, planted on Nantasket Point to cover a 
retreat, sunk one of the boats, and killed several of the crew. Major Tupper 
brought his party off with the loss of only one man killed, and two or three 
wounded. Washington, the next day, in general orders, thanked Major 
Tupper, and the officers and soldiers under his command, 'for their gallant 
and soldier-like behavior,' and remarked that he doubted not 'but the con- 
tinental army would be as famous for their mercy as their valor.' ' General 
Washington caused Jefferson to refer to it as an instance of " the adventurous 
genius and intrepidity of New Englanders." The British Admiral said that 
no one act of the siege caused as much chagrin in London as the destruction 
of the lighthouse. 

In August, 1775, Major Tupper was sent to Martha's Vineyard to capture 
two vessels, and on the 27th of September, headed a party of two hundred 



150 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

men. This party "embarked in whale-boats at Dorchester, landed on G )V- 

ernor's Island and brought off twelve head of cattle, two fine horses, burnt 
a pleasure-boat just ready to be launched, and returned to camp without 
loss of life." 

November 4, 1775, he was commissioned Lieut. Colonel of Colonel Ward's 
Regiment. He was Lieut. Colonel under the same commander in the 21st 
Regiment in the Continental Army, and did valiant service. Januarv 15, 
1776, he captured two vessels and carried them into Dartmouth. In May 
and June he commanded a fleet of whale-boats which cruised al jng the coast 
of Long Island, protecting "the western shore from Amboy Dam to Sandy 
Hook," and giving information about arrivals of the enemy's vessels at Xew 
York. He commanded a fleet of galleys about Xew York through the summer 
and was stationed at Dobbs Ferry in November. General Heath in a letter 
to General Washington, dated November 26, 1776, wrote that Col. Tupper 
brought over the Hudson, the stores at Tappan, Slot's Landing, etc. "although 
the ships fired a number of cannon shot at the boats." 

From January 1, to July 7, 1777, he served in the Northern Army as Lieut. 
Colonel of the 2nd Regiment, Massachusetts Line, under Colonel John Bailey. 
On the latter date he was given command of the 11th Regiment. Massachu- 
setts Line, after Colonel Ebenezer Francis had been killed at Hubbardton, 
Vermont. He commanded this regiment until January 1, 1781, when he 
was transferred to the 10th Regiment which he commanded until January 1, 
1783. He was then appointed Colonel of the 6th Regiment and served until 
it disbanded June 12, 1783. He was at Valley Forge in the winter of 1777-8 
and at the battle of Monmouth June 28, 1778, and had a horse killed under 
him during that engagement. He was appointed inspector in General Pater- 
son's Brigade in September 1778 and served as aid to General Washington. 
In 1780 he superintended the stretching of a chain across the Hudson River 
at West Point. He was brevetted a Brigadier General towari the close of 
the war. 

He represented Chesterfield in the Massachusetts Legislature after the 
war and was a justice of the peace. He was one of the signers of the petition 
of Continental officers for the laying out of a new state " we3tward of the 
Ohio" June 16, 1783, and in 1785 accepted the office of surveyor of the north- 
western lands, which General Putnam had given up. March 1. 1786, he 
helped to organize the Ohio Company of Associates. He returned to Massa- 
chusetts and actively assisted General Shepard in suppressing Shay's rebellion. 
He removed with his family to Ohio arriving at Marietta August 9. 1788. He 
was justice of the quorum of the first civil court in the Northwest Territory Sep- 



COLONEL JOHN FELLOWS'S REGIMENT 151 

tember 9, 17S8, and presided thereafter at every session but one or two until 
his death. His biographer in "Notable Americans" credits him with 
being the inventor of the screw propeller. He was a member of the Massa- 
chusetts Society of the Cincinnati. He died at Marietta, Ohio, June 1792. 

ADJUTANT EBENEZER BEMENT of Great Barrington served in 
Colonel Fellows's Regiment and in the Provincial Regiment in May 177."). 

CHAPLAIN SAMUEL SPRING of Uxbridge was engaged for service 
in Colonel Fellows's Provincial Regiment, May 10, 1775. 

SURGEON SAMUEL ADAMS of Truro was engaged June 28, 1775, as 
Surgeon of the Provincial Regiment. In October he was credited to Captain 
William King's Company in Colonel Fellows's 8th Regiment, A. U. C. 

SURGEON ELIHU WRIGHT of New Marlborough served as Clerk of 
Captain William Lyman's Company from September 13 to December 10, 
1755. Later he was Captain of the New Marlborough Company in Colonel 
William Williams's Berkshire County Regiment. He was engaged April 25, 
1775, as Surgeon of Colonel Fellows's Provincial Regiment. 

SURGEON'S MATE JOSIAH HARVEY of Granville was engaged for ser- 
vice in Colonel Fellows's Provincial Regiment, June 8, 1775. He was exam- 
ined and approved by the committee of Congress, at Watertown July 5, 1775. 

QUARTERMASTER SETH HUNT of Northampton was engaged May 
23, 1775, to serve in Colonel John Fellows's Provincial Regiment. His first 
service- was as a private in Captain Jonathan Allen's Company in General 
Pomeroy's Regiment, which marched April 20, 1775, in response to the Lex- 
ington alarm. He w r as probably the same Seth Hunt, of Northampton, who 
was appointed a Captain in Colonel Henry Jackson's Regiment, September 6, 
1777. He was not included in the arrangement for consolidation April 9, 
1779, and was reported "never joined." 

ARMORER WILLIAM BEMENT (or BEAMENT). The name appears 
in a list of officers to be commissioned dated Roxbury Camp, May 31. 1775; 
commissioned June 7, 1775. His name was crossed out of the list. It was 
voted in the Committee of Safety, May 15, 1775, that Mr. William " Beman" 
of Colonel Fellows's Regiment, be "appointed by this Committee to act as 
an armorer for the forces posted at Roxbury." 



152 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

CAPTAIN JONATHAN ALLEX of Northampton, was in Colonel Jona- 
than Bayley's Regiment at Fort William Henry, March 23, 1756. He was a 
"Centinel" in Captain Israel Williams's Company from October 19, 1756? 
to January 19, 1757?*. He was a Captain in General Pomeroy's Regiment, 
April 20, 1775 and enlisted in Colonel John Fellows's Provincial Regiment 
seven days later. He served through the year, and through 177(3 was a Cap- 
tain in Colonel Jonathan Ward's 21st Continental Regiment. January 1, 
1777, he began service in Colonel Rufus Putnam's 5th Regiment, Massachu- 
setts Line, and on the 17th of the following May was promoted to the rank 
of Major. He died January 6, 17S0. 

CAPTAIN WILLIAM BACON of Sheffield was Captain of a company 
in Colonel John Fellows's Regiment of Minute Men, April 21, 1775. He 
enlisted in the Provincial Army and served through the year under the same 
commander. 

CAPTAIN JACOB BROWN of Sandisfield served as an Ensign in Captain 
Jno. Chadwick's Tyringham Company, in Colonel William Williams's Regi- 
ment, in January 1764. He commanded a company in Colonel John Fellows's 
Minute Men's Regiment, April 21, 1775, and served for 1 month and 3 days. 
He was probably the Jacob Brown who was 2nd Major of Colonel Mark Hop- 
kins's 1st Berkshire County Regiment, commissioned February 7, 1776. 

CAPTAIN ISRAEL CHAPIN of Hatfield was a "centinel" in Captain 
Isaac Wy man's Company from April 15 to November 3, 1757. From Novem- 
ber 13, 175S to April 11, 1759, he was in the same officer's company at Fort 
Massachusetts and West Hoosack (Williamstown) . Later in 1759. he was 
in Captain Selah Barnard's Company in Brigadier General Ruggles's Regi- 
ment. He was a Captain in Colonel John Fellows's Minute Men's Regiment, 
April 20, 1775, and served under him through the year. In 1777 he was a 
Major, probably serving as a volunteer in Captain Seth Murray's Company 
in Colonel Ezra May's Regiment. He was chosen Lieut. Colonel of the 2nd 
Hampshire County Regiment, October 6, 1777, in place of Lieut Colonel 
Dickinson, resigned. On the 16th of the following February he was chosen 
Colonel of the same regiment in place of Colonel Ezra May, deceased. In 
1779 he was in command of the same regiment in General Timothy Daniel- 
son's Brigade. 

CAPTAIN SIMEON HAZELTON of Hardwick was the son of^Daniel 
Hazelton. He was in Hardwick as early as 1758, when we are told in the 

♦Year not given in the original manuscript record, but probably 1756 anl 7. 



COLONEL JOHN FELLOWS'S REGIMENT 153 

"History of Hardwick" that he was a soldier in the French war although 
the writer has been unable to confirm this by the records in the Massachu- 
setts archives. He commanded a company of Minute Men which marched 
on the alarm of April 19, 1775. He was engaged April 26, 1775 as a Captain 
in Colonel Fellows's Provincial Regiment and he was commissioned June 
7th. He was a Captain serving as a Cadet in Captain Timothy Paige's Com- 
pany in Colonel James Converse's 4th Worcester County Regiment, in August 
1777, at the Bennington alarm. He became involved in Shay's rebellion 
and was obliged to leave the state. He settled at Sandgate, Vermont and 
represented that town in the legislature. 

CAPTAIN JOHN HOLMES of Sheffield was a Sergeant in Captain John 
Fellows's Company from May 7 to December 5, 1759. He commanded a 
Company in Colonel John Fellows's Regiment of Minute Men, which marched 
April 19, 1775 and served until May 22nd. November 7, 1776, he was chosen 
by Massachusetts resolve, wagon-master for the southern army. 

CAPTAIN WILLIAM KING of Great Barrington lived in Sheffield in 
1755, and was a private in Captain Elisha Noble's Company from September 
15 to December 5 of that year, in the expedition to Crown Point. In 1756 
at the age of 24 he was a private under Colonel Dwight, having left Captain 
Burghert's Company in Colonel Worthington's Regiment. From March 3 
to December 1, (probably 1760) he was an Ensign in Captain John Fellows's 
Company. He was a Captain in Colonel John Fellows's Regiment of Minute 
Men in April 1775, and he continued to serve in the Provincial Regiment in 
May, and in Colonel Fellows's 8th Regiment, Army of the United Colonies 
through the remainder of the year. Through 1776 he was a Captain in Colonel 
Jonathan Ward's 21st Continental Regiment. September 29, 1778, he was 
commissioned Brigade Major of Berkshire County Militia. 

CAPTAIN ABNER POMEROY of Southampton was a Second Lieu- 
tenant in Captain Lemuel Pomeroy's Company which marched April 21, 1775, 
in response to the Lexington alarm. He was engaged April 27, 1775, as a 
Captain in Colonel John Fellows's Regiment and served through the year- 
August 16, 1777 he was engaged as First Lieutenant of Captain John Kirkland's 
Company, in Colonel B. Ruggles Woodbridge's Regiment. In 177S-9 he 
was a Captain in Colonel Ezra Wood's Regiment. 

CAPTAIN ABEL SHAW. This name, appearing in a list dated May 23 
1775, is evidently incorrect. Captain Abel "Thayer," as given in a list dated 
May 31, is the correct name. 



154 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

CAPTAIN MOSES SOUL of Xew Marlborough was a Lieutenant in com- 
mand of a Company in Colonel John Fellows's Minute Men's Regiment . 
21, 1775. May S, he was engaged as Captain in Colonel Fellows's Provincial 
Regiment and he continued to serve under the same commander through 
the year. January 1, 1776, he was appointed Captain of the Oth Company 
in Colonel Asa Whitcomb's 6th Continental Regiment. He was dischai 
(also given resigned) October 1, 1776. 

CAPTAIN ABEL THAYER of Williamsburg was a Lieutenant in command 
of a detachment, in response to the Lexington alarm of April 10, 1775. April 
28, he was engaged as a Captain in Colonel John Fellows's Provincial Regi- 
ment and he served through the year under him. 

CAPTAIN EBENEZER WEBBER of Worthington was Captain of a 
Company of Minute Men which marched April 20, 1775, in response to the 
Lexington alarm. He was engaged April 27, as Captain in Colonel John 
Fellows's Regiment and served through the year. In April 1776, he was 
commissioned Captain in Colonel Seth Pomeroy's 2nd Hampshire County 
Regiment. From December 17, 1776, to March 20, 1777, he was Captain 
of a company in Lieut. Colonel Samuel Williams's Regiment. He was a 
Captain in Major Jonathan Clapp's Regiment from July 10, 1777 to August 
12, 1777. He also served as Captain in Colonel Ezra May's Regiment in 
September-October 1777, and Colonel Israel Chapin's 2nd Hampshire County 
Regiment in 1778-80. 

CAPTAIN ROBERT WEBSTER of Chesterfield was probably the man 
of that name who was a private in Captain Joshua Healy's Company in 
Colonel John Chandler Jr.'s Regiment, which marched to the relief of Fort 
William Henry in August, 1757. He was Captain of a Company of Minute 
Men in General Pomeroy's Regiment, April 21, 1775. April 27, he was en- 
gaged as Captain in Colonel John Fellows's Regiment, and he served in that 
command through the year. 

CAPTAIN CALEB WRIGHT of New Marlborough was probably the 
man of that name who lived in Harvard (son or protege of Thomas Wright), 
who was in Captain Asa Whitcomb's Company in the French war. He was 
Ensign of Captain Elisha Noble's Company from September 12 to December 
5, 1775, on the Crown Point expedition. He was Captain of a Company in 
Colonel John Fellows's Minute Men's Regiment, April 21, 1775, and served 
1 month and 3 days. 






COLONEL JOHN FELLOWS'S REGIMENT 155 

LIEUTENANT NOAH ALLEN of Sandisfield held that rank in Lieu- 
tenant Moses Soul's Company in Colonel John Fellows's Minute Men's Regi- 
ment, April 21, 1775. He continued to serve under the same commander 
through the year with the rank of First Lieutenant according to the " His- 
torical Register of the Officers of the Continental Army." January 1, 1770. 
he enlisted as First Lieutenant in Captain Moses Soul's Company, Colonel 
Asa Whitcomb's 6th Continental Regiment, and was promoted Captain, 
October 1 or 2, 1776. He was re-engaged in Colonel Smith's (late Wiggles- 
worth's) 13th Regiment, Massachusetts Line, November 14, 1776, and served 
in that command as late as April 1779, and in the same regiment under Major 
John Porter in August of that year. His name also appears in a list of men 
in the 13th Regiment, dated December 14, 17S0. He was transferred to the 
1st Regiment, Massachusetts Line, commanded by Colonel Joseph Vose, 
January 1, 17S1. In May 1781, he was in command of the regiment tem- 
porarily at West Point. He was wounded at Robinson's house and was 
retired August 1, 17S2, according to the Historical Register of the officers 
of the Continental Army," but returns dated from November S to December 
6, 1782, show that he was sick at New Marlborough by leave of General 
Washington. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT CHRISTOPHER BANESTER (or BANNISTER) 
of Chesterfield was a private in Captain Obediah Cooley's Company in 1756. 
He was commissioned June 7, 1775, First Lieutenant in Captain Robert 
Webster's Company in Colonel John Fellows's Regiment. He served in 
that command through the year. April 5, 1776, he was commissioned Cap- 
tain in the 2nd Hampshire County Regiment. He marched to Bennington 
with the regiment in August 1777, and was commissioned 2nd Major of the 
same command, May 30, 1778. 

LIEUTENANT PEREZ BARDWELL of Whately (of Hatfield in 1755) 
was a centinel in Captain Moses Porter's Company from April 1 to September 
S, 1755; and in Captain Hezekiah Smith's Company from September 9 to 
December 25 of the same year. From March 5 to April 2, 1757* he held the 
same rank in Captain John Burk's Company. April 13, 175S* he enlisted 
in Captain Salah Barnard's Company, Colonel William Williams's Regiment. 
He enlisted in Colonel Israel William Williams's Regiment, April 6. 1759. 
and was a private in Captain William Shepard's Company from June 24 to 
December 4, 1761. He was a Lieutenant in Captain Israel Chapin's Company, 
in Colonel John Fellows's Minute Men's Regiment, April 20, 1775, and served 
through the year under the same Colonel. 

*Year not given in original record. 



156 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

LIEUTENANT SAMUEL BARTLET of Ashfield may have been the 
man of that name who enlisted April 6, 1759 from Shirley, at the age of 19, 
in Colonel William Lawrence's Regiment. He was a Lieutenant in command 
of a company which marched April 22, 1775, in response to the Lexington 
alarm. He enlisted April 27, 1775, as a Lieutenant in Captain Ebenezer 
Webber's Company, in Colonel John Fellows's Regiment and served through 
the year. From January 1 to December 31, 1776, he was a Captain in Colonel 
Jonathan Ward's 21st Continental Regiment, and January 1st 1777. he be- 
came a Captain in Colonel James Wesson's 9th Regiment, Massachusetts 
Line. He resigned March 6, 177S. 

LIEUTENANT GEORGE BLAKE of Oakham entered Captain Simeon 
Hazelton's Company in Colonel John Fellows's Regiment, May 1, 1775, and 
served through the year. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT SAMUEL BREWER of Great Barrington (prob- 
ably) may have been the man .bearing that name who enlisted from Rutland 
in 1759, in Captain John Phelp's Company, Colonel Ruggles's Regiment, for 
the relief of Fort William Henry. He was First Lieutenant of Captain Wil- 
liam King's Company, in Colonel John Fellows's Minute Men's Regiment, 
which marched April 21, 1775, in response to the Lexington alarm. He 
enlisted into the army later and was commissioned June 7, 1775. He served 
through the year in Colonel Fellows's Regiment. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT JOHN HUBBARD of Sheffield was an Ensign 
in Captain Lemuel Barnard's North Sheffield Company, in Colonel John 
Ashley's Regiment, in July 1771. He was a Lieutenant in Captain William 
Bacon's Company of Minute Men in Colonel John Fellows's Regiment, April 
21, 1775. He was engaged May 8, 1775. for service under the same com- 
manders and continued in the same regiment through the year. According 
to family tradition, he was wounded in the knee and applied for a pension. 

LIEUTENANT JOHN HURLBUT of Alford was Captain in the Alford 
Company in Colonel John Ashley's South Regiment of Berkshire County in 
July 1771. He was Lieutenant in command, and the only commissioned 
officer in a company in Colonel John Fellows's Minute Men's Regiment. 
April 21, 1775. A part of this company did not engage in the service but 
returned home after the enlistment of the army. He was probably the John 
"Hulburt" who was First Lieutenant in Captain Benjamin Bonney's Com- 
pany, in the 2nd Hampshire County Regiment, in March and April 1776. 
May 8, 1777, he was engaged in the same rank in Captain Christopher Bams- 



COLONEL JOHN FELLOWS'S REGIMENT 157 

ter's Company, Colonel David Wells's Regiment, and marched to Ticonderoga. 
August 17, 1777, he was engaged as Lieutenant of Captain Benjamin Bonney's 
Company in Colonel Dickinson's Regiment (Lieut. Colonel John Dickinson, 
in the 2nd Hampshire County Regiment) which marched to Bennington on 
the alarm. He was again commissioned the same rank in tne same company 
and regiment, under Colonel Israel Chapin, July 6, 177S. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT OLIVER LYMAN of Northampton held that 
rank in Captain Jonathan Allen's Company of Minute Men, General Pomeroy's 
Regiment, April 20, 1775. He was engaged April 27, 1775, to serve in the same 
rank under the same company commander in Colonel John Fellows's Regi- 
ment and served through the year. In March 1776, he was chosen Captain in 
the 2nd Hampshire County Regiment. September 12,1776, his name appears 
on a warrant for pay as a Captain in Colonel Nicholas Dike's Regiment. He 
was commissioned December 1, 1776, and served until March 1, 1777. He 
marched from Northampton to East Hoosick. on the alarm of August 17, 1777, 
in command of a company, "probably made up of three companies." From 
September 20, to October 14, 1777, he served as Captain in Colonel Ezra 
May's 2nd Hampshire County Regiment, on an expedition to Stillwater and 
Saratoga. October 7, 1777, he was commissioned 1st Major of the 2nd Hamp- 
shire County Regiment. On account of certain dishonorable reports con- 
cerning his conduct at the time of the alarm of September 20, 1777, he was 
asked to resign, and complied at once. On July 6, 177S, he was commissioned 
Captain in the same regiment, under the command of Colonel Israel Chapin. 

LIEUTENANT JOEL SMITH of Sandisfield served in that rank in Cap- 
tain Jacob Brown's Company, in Colonel John Fellows's Regiment from April 
21, to May 7, 1775. 

LIEUTENANT JONATHAN WALES of Northampton was engaged 
May :3, 1775, for service in Captain Abner Pomeroy's Company in Colonel 
John Fellows's Regiment, and continued in that command through the 
year. In April 1776, he was commissioned Captain in the 2nd Hampshire 
County Regiment. December 20, 1776, he was engaged to serve as Captain 
in a regiment commanded by Lieut. Colonel S. Williams. He marched 
August 17, 1777, to East Hoosick on the alarm of that date, thence to Pitts- 
field and thence guarded Hessian prisoners to Springfield. On this tour of 
duty he was a Captain in Colonel Dickinson's (2nd) Hampshire County Regi- 
ment. September 22, 1777, he was engaged as a Captain in Colonel Ezra 
May's Regiment. He was commissioned July 6, 177S, a Captain in the same 
regiment under Colonel Israel Chapin. 



158 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

LIEUTEXAXT JOSEPH WARNER of Number 5 (township) commanded 
a Company of Minute Men, 'which marched April 21, 1775. He was engaged 

April 28, as a Lieutenant in Captain Abel Thayer's Company, in Colonel John 
Fellows's Regiment. -In April 1776, he was commissioned a Captain in Colonel 
Seth Pomeroy's 2nd Hampshire County Regiment. He was engaged August 
16, 1777, as a Captain in Colonel B. Ruggles Woodbridge's Regiment on an 
expedition to the Northern department, and served until December 7, 1777. 

LIEUTENANT GAMALIEL WHITING of Great Barrington was engaged 
as an Ensign in Captain William King's Company, Colonel John Fellows's 
Regiment, May 8, 1775. He was later promoted to the rank of Lieutenant 
and served through the year 

SECOND LIEUTENANT SAMUEL ALLEN of Ashfield was probably 
the man of that name of Deerfield in 1759, who was a Corporal in Captain 
Salah Barnard's Company from March 29 to December 29 of that year. He 
was an Ensign in Lieutenant Samuel Bartlet's Company, which marched 
from Ashfield, April 22, in response to the Lexington alarm. April 27, he 
enlisted as a Second Lieutenant in Captain Ebenezer Webber's Company, in 
Colonel John Fellows's Regiment, and served through the year. He was a 
First Lieutenant in Colonel Jonathan Ward's 21st Continental Regiment 
through 1776. January 1, 1777, he entered Captain Bartlett's Company 
in Colonel James Wesson's 9th Regiment Massachusetts Line, and served until 
he resigned April 12, 1778. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT EVERTON BESWICK of Chesterfield was a 
private in Captain Robert Webster's Company, General Pomeroy's Regiment. 
which marched April 21, 1775, in response to the Lexington alarm. He was 
called" a Lieutenant in a list of the officers of Captain Robert Webster's Com- 
pany, Colonel John Fellows's Regiment, dated May 23, 1775, and as Ensign 
in lists dated June 10, August 1 and October S, 1775. He first enlisted in 
this regiment April 27, 1775, as a private. April 5, 1776, he was commis- 
sioned Second Lieutenant in Captain Benjamin Bonney's Company in the 
2nd Hampshire County Regiment. He held the same rank under Captain 
Bonney in the same regiment, under Colonel Ezra May in September-Octo- 
ber 1777, and under Colonel Israel Chapin in July, 1778. He was also in 
Captain William White's Company in the same regiment (year not given*. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT STEWARD (or STEWART) BLAKE of 
Oakham was a private in Captain John Crawford's Company. Colonel Jona- 
than Warner's Regiment, which marched on the alarm of April 19. 1775. 



COLONEL JOHN FELLOWS'S REGIMENT 159 

May 27, 1775, he enlisted as an Ensign in Captain Simeon Hazelton's Com- 
pany, Colonel John Fellows's Regiment, and served through the year. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT MICHAEL LOOMIS of Egremont held that 
rank in Captain John Holmes' Company, in Colonel John Fellows's Minute 
Men's Regiment, April 21, 1775. He was Ensign of Captain William Bacon's 
Company, in Colonel John Fellows's Regiment in the' Provincial army, as 
early as May 23, 1775 and served in that rank in the same command through 
the year. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT ABIJAH MARKHAM of Tyringham marched 
in Captain William King's Company, in Colonel John Fellows's Regiment 
of Minute Men, April 21, 1775. He is credited in the records with a service 
of one month and three days, but his name does not appear in a list of the 
officers of the regiment, dated May 23, 1775. September 19, 1777, he enlisted 
as a Sergeant in Captain Noah Lankton's Company, Colonel John Ashley's 
1st Berkshire County Regiment, on the expedition to Stillwater. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT JAMES SHEPARD of Northampton served 
in that rank in Captain Jonathan Allen's Company of Minute Men in General 
Pomeroy's Regiment, April 20, 1775. He was reported as having returned 
home, May 3d, but his name appears in a list made up on the 23d of that 
month, as a Lieutenant in Captain Jonathan Allen's Company. Colonel John 
Fellows's Regiment. June 5, 1776, he was chosen Adjutant of the 2nd Hamp- 
shire County Regiment. He was engaged July 20, 1779, as Adjutant of 
Colonel Elisha Porter's 4th Hampshire County Regiment, to serve at New 
London, Connecticut; service one month twelve days. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT JONATHAN STEARNS of Northampton 
was probably the man of that name who served as a private in Captain Phineas 
Lovett's Company in Colonel Abraham Williams's Regiment in 1759, and in 
Captain William Shepard's Company from June 27 to November 29, 1761. 
He was a Sergeant in Captain Jonathan Allen's Company, General Pomeroy's 
Regiment, which marched April 20, 1775. Seven days later he was engaged 
as Second Lieutenant of Captain Jonathan Allen's Company, Colonel John 
Fellows's Regiment, and served at least to August 1, 1775. 

LIEUTENANT DAVID TULLAR of Sheffield was in Captain John 
Holme's Company, Colonel John Fellows's Regiment of Minute Men. which 
marched April 21, 1775. As his name appears second in the list of lieutenants 
of the company, he is placed in the list of second lieutenants in this article 
although the title was not qualified in the original. 






*5 



160 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

ENSIGN NATHANIEL CRITTENTON of Great Barrington was a 
Sergeant in Captain William King's Company, Colonel John Fellows's Regi- 
ment of Minute Men, which marched April 21, 1775. He served under the 
same officers through the year, and through 1776 was Second Lieutenant in 
Captain Joseph Thompson's Company, in Colonel Nixon's 4th Continental 
Regiment. His name appears in a return of men enlisted for the month of 
January 1777, dated January 25, that year. 

ENSIGN SOLOMON DEMING (or DEMMING) of Sandisneld was en- 
gaged April 21, 1775, to serve in that rank in Captain Moses Soul's Compar.y. 
Colonel John Fellows's Regiment of Minute Men. May 6, 1776, he was com- 
missioned First Lieutenant in Captain Samuel Wolcott's Company, Colonel 
Mark Hopkins's 1st Berkshire County Regiment. December 16, 1776, he 
entered Colonel Benjamin Symonds's detachment of Berkshire County Militia. 
as First Lieutenant in Captain George King's Company and served at Ticon- 
deroga. This engagement ended March 15, 1777. In September-October 
1777, he served as Lieutenant in Captain Samuel Wolcott's Company, Colonel 
John Ashley's 1st Berkshire County Regiment, serving under Brigadier 
General John Fellows, to reinforce the Northern army. 

ENSIGN STEPHEN FITCH of Worthington was a Lieutenant in Captain 
Ebenezer Webber's Company of Minute Men which marched April 20. 1775, 
in response to the Lexington alarm. His name appears as Ensign in the 
same Captain's Company, in Colonel John Fellows's Regiment, in a list of 
officers dated May 23, 1775, but it was crossed out of the list dated eight 
days later. July 20, 1777, he enlisted as a private in Lieutenant Abner 
Dwellee's Company, on an expedition to Manchester. He also served twelve 
days in August 1777 in. Lieutenant Constant Webster's Company, on an 
expedition to Bennington to reinforce the army under General Stark. He 
returned home via Northampton, conducting prisoners fron Bennington. 

ENSIGN DANIEL KIRTLAND of Norwich was a Sergeant in Captain 
Lemuel Pomeroy's Company which marched April 21, 1775 in response to 
the Lexington alarm. April 27, 1775, he was engaged as Ensign in Captain 
Abner Pomeroy's Company, Colonel John Fellows's Regiment. His com- 
mission was ordered in the Council April 8, 1776, as Second Lieutenant in 
Captain John Kirkland's Company, in the 2nd Hampshire County Regiment 
and he marched with this company to Bennington in 1777. For the next 
three years at least, he served in the same regiment; in Captain Bonney's 
Company as First Lieutenant under Colonel Ezra May in 1777, at Stillwater 



COLONEL JOHN FELLOWS'S REGIMENT 161 

etc., and in Captain John Kirtland's Company as Second Lieutenant under 
Colonel Israel Chapin, in 177S-9. 

ENSIGN WILLIAM WATSON of Hatfield held that rank in Captain 
Israel Chapin's Company, Colonel John Fellows's Regiment of Minute Men, 
which marched April 20, 1775, in response to the Lexington alarm. April 
27, 1775, he was engaged to serve in the same rank and under the same officers 
in the Provincial army. He served at least as late as August, and in all 
probability through the year. Through 1776 he was a Second Lieutenant 
in Colonel Jonathan Ward's 21st Continental Regiment. From January 1, 
1777, until February or March 1778, he was a Lieutenant in Colonel James 
Wesson's 9th Regiment, Massachusetts Line, and from that date on, he served 
as Captain. His commission as Captain was later made to date from Octo- 
ber 27, 1777. He continued to serve in this command until taken prisoner 
at Young's House, February 3, 1780. He was exchanged in December 1782, 
and was transferred to the 3d Regiment, Massachusetts Line, commanded by 
Lieut. Colonel James Millen. He-w r as on furlough in January-February 17S3, 
but remained an officer in the regiment until June 1783. 



U7 



SOME ARTICLES CONCERNING MASSACHU 
SETTS IN RECENT MAGAZINES 



By Charles A. Flagg 



General. D. A. R. Mass. Report to 18th 
Continental Congress, D A. R. (Amer- 
ican historical magazine, July, 1909. v. 
35, p. 340-348). 

— * — Recent Mass. labor legislation. By 
F. S. Baldwin. (Annals of the American 
Academy of Political and Social Science, 
Mar., 1909. v. 33, p. C3-66). 



Barnstable. Barnstable vitil records. 
Transcribed by G. E. Bowman. (May- 
flower descendant, Apr., 19J9, v. 11, p. 
95-100). 

Part 13; began in Oct., 1900. v. 2, p. 212. 

Barnstable County. Abstracts from the 
Barnstable County probate records. 
(Mayflower descendant, Jan., 1909. v. 
11, p. 26-28). 

Part 7; series be^an July, 1900. v. 2 p. 176. 

Boston. Experiments in fellowship: 
Work with Italians in Boston. By Vida 
D. Scudder. (The Survey, 3 Apr., 1909. 
v. 22, p. 47-51). 

The new charter for Boston. (The 

Nation, 11 Feb., 1939. v. 88, p. 131-132). 

Old South Chapter, D. A. R. Re- 
port by Sarah R. Sturgis, historian. 
(American historical magazine, July, 
1909. v. 35, p. 37-39). 

The regeneration of Beacon Hill: 

how Boston goes about civic improve- 
ment. (The Craftsman, Apr., 1909. v. 
16, p. 92-95). 

A study of Boston. By a Boston 

woman. (Outlook, 1 May, 1909. v. 92, 
p. 42-44). 



Bristol County. Abstracts from the first 
book of Bristol County probate records. 
Copied by Mrs. L H. Greenlaw. (New 
England historical and genealogical reg- 
ister, Apr.-July, 1909. v. 63, p. 133, 

227-233). 

Parts 7-8 (1696-1697); First three instal- 
ments appeared in the Genealogical advertiser, De... 
1900-Dec, 1901, — later parts in the Register. 

Chatham. Chatham vital records. Tran- 
scribed by G. E. Bowman. (Mayflower 
descendant, Jan.-Apr., 1909. v. 11, p. 

39-42, 119-121). 

Parts 10-11; series be^an in Julv, 1902. v. 4. 
p. 182. 

Chelsea. District nursing after the Chel- 
sea fire. By Katharine B. Codman. 
(Charities and The commons, 11 Feb., 
1909. v. 21, p. 970-973;. 

Deerfield. Great fights in early Xew 
England history, III. The battle of 
Bloody Brook By H. A. Bruce. (New 
England magazine, May, 1909. v. 40, 
p. 299-30.5). 

Dennis. Records in the cemetery near 
the railroad station at South Dennis. 
Communicated by Miss Mary A. Baker. 
(Mayflower ^descendant, Jan., 1909. v. 
11, p. 11-1 of. 

Dlxblry. Duxbury vital records. Tran- 
scribed by G. E. Bowman. (Mayflower 
descendant, Jan.-Apr., 1909. v. 11, p. 
22-25, 77-S2). 

Parts 7-S; series be^an Oct , 1906. v. 8. p. 23. 

Gravestone records in the Cemetery 

on Keene street, Ashdod. Inscriptions 
prior to 1851. Copied by S. W. Smith 
and J. W. Willard. (Mayflower de- 
scendant, Apr., 1909. v. 11, p. 104- 106V 



RECENT MAGAZINE ARTICLES 



163 



Di'Xbiry. Records from the Dingley cem- 
etery, North Duxbury. Inscriptions prior 
to 1851. Communicated by Mrs. T. W. 
Thacher. (Mayflower descendant, Jan., 
1909. v. 11, p. 55-58). 

Eastham. The records of Wellfleet, for- 
merly the North precinct of Eastham. 
(Mayflower descendant, 1909. v. 11, p. 
73-78). 
* Part 8 (1745-1750); series began Oct., 1902. v.4, 

p. 227. 

Essex County. Custom House records of 
the Annapolis district, Md., relating to 
shipping from the ports of Essex Co., 
1756-1775. (Essex Institute, Historical 
collections, July, 1909. v. 45, p. 256-282). 

Essex County notarial records, 1697- 

1768. (Essex Institute, Historical col- 
lections, July, 1909. v. 4.5, p. 212-220). 

Part 12 (1732-1736); series began Apr., 1905. 
v. 41, p. 183. 

The prehistoric relics of Essex 

County. By John Robinson. (Essex 
antiquarian, July, 1909. v. 13, p. 97- 
101). 

Soldiers and sailors of the Revolu- 
tion. Essex antiquarian, July, 1909. 
v. 13, p. 126-131). 
Names Broughton to Brown. From state rec- 
ords. Began in v. 1, Jan., 1897. 

Suffolk County deeds. Volume IX. 

(Essex antiquarian, July, 1909. v. 13, 

p. 112-113). 

Abstracts of all re:-ords in "Suffolk deeds" 
liber IX. rearing to Essex Ounty. Part 8; series 
be^an with liber I in July. 1905. v. 9. p 97. 

Hampshire Couxty. Letter from Hamp- 
shire County to Connecticut Colony, 
Sept. 28, 1693. Signed by Rev. Solo- 
mon Stoddard and 13 others. (New 
England historical and genealogical re- 
cord, July, 1909. v. 63, p. 299). 

Ipswich. Ipswich inscriptions before 1800. 
Old Linebrook parish cemetery. (Essex 
antiquarian, July, 1909. v. 13, p. 114- 
116). 

Lowell. The Whistler memorial. (The 
Outlook, 9 Jan., 1909. v. 91, p. 53). 



Marblehead. Parts of Salem and Mar- 
blehead in 1700. By Sidney Perley. 
(Essex antiquarian, July, 1909. v. 13, 
p. 132-138). 

A continuation of his "Salem in 1700 " of 
which 35 nos. appeared in the "Antiquarian" from 
Nov., 1*98 to Apr.. 1909. 

Marlborough. Colonial records of Marl- 
borough. Copied by Miss M. E. Spald- 
ing and communicated by F. P. Rice. 
(New Englandhistorical and genealogical 

register, Apr.-July, 1909. v. 63, p. 

126, 217-226). 
Parts 4-5; series began July, 1908. v. 62. 

p. 220. 

Marshfield. Records from the "Little" 
cemetery at Sea View. By J. W. Wil- 
lard, S. W. Smith and E. H. Whorf. 
(Mayflower descendant, Apr., 1909 v. 
11, p. 70-73). 

Records of the First church, in 

Marshfield. Transcribed from the orig- 
inal records by G. E. Bowman, i May- 
flower descendant, Jan. -Apr., 1909. v. 
11, p. 36-39, 121-123). 

Parts 1-2 (1696-1704). 
Medford. A Medford incident. Rev. 
Mr. Ames' prayer in the M. E. r Church, 
Apr., 1861. (Medford historical register, 
Apr., 1909. v. 12, p. 42-43). 

The pump in the market place ; 

and other water supplies of Medford, old 
and modern. By Eliza M. Gill. (Med- 
ford historical register, Apr., 1909, v. 12, 
p. 25-41). 

Mexdox. Ahaz Allen's record of mar- 
riages, 1819-1831. Communicated by 
L. A. Cook. (New England historical 
and genealogical register, July, 1909. 
v. 63, p. 273-276). 

Norfolk County, Old. Old Norfolk 

County records. (Essex antiquarian, 

Julv, 1909. v. 13, p. 10.3-110). 
Began in v. 1, Feb.. 1S97 Not the present 
Norfolk County, but a countv organized in 1643, to 
include the to.vns north of Merrimack River. 

Norwood. Norwood. By C. M. Rock- 
wood. (New England magazine. Jan., 
1909. v. 39, p. 606-613). 



164 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Oxford. General Ebenezer Lamed chap- 
ter, D. A. R. Report by Mrs. Sarah L. 
Bartlett, historian. (American monthly 
magazine, July, 1909. v. 35, p. 37;. 

Pembroke. "Friends" burying ground, 
Washington street, North Pembroke. 
Gravestone records before 1851, copied 
by J. W. Willard, S. W. Smith, E. H. 
Whorf and A. M. Jones (Mayflower de- 
'scendant, Apr., 1909. v. 11, p. 128. 

Gravestone records from the cem- 
etery at Pembroke Centre. Communi- 
cated by J. W. Willard. (Mayflower 
descendant, Jan., 1909. v. 11, p. 28-31). 

Part 7 (Taylor-Witherell), series began in Jan., 
1907. v. 9, p. 3. 

Inscriptions prior to 1S51 in Pine 

Grove cemetery, East Pembroke. Copied 
by J. W. Willard and S. W. Smith. (May- 
flower descendant, Jan., 1909. v. 11, 
p. 63-64). 

Records from the Cemetery at the 

corner of Water and Church streets, 
North Pembroke. Inscriptions prior to 
1851. Copied by S. W. Smith, E. H. 
Whorf and A. M. Jones. (Mayflower de- 
scendant, Apr., 1909. v. 11, p. 86-87.) 

Plymouth Colony. Plymouth Colony 

deeds. Transcribed by G. E. Bowman. 

(Mayflower descendant, Jan., 1909. v. 11. 

p. 15-18.) 
Part 28 (1656-1657); series began in Apr., 1899. 
v. 1, p. 91". 

Plymouth Colony wills and inven- 
tories. Transcribed by G. E. Bowman. 
(Mayflower descendant, Jan. -Apr., 1909. 
v. 11, p. 6-11, 87-9.5). 

Parts 27-28(1651-1652); series began in Jan., 
1899. v. 1, p. 23. 

Plymptox. Cemetery back of Congrega- 
tional church, Plympton centre. Grave- 
stone records before 1851, copied by S. W. 
Smith, E. H. Whorf, J. W. Willard and 
W. J. Ham. (Mayflower descendant, Apr., 
1909. v. 11, p.' 127-128). 

Gravestone records in the Old cem- 
etery at Plympton. Communicated by 



J. W. Willard. (Mayflower descendant, 

Apr., 1909. v. 11, p. 115-119). 

Part 7 (Randall-Samson); series be ;an in July. 
1906. v. 8, p. 30. 

Inscriptions in Small pox cemeterv, 

Plympton Centre. Copied by S. \V 
Smith, E. H. Whorf, J. W. Willard and 
W. J. Ham. (Mayflower descendant, 
Jan., 1909. v. 11, p. 64). 

Provixcetowx. Provincetown vital rec- 
ords. Transcribed by G. E. Bowman. 
(Mayflower descendant, Jan., 1909. v. 11, 
p. 47-49). 
Part 2; bejan in Apr.. 1907. v. 9. p. 100. 

Salem. Parts of Salem and Marblehead 
in 1700. By Sidney Perley. Esse< an- 
tiquarian, July, 1909. v. 13, p. 132-138. 

A continuation of his "Salem in 1700." of which 
35 nos. apoearedin the ''Antiquarian from Nov., 1898 
to Apr., 19o9. 

Revolutionary letters written to Col 

Timothy Pickering. By George Wil- 
liams of Salem. (Essex Institute. Histor- 
ical collections, July, 1909 v. 45, p. 
286-292). 

Part 6 (conclusion) ; series began in Oct.. 1906. 
v. 42, p. 313. 

Scituate. Records of the First Church of 
Scituate. (Mayflower descendant, Jan , 
1939. v. 11, p. 44-46). 
Part 3 (Marriages by Rev. N .Pitcher. 1707-1723) ; 

series began in Apr., 190S. v. 10, p. 9U. 

Sprixgfield. An American holiday. By 
William Orr. (Atlantic monthly, June, 
1909. v. 103, p. 7S2-7S9). 
July 4th as observed in Springfield. 

Truro. Truro church records. Tran- 
scribed by G. E. Bowman. (Mayflower 

descendant, Jan., 1909. v. 11, p. 19-22). 

Part 7; series be^an Jan., 1907. v. 9. p. 53. 

Wellfleet see Eastham. 

Worcester. Results of a dry year. (The 

Survey, 29 Mar., 1909. v. 22. p. 301- 

302). 
Yarmouth. Yarmouth vital records. 

Transcribed by G. E. Bowman. (May- 

flower descendant. Apr., 1909. v. 11, 

p. 111-114). 



Part 10; series be^an in Oct.. 1900. 



2. p 203 






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THE OLD RAND HOUSE. 



By Mrs. Caroline Rogers Hill 



At the corner of Wellesley and Chestnut streets in the town of Weston, 
stands a little, old gray house. It was built and occupied in 1696 or 1698 
by Thomas Allen, but Thomas Rand is the first dweller, whose history is 
known to us. On the day of the Lexington alarm, he, then a man of forty- 
eight years, and his sons, were engaged in building the barn, which still 
stands.* His son, Thomas, Jr., succeeded him. 

r » -The daughter of Thomas, Jr., Clarissa by name, married a Mr. Henry 
Robbins, a market gardener. They were living on the old Warren place in 
Roxbury, when Mr. Rand found that the place required more care than he 
was able' to give. Accordingly, he sent for his daughter and son-in-law. who 
then came to make their home there, probably in 1832. The children were 
Sarah, Oliver J., and " Grandma Hastings." The latter died in 1908, at" 
eighty-one years of age, and was six when she went to live there. Neither 
Oliver J. Robbins nor Sarah were married, and they lived together in the 
old house until the death of Oliver J. in 1903, when the place was sold to 
William H. Hill of Brookline, the present owner. 

The- exterior of the old mansion is simplicity itself. It is needless to say 
that the house has never been painted and that the clapboards, which the 
present owner has been strenuously attempting to preserve, have for many 
years been offering wood fibre to the hornets for their domiciles, and have 
been wearing away from long exposure to wind, sunshine and rain. The 
guardian trumpet vine relieves the severity of form and color, tempts the 
graceful humming-bird to its bright blossoms, and later the young orioles. 
destructive creatures, which snap off the blossoms and buds to get at the 
deeply hidden honey. 

* In "Lexington Alarms," Vol. 12, page 170, the names of Thomas Rand and Thomas 
Rand, Jr. appear as among those who marched from Weston in "Capt. Samuel Lam- 
son's Militia Company on ye 19th of April, 1775, for the Defence of the Colony against 
the Ministerial Forces'* — and fought during the "Revolution." 



166 . THE "MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

Entering the house one comes into a little hallway only deep enough to 
allow the door to swing back. At the right-hand a door opens into a good 
sized closet; a narrow door on the left, into a smaller one. Directly facing 
one, looking into the small closet, is a blind door, opening into the unique 
feature of the house, a large dark compartment of the chimney. This is 
coated with soot and redolent with the odor of hams smoked there many, 
many years ago. The beams in this smoke-room are now coated with a 
tarry-like substance. Upon looking up, daylight is visible through a small 
flue in the chimney. 

Before going further with the arrangement of the rooms it may be well to 
explain the necessarily small space available for the front hallway. The 
house is veritably built about its chimney, for there is but one, but this is 
very large. Owing to its size, and therefore its weight, it is built on a rock 
foundation level with the surface of the ground, thus dividing the cellar into 
two parts, oblong in shape and not large. In the cellar nearest the barn are 
several deep niches, faced with flat stones. I am told that these were recep- 
tacles of barrels cf the favorite beverage of the New England farmer. At 
the head of the stone stairs leading down to the cellar on the opposite side of 
the house is a large iron staple, to which a tackle was fastened, for lowering 
kegs or barrels to the cellar below. 

A peculiar feature of the house is a little room, a sort of half cellar, which 
leads off from the stone stairway half way between the ground floor and the 
cellar. Its floor is lined with flat stones and the walls are fitted with 
shelves. It was the old time milk room. Air from outside was let in 
through a grated window. It is hardly necessary to comment upon the dis- 
favor wdth which such surroun lings for milk would be met today. 

From the front hallway a door on the left opens into the dining-room. 
This is by far the largest room in the house. Two windows on the front and 
tw r o on the southwest side let in abun lant air and sunshine. The fireplace 
measured six and one-half feet across, originally, but this has been reduced 
in size and a Franklin frame set in. The kitchen is fairly narrow, but occu- 
pies the entire rear side of the house, excepting the space occupied by the 
small side- hallway. Here the busy housewife, with her many labors was 
busy. Here the men of the family discussed the stirring questions of the 
day: fit candidates to represent them in the Great and General Court. Tax- 
ation without Representation, the Declaration of Independence, and the 
various phases of the War of the Revolution, Here Thomas Rand melted. 
trimmed and boxed bullets before the fire. The fireplace originally was ten 
feet in length and five feet in height wLh the inevitable brick oven on the 



... * THE OLD RAND HOUSE 167 

left. Over the door, which leads to the cellar, a long and narrow door opens 
into a box : like closet -which projects into the cellar directly over the stairway. 

A narrow passageway, lighted by three, panes of glass set in a frame, one 
Niirectly above the other, opens from the kitchen and from this the stairs lead 
to the floor above, a very narrow door opens into the parlor. This is on 
the northeast side of the house, and is less cheerful than the large dining- 
room and also smaller. The most interesting feature of this room is the 
shutters which push back into the wall and were discovered by accident. 
Their existence was unknown to one of the previous occupants who had lived 
there from 1837 until 1902. 

Passing up a few stairs of the hallway one comes upon a little room di- 
rectly over the milk room mentioned before. This was undoubtedly the cheese 
room, and above this is a little room six feet by six, exactly the size of the 
cheese room and the milk room underneath. One of the steps leading up to 
it has received the name of "The Secret Stairs," as the tread may be re- 
moved and replaced, and the hollow space of the stairway used for secret- 
ing articles of value. An early resident affirms that this was the purpose 
of this stair. 

Over the parlor is a large bed-room in which is a fireplace, as there is in 
the parlor below, and over the front hallway is another little box of a room 
used for a bed-room. The space over the dining-room has been divided into two 
rooms. In these rooms, underneath many thicknesses of wall paper, news- 
paper, silk and calico, a wide beveled panelling of richly colored pine was 
discovered by the present occupants. The rest of the room upstairs is un- 
finished, so that a generous amount of space on the second floor and at the 
top of the house makes a typical attic. 

The names of members of the Rand Family appear in the town records 
as serving on the Board of Selectmen, as making repairs on the meeting 
house and school buildings, serving on committees to examine the War Com- 
mittee's accounts, and being active in all the affairs of the day. 

Thus the old house is closely associated with generations of this family 
and with earlier generations of the Puritan settlers. Its ancient rooms have 
witnessed much joy and sorrow. Its dwellers have looked out upon many 
thrilling scenes. Its builders and many who have made their home under 
its roof, have long since gone to their rest, but the old mansion binds 
them all together, and links them with the present. Its simple lines and 
enduring strength fitly commemorate the strong and simple lives of the Past. 



)(.% 



ipprtoM of th|Amlriran31 jDoIutinn 



Frank /VX»ar.dner,M. D. Editor. 



State Sloop Republic. 

The "Republic" was one of the five 
vessels authorized in February, 1776. Her 
name was reported by a committee ap- 
pointed for that purpose and was accepted, 
April 19, 1776. She was a sister vessel of 
the "Freedom" and was built at Swanzey 
at the same time. 

Her first officers were the following: 

Captain, John Foster Williams, entered 
service, May 14, 1776. 

First Lieutenant, Samuel Laha, entered 
service, May 28, 1776-. 

Second Lieutenant, Joseph Smith, en- 
tered service, June 12, 1776. 

Master, Isaiah Studson, entered service, 
June 12, 1776. 

Surgeon, Moses Barnard, entered service, 
August 20, 1776. 

CAPTAIN JOHN FOSTER WILLIAMS 
was a noted commander in the war and this 
was the first vessel assigned him. A full 
account of him with the record of his ser- 
vice in State vessels and privateers, has 
already been given in this magazine in the 
article upon the State brigantine "Hazard" 
in v. I, p. 199. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT SAMUEL LAHA 
so far as the records show had seen no 
naval service ' previous, to being engaged 
for the "Republic." He was engaged May 
28 and commissioned June 12, 1776. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT JOSEPH 
SMITH was engaged and commissioned 
on the same day, June 12, 1776. 

MASTER ISAIAH STUDSON (or Stut- 
son) was also engaged on that date. 

SURGEON MOSES BARNARD of 
Lancaster, served first as Surgeon's Mate 



to Dr. Dinsmore, in Colonel Asa Whit- 
comb's Regiment, entering that regiment 
May 22, 1775. He was examined and 
approved by a committee July 7, 177.' 
His name appears in a receipt for wages in 
Captain Fuller's Company, Colonel Whit- 
comb's Regiment, for August-September, 
1775, dated Prospect Hill. He was en- 
gaged as Surgeon of the sloop "Republic" 
August 20, 1776. 

The following document relating to the 
fitting out of this vessel is of interest : 

"In Council, September 19, 1776. 

Ordered, That Benjamin Austin, Esq. be, 
and hereby is appointed and empowered 
to provide the vessels of war commanded 
by Captain Williams and Captain Clouston 
with such stores, cannon, and other articles, 
as may be necessary to equip for sea ; and 
the Commissary-General is hereby directed 
to supply the said vessels, out of the pub- 
lick store, with such things as by said Aus- 
tin, shall be required of him and William 
Watson, Esq., of Plimouth, who has been 
appointed agent to take care of the stores 
belonging to the Rising-Empire. Captain 
Walden, late Master is hereby directed to 
furnish the said vessels with such articles 
out of the stores of Brig Rising Empire as 
he may be directed to supply by the said 
Austin. 

And it is further Ordered, That Benja- 
min Austin be and is empowered to order 
either of the above-named vessels to sail 
to Plymouth, and take on board and trans- 
port such stores and other necessary articles 
there, to the Harbour of Boston." 

Captain Williams was ordered on Sep- 
tember 19th to sail from Dartmouth to 
Boston, accompanying the State sloop 



DEPARTMENT OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION 



V!) 



"Freedom," Captain John Clouston, "and 
there to wait for the further orders of the 
Council." 

The following record explains itself: 

"In Council, Oct. 1, 1776. . 

Whereas Captain John Foster Williams 
of the Sloop Republick and Captain John 
Clouston of the Sloop Freedom, both be- 
longing to this State, are in want of some 
iron ballast that they may immediately 
proceed on their intended cruise; therefore 
the Committee for fortifying the Harbour 
of Boston be, and they are hereby directed 
to deliver the said Williams and Clouston, 
out of the row-galley lying in Boston har- 
bour, so much iron ballast as they may 
stand in need of at this time for their several 
sloops." 

During this month Richard Devens de- 
livered to Captain John Foster Williams's 
order, "six Cannon, 6-pound £50 each, 
£300,00:00." 

October 5, 1776, Captain Williams was 
ordered to cruise oft Xantucket in search 
of a fleet of about 20 topsail vessels. 
Shortly after this he captured the British 
armed ship "Julius Caesar" with a valua- 
ble cargo. 

Reference to this ship and her crew was 
made in the following order: 

"In Council Chamber, November, 5, 1776 
Ordered, That Captain Jno Foster Wil- 
liams be directed to discharge from on 
board the privateer sloop Republick, 
under his command, as many of those 
Seamen taken in the ship Julius Caesar as 
incline and shall in fact enter on board 
any armed vessel in this or any of the 
United States, and those of them who in- 
cline to go to Halifax be retained on board 
the said sloop till further orders." 

The value of the prize and her cargo is 
shown by the following extract from the 
records : 

"By X* proceeds Ship Julius Caesar, 
Sloop Republick, Williams, £ 2458 1:17:1." 



CAPTAIX JOHN FOSTER WILLIAMS 
commanded the "Republic" until Decem- 
ber 5, 1776. From the 16th of that month 
until February 17, 1777, he commanded 
the State brigantine "Massachusetts " 
He was in command of the privateers 
"Active" and "Wilkes" in 1777, the State 
brigantine "Hazard" in 1778, the State 
ship "Protector" in 1770 and the ship 
"Alexander" in 1783. His full record has 
been given in the "Massachusetts Maga- 
zine," v. I, p. 199. 

The remaining officers of the "Republic 
received their discharge from her, Novem- 
ber 18, 1776. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT SAMUEL 
LAHA (or LAYHA) was commissioned 
to serve in that rank in the privateer brig- 
antine "Hancock," Captain Daniel McNeil, 
Xovember 30, 1776. Later he saw service 
in the same rank in the privateer brig 
"Active" under Captain John Foster Wil- 
liams. She was a vessel of 85 tons, fitted 
out at Boston, in October, 1777. He was 
captured in her and his name appears in a 
list of prisoners sent from Newport, R. I., 
in prison ship "Lord Sandwich." He 
landed at Bristol, R. I., March 7, 1778. 
In the following year he was Master of the 
schooner "Hannah," according to a list of 
transports laden with provisions for the 
troops at Penobscot, as returned by John 
Lucas, Commissary, dated, Boston, July 
12, 1779. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT JOSEPH 
SMITH after leaving the "Republic" saw 
no further service so far as the records 
show. 

MASTER ISAIAH STUDSON served 
as First Lieutenant in the ship "'Rattle- 
snake," in 1781, under Captain Mark 
Clark. 

SURGEON MOSES BARNARD'S 
name does not appear in the records after 



170 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



his service it; the "Republic" was com- 
pleted. 

The "Republic" was fitted out in De- 
cember for a cruise to the West Indies, 
with the following officers according to a 
list in the State archives: 
, Captain, Allen Hallet, engaged Decem- 
ber 5, 1776. 

Master's I 
December 6, 1776. 

CAPTAIX ALLEX HALLET had served 
in August 1776, as commander of the pri- 
vateer "Sturdy Beggar" of Salem. He 
was engaged as Master of the State sloop 
"Republic," December 5, 1776. 

MATE CHARLES HALLET was the 
only other officer mentioned in a list of the 
officers on this cruise, in the archives. 
October 6, 1776, he was engaged as Quarter 
master of the State sloop "Republic" 
under Captain John Foster Williams, and 
served until November IS, 1776. He was 
engaged as Master's Mate of the same 
vessel under Captain Allen Hallet, De- 
cember 6, 1776. 

Details about this cruise are given in 
the following documents: 

"To the Hon b,e the Council, 

The Board of War Having fitted out the 
Sloop Republic Allen Hallet Master, navi- 
gated with ten hands, for the West Indies, 
mounting two 4 pd Cannon & ten Swivel 
Guns, & apprehending it may be of Service 
if the Master be furnished with a Commif- 
sion for a Letter of Marque, do desire a 
Commifsion for him as such. 
By Order of the Board 
Sam Phps Savage Prest. 

The vefsell will have 10 bbs provisions 
& 20 of Bread. 

In Council Jan. 16, 1777. 

Read & Ordered That a Commifsion be 
ifsued out to Allen Hallet Comoft he above 
mentianed Sloop, he complying with the 
Refolves of Congrefs. 

Jno Avery, Dpy Secy. 

Jan. 15, 1777." 



A note in the records shows that supplies, 
not specified, were furnished the "Repub- 
lic," January 16, 1777. 

CAPTAIX ALLEX HALLET irsu com- 
missioned September 12, 1777, commander 
of the privateer brigantine "Starks," and 
commander of the privateer brigantine 
"America," December 24th of the same 
year. He was Captain of the famous State 
brigantine "Tyrannicide" from July 6, 
1778, to April 30, 1770. May 1, 1770. he 
was engaged as Captain of the State brig 
"Active," and commanded her until she 
was burned off Brigadier's Island, Penob- 
scot, August 14, 1779, to prevent her fall- 
ing into the hands of the enemy. Feb- 
ruary 16, 1780, he was commissioned com- 
mander of the privateer brigantine "Phoe- 
nix," and August 3d of that year was en- 
gaged as Captain of the State ship "Tar- 
tar." June 22, 1781, he was commissioned 
commander of the privateer ship "Frank- 
lin" and February 28. 1782, he received 
his commission as Captain of the privateer 
brigantine "Minerva." 

MATE CHARLES HALLET has no 
further record of service. In the summer 
of 1777, the "Republic" went on a voyage 
under orders from the Board of War, to 
Martinique, with the following officers: 

Master (in command) Isaac Bartlett, 
entry June 1, 1777. 

Mate, Joseph Holmes, entry June 9, 1777. 

Second Mate, Jeremiah Holmes, entry 
June 9, 1777. 

Seventeen others made up the crew. 

CAPTAIX ISAAC BARTLETT (or 
BARTLET) commanded first the State 
schooner "Plymouth." 

MATE JOSEPH HOLMS ior HOLMES) 
and JEREMIAH (or JARXEAH) HOLMS 
had neither of them seen any service pre- 
vious to this on the "Republic." 

A letter is preserved in the Archives 
which was written from Port Roval, Mar- 



DEPARTMENT OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION 



Unique, November 25, 1777, by G. Hutch- 
inson the agent, to S. A. Otis, President 
of the Board of War, announcing the. arri- 
val of the Sloop "Republic" and giving an 
account of the cargo and its condition. 
The salmon were mentioned as "exceed- 
ingly good" but unsalable there. "The 
Mackarel were quite spoiled" and the 
agent was glad to get rid of them at any 
price. "The Master being dead & the 
Mate confined to his Cabbin notwithstand- 
ing the care that was taken many more of 
the boards were used or wasted Head? 
Beds & Coins than were necefsary. Most 
part of the Staves were not merchantable; 
many of them and the Hoops thrown over- 
board on y e pafsage when they were 
chaced. But as they were sold here in 
Neat hundreds they fell but little short. 
The Ox- Bows & yokes are very little used 
by y e French. There were but 12 Setts 
Trufs Hoops delivered me which the Mate 
says was all that were shipped altho' your 
Inv° says 24 Setts. I saved as much as 
possible of the unreasonable Duties on 
Fish, Molafses & Rum. This Latter was 
obliged to clear out as the produce of this 
Island & pay the Duty on it altho' it is 
foreign rum. Cap 1 Bartlett had emploved 
a Cooper immediately on his arrival & 
Bought the Shook Hhds, & during his Ill- 
ness, the Mate & all the other people were 
sick on board, except the Cooper who was 
employed in taking care of him, otherwise 
he would have been of more Service in 
making Casks for the Cargo. ... As the 
Mate was so Dangerously ill that I was 
obliged to send him to y e Hospital & still 
continues in such an ill state of Health as 
to be incapable of taking the command of 
her to go on a winter's Coast I judged it 
prudent to put in another Master. 

Capt. Carey the present Master, came 
to y e W. Indies about Nine months ago in 
y e employ of the State of Maryland, was 
taken by one of the non-commifsioned 
Priv at and Carried into Antigua. He has 



ever Since Commanded a Priv* out of this 
Island & has Distinguished himxrlf ■•■ 
he is now returning home, I thought I 
could not intrust your property ;n better 
hands." He wrote that he had taken care 
of Captain Bartlett's effects. 

CAPTAIN CAREY is not mentioned 
elsewhere in regard to this service He 
may have been the Captain John Carey 
who was commissioned commander ox the 
privateer sloop, "Retaliation," March 18, 
1778. 

Xo record of the "Republic" has been 
found of a later date than the above named 
voyage from Martinique. 

F. A. G 



Heroes and Monuments. 

The oft repeated statement that "Re- 
publics are ungratefol" has been frequently 
reasserted and variously explained. One 
of the chief causes of this seeming ingrati- 
tude in the opinion of the writer, is the 
freedom of speech which we as sharers of 
the privileges of self-government all enj >y. 
This freedom of speech antedates our 
national life-span many years. The 
founders of these United States indulged 
in it vigorously, long before the Concord 
fight or the promulgation of the Declara- 
tion of Independence. All through our 
history it has been one of our most highly 
prized and frequently used privileges. 

Xo man who has come prominently 
before the American people, has escaped 
its attacks. Washington is today honored 
by the entire civilized world, but no man 
in his life time suffered more from its open 
and often virulent onslaughts than the 
"Father of the Country." 

Thinking men must certainly regret that 
indiscrete or misinformed public speakers 
so frequently attack the memories of de- 
ceased heroes, and obscure their deeds of 



172 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



valor by their unjust accusations. A re- 
cent unfortunate instance of this is re- 
ported to have occurred in Boston on July 
4th of this year when the Reverend Thomas 
Van Xess, according to the daily -press, 
gave utterance to the following : 

"Can it be true" he asked, "that instead 
of honoring today our revolutionary fore- 
fathers, we should abhor the names of those 
who brought on war and bloody battle? 
If war is so costly, why not save the many 
millions gained by peace and engage in 
industrial enterprises? Honor, justice and 
right cannot be measured in dollars and 
cents, nor in human lives." He described 
the type of man in whose memory he 
would erect a monument, and deplored 
the present position of some of the statues, 
especially that of General Hooker, "stand- 
ing in the grounds of the State House, 
overshadowing as it does all other statues 
in Boston by its commanding location and 
expensiveness. . . . Boston is not alone in 
this placing of the crown of enduring honor 
upon certain insignificant and unheroic 
men," he said. He deplored the condition 
in the national capital where "the statues 
of the war heroes are given the places that 
should be given to hero patriots, and where 
the man on horseback does not bring to 
consciousness some struggle of an oppressed 
people, as would the statues of Washington, 
Wayne and Starke, but does recall a fratri- 
cidal war. . . . This is the standard I would 
have for our monuments," he said, "if they 
are to mean anything worth while. If a 
monument was to be put up to a soldier, 
I would ask, first of all, 'Was there an 
ideal element in the man,' as in the case 
of Colonel Shaw leading the black regi- 
ment, or was he simply a profane talker 
a rough, ungentlemanly type of fighter 
like 'Phil' Sheridan or 'Joe' Hooker?" 

The writer upon reading this attack 
upon General Sheridan, felt compelled to 
make answer. Having met the general 
socially, and given much study to the Shen- 
andoah valley campaign, he felt that such 
unjust words should not go unchallenged. 
General Sheridan personally, was an affa- 
ble, courteous gentleman, who deeply im- 
pressed those with whom he came in con- 
tact. If as a great leader of men in a 
campaign, he appeared to our clerical 



friend "rough and ungentlemanly," it 
because he believed that his country ru 
vigorous and aggressive warfare, and the 
results of his forced fighting amply justi- 
fied him in the eyes of his fellow country- 
men. 

Once before we have read derogatorv 
words against "Little Phil," as his men 
loved to call him. General Jubal A. Early, 
his opponent in the Shenandoah valley, 
in his "Own Story," also declaimed again t 
him, and thought that Sheridan should 
have been cashiered instead of promoted. 
Sheridan} had defeated him and laid waste 
the fertile valley which had been Early's 
base of supplies, thus stopping the li - 
astrous raids, upon the National capital 
and outlying towns. The term "ungentle- 
manly" is puerile and effeminate in any 
such connection. The bone which he had 
to pick with Early was not a disagreement 
between members of a club at a smoke 
talk, but a bitter, aggressive campaign, 
upon which depended the safety, of the 
city of Washington and the integrity of the 
nation. 

Sheridan saw that the only way to check 
Early was to turn the fertile valley into a 
desert and he did it and put an end to the 
raids. We can well imagine what the 
effect would have been of a polite ("gentle- 
manly" if you please) request forwarded 
to General Early, requesting him to desist 
from raiding, in the name of humanity. 
Sheridan was successful because he 'kne-.v 
his man" and had the courage to go ahead 
and crush him in the only way pos- 
sible. 

The whole country in the Spanish-Amer- 
ican war, united in honoring General 
Joseph Wheeler, the gallant leader who 
had won renown in the Confederate army 
by similar vigorous and energetic fight- 
ing. 

War is to be deplored and avoided when- 
ever the honor and integrity of the nation 
can be maintained without open conflict. 
When, however, other means fail and war 
actually begins, the men who earn the 
nation's gratitude, are the leaders who, by 
their courage, skill and aggressiveness, 
bring the conflict to an end as soon as possi- 
ble. Such men were Greene and Morgan 
and Wayne in the Revolution, and Grant 
and Sherman and Sheridan in the war oi 
the Rebellion, and such deserve the stately 
monuments of a grateful people. 

F. A. G. 



DEPARTMENT OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION 173 



The Dedication of the Massachusetts 
Bay at Valley Forge. 

All loyal sons of the old Bay State will 
rejoice in the completion and appropriate 
dedication o£ .the Massachusetts $av in 
the Cloister of Colonies of the Washington 
Memorial Chapel at Valley Forge. The 
members of the Massachusetts Society, 
Sons of the American Revolution, have 
honored themselves and the noble state 
which they represent in carrying on this 
work to a successtul termination. The 
Bay was dedicated on Evacuation Dav, 
June 19, 1909, the orator of the day being 
the Reverend Lewis Wilder Hicks," A. M., 
Chaplain of the society. In his very elo- 
quent address he said: "Massachusetts, 
with the record made by her sons at Lex- 
ington, Concord and Bunker Hill, has 
reason to be more proud of none of her sons 
than of those soldiers of her eleven regi- 
ments who faithfully stood by the colors 
during that fateful winter at Valley Forge. 
The spirit shown in the writings of Col. 
Brooks and Surgeon Waldo, — the spirit 
that rose superior to adverse circumstances, 
that denied itself, that was unfalteringly 
loyal, that emerged from trial triumphant, 
is something that should be forever com- 
memorated. If valor which has had but 
an hour to display itself is worthy of monu- 
mental recognition, how much more worthy 
to be remembered is that valor which holds 
out through weeks and months of privation 
and suffering! How eminently fitting, 
then, it was that the Massachusetts Society, 
Sons of the American Revolution, should 
embrace this opportunity that was gra- 
ciously offered to them to join with the 
representatives of the other of the thirteen 
original states in paying honor here to her 
sons, and to the soldiers from the other 
colonies, who, on this holy ground, proved 
of what stuff heroes are made; and who by 
their fidelity to principle, made possible the 
independence of the United States! By 



erecting this Bay in the Cloister of Colonies 
we would testify both to the heroism of 
those brave men and to the gratitude in 
which the old state of Massachusetts would 
forever enshrine their memorv." 

The Reverend W. Herbert Burk, rector 
in charge, is doing a grand work in arousing 
enthusiastic interest in this chapel and it 
is hoped that before many years have 
elapsed he will see the completion not only 
of the "Cloister of Colonies" but also the 
Chapel and Patriots' Hall, "Porch of the 
Allies" and Thanksgiving Tower. Manv 
officers of the state society were present 
including President E. C. Battis, Secretary 
Herbert W. Kimball, Chaplain Rev. L. \V. 
Hicks, Dr. Charles M. Green, Mr. Charles 
F. Reed, Mr. William W. Pearson and 
many others. The local committee was a 
strong and representative one and their 
entertainment of the guests was greatly 
appreciated by all. F. A. G. 



Fall Field Day, Massachusetts Society, 
S. A. R. 

The fall field day of this society will be 
held at Salem on Wednesday, September 
25th, 1909, at which time it is hoped that 
the tablet to be erected upon the Jonathan 
Haraden House will be unveiled with ap- 
propriate ceremonies. The plans for the 
day's celebration have not been completed 
as yet but they will probably include a 
pilgrimage about the city in the morning, 
a banquet in Ames Memorial Hall, to be 
followed by the formal exercises in the 
afternoon with an address upon Captain 
Jonathan Haraden by the president of Old 
Salem Chapter, Dr. Frank A. Gardner. 
Is is a matter of sincere congratulation 
that the distinguished services of this hero 
of the war for the independence of America, 
are to receive proper and enduring recog- 
nition. F. A. G. 



nA 



(£ritm«*m $c (Jommntt 



on Hoofy* anb ^tl]er Subject*? 



Tenth Annual Reunion of the Chase Chase 
Family Association. 

A very successful reunion was held at 
the Vendome in Boston on June 30, 1909. 
Among the many good things upon the 
programme was a valuable paper by Wil- 
liam E. Gould of Brookline, Mass., upon 
the "Early History of Aquila Chase; Emi- 
grant." He said that Aquila and his 
brother Thomas, came to Hampton, X". H., 
in 1639, in a vessel whose name is not 
known. In 1640 he received a grant of 
6 acres and 4 years later 6 acres more. 
This land was near the marsh where the 
fishermen drew up their boats near the 
Deacon Perkins place, and the location of 
Aquila's house is known by an old man 
still living at the age of 90 years. Aquila 
was a fisherman and this was probably 
the reason of his removal to Newbury. 
In 1646 Xewbury gave him 4 acres for a 
house lot and a farm lot of 6 acres if he 
would go fishing for four years. This lot 
was on what is now the corner of Federal 
and Water Streets in Xewburyport. He 
lived here until 1658, when he sold the 
place to one Moody, a maltster. It has 
been stated that Aquila was a sea captain 
going on foreign voyages, but he was a 
shore fisherman and pilot. The story of 
the pea-picking episode "on ye Lord's day" 
has been variously embellished. The facts 
are that Aquila was served with a writ for 
so doing and smiled. As the writ called 
him "of Hampton" a new one was made 
out and he paid the fine. He moved about 
1646 to Sawyer's Lane and lived until 1670. 
The Reverend James DeXormandie, D.D. 
spoke in his usual pleasing vein and told 



many amusing stories about the candor of 
his noble predecessor in the Roxbury 

Church, the Apostle John Eliot, in his 1 
and comments in the church re< r 
Other addresses were delivered by the 
President of the association John C. Chase 
of Deny Village, X. H. and the Reverend 
Dr. George A. Crawford, U. S. X. Retired. 
Several excellent musical number.-, and a 
poem "The Pioneer" by Mrs. Clara Ross 
Dudley of Somerville, Mass., completed 
the programme. 



William Abbatt's "Magazine of History." 
In the old days before historical periodi- 
cals in this country were as numerous or 
as highly specialized as they have since 
become, Dawson's "Historical Magazine" 
came pretty near occupying the entire 
field; from 1857 to 1S75. Then came the 
"Magazine of American History" which 
flourished from 1877 to 1893 and was fre- 
quently known by the name of Mrs. Martha 
J. Lamb, who was its editor during the 
greater part of its life. Since the decease 
of the latter periodical there have been 
many magazines attempting to cover our 
country's history, and some of them are 
with us today. Perhaps it is not generally 
known that after the lapse of nearly a 
quarter of a century. Mrs. Lamb's maga- 
zine has a namesake continuing the volum- 
ing of the original. This periodical, how- 
ever, is of slight importance : scarcely more 
than notes and queries. But the old "Mag- 
azine of American History" has a real 
successor in William Abbatt's "Magazine 
of History" which began publication in 
190.3 in New York. Valuable as it is in 



CRITICISM AND COMMENT 



/:> 



the chosen field, probably Xew England 
receives less than its fair share of attention 
owing to the multiplicity of historical 
serials in one section. It is rather the 
"Extra numbers" issued by the magazine 
that are of peculiar interest to us: one of 
the several agencies now at the work of 
reprinting old and valuable Americana. 

No. 4 contains a reprint of "A plain 
narrativ of the uncommon sufferings and 
remarkable deliverance of Thomas Brown 
of Charlestown in Xew England." Two 
editions were printed in Boston in 1760; 
this is a reprint of the second. 

No. 5 is entirely devoted to reprints of 



matter on the Pigwacket fight. This 
Indian skirmish took place near Pryeburg, 
Me., in \7'2.~), but not only was the reg 
at that time in Mass., but the men eng 
Lovewell's company, came from Dunstable, 
Groton, Lancaster, Billerica and Haverhill. 
The reprints include "The expedition of 
Capt. John Lovewell. . . By Frederic Kidder 
1S65;" "Historical Memoirs of the late 
fight at Piggwacket, with a sermon . . . By 
Thomas Symmes. 2d ed. 1725;*' "John 
Chamberlain, the Indian fighter at Pig- 
wacket. By G. W. Chamberlain, 1 - 
also a collection of contemporary and other 
illustrative material. C. A. F. 



176 



lltkrimsana planters 

5X= ^ •*• 16 2 0-165 -S^-^ 

Lucie M. Gardner. A.B.. Editor. 



Settlers About Boston Bay Prior to 1630. 
(Continued from Vol. II, No. 2.) 

About this time Blackstone moved across 
to the north side of Boston Bay. David 
Thompson seems to have come over to 
New England early in 1623, bringing with 
him his wife and a number of servants. 
He (according to Samuel Maverick) settled 
on a point of land near the entrance of the 
Piscataqua River. In 1626 he moved 
down to Boston Bay and established him- 
self on the island which still bears his name. 
Of the number of dwellings in the settle- 
ments, except in the case of Merry. Mount, 
we have no definite knowledge. At that 
place there were seven, all men, and at 
Hull there were several families. Thomp- 
son, Maverick and Walford were married 
and all had children. We have no means 
of knowing the number of servants, but 
there may have been in 1627 somewhere in 
the neighborhood of fifty whites of all ages 
and both sexes, dwelling in seven separate 
settlements on the shores of Boston Bay, 
according to the estimate made by General 
Charles Francis Adams. 

As long as Morton, "mine host of Merre 
Blount" as he chose to style himself, was 
content with amusements, there was little 
t)ut the verbal remonstrance of his scandal- 
ized Plymouth neighbors, to disturb him. 
He was here, however, for trade as well as 
pleasure and he adopted a fatal policy. 
As General Adams says, "he provided the 
Indians with the two things they most 
craved, fire-arms and fire-water." The. 
disfavor of his neighbors soon deepened 
into alarm. The planters saw plainly 
that either this illicit trade must be stopped 
or the straggling settlers must leave the 
country. Accordingly the heads of the 
various plantations arranged a meeting 
to take counsel for the common safety. 
This meeting took place early in 162S, and 
included the Hiltons from Dover, Conant, 
Balch and Palfrey from Salem, as well as 
those about Boston Bay. A messenger 
was sent to Morton asking him to desist 



from his dangerous practises, but he an- 
swered unsatisfactorily, and ui 
to carry things with a high hand. They 
decided to send Miles Standish with a 
sufficient force to arrest him. He was 
taken prisoner to the Isle of Shoals, whence 
a month later he was sent to England. 
Three months after this, September 6, 
1628, Governor John Endicott landed :n 
Salem. The patent under which he came, 
plainly included the whole region in which 
Wessagusset, Mount Wollaston, Thomp- 
son's Island and Shawmut were situated, 
as the boundary was three miles south of 
the shore of Boston Bay. John Endicott, 
that typical Puritan magistrate, imme- 
diately gave violent expression to his dis- 
approval of Morton and his followers. He 
crossed the Bay, hewed down the May- 
pole and rebuked Morton's terrified fol- 
lowers . 

After this visit of Endicott, no mention 
is made of these settlers about Boston 
Harbour until the summer of 1629. On 
the ship George, which reached Salem on 
the 20th of June in that year, came the 
Reverends Francis Higginson, and Samuel 
Skelton, and several men who had emi- 
grated at their own expense. Among 
these were the three brothers named 
Sprague, sons of a Dorsetshire fuller. 
Instead of settling in Salem, they pushed 
on through the woods to a spot on the 
north side of the Charles River, where 
they obtained from Sagamore John, a son 
of Xanepashemet, permission to establish 
themselves on a hill in the place called 
Mishawum, where lived Thomas Walford, 
a smith. The Spragues were soon followed 
bv a larger party from Salem under the 
charge of Thomas Graves, an engineer, 
who was to "survey and set forth lands" 
and "to fortify and build a town." In 
the course of the summer at the mouth of 
the Mystic, a place was laid out on a plan 
approved bv Governor Endicott and a 
large house built. This was Charles: 
and it was intended to be the seat of govern 
ment of Massachusetts Bay. The large 
house, intended for the many who were 
soon to come, became the Charlestown 



PILGRIMS AND PLANTERS 



177 



meeting house. In the autumn of 1629, 
about 100 persons are supposed to have 
been living near it. 

In the Tatter part of 1629. Endicott, in 
pursuance of instructions from England, 
summoned the settlers to meet in a General 
Court in Salem. He informed them of 
the general policy to be followed and pre- 
sented certain articles which he and Rev. 
Samuel Skelton had drawn up. Morton, 
who had returned to Xew England, alone 
refused to sign. He openly defied Endi- 
cott and did all he could to breed discon- 
tent among the old planters. Morton had 
profited by past experiences and when a 
party was sent across to seize him, they 
found that he had escaped. He would 
have been dealt with in summary fashion 
if Endicott' s men had caught him then, 
but the winter of 1629-30 demanded all 
the Governor's care and thought. On the 
30th of May, 1630, the much longed for re- 
lief came, when the "Mary and John," under 
Captain Squib, cast anchor off Hull. There 
were on board 120 passengers, the advance 
of that larger body of emigrants who had 
embarked with Winthrop on the fleet at 
Southampton, only two days after Captain 
Sqtiib sailed from Plymouth. Captain 
Squib doubtless knew that in landing them 
at Hull he was not fulfilling his contract, 
but land them he did and they were obliged 
to shift for themselves. They rowed along 
the shore and encamped at the spot since 
occupied as the U. S. Arsenal at Water- 
town and long known as Dorchester fields. 
They soon removed from there and finally 
settled on Dorchester Heights, now better 
known as South Boston. June 12, 1630, 
Winthrop' s company sailed into Salem 
harbor and soon after went on to Boston 
bay, where they landed and "began to 
build their houses against winter; and 
this place was called Boston." 

JOHX BAKER, Charlestown 1629-30, 
number 12 on the first list of inhabitants. 
He and his wife Charitv were admitted to 
the church, March 3, 1633. The General 
Court allowed him 38 shill. from Mr. Clerk,_ 
7 Sept., 1630, for damages in a bargain of 
cloth. 

JOHX BALCH came from Somerset Co., 
England. He was born about 1579 and 
came to Xew England with the Robert 
Gorges Company in 1623. After Gorges 
left he went in 1624 to Cape Ann, removing 
to Xaumkeag (now Salem) in 1626. He 



was one of the five overseers in 1635, and 
on Nov. 25th of the same year was one of 
the five old planters, who received a 

of 200 acres each at the head of H 
He lived in Beverly near the present . : 
redge Crossing, where the house bu;'. I 
him in 1(538 is still standing This is the 
only original house of a Cape Ann planter 
still in existence. He died in May, 1648. 
His descendants have been numerou-. and 
many of them prominent. 

WILLIAM BLACKSTOXE was or, 
the first to come to Boston Bay. Governor 
Hopkins in his "History of Providence" 
says that he had been at Boston long 
enough, before the company of setl 
came "to raise apple trees and plant an 
orchard." He lived as we have air-. 
stated on the western slope of the penin- 
sula of Shawmut, opposite the mouth of 
the Charles River. He subscribed toward 
the expense of returning Thomas Morton 
to England in 162S. He was appointed 
one of the attorneys of the Council of Xew 
England to put Mr. Oldham in possc 
of his grant and to transfer the Council 
grant to Thomas Lewis, gentleman, and 
Captain Richard Boynthon. The docu- 
ment signed by Warwick and Gorges was 
endorsed by the attorneys, June 2^>, 1631. 
Cotton Mather refers to him as a "goodly- 
Episcopalian." He was granted 50 acres 
of land near his home in Boston, April 1, 
1630. 

He removed from Boston in 163"), and 
began a settlement in that part of the town 
of Rehoboth which is now Cumberland, 
R. I., on the banks of the river which 
bears his name. Mr. Leonard Bliss in his 
"Historv of Rehoboth." writes as follows: 
"The character of Blackstone so far as 
developed to us is one of peculiar interest 
and singular eccentricity. He was one 
of the few whose spirits are centuries :n 
advance of the age in which they are sent 
as though by mistake to take up their abode 
on earth. Born at a time when religion 
formed the whole business instead c : 
mere pastime of life and finding the free- 
dom of conscience so necessary to the en- 
joyment of that religion whose native air 
is'libertv, untrammelled by the shackles 
of ignorance and bigotry, inseparable 
companions, he left the land of his father-, 
the friends of his vouth and the scene- : 
his bovhood and sought an asyluni on the 
stern and rock-bound shores of Xew Eng- 



178 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



land. Here he found with the untutored 
savage that right which the polished Chris- 
tian had denied him, 4 Freedom to wor- 
ship God,' and when this far otT retreat 
was invaded by men stern and intolerant 
and inheriting much of the bigotry of the 
mother country, he uttered no complaints, 
he provoked no quarrels, but quietly sold 
his lands and again retired from trie face 
of civilization and again took up his solitary 
abode in the wilderness, and luckilv for his 
peace, the tide of civilization had but just 
reached him at the period of his death." 
It was on the occasion of his leaving Boston 
that he made the celebrated speech, which 
tradition has preserved and handed down 
to us: "I came from England because I 
did not like the Lord Bishops, but I cannot 
join with you because I would not be under 
the Lord Brethren." Jameson states that 
he died in 16 < 5. 

WILLIAM BRACKEXBURY, planter, 
was in Charlestown, according to Pope, 
in 1630. As Putnam in his list states that 
he was there in 1629, we include him in 
this list. He applied to be made a free- 
man in October 19, 1630 and was admitted 
March 4, 1632. He was a town officer. 
November 1, 1639 he sold his house and 
later resided at Maiden. 

REV. FRAXCIS BRIGHT was trained 
-under Mr. Davenport and came from Ray- 
leigh, County Essex, England. He was 
engaged by the Massachusetts Bay Com- 
pany, Feb. 2, 162S-9, to come over to Xew 
England and preach to the company's 
servants, to remian three years, and to 
be free to return at that time, transporta- 
tion both ways, maintenance and a salary 
of twenty pounds per -annum to be pro- 
vided. They voted in April, 1629, to give 
him rive pounds toward his loss of wages 
in England, his charge being in London. 
He came over in the Lion's Whelp, arriv- 
ing May 11, 1629. He preached to the 
settlers and workmen at Charlestown, 
returning to England in the summer of 
1630. He was the first person engaged 
for clerical service in Xew England. Mor- 
ton states that he was a conformist, not 
agreeing with those that were for reforma- 
tion. 

JOHN BURSLEY is said to have been 
at Wessagusset in 1623. He was ad- 
mitted as a freeman from Dorchester, 
May IS, 1631. He was a deputy from 



Weymouth, to which place he had evi- 
dently returned, in 1636. 

CAPTAIX ROGER (LAPP was born 
at Salcombe Regis. England, April 6, 

Pope tells us that he joined in the Church- 
Colony organized at Plymouth, England, 
in March, 1629, and came in the Mar 
John, May 30, 1630. settling at Dorch- ter 
He was a proprietor and town offi 
1634. He was a Captain of militia, 
authorzied to join persons in marriage 
aad was appointed, August ID, 1665 
tain of the Castle, where he remained _'l 
years. He removed to Boston, 1686. He 
died February 2, 1690-1 and was buried 
in the old burying-place now called King's 
Chapel burying ground. He left an i 
biography which has been printed and 
constitutes one of the most valuable me- 
morials of the founders of Xew England. 

ROGER COXAXT was born at Bud- 
leigh, England, and baptized April 9, 1592. 
He came to Plymouth about 1622 and of 
his own free will left Plymouth, when Old- 
ham and Lyford were expelled, going to 
Xantasket. He went from that place to 
Cape Ann in 162-5, having been invited to 
take charge of the plantation of the Dor- 
chester Company at that place. In 1626 
he led the colonists to Xaumkeag and 
founded Salem. The full account of his 
great service to that community, and 
the neighboring town of Beverly, which 
he also founded, has already been given 
by the writer in the Massachusetts Mag- 
azine, Vol. I, page 177. Few men have 
done greter service to Xew England than 
this calm, persevering, God-fearing Puritan 
leader. 

EDWARD COXYERSE came to Charles- 
town according to Wyman in 1629. His 
name is 4th on the list of 13. He was a 
juryman, 1630, and set up a ferry between 
Boston and Charlestown, June 14. 1631. 
He removed to Woburn and was a proprie- 
tor there in 1640, a deacon and town officer 
later. He died August, 10 1663, aged 
about 75. 

FITCHER, LIEUTEXAXT. was one 
of the colony at Mount Wollaston about 
1623. He was left in charge by Rasdell 
and was ejected by Morton, returning ro 
England. 

MR. HUMPHREY GALLUP was one 
of the first company at Dorchester in the 



PILGRIMS AND PLANTERS 



179 



spring of 1630 and was a proprietor there Woburn, where he was one of the first town 
in 1033. officers. 



WILLIAM GAYLORD, Planter, is be- 
lieved to have been a member of the first 
church company which came to Dorchester 
in the Mary and John in 1629-30. He was 
one of the deacons of the church there. 
His signature, together with those of the 
minister and Mr. Rockwell can be found 
on the earliest land grants. He was a 
juryman in 1630, and later a town officer 
and deputy. In 1636 he removed with 
Mr. and Mrs. Warham to Windsor, Conn. 

CAPTAIN ROBERT GORGES came 
"about ye midle of September (1623) in 
ye Bay of Massachusetts, with sundrie 
passengers and families, intending ther 
to begine a plantation; and pitched upon 
the place Mr. Weston's people had for- 
saken. He had a commission from ye 
Counsell of Xew-England, to be generall 
Gover of ye cuntrie." He had a council 
and assistants and was invested . with 
power to appoint others. Bradford tells 
us that "The Govr and some yt depended 
upon him returned for England, havinge 
scarcly saluted ye cuntrie in his Gover- 
mente, not finding the state of things hear 
to answer his quallitie & condition. The 
peopl dispersed themselves, some went for 
England, others for Virginia, some few 
remained, and were helped with supplies 
from thence." Bradford then relates what 
we have stated about Mr. Morrell, whose 
going away he says was "in effect ye end 
of a plantation in that place." 

MATTHEW GRANT was born in Eng- 
land, October 27, 1601, and came to Dor- 
chester, probably as a member of the ori- 
ginal Church Colony, in the Mary and 
John in 1629-30. He was a made freeman 
May 18, 1631. He removed to Windsor, 
Conn., in 1635-6, and was clerk of the 
church there. 

MR. THOMAS GRAVES, Gentleman, 
of Gravesend, England, was an expert 
surveyor and engineer who was engaged 
to come to New England in the employ of 
the Massachusetts Bay Company. He 
came to Salem with Governor Endicott in 
1628 and removed to Charlestown in the 
following year. He surveyed and laid 
out that town in that year. He was made 
a freeman May 18, 1631, and later served 
on a committee to lav out the town of 



THOMAS GRAY came very early and 
is said to have purcha-ed Xantasket hi the 
Indian sachem, Chicataubut, about . VI 
The persecuted Episcopalian^ of Plymouth 
found refuge at this place. When I 
settlement broke up he went with R 
Conant to Cape Ann and Naumkeag He 
may have been the Thomas Grav 
was living at Marblehead as early a- 1031. 

JOHN GRENAWAY, a millwright at 

Dorchester, probably came in 162'.> 30 in 
the Mary and John ' He was a town officer. 
His death occurred about 1652 or 3. 

SIMON HOYTE, according to Fro*.: 
ham, was in Charlestown in 1628-9. He 
was made a freeman in May, 1631. He 
removed first to Dorchester and later to 
Windsor, Conn. 

WILLIAM JEFFREY or Jefferies was 
born at Chuddington Manor, Countv Sus- 
sex, England. He was a Master of Arts of 
Cambridge Cniversity. He came first 
with the Robert Gorges Company to Wey- 
mouth and when that settlement broke 
up, went with John Balch to Cape Ann. 
In 1626 he went with Conant and his party 
to Salem, a letter dated April 21, 1629, 
being sent to him at that place. While 
there he resided at Jettrey's Creek, or 
Manchester. He also gained possession 
of the Great Neck in Ipswich, still known 
as Jefferies Neck, prior to 1633. As late 
as 1666, he claimed ownership and the 
General Court voted him 500 acres else- 
where, "to be a final issue of all claims by 
virtue of any grant, heretofore made by 
any Indians, whatsoever." After stable 
government was established at Weymouth, 
he returned there, but later, went to New- 
port, R. I., and was resident there as early 
as 1654. He died January 2, 1675. His 
tombstone is still standing in the Newport 
cemetery. 

WALTER KNIGHT was one of the 
Episcopalians with Thomas Gray at Nan- 
tasket, and removed with Conant and the 
others to Cape Ann in 1625. He went with 
them to Salem and was living there when 
Endicott came in 1628, according to the 
deposition of Richard Brackenbury. He 
had suits in the Essex and General Courts 
in 1640 and 41. 



180 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



WILLIAM LOVELL, Captain, of Dor- 
chester, was one of the original church 
company which came in 1629-30. He 
had a suit before the Salem Court in 1637. 

REV. JOHX LYFORD went from Eng- 
land to Ireland about 1620. He came .to 
Plymouth about 1624 and evidently stirred 
up discord at that place. Bradford tells 
us that, "Lyford with his complices, with- 
out ever speaking one word either to ye 
Govr., Church, or Elder, withdrewe them 
selves & set up a publick meeting aparte, 
on ye Lord's day; with sundry such in- 
solent cariages, too long here to relate, be- 
ginning now publickly to acte what pri- 
vately they had been long plotting." He 
was tried and sentenced to be expelled, 
being given six months to prepare to go 
"with some eye to his release, if he caried 
him selfe well in the meane time, and that 
his repentence proved sound." Bradford 
tells us that he "acknowledged his censure 
was fair less than he deserved," and that 
he "confest his sin publicly in ye church," 
but when the time had expired he was 
"so farre from answering their hopes by 
amendmente in ye time, as he had dubled 
his evill." Serious charges were brought 
against him and the edict of expulsion 
was carried out. He went to Xantasket, 
thence with Conant, to Cape Ann. From 
there he went to Virignia, where he died 
before Oct. 10, 1634. 

REV. JOHX MAVERICK of Devon, 
England, M. A. Oxford, 1603, was chosen 
one of the ministers of the church-colony 
which came to Dorchester, May 30, 1630. 
He was one of the signers in the distribu- 
tion of lands. When the colony divided, 
half of the settlers going to Windsor, Conn., 
he remained at Dorchester. Winthrop 
states that he was "near 60, years of age; 
a man of humble spirit and faithful in 
furthering the work of the Lord here, both 
in the churches and civil state." 

MR. SAMUEL MAVERICK settled in 
Winnissemet or Chelsea in or prior to 1625. 
He removed later to Xoddle's Island, 
where he carried on fishing, trading and 
farming. He was made a freeman in 1632. 
When the Indians were afflicted with small- 
pox he did much good in caring for them. 
He sold his land at Winnisimmet in 1634 
and the mill, bakehouse and land on 
Noddle's Island in 1649. He removed to 
New York and became one of the commis- 



sioners of King Charles II in 1664. He 
took strong ground against the Ma Bay 
Company. Jocelyn states that he 
the son of Rev. John Maverick, and calls 
him the only hospitable man in the colony. 
Captain Edward Johnson speaks of him 
as "a man of very loving and courteous 
behaviour, ever ready to entertain strai 
yet an enemy to the Reformations in hand 
being strong in the Lordly Prelatial power.'* 
He built a fort to protect him from the 
Indians. In 1632 his pinnace was u-ed 
in the hunt for Dixey Bull a pirate of the 
Piscataqua. Drake writes: "It mav seem 
strange that Mr. Maverick should submit 
to so many indignities as from time to 
time it has been seen that he did, a man 
that Boston could not do without." He 
was a gentleman of wealth and great liber- 
ality. He wrote a description of Xew 
England about 1660. 

JOHX MEECH was in Charlestown, 
according to Frothingham, in 162 
We know nothing further about him. 

THOMAS MORTOX, Gentleman, came 
in 1622 with Captain Wollaston and about 
30 servants and settled at a place on the 
south shore of Boston Bay which they 
called Mount Wollaston. After Wollaston 
and Rasdell went to Virginia with many 
of the employed men, Morton drove Lieu- 
tenant Fitcher out and took the remianing 
men under his own charge. They drank 
to excess, scandalized the honest planters 
by their misconduct with the Indian 
women, sold liquor and firearms to the 
Indians and lived a riotous life generally. 
The settlers became so fearful of the con- 
sequences of this matter of arming the 
natives that they called a general council 
at which representatives were present from 
many of the settlements. As a result. 
Captain Miles Standish was sent against 
Morton and his followers. Morton was 
captured and taken to the Isle of Shoals 
until he could be carried to England. He 
was taken to England, but Bradford tells 
us that "he foold of ye messenger, after 
he was gone from hence, and though he 
wente for England, yet nothing was done 
to him, not so much as rebukte. for ought 
was heard: "but returned- v'e nexte year." 
Bradford tells us that Mr. Allerton brought 
him back "and lodged him in his owne 
house, and for a while used him as a scribe 
to doe his business till he was caused to 
pack him away So he went to his old 



PILGRIMS AND PLANTERS 



1S1 



nest in ye Massachusetts, wher it was not 
long but by his miscarriage he gave them 
just occasion to lay hands on him; and he 
w as by them againe sent prisoner into 
England, wher he lay a good while in 
Exeter Jeole." He wrote a book which 
was hostile to Xew England. When he 
returned to Boston about 1644 he was 
tried but allowed to go on account of his 
age. He removed to Agamenticus and 
died there about 1646. 

MR. MORRELL. a minister, came with 
the Robert Gorges company in 1623. Pope 
tells us that he had been appointed by 
the Council Governor for Xew England. 
"He had power and authority of superin- 
tendences over other churches, but made 
no use of it; only spoke of it as he was 
about to return, a year after the governor." 
He resided at YVessagusset. 

MR. JOHN OLDHAM came to Ply- 
mouth in 1623. He was implicated with 
Lyford in an attempt to establish episcopal 
rule in place of the government at Ply- 
mouth. Bradford writes that Oldham and 
Lyford drew "as many into faction as 
they could ; were they never so vile or pro- 
fane, they did nourish Sc back them in all 
their doings; so they would but cleave to 
them and speak against ye church hear." 
Various charges against them were proved 
by means of intercepted letters. Oldham 
was banished and went to Xantasket. In 
1625 he returned to Plymouth for a brief 
time according to Bradford. He went 
to Cape Ann in the same year and later 
went to England. Upon his return he 
resided at Watertown. He had grants 
there and also grants from the Indians of 
islands in Xarragansett Bay. While on a 
trading trip to the latter 'place in 1636, 
he was murdered by the Indians. Brad- 
ford tells us that his death was "one ground 
for the Pequente warr which followed." 

ABRAHAM PALMER came to Charles- 
town, Frothingham tells us, in 1628-9. 
He was admitted to the church in 1630, 
freeman in 1631 and later served as town 
clerk and deputy. He sent trading vessels 
to the West Indies, and died at Barbadoes 
about 16.13. 

WALTER PALMER is also listed by 
Frothingham at Charlestown in 1628-9. 
He was a constable there from 1633 to 1636. 
He removed to Seakonk where he held 



several offices. He died at Souther-towne 

in the County of Suffolk, about 1662, accord 
ing to Pope. 

HUMPHREY PEX came in the original 
company to Dorchester in the Mary and 
John in 1629-30. He removed to Wir. 
Conn., where he died August 20, 1683 

WILLIAM ROCKWELL of Dorchester 
was probably another member of the 
church colony in 1629-30. He was a 
juryman and deacon. In 1636-7 he went 
with the large number who moved to 
Windsor, Conn. 

REV. RALPH SMITH, a Puritan minis- 
ter of a less rigid type than the promoters 
of the colony, was permitted to come on his 
own request. Pope tells us that "he was 
allowed to come, on the consideration that 
he would submit to such orders as should 
be established, and that he would not exer- 
cise the ministry within the limits of their 
patent." He landed with his wife and 
family at Xantasket in 1628. Bradford 
narrates "here being a boat of this place 
putting in ther on some occasion, he er- 
nestly desired that they would give him 
& his passage for Plimouth, and some 
such things as they could carrie; having 
before heard yt ther was liklyhood he 
might procure houseroome for some time, 
till he should resolve to setle ther, if he 
might, or els-wher as God should disposs: 
for he was werie of being in yt uncoth place 
& in a poore house yt would neither keep 
him nor his goods drie. So, seeing him 
to be a grave man, & understood he had 
been a minister, though they had no orders 
for any such thing, yet they presumed 
and brought him. He was here accordingly 
kindly entertained & housed, & had ye 
rest of his goods & servants sente for and 
exercised his gifts amongst them, and 
afterwards was chosen into ye ministrie, 
and so remained for sundrie years." The 
same authority writing in 1637, tells us 
that "This year Mr. Smith layed downe 
his place of ministrie, partly by his owne 
willingness, as thinking it too heavie a 
burthen, and partly at the desire, and by 
ye perswasion, of others." He continued 
to live in Plymouth for some time, and was 
called about 1645 to take charge of the 
church at Jeffrey's Creek (Manches:er 
He became a member of the church at 
Salem in 1647, and died in Boston, March 
1, 1660-1. 



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THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



CAPTAIN SOUTHCOAT came with the 
church-colony to Dorchester in 16:29-30 
and led the exploring party which went 
up Charles River in search of a location 
for the colony. He had been a soldier in 
the low Country. He was either the Mr. 
Richard or Mr. Thomas Southcoat who 
applied to be made freeman May 18, 1631. 
Both removed when the colonv divided. 

The three SPRAGUE brothers, came 
to Salem in the Abigail with John Endicott 
in 1628. Endicott sent them in the spring 
of 1629, to explore the country to the west- 
ward, and thev made their wav to the 
site of Charlestown. RALPH SPRAGUE 
was a lieutenant, and a husbandman and 
fuller bv occupation. He was made a 
freeman," May 18, 1631. In 1630 he was 
appointed constable of Watertown. He 
served as deputy in 1635. He removed 
later to what is now Maiden, and his de- 
scendants have alwavs been prominent 
there. He died in ' 1650. RICHARD 
SPRAGUE was in Charlestown with his 
brothers in 1629. He was a Lieutenant, 
was made a freeman in 1631 and a town 
officer. He and his wife were members of 
the church in Boston in 1630, and the 
Charlestown church at the time of its or- 
ganization in 1632. He died November 
25, 166S, aged 63. In addition to the 
bequests to his wife and relatives, he left 
money to Harvard College and the church 
at Charlestown. He had no children. 
WILLIAM SPRAGUE the third brother 
came to Charlestown and later removed 
to Hingham. He was a proprietor and 
town officer. His death occurred Octo- 
ber 26, 1675. 

NICHOLAS STOWERS, according to 
Frothingham, was in Charlestown in 
1628-9. He was a member of the church 
in Boston in 1630, residing at Charlestown, 
and an original member of the Charlestown 
church in 1632. He died 17(3) 1646. 

JOHN STRICKLAND, STICKLAND 
or STICKLING was in Charlestown in 
1629-30. He removed to Watertown in 
1630. He served on the jury and was 
made a freeman in 1631. He removed to 
Wethersfield, Conn. 

JOHN STRONG, a tanner, was a mem- 
ber of the church-colony at Dorchester 
in 1629-30, coming over in the Mary and 
John. He removed to Taunton, where 



he was a constable in 1638 and a juryman 
in 1640. He removed to Windsor I i i 

and about 1659 moved to Northampton 
He served the church here as ruling 
elder. He died 14 April, 1690 

MR. STEPHEN TERRE came in the 
Mary and John to Dorchester in 16_".*-:;<i 
He was a freeman in L631 and a constable 
in 1635. He removed to Windsor, Conn , 
and later to Hadley. 

MR. DAVID THOMPSON, according 
to Hubbard, was a fish-monger of London 
who came over in 1623 to begin a planta- 
tion at the mouth of the Piscataqua B 
In 1626 he came to Boston Bay and took 
possession of Trevour's Island. He did 
not live long and in 1648 upon presentation 
of the facts to the general Court, the island 
was granted to his son John. 

MR. JOHN TILLIE came to Dorchester 
in the first company in 1629-30. Pope 
states that he evidently died soon, and 
the house which had been his was ordered 
to be repaired. 

WILLIAM TREVOUR (TREVORE) 
came in the Mayflower and visited Boston 
Bay with an exploring party from Ply- 
mouth as already related. Bradford in 
his list of the Mavflower passengers writes 
of him as "a seaman hired to stay a year 
here in this country" and states that when 
his time was up he returned to England 

THOMAS WALFORD came to Charles- 
town in 162S or before, and Pope tells us 
that he was living in a thatched and palis- 
adoed house on the arrival of the Spragues. 
He incurred the displeasure of the author- 
ities in some way and was ordered to pay 
a fine which he did by killing a wolf. H:s 
offence was described as "contempt of 
authority and for confronting orr.cers." 
His goods were sequestrated for debts, 
Sept. 3, 1633. He died in New Hampshire. 

REV. JOHN WARHAM was ordained 
at Silferton, Devon, May 23. 1619. He 
was one of the two ministers who came 
with the colony to Dorchester in the Mary 
and John in May, 1630. He settled at 
Mattapan, soon after this called Dorchester. 
He was made a freeman in 1631. In 1635-6 
he removed with half of the colony to 
Windsor, Conn. Pope writes of him that 
he was "a man of great strength of charac- 
ter, and deserves much praise for his con- 



PILGRIMS AND PLANTERS 



l&i 



secration and service in laying the founda- 
tions of two commonwealths." He died 
April 1, 1670. 

MR. THOMAS WESTON, a citizen 
and merchant of London, who assisted 
the Pilgrims of Plymouth at first but in 
1622 became a rival and sent over a company 
to Wessagussus (Weymouth), consisting 
of about 60 men and 19 women. It re- 
sulted in a miserable failure and according 
to Morton was entirely abandonned after 
a vear. He came over again in the follow- 
ing year, and got into difficulties with 
Robert Gorges, who regarded Weston as a 
interloper. Weston later went to Virginia 
and later "dyed at Bristoll, in ye time of 
the warrs, of ve sicknes in yt place." (Brad- 
ford.) 

CAPTAIN WOLLASTOX, the founder 
of the colony at Mount Wollaston, came 
about 1623. He was called a "man of 
pretie parts" by Bradford. When the 
colony failed, he took many of the servants 
and went to Virginia. He evidently re- 
turned and had a conditional grant of land 
at Scituate in 1640. 

In closing we may profitably make a 
general review of these settlements in 
eight distinct localities by these nearly 
fifty men whom we have named, all of 
whom came before Winthrop in 1630. 

They were divided in localities as follows: 

Charlestown, 15. 

Wessagusset or Weymouth, 5. 

Shawmut, 1. 

Dorchester, 15. 

Nantasket, 6. 

Mount Wollaston, 4. 

Winnisimmet, 1. 

Trevore's or Thompson's -Island, 2. 

Deducted for a name counted twice, 1, 
as Simon Hoyte was at both Charlestown 
and Dorchester. 

We have already shown in the biograph- 
ical sketches, that many of these men were 
here in Boston Bay for a short time only, 
and that upon the breaking up of the par- 
ticular settlement with which they were 
connected, they either removed to Ply- 
mouth, Salem ' or "Virginia, where they 
believed that they would have larger oppor- 
tunities for success, or returned to England. 
Of those who did remain we are able to 
name 32 whose records we have given, and 
who were distributed as follows: 14 men 
at Charlestown; 1 at Shawmut; 15 at Dor- 



chester; 1 at either Winnisimmet or . Noddle's 
Island; and 1 at Thompson's Island. 
Many of these men had families, and some 
of them many servants, so that Governor 
Winthrop, when he sailed into Boston 
Bay in 1630, came not to the howling 
wilderness which some have pictured but 
to a comparatively sizeable colony under 
a competent Governor, John Endicott. 
who from the seat of government at Salem, 
had execrised the authority which had 
been given to him by the officers of the 
company in England, over this entire 
territory. This authority he abundantly 
demonstrated when he visited Merry 
Mount and hewed down the May pole, and 
when he approved of the plan of Graves 
in laying out Charlestown. 

It is indeed fitting that we should honor 
todav these men, who coming to a wilder- 
ness inhabited by savages, had prepared 
a place for the large company who were 
to lay the substantial foundation for the 
noble metropolis of Xew England. 



Gardner Family Reunion. 

The third reunion of this association 
was held at Salem, June 23d, 1909. Owing 
to the excessive heat is was decided to 
omit the pilgrimage about the city and 
cars were taken to the Willows. Basket 
lunch was served at noon, followed by the 
business meeting of the association. The 
officers were reelected for the ensuing year 
and the annual reports were read and 
accepted. 

The address of the afternoon was de- 
livered bv the president of the association. 
Dr. Frank A. Gardner, upon the ••Gardner- 
Families of Xew England, Prior to 1,20." 
An accountof the original emigrant ancestor 
in each of nine separate families was given. 
together with important facts about each 
of the families, such as their geographical 
distribution, names and records of promi- 
nent descendants and other interesting 
facts. As the address will be published in 
full in a later number of this magazine, no 
extended notes from it will be given at 
this time. Other speakers were Sergeant 
John P. Hodgkins, of Winthrop: Mr. How- 
ard P. Gardner, of Marblehead and Mr. 
Stephen W. Gardner of Salem. Letters 
were read from many Gardners who were 
unable to be present. After the meeting 
manv of those present went on a sail about 
the harbor in a large motor boat, passing 



• 'V;..',' 



184 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



the summer home of President Taft, skirt- 
ing the North Shore to Manchester and then 
across the harbor to the beautiful inner 
harbor of Marblehead. The party then 
returned to the Willows and took cars for 
home. 



Gloucester Day, 1909. 

The reproduction in the near future of 
the Old Planters House upon the original 
site at Stage Fort Park, Gloucester, is, we 
are pleased to note, practically assured. 
The Gloucester Day Committee have voted 
to devote the proceeds of the pageant to 
that praiseworthy object. It is the plan 
of those interested to have a meeting place 
in the building for historical societies and 
to have various memorial rooms furnished 
by the Conants, Woodburys, Balches, 
Gardners and descendants of the old 
planters. 

Great praise is due the committee having 
this cele oration in charge for the magnifi- 
cent pageant which they produced on the 
4th of August in honor of President Taft. 
Owing to the delayed passage of the tariff 
bill, the President was unfortunately de- 
tained in Washington, but otherwise the 
celebration was a marked success. A large 
military, naval and civic parade was held 
in the afternoon and the beautiful harbor 
was made attractive by the presence of a 
large fleet of naval vessels, including the 
famous flagships of Admirals Farragut 
and Dewey, the "Hartford" and the" Olym- 
piad' The new scout ships "Salem" and 
"Chester" were also there with the "Chi- 
cago" and the "Tonopah." 

The great feature of the celebration was 
the evening pageant at Stage Fort Park. 
The Coburn players assisted by a very 
large company of adults and children of 
Gloucester produced "The Canterbury 
Pilgrims," under the direction of Mr. Eric 
Pape. The whole conception of this out 
door spectacle was grand and it was pro- 
duced with the accuracy of detail in the 
matter of costumes and scenery so charac- 
teristic of Mr. Pape. The vast audience 
of nearly 20,000 people was a wonderful 
sight in itself and the display of fireworks 
was especially pleasing to the eye. 

A motor boat party under the auspices 
of the Old Planters Society left Salem at 
noon returning at midnight, giving the 
members an excellent opportunity of view- 
ing both the war ships and the pageant. 



The Roger Conant Monument. 

An effort is being made by Glow 
people to have the statue of Roger Conant 
which is being executed by Kitson, ere t< 
in Stage Fort Park, Gloucester, instea . 

at Salem as originally planned, notwith- 
standing the fact that they already have 
the tablet which was placed on the boulder 
in 1907 and are to erect in the park, a fac- 
simile of the original Planters h 
There can be no doubt as to the appro- 
priateness of that site for the house, but 
many of the descendants of the upright 
and peaceful leader believe that the proper 
place tor the statue is Salem, and give the 
following reasons for their belief: 

1. Salem was a place of his own selec- 
tion and he obtained permission to transfer 
the colony there. He himself bargained 
with the Indians for the land and chose a 
place on the southern side of the Xaum- 
keag river for the purpose of avoiding com- 
plications on account of the Gorges claims. 
In contrast with the above: he did not 
select the site at Stage Fort Point in Glou- 
cester. He was invited to come there and 
take charge, after they had been there a 
year or more. We know that he was 
greatly dissatisfied with the place and 
personally chose the site in Salem to which 
he led the planters. 

2. He spent most of the years of a very 
long life within the original borders of the 
town which he founded, while he was at 
the Gloucester site only one brief year. 
He was very prominent in Salem and' was 
honored with all the emoluments of office 
which his appreciative associates could 
give him. 

3. The magnitude of his work should 
be kept constantly before the people of 
Salem, as there has' always been a tendency 
to extol the work of the able and energetic 
Puritan-militant — John Endicott — who 
came in 1628, and to overlook the invalu- 
able labors of the equally able but con- 
ciliatory leader — Roger Conant — who led 
the planters to Salem in 1626 and was 
their mainstay during the following hard 
years. If our object is to emphazise his 
work, Salem is in the opinion of the writer 
bv far the better site. 

' 4. Memorials should be distributed to 
accomplish their design of disseminating 
knowledge. There is no lesson of the life of 
Roger Conant which could not be brought 
out in the memorial reproduction of the 



; 



PILGRIMS AND PLANTERS 



185 



Old Planters House which is to be erected 
at Gloucester, and the tablet which is 
already there, while as stated above there 
is a great need of bringing before the public 
the great work which he did at Salem. 

.5. If three memorials are to be erected, 
all of which will bring prominently before 
the people, the work which Roger Conant 
did, at least one of them should be set up in 
a public place in Salem, a city visited every 
year by thousands who come from all over 
the world. The number of such pilgrims 
is increasing each year, making the edu- 
cational advantage of such a statue, enor- 
mous. By all means let it be placed near 
the scene of his great work that all men 
may know what he accomplished and how 
much we owe to his memorv. 



Brockton, Mass., secretary and treasurer, 
Mrs. Edith I. Gushing, Mi'ddleboro. Ma i ; 
historian, Mrs. Sarah S. Bartlet, 617 
Warren St.; Roxburv. 



Meeting of Descendants of Robert Bartlett, 
First, at Plymouth, Mass., in August. 

The second annual reunion of the De- 
scendants of Robert Bartlett, First, will 
be held at White Horse Beach, Manomet, 
Plymouth, Mass., August 27, 1909. Man- 
omet is a charming section of the historic 
old town of Plymouth, and White Horse 
Beach is the finest of Plymouth's fine 
beaches and only a minute's walk from 
Hotel Crescent where the meeting will be 
held. 

Robert Bartlett came to Plymouth in 
the ship Ann in 1623, He married in 
162S, Mary, a daughter of Richard Warren, 
one of the Mayflower Pilgrims who came 
in 1620, and lived and died in Manomet, 
where his possessions were. The estate 
has been known as the Bartlett farm from 
that time and has been in possession of 
the Bartlett family continuously to the 
present. The house built in 1680 is still 
standing. 

All persons who can trace their ancestry 
to Robert Bartlett, First, are cordially in- 
vited to be present and assist in making the 
occasion interesting and profitable. It is 
hoped that many will attend and remain 
over Saturday to visit points of historic in- 
terest in the town. The morning of Friday, 
August 27, will be devoted to the reception 
of members, registration and social reunion. 
Dinner will be served at the headquarters, 
Hotel Crescent, at 1.30, after which the ex- 
ercises and business meeting will follow. 

The officers are: President, Luicus W. 
Bartlett, Hartford, Conn. ; first Vice presi- 
dent, David L. Bodfish, Palmer, Mass.; 
second vice president, John A. Bartlet, 



Putnam Reunion. 

The seventh annual reunion of the Put- 
nam Association of Western Xew York was 
held at Seneca Park, Rochester, Aug 12, 
about eighty being present from various 
parts of the state. 

After a bounteous dinner the assembly 
resolved itself into a more social affair than 
usual, omitting a part of the program, 
which consisted of papers by Miss Cornelia 
Moore of Erie, Penn., Mrs. Erastus Put- 
nam of Elizabeth, Xew Jersey, Mrs. Mae 
Holland of Rochester, X. Y., and one from 
Eben Putnam of Boston, the historian of 
the family in England and America. 

H. W. Putnam of Rochester showed a 
document, yellow with age, which was a 
commission to Joshua Putnam of Danvers, 
Mass., in 1808, appointing him ensign in 
the Militia of Massachusetts, also a letter 
written to Deacon Daniel Putnam in 1769 
by his brother Aaron. It was sealed with 
wafers, there having been no envelopes in 
those days, and bore the words, "postage 
clear," which meant it was prepaid, as 
there were also no stamps at that early 
date. 

Letters of regret were received from 
Massachusetts, Xew Hampshire, Xew Jer- 
sey, Pennsylvania, Illinois, Montana, Col- 
orado, Michigan and Vermont. 

Officers for the coming year were elected 
as follows: Pres., D. C. 'Putnam, Lyons; 
V. Pres., L. D. Pollock, Xewark: Treas., 
Daniel Phillips, Sodus Point; Sec. Sarah 
J. Higgins, Sodus Point; Hist., Ophelia M. 
Cogswell. Williamson. 

Xext meeting at the home of the presi- 
dent, D. C. Putnam, in Lyons, on the sec- 
ond Thursdav in August, 1910. 



Meeting of the Old Planters Society. 
The Annual Fall outing of the Old Plant- 
ers Society will be held in Marblehead on 
Thursdav* September 16. The formal 
exercises' will be held at the new headquar- 
ters of the Marblehead Historical Society 
in the Lee Mansion at three-thirty when 
an address will be given by Mr. Xathan P. 
Sanborn, president'of the local society, on 
Col. Jeremiah Lee. At the conclusion of 
the meeting, the partv will enjoy a ba-ket 
lunch at Castle Rock, 'Marblehead Xeck. 



f XU 



0ur!EibU0naT TP&t±t^ 



Rev. Xhomas Franklin Waters. 



IX my summer rambles, a few years ago, 
I came to the town of Henniker, Xew 
Hampshire, on the afternoon of Old 
Home Week, when the public exercises 
were held. A large and enthusiastic gath- 
ering crowded the Hall, felicitous addresses 
were made, the songs of the old time were 
sung, and a fine spirit of love and loyalty 
to the old home town pervaded the whole 
exercise. In the evening, other public fes- 
tivities found place, and the groups of old 
friends on the hotel piazza were in a quan- 
dary as to whether the prospective pleas- 
ure of the larger gathering would exceed 
the delight of the present moment. 

Walking up the pleasant street, I found 
that Henniker had been generously re- 
membered with a library and other public 
institutions by those who had gorte out 
from the quiet town to make elsewhere 
their home and fortune, and it seemed a 
very natural sequence of events. The 
generous remembrance of the public needs 
of the town by these broad minded and 
devoted individuals must have inspired 
the general enthusiasm, which brought 
many of the sons and daughters from dis- 
tant homes and gave such unction to their 
gatherings; and the Old Home celebrations 
in turn were likely to bring forth in the 
future further gifts for the general good. 



It would be of exceeding profit to all our 
Massachusetts towns and villages, if the 
natural affection of multitudes for their 
old home were touched and appealed to, by 
the regular observance of Old Home Week. 
Every town rejoices in the careers of her 
fortunate and successful sons and daugh- 
ters. The return of these favored ones to 
the homes and haunts of their childhood, 
the renewing of the old friendships, their 
sincere and unaffected delight in the re- 
union, is a bright and stimulating event 
in the quiet lives of those who have stayed 
at home. But the stimulating influence of 
these gatherings is not limited to those who 
are bodily present. Many, who do not re- 
turn, are reminded very tenderly of their 
childhood and youth in the old town, and 
far and wide, as the call goes out to the 
widely scattered ones, there is a genial 
awakening of the home feeling. A quick- 
ened home feeling is likely to reveal itself 
in a new interest in the affairs, of the earlv 
home, and many a generous gift may re- 
sult. To be sure, the securing ot such 
public benefactions would be a very mer- 
cenary motive, and the true sentimental 
observance of Old Home Week would lose 
its finest flavor, if it were celebrated in the 
hope of touching the fat money bags of 
her old residents. But it remains true 



OUR EDITORIAL PAGES 



87 



that many of the smaller towns and vil- 
lages are in need of public benefactions of 
various kinds, and those, who are able to 
be of service, in meeting these needs, should 
be reminded of their privilege and duty in 
this regard. 

HITHERTO the favorite gift of the 
wealthy friend has been the erec- 
tion of a public library building, 
with a generous endowment to ensure its 
usefulness; and whichever way we journey, 
we find these substantial edifices, many 
of them costly and elegant, in towns 
and villages alike. Sometimes a school 
building has been erected, and again the 
old church has been helped in the days of 
her decline by the establishment of a fund 
for her maintenance. Public benefactions 
of this kind require large means, and the 
question may well be asked, Are there not 
many, who have only moderate means, 
who desire to show their regard for their 
birth-place, and would make a helpful gift 
if they could be sure that a small contri- 
bution would be really valuable? 

I AM convinced that two benefactions, 
which are fresh in mind, are practi- 
cally suggestive. In the one case, the 
testator, imagining himself to be the pos- 
sessor of millions, planned a grand Insti- 
tute for the technical education of the 
youth of his town and elsewhere. The 
erection of buildings, and the creation of a 
learned faculty were provided for, and vast 
sums would necessarily be spent for the 



plant and its equipment before a single 
boy could be educated. The estate has 
been found to be so heavily encumbered, 
that many years must elapse before even a 
beginning of this scheme can be realized, 
and the commendable and wise desire of 
the donor to benefit the rising generation 
will fail utterly for long years, and perhaps 
forever, because his bequest is bound hard 
and fast by the limitations he has imposed 
upon it. Had he realized that the precise 
lines of education that he had in mind are 
already being taught with great success in 
famous institutions near at hand, and had 
he been willing to deny himself the pos- 
thumous honor of creating a new school, 
and devised his fortune as a trust-fund, 
which should be used directly in providing 
for the higher technical education of those 
he wished to benefit, his trustees might 
have been enabled to begin in a modest 
way, at an early date, to carry out hi; 
laudable and generous desires. 

THE moral is obvious. In this and 
many other bequests for education- 
al purposes, the use of the gift has 
been so rigidly defined that its usefulness 
is greatly curtailed. A fund, intended for 
the help of deserving youth in securing an 
education, administered by Trustees, who 
have large discretionary power in its use, 
would be of great benefit to any commun- 
ity, however large, however small. A 
gift of a few hundred dollars might be- 
come the nucleus of a gradually enlarging 



18S - OYs THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Educational Fund, which would secure 
great advantage to many needy students. 
The other benefaction was primarily for 
a Home for Old People, but incidentally 
provision was made for a visiting nurse. 
A trained nurse, of broad experience and 
very sympathetic nature, has been installed 
in the Home. She is open to call for any 
and every service by any person. A nom- 
inal fee is asked of those who are able to 
pay, to save it from being a charity, but 
practically, it puts no bar in the way of 
her service. Physicians call upon her in 
critical cases and whenever a skilled attend- 
ant is necessary. She finds her way to the 
humblest homes, and ministers .to many 
who are stricken with fatal illness, or help- 
less cripples, or bed ridden invalids, as 
well as those, who need only a few visits 
for temporary ailments. Her salary and 
living expense are very moderate. A 
comparatively small endowment would 
establish such a nurse in any community. 



BUT why not invent a Public Utility 
Fund, which may be used for a -core 
of purposes, which would never be 
included in any specific bequest? Every 
community has one or more individ 
level headed but tender hearted, gifted 
pre-eminently with common sense, com- 
petent to take and use such a fund tor the 
common good; for enhancing the OMtward 
beauty, or the moral tone of the town, or 
for relieving the desperate need of an 
individual, as he requires; for loans, or 
for gifts. The scheme sounds Quixotic 
but is it so? Every person of mature age 
has had a variety of experiences, which 
suggest a multitude of uses which might 
arise for a fund of such broad scope. A 
single gift might begin this Public Utility 
Fund, its success in small ways would en- 
courage other contributions, and eventual- 
ly a large and elastic fund might accumu- 
late for a great variety of wise and helpful 
purposes. 



THE 



MASSACHVSETTS 
MAGAZINE 




Published by the Salem Press Co. Salem, Mass. USA 













Old Haraden House, 
.Salem. 



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®I|c jKassacI|itsefts jHauanitu. 

A Quarterly cMagazine Devoted to History, Genealogy and Biography 
Thomas Franklin Waters, Editor, ipswich, mass. 

ASSOCIATE AND ADVISORY EDITORS 

Thomas Wentworth Higginson George Sheldon", Dk. Frank A. Gardner 

CAMBBIDoE, MASS. DEEKFI KLD, M « M. SALEM. IAN, 

Lucie M. Gardner, Charles A. Flagg John N. McClixtock Albert W. Dlxxis 

SALEM, MASS. WASHINGTON, D. C. DORCHESTER, MASS. SALEM, MAS*. 

Issued in January, April, July and October. Subscription, $2.50 per year, Single copies 75c. 



VOL. II 



OCTOBER, 1909 



NO. 4 



<£0itf?nf$ sf il][t0 jBBitt 



Captain Jonathan Haraden F. A. Gardner, M .D. 191 

Massachusetts Pioneers in Michigan . . . Charles A. FJaqg . 200 

Colonel Ebenezer Bridge's Regiment . . F. A.Gardner, M.D. 203 
Some Articles Concerning-Massachusetts in 

recent Magazines Charles A. Flagg . 228 

The George Gardner House ....... F. A. Gardner, M. D. 230 

Department of the American Revolution F. A.Gardner, M. D. 234 

Pilgrims and Planters . . . . . . . . Lucie M. Gardner . 239 

Family Genealogies Lucie M. Gardner . 240 

Criticism and Comment 254 

Our Editorial Pages Thomas F. Waters . 255 



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••• ; ; •; • ■ — 




CAPTAIN JONATHAN HARADEN* 



By Frank A. Gardner, M. D. 



The annals of the War for the Independence of America contain the names 
of many heroes, who rose from private life to places of marked eminence in the 
service of their country. Very few of these had a more striking career in the 
naval service than the honored subject of our sketch, Captain Jonathan 
Haraden. , 

"Soldier and sailor too" like Kipling's marine, he served as a Lieutenant of 
infantry before he walked the quarter deck. Records of such dual service 
are not uncommon in the revolutionary annals of Massachusetts, where so many 
citizens were sea-faring men. Colonel John Glover's Marblehead command 
became known as 'the "amphibious" or "web-footed regiment", as they were 
detailed so frequently to man ships or boats. In April, 1776, "near fifty" men 
of Glover's 14th Continental Regiment were "absent on board Continental 
privateers." Two of the captains of this regiment, Nicholson Broughton and 
John Selman, sailed from Beverly in September 1775, in command of vessels 
sent out by the United Colonies and both subsequently held the rank of Major 
in Essex County Regiments. Captain Haraden, therefore, was not alone in his 
role of "soldier on the sea," but his naval victories won for him a place in history 
above that of any other patriot who served on both land and ocean. 

* This paper in somewhat modified form was delivered as an address before the 
Massachusetts Society, Sons of the American Revolution, at their Annual Field Day, at 
Salem, Sept. 25, 1909. On that occasion a memorial tablet was placed upon Captain 
Haraden's house on Essex street, and a wreath of laurel with flags and the colors of the 
society were deposited upon his grave in the Broad Street Burying ground. 



192 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

Born in Gloucester in 1745, the son of Joseph and Joanna (Emerson) Haraden 
he removed to Salem and made that thriving commercial town his home through 
life. July 11, 1775, he enlisted as a Second Lieutenant in Captain Benjamin 
Ward's Company, stationed at Salem for the defence of the seacoast. This 
seacoast service was of great importance during the Revolution. Very little 
has been written about it but every important seaport from Dartmouth (now 
New Bedford) on the south to Newburyport on the north, and all along the 
coast of the present state of Maine, had its coast defence corps of one or more 
companies. As a large proportion of the able bodied men of these seaports 
were absent through the year 1775, with the army at the siege of Boston and 
later in the Continental and militia regiments, the constant danger of attack 
from British vessels made it necessary to protect these towns by fortifications, 
garrisoned by seacoast companies, as they were called. The burning of Fal- 
mouth (now Portland, Maine) made this necessity more apparent and the 
strength of these garrisons and fortifications was increased. The ports of 
Salem, Beverly and Marblehead were protected in this way early in the war on 
account of their commercial importance. 

Jonathan Haraden held the rank of Second Lieutenant in the Salem Com- 
pany until January 16, 1776, when he was chosen First Lieutenant in the same 
organization. This higher rank he held until June 3d 1776, when he was com- 
missioned First Lieutenant on the newly built State sloop "Tyrannicide," 
commanded by Captain John Fiske of Salem. This vessel, built at Salisbury 
was one of five constructed for the Massachusetts Navy in the Spring of 1776. 
Captain Fiske was the son of Reverend Samuel Fisk of the historic old First 
Church in Salem, and was commissioned April 20, 1776. He was ordered to 
cruise from "Harbour to Harbour in the same colony and Newhampshire," 
June 13th, and on the same day captured the British packet schooner "Des- 
patch" with 8 guns, 12 swivels and 31 men, under command of Capt. Gutteridge. 
At this time the Tyrannicide had 14 guns and 100 men. On the 4th of July 
(the first Independence day) he was ordered to sail again and cruise between 
Cape Sable and Nantucket. He soon captured the armed ship "Glasgow." 
The officers among the Tyrannicide's prisoners at Salem were ordered to be re- 
moved to Topsfield, July 24, 1776. In August she captured the brig St. John 
and the schooner Three Brothers. Captain Fisk petitioned that she be rigged 
as a brigantine and the change was ordered on the 13th of September. 

The Tyrannicide was again ordered to sea, Oct. 22, 1776, and additional 
instructions were issued to Capt. Fisk, Dec. 13 On the 31st of the month he 
captured the scow "John," 140 tons, Capt. Barrass. Jan. 1, 1777, JRichard 



CAPTAIN JONATHAN HARADEN 193 

Derby, Jun., Agent of the 'Tyrannicide" and the "Massachusetts, petitioned 
for the settlement of the sale of their prizes; the schooner "Despatch," snow 
"Ann," and brigantine "Henry & Ann." The value of the vessels was as 
follows: "Despatch" £1S02:16:10, "Ann" £857:5:4, "Henry & Ann" £5685: 
7:lli and the net proceeds of the sale to the state was £5103:11:3. On the 
27th of January or the 3d of Feb. (two dates given in the archives) Capt Fisk 
captured the brig "Three Friends," 100 tons, Capt. Holms, and she was brought 
into Salem, Feb. 23d. Her cargo was appraised at £4269:3:7} and that of the 
"John" previously mentioned, at £9029:2:0. 

On the 20th of February, 1777, Jonathan Haraden was made Commander 
and Israel Thorndike of Beverly, who had commanded the schooner "Warren," 
was his first Lieutenant. A few days later Benjamin Moses of Salem was 
made Second Lieutenant and Benjamin Lovett of Beverly, Master. Thomas 
Hunt was engaged as Master's Mate. Capt. John Fisk was given command 
the ship "Massachusetts," Dec. 10, 1777. After the war he engaged in com- 
merce and became very wealthy. He was commissioned a Major General of 
Militia in 1792. 

A resolve was passed in the Council, March 26, 1777, that the "Hebrew 
Books, Sabbath Lamp & the pontifical Cup etc. captured by the brigantine 
Tyrannicide and now in the State Store be sent to the Library of Harvard Col- 
lege for the use of the same." * April 27, Capt. Haraden, on board the brig, 
wrote a letter to the Board of war, informing them that he had that day cap- 
tured the snow "Sally," Capt. Stephen Jones, from London to Quebec, with a 
cargo of English goods. He also stated that he would soon be obliged to make a 
port to procure water, and that he had captured a transport brigantine with 
sixty-three Hessians on board. The "Sally" arrived in Salem, June 6. Capt. 
Haraden wrote a letter in May stating that he had taken the ship "Chalkley," 
Capt. James "nines"? from Honduras, bound to Bristol, with a cargo of ma- 
hogany, logwood, etc. Another letter from him the same month contained an in- 
ventory of goods taken from the brig "Eagle." May 10, he captured the ship 
"Lonsdale," 500 tons, Captain James Grayson, which was taken into Boston, 
on the 20th. At this period the "Tyrannicide" was sailing in company with 
the brigantine "Massachusetts." Littlefield Sibley, prizemaster of the barque 
"WhiteHaven,"in a letter to the Board of War May 13, announced his arrival 
at Piscataway, the barque having been captured by the Tyrannicide on her 
way to Quebec. 

Capt. Haraden captured May 31, brigantine "Trepassy," 160 tons. Capt. 
Isaac Follett, and she arrived in Boston, June 25th. On June 20 James Miller, 



194 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

who had been captured on the "Lonsdale," was allowed to go to Rhode Island 
as he was only a passenger on board the ship. A memorandum is on file 
in the State archives, which shows that the rations issued to this ship from 
June 25 to Sept. 1, amounted to £114:2:1. A receipt was given to Capt. Har- 
aden Oct. 21, 1777, for "five hundred three Quarters of Ship Bread (7 barrels/' 
for the "Guard Ship Rifing Empire." 

Capt. Haraden in the "Tyrannicide" and Captain Sampson in the "Hazard" 
were ordered, November 16, 1777, to sail to the coast of Spain and Portugal, 
thence to the southward of Madeira and home by the West Indies. Definite 
instructions were given regarding the various ports to which the different 
classes of cargoes were to be sent. Before they got away they were ordered 
to sail to Townsend and capture, if possible, two schooners, one commanded 
by Capt. Callahan of Halifax and another the "Halifax," supposed to be coast- 
ing for the purpose of capturing "two ships now laden and ready to sail for 
France." Dec. 2nd Capt. Haraden, in a letter to the Board of War, wrote 
that he had lost his grip and had put into the harbor or Falmouth to refit. 
While at the wharf four of his men deserted. He soon got to sea however and 
in company with the sister ship captured on Dec. 13, the brigantine "Alexan- 
der," Capt. James Waddie, bound from Halifax to Jamaica with a cargo of 
shooks and fish. On the 22nd they captured the schooner "Good Intent," 
Capt. William Dashpar, bound from "Harbor Grafs, N. F. to Dominco," laden 
with fish and hoops. They made another capture on the following day, the 
"Polly," Capt. Walter Stevens, from St. John's, N. F., bound for Barbadoes, 
loaded with fish, hoops and feathers. Capt. Haraden announced in a letter 
written February 17, 1778, that they had taken two vessels, one of which had 
arrived at Antigua and the other having mistaken Dominica for St. Pierre, 
had been recaptured. A letter written four days later from St. Pierre, Martini- 
que, announced their arrival there and stated that they had received all needful 
assistance. 

Captains Haraden and Sampson sent a petition to the authorities that they 
be allowed eight full shares of prizes like other officers of their rank, instead 
of six as granted by the Council. A letter written at St. Pierre, Mar. 10, stated 
that the Tyrannicide would be ready to sail in five or six days. Another letter 
dated the 15th from the same port, gave the net proceeds of the sale of the 
brig "Polly" above mentioned as 74,257 livres, 2 sols. The "Tyrannicide" and 
"Hazard" in company with the brig "Lion" of Salem, sailed from St. Pierre 
Mar. 30, 1778. We next hear from Capt. Haraden in a letter written from 
Squam Harbor, where he had run in after seeing a British frigate off Thatchers' 



CAPTAIN JONATHAN HARADEN 195 

Island. He mentioned ill luck and stated that some of the men were sick with 
small pox. The announcement was also made that he had captured the sn >w 
"Swift" from Bristol, loaded with flour. As the cargo was of a perishable 
nature, the Maritime Court authorized "Samuel Philips Savage of Westown 
and George Williams of Salem" to make immediate sale of the same. The 
First Lieutenant, John Bray, received his discharge from the Tyrannicide 
May 8. He became First Lieutenant of the ship "Franklin" in 1780, and com- 
mander of the ship "Oliver Cromwell," Apr. 19, 1781. 

In a letter from the Board of war dated May 15, 1778, Capt. Haraden was 
mentioned as having arrived a few days before and as soon "going out again." 
The letters on file in the archives reveal the fact that the agents at St. Pierre 
had protested to the authorities at Boston on account of the large amount of 
money advanced in refitting the "Tyrannicide" and "Hazard" for the return 
voyage. They found fault especially in regard to the matter of rations, and 
as a result the Secretary of the board wrote, expressing surprise that the com- 
manders had applied for funds for rations and requesting that in the future no 
such requisitions be complied -with. These agents wrote May 24 that the 
last of the "Tyrannicide's" men had left the hospital. A bill was enclosed 
for the care of three men. Supplies for the "Tyrannicide" were delivered to 
Capt. Waters at St. Pierre, May 28th. An account of rations to June 25, 
shows that triple rations were given to Jonathan Haraden, double to Israel 
Thorndike (who had returned to the brig) Benjamin Moses, Benjamin Lovett, 
William Coffin, James Grayson, Christopher Asbridge, Stephen Jones and 
Capt. Coombs. At least two of these had been captains of captured vessels, 
James Grayson of the "Lonsdale" and Stephen Jones of the snow "Sally." 

A letter from the Board of War to the Council, dated June 25, 1778 announced 
the determination of Capt. Haraden to resign his commission. The document 
read as follows: "The Board most sincerely laments ye Lois of so brave an 
officer and deserving a man, who has been in the Service of his Country from 
the beginning of the war in which he hath always acquitted himself wt spirits 
& honor. This step Capt. Haraden declares he takes with the greatest reluc- 
tance but the late difsarrangements of Commanders as he apprehends oblige 
him to it. The officers and men entering into their Captains motives have one 
& all left the vessel & represent to your Honor that the Tyrannicide is now 
ready for sea and that the season most favourable . . . request your Honor to 
appoint some person Commander of said Brigt that she may proceed on her 
voyage without further loss of time." 

Captain Haraden was commissioned September 30, 177S, commander of 



196 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

the privateer "General Pickering" of Salem, of ISO tons with 16 guns and a 
crew of 106 men. She was described as a brigantine at this period, but her 
rig was changed in the spring of 1779 to that of a ship and after that date she 
was so called repeatedly in the records of the Continental Congress and the 
Massachusetts State Archives. She was owned by George Williams and others 
or Salem. John Bray, his First Lieutenant on the "Tyrannicide" held the 
same rank under him in this ship. Captain Haraden made a famous record 
in her. Only a few of these sea fights can be mentioned at this time. 

In October 1779, off Sandy Hook, he fought at the same time and captured 
after an engagement of thirty minutes, the ship "Hope," reported to have been 
armed with 14 guns, the brig "Pomona," said to have had 12 guns and the 
cutter "Royal George" also with 12 guns. The "Pomona" was brought to 
Salem and sold Oct. 23, 1779, to Jonathan Grafton for £S,900. About a month 
prior to this date the agents of the ship sold another prize, the brigantine "True 
Briton," 70 tons, to George Dodge for £4,100. It is narrated that in one of 
the cruises in this ship "he fell in with a king's mail packet from one of the 
West India isles, homeward bound, which gave him a very warm reception. 
After an action which lasted four hours, Captain Haraden found it necessary 
to haul off and repair damages. Having done so, he went alongside the packet 
with all the powder he had left in his cannon. He then hailed the enemy, 
and told him he would give him five minutes to haul down his colors, and if 
they were not down at the expiration of that time he would sink him. At the 
end of three minutes the colors came down. The boat, on going alongside the 
prize, found the blood running from her scuppers, while the deck appeared 
more like the floor of a slaughter house than the deck of a ship. The fight 
depicted upon the tablet which was unveiled in Salem in September, 1909, is 
thus described in the "Sketch of Salem." 

"He sailed from this port in the Spring of 1780 with a cargo of sugar for 
Bilboa, then a famous resort for American privateers. On his passage. May 
29, 1780, he was attacked by a British cutter of twenty-one guns and beat her 
off after a contest of about two hours. Upon entering the Bay of Biscay, he 
fell in with a British privateer of twenty-two guns and sixty men. Having 
approached in the night unobserved, he ran alongside and commanded her 
through his trumpet to strike to an American frigate or he would sink her. 
The privateer struck her flag and the captain when he came on board the "Gen- 
eral Pickering" was mortified to think that he had submitted to such inferior 
force. Mr. John Carnes was put in charge of the prize. As the vessels ap- 
proached Bilboa they met a sail coming out. which the captured captain said 



CAPTAIN JONATHAN HARADEN 197 

was the "Achilles", a privateer from London of forty-two guns aand 140 m-n 
and added that he knew her force. 

Captain Haraden coolly replied; "I sha'n't run from her." The British 
ship first retook the prize and placed a crew on board, and night coming 
on, deferred his attack on Captain -Haraden till morning. As the day dawned, 
June 4, 1780, the "Achilles" bore down upon the "General Pickering" and 
Captain Haraden placed his vessel in condition for action. After a desperate 
contest of about three hours duration, the British ship was obliged to seek 
safety in flight, notwithstanding his greatly superior force. Captain Haraden 
gave chase, but the "Achilles" was light, outsailed the "General Pickering" 
and escaped. He then returned, coolly recaptured the prize and carried 
her in safety into Bilboa. 

The battle was fought so near the Spanish coast that an immense con- 
course of spectators amounting, as was supposed, to nearly one hundred thou- 
sand, assembled along the shore, in boats, and on the hillsides, during the 
action^and before the Captain with his prize had been at anchor half an 
hour, one could walk a mile from his ship by stepping from one boat to 
another. So great was the admiration with which the battle and victory were 
witnessed, that when the captain landed he was surrounded by this vast 
throng of strangers and borne in triumph into the city where he was wel- 
comed with public and unbounded honors. The late venerable Robert Cowan 
who was with him in this action, said that the "General Pickering" in com- 
parison with her antagonist "looked like a long-boat by the side of a ship," 
and "that he fought with a determination that seemed superhuman," and 
that although in the most exposed positions, "where the shot flew around 
him in thousands, he was all the while as calm and steady as amidst a 
shower of snowflakes." 

Later in 1780, while still in the "General Pickering" he captured many other 
vessels, including the ship "Rodney," 120 tons, which was sold in Salem by 
the agents of the owners to George Williams for £90,000; the brigantine 
"Myrrh" sold on the same date for £25,030 and the brigantine "Venus" sold, 
October 13, 1780, for £24,000. On the 10th of November, 17S0, he started on 
another cruise in the "General Pickering" to the West Indies. He was cap- 
tured in the harbor of Saint Eustatius, when Rodney made his descent upon 
it, February 3, 1781. This capture by the British Admiral was one of the 
richest of the war, the value of the loot being estimated at over $15,- 
000,000 

We do not know how long he remained a prisoner, but May 3. 1782, he 



198 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

was commissioned Captain of the letter of marque ship "Julius Caesar," 
200 tons, 14 carriage guns and 40 men. She hailed from Salem and was 
owned by Joshua Ward and others. 

On July ISth, 17S2, off Bermuda, in sight of two English brigs, one of 20 
guns and another of 16, he took a schooner which was a prize to one of 
them, but they both declined to attack him. During this cruise he fell in 
with two British vessels, a ship of IS guns and a brig of 16 guns, both of 
which he fought 5 glasses and got clear of them. The enemy's ship was 
much shattered and so was the Caesar, but the men of the latter were 
unharmed. Captain Haraden was subsequently presented with a silver pi 
by the owners of the ship, as commemorative of his skill and bravery. 
Before he reached Martinique he had a severe battle with another English 
vessel,- which he carried thither with him as a prize. He arrived in Salem 
from the cruise, December 31, 17S2, having captured a ship of 400 tons 
which had been a store ship for Lord Howe. This ended Captain Hara- 
den's active service as a commander of armed vessels, as on the next voyage 
of the "Julius Caesar," he as one of the owners petitioned that his former First 
Lieutenant, Thomas Benson, be commissioned Captain. 

His record on the sea was certainly remarkable. One writer affirms 
with justice that he is entitled to a "place in history by the side of Paul 
Jones, Decatur, and Farragut and Cushing." Maclay says of him he "was 
one of the most daring and skillful navigators that ever sailed from Salem, 
and that is saying a great deal when we come to consider the long list of 
successful commanders who have hailed from that port." He goes on to sav 
further, "Haraden had a reputation of being one of the most intrepid com- 
manders known to Salem ship lore. It has been said of him that, amid 
the din of battle he was calm and self-possessed. The more deadly the strife, 
the more imminent the peril, the more terrific the scene, the more perfect 
seemed his self-command and serene intrepidity, He was a hero among 
heroes and his name should live in honored and affectionate remembrance'." 
Maclay acknowledges that this is lavish praise but declares that the man 
deserved it. Captain Haraden is said to have taken nearly a thousand can- 
non from the British during the war. 

Time forbids our considering the life of Captain Haraden as a citizen of 
Salem during the yea~s following the war of the Revolution. The house 
which was adorned with the tablet was purchased by him May 4, 1S01, and .e 
lived there until his death which occurred November 23. 1S03. He was marrie i 
three times and had several children, but none of his descendants are known 



CAPTAIN JONATHAN HARADEN 199 

to be living at the present time. Most of the inhabitants of Salem who have 
borne the name in the past hundred years have been the descendants of 
Captain Haraden's nephew, whom the Captain brought up and who bore his 
honored name through life. 

It seems appropriate to present in closing this necessarily brief address, 
the review of his life which appeared as an obituary notice in the Salem 
Gazette of November 25, 1S03, 

"On Wednesday last, departed this life, in the 59th year of his age, 
Captain. Jonathan Haraden. whose funeral will be at 3 o'clock this after- 
noon from his house in Essex Street, which his friends are requested to at- 
tend. This gentleman having been for several years a prey to a disorder 
which has finally consigned him to death, he has been in a great measure 
secluded from society but still it is impossible to forget one who was so much 
its ornament and benefactor. Captain Haraden was a native of Gloucester but 
came to this town when a lad where he learnt a mechanical trade. Early 
in the contest between this Country and Great Britain, he engaged in that 
species of warfare which was carried on from this town with so much spirit 
and success, and was employed either in the public or private ships of war 
till the establishment of our independence; and he will be recollected by 
those who know the history of that eventful period, as one of the most able 
and valiant naval commanders that the war produced. He never rashly sought 
danger nor did he shrink from duty. It was remarkably his fortune to meet 
with enemies of superior force and numbers; yet he had always the address 
to conquer or to clear himself of them. On one occasion in a small ship of 
10 guns he fought and beat off a lugger of 40 guns, and wrested a prize out 
of her hands. When a battle was inevitable, he deliberately prepared for it, 
and was as cool and calm in the combat, as on the most common busi- 
ness. Of the perfect' obedience of his men he was sure; for he always at- 
tended to their wants, their comforts and convenience, as a father to those 
of his children, and they loved and obeyed him as a parent ; and he 
knew how to inspire them with courage, or fire them with rage, as should 
best second his own valorous deeds. As he was intrepid, so was he modest, 
as he was brave, so was he just ; as he was terrible to his enemies, so was he 
the best of friends. His manners were the most gentle, his disposition the 
most kind, and his heart the most tender. With these qualities, it is 
superfluous to add, he has left numerous friends, we believe, no enemies." 



Ill 



£60 



[This is the sixth instalment of a series of articles on Massachusetts Pi neers to other states, to be 
published by The Massachusetts Magazine.] 

MASSACHUSETTS PIONEERS. 
MICHIGAN SERIES. 



By Charles A. Flagg 



Besides the abbreviations of booktitles. (explained on pages 76, 77, 78 and 79 of April issue) the following 
are used: b. for born; d. for died; m. for married; set. for settled in. 



Converse, James, of Northampton: set. 
Mich., 1840. Lenawee Hist. I, 513. 
Maria L., b. Northampton, 1832, 



m. 1854 George T. McKenzie of Mich. 

Lenawee Hist. I, 513. 
Cook, Amelia, m. 1S25 Justin Cook of 

Mich. Washtenaw Hist., 1307. 
Edwin, b. Hadley, 1812; set. N. Y., 

1834, Mich. Lenawee Port., 353. 
George, b. Hampshire Co., 1828; set. 

Mich., 1845. Washtenaw Hist., 1307. 
Justin, b. Hampshire Co., 1802; set. 

Mich., 1845. Washtenaw Hist., 1307. 
Levi, b. Bellingham, 1792; set. Mich., 

1815. Detroit, 1033. 
Martin E., b. Shelburne Falls; set. 

N. Y., 1820? Jackson Hist., 791. 
Randolph, b. 1831; set. Mich., 1845. 



Washtenaw Hist., 1307, 
Samuel, set. Vt., N. Y., 1800? Cal- 
houn, 75. 
■ Vienna, b. Bellingham, 1795; m. 1820 

Benjamin Taft of Mass. Oakland Port., 

225. 
Cooley, Chester, b. Berkshire, 1790? set. 

N. Y., O., Mich., 1850. Kalamazoo 

Port., 888. 
Dennis, b. Deerfield, 1789; set. Ga., 

Mich., 1827. Macomb Hist., 817. 
■ : George, b. Deerfield, 1819; set. Mich., 

1830. Ionia Hist., 290. 
« George N , b. Conn. Valley, 1810; set. 

N.Y.,Mich. Kent, 653. 
■ Jerusha M., b. S. Deerfield, 1810; m. 

1840 Philip Reeve of Mich. Washtenaw 

Past, 219. 



Cooley, Joanna, b. Lowell. 1825; m. Solon 
T. Hutchins of Mich. Midland, 288. 

Leonard, set. N.Y., 1800' Mich., 1842. 

Lenawee Port.. 594. 

Orsimus, set. Mich., 1S30; Genesee 

Hist., 410. 

Reuben, set. N. Y., 1811. 



Kalama- 
zoo Hist., 433. 

Russell, b. Deerfield; set. Mich., 1S30. 

Ionia Hist., 290; Washtenaw Hist., 689. 

Sally, m. 1800? Lemon Copley of O. 

and Mich. Genesee Port., 620. 

Smith, set. N. Y.. 1840? Huron, 287. 

Sophronia, b. 1811; m. Sylvester 

Scott of Mich. Clinton Port., 666. 912. 

Thomas, set. N. Y., 1804. Washte- 
naw Port., 235. 

Zadoc. b. 1793; set. O. 1825, Mich., 

1833. Oakland Biog., 367. 

Coolidge, Henry H., b. Leominster, 1S05 
or 11; set. Mich.. 1836. Berrien Hist., 
146; Berrien Port.. 213: Berrien Twent., 
154, 286; Cass Hist., 90. 

Coox, Huldah. m. 1S00? Elijah Knox of 
Mass. and N. Y. Kalamazoo Port., 9S3. 

Cooper, Jeremiah, set. N. Y , 1S10. Len- 
awee Illus., 90. 

John, b. Plymouth; set. Me., 1820? 

Mich., 1865. Ionia Port., 746. 

Sarah, b. Cheshire, 1S03; m. 1821 

Edmund B. Dewev of N. Y. Lenawee 
Illus., 90 

Copeland, Emeline. m. 1835? David Bur- 
ton of Me. and Mich. Midland, 240. 

Cossett, Isabinda. m. 1810? Asaph Robin- 
son of O. Branch Port., 556. 



MICHIGAN PIONEERS 



201 



Cotrell, Lucy, b. Worthington, 181/; m. 

1837 James Rogers of Mass., Mich, and 

O. Lenawee Port., 915. 
Cotton, Otis W., set. N. Y., 1S0S; La., 

1818, Mich., 1S28. Macomb Past., 168. 
Coulson, Lovina, m. 1815?William Pratt.- 

of Mass. and O. Hillsdale Port., 827. 
Courtis, William M., b. Boston, 1S42; set. 

Mich., 1S83. Wayne Land. Appendix 28. 
Covey, Hiram, b. Mt. Washington, 1S02; 

set. N. Y., 1814, Mich., 1S37. Oakland 

Hist., facing 218. 
Cowan, N. B., b. 1810; set. Mich., 1840. 

Clinton Port., 456. 
Sally, m. 1805? Elkanah Ring. Sagi- 
naw Hist., 757. 
Cowles, Horace, see Coles. 
Israel T., b. Belchertown, 1854; set. 

Mich., 1878. Wayne Land. Appendix, 

119. 
Proctor P., b. Amherst, 1818; set. 

Mich., 1858. Upper P., 277. 
Shepard B., b. Amherst, 1826; set. 

N.Y., 1830? Mich., 1836. Grand Rapids 

City, 622; Kent, 1354. 
Sylvester, b. Amherst, 1795; set. 

N. Y., 1830? O., 1836. Grand Rapids 

City, 622. 
Cowls, Samuel, b. Hatfield, 1766; set. O. 

Lenawee Hist. II, 116. 
Sophia, b. Williamsburg, 1796; m. 

1821 John Wilson of N. Y. and Mich. 

Lenawee Hist. II, 116. 
Sophia, m. 1825? George H. Smith of 

Mass. and Mich. Jackson Port., 451. 
Cox, James N., b. Fairhaven, 1844; set. 

Mich. 1869. Houghton, 213; Northern P., 

400; Upper P., 303. 
Crafts, Frances, m. 1832 Warren Pease of 

Mich. Washtenaw Hist., 1348. 
Solomon C, set. Mich., 1842. Jack- 
son Hist., 881. 
Crandell, Edgar B.,b. Cheshire; set. X.Y., 

Mich., 1878. Grand Rapids City, 119. 
Stephen R., b. W. Stockbridge. 1836; 

set. X. Y., Mich., 1878. Grand Rapids 
City, 119; Mecosta, 491. 
Crandle, Betsey, b. 1787; m. 1802 Jacob 
Hoadley of Mass., X. Y. and Mich. Len- 
awee Hist. II, 94. 
Crane, Abraham, 1812 soldier, set. N. Y., 
1825? Allegan Twent., 170. 



Crane, Albert, b. Taunton. 1815; set. 
Mich. 1832. Hillsdale Port., HV2, 845. 

George, b. Norton, 1783; set. X. Y., 

1804, Mich., 1S33. Lenawee Hist I, 
252, 509; II, 460; Lenawee Port., 371. 



— Hannah, m. 1835 Sylvanus Kennedy 
of Alien. Lenawee Port.. 223. 

— John, set. Ct. Hillsdale Port., 223. 
- Samuel, set. Ct., X. Y., 1810. Hills- 



dale Port., 223. 

Turner, b. Xorton. 1789; set. '. '. H., 

N. Y., 1816, Mich., 1833. Hillsdale Port 
845; Lenawee Hist. II, 102 483; Lena- 
wee Illus., 87; Lenawee Port., 569. 
Cranson, Elisha, b. near Boston. 17S2; 
set. X. Y., 1815? Mich., 1830. Washte- 
naw Port., 419. 

John, set. X. Y., 1825? Mich., 1832. 

Clinton Port., 987. 
Crapo, David, b. Dartmouth; set. O., 
Mich., 1854. Ionia Port., 736. 

Henry H., b. Dartmouth, 1804; set. 

Mich., 1856. Branch Port., 149; Genesee 

Hist., 179. 

Craw, Farley, b. Cheshire, 1824; set. X.Y., 

1827, Mich., 1845. Genesee Port., 303. 

Cressy, Erastus, of Rowe; set. Mich., 1842. 

Allegan Hist., 472. 
Crissey, William S., b. 1806; set. X. Y., 

1811, Mich., 1855. Kent. 533. 
Crittenden, Chauncy, set. X. Y., 1830? 
Kalamazoo Port., 825. 

John, b. Conwav, 1796; set. R. I., 

X. Y., 1816, Mich., 1831. Macomb Hist., 
577, 906; Macomb Past, 146. 

Levi, set. Mich., 1S35. Macomb 

Hist., 794. 

Orris, set. Mich., 1834. Hillsdale 

Port., 375. 
Crocker, Joseph, b. Cape Cod, 1801; set. 

X. Y., 1830? Osceola, 249. 
Crofoot. Joseph, b. 1S11? set. X. Y. Ber- 
rien Hist., 405. 
Crosby, Hale E., b. Ashburnham, 1816; 
set. Mich., 1S44. Berrien Port., 900. 

Warren, set. X. Y., 1S40' Mich. 

Muskegon Port., 276. 
Cross, Darius, b. Rowe or Buckland. 1S14; 
set. Mich., 1837. Lenawee Hist. II. 309; 
Lenawee Illus., 383; Lenawee Port., 
1025. 



202 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Cross, Eunice, m. 1785? David Peabody 

of N. H. Calhoun, facing 112. 
Prudence, b. Rowe, 1S07; m. 1828 

Aaron S. Baker of Mich. Lenawee 

Hist. II, 109. 
Grossman, Nathaniel, b. Taunton; set. 

N. Y., 1S05? Calhoun, 133. 

Crover, Amanda, of Worcester, m. 1853? 

Dennis Wakefield of Mich. Lenawee 

Illus., 284. 
Cudworth, Mrs. A. L., set. Mich., 1828. 

Wayne Chron., 74. 
Culver, Martin, b. Chester; set. N. Y., 

1826, Mich., 1837. Jackson Port., 296. 

« Marvin, b. Chester, 1S07; set., X. Y. 

1828, Mich., 1S37. Jackson Port., 296. 

Cummings, Elvira, m. 1840? John Bonner 
of Pa. and Mich. Xewaygo, 445. 

Mary r A., b. Royalston, 1S05? m. Sam- 
uel S. Burpee of Mich. Calhoun, 76. 

Currier, Hannah, m. 1820? Hugh Tolford 
of N. H. and Mich. Lenawee Port., 683. 

Jacob, set. Mich., 1S36. Berrien 

Hist., 402. 

Curtis, Hannah, m. 1805? Jonathan E. 
Davis of X. Y. Washtenaw Hist., 979. 



Jeremiah, set. X. Y., 1800? Sagi- 
naw Hist., 729. 

Moses, of Dudley, set. X. Y., 1800? 

Kalamazoo Hist., facing 476. 

Curtiss, Waterman F., b. 1S06; set. X.Y., 

Mich., 1859. Gratiot, 266. 
Cushixg, James H., set. X. Y., 1825? Mich., 

1851. Cass Twent., 687. 
Cutler, Dexter, b. 1811; (name changed 

from Shepherd) set. Mich., 1838. Xorth- 

era M., 343. 
Dwight, b. Amherst, 1830; set. Mich., 

1848. Muskegon Port., 142; Ottawa 

Hist., 49. 
Cutter, Catharine, m. 1830? Peter Bradt 

of X. Y. Saginaw Hist., 908. 
E. B., set. 111., 1852, Mich., 1880. 

Saginaw Hist., 551. 
Dalrymple, James, of Colerain, set. X. Y., 

1018. Oakland Biog., 113. 
Polly, b Colerain, m. 1815? Joseph 

Bancroft of X. Y. and Mich. Oakland 

Biog., 113. 



Damon, I. B. T., b. Hampshire Co., 1826; 

set. Mich.,*! 850? Saginaw Hist., 821. 
Da.va, Edmund, b. Cambridge, 1739;' set. 

England. Bay Gansser, 374. 
' Mary, m. 1850? James H. Clapj I 

X. Y. and O. Grand Rapids City, 138. 
Daniels, David H.,of Brimneld; set. Mich., 

1832. Kalamazoo Hist., 383. 
Elijah, b. 1793; set. X. Y.; d. 1839. 

Ingham Port., 733. 
Elizabeth, m. 1835? Zenus Roberts 

of Mass. and Pa. Lenawee Port., 601. 
Tamer, b. Hingham; m. 1810? Thad- 

deus Hopper of X. Y. and Mich. Ber- 
rien Twent., 338. 
Darling, Ephraim, b. 1791; set. Mich. 

Washtenaw Hist., 593. 
Joseph, set. X. Y.. 1804, Mich., 1844. 

Jackson Port., 324, 8_'4. 
Lewis, b. 1812; set. X. Y., Mich., 1836. 

Jackson Port., 545. 
Matilda A., b. Mendon, 1820; m. 1840 

Stephen T. Hardy of Mich. Monroe, 

587. 
Pascal, set. X. Y., 1804, Mich., 1834. 

Jackson Port., 824. 
Reed, b. Springfield, 1785; set. X. Y., 

Mich., 1834. Kalamazoo Hist., 309. 
Simon, set. Mich., 1829. Ingham 

Hist., 463. 
Darwin, S. A., b. Pittsfield, 1813: set. 

Mich., 1836. Ingham Port., 221. 
Seth C, set. X. Y.. 1817, Mich., 1835. 

Ingham Port., 221. 
Dauby, Alexander J., b. near Springfield; 

set. X. Y., 18_'0. " Jackson Port., _'43. 
Davis, Asa, set. X'. Y., 1S02. Lenawee 

Port., 23-'. 
Bela, set, Vt., 1735? Macomb Past, 

167. 
Calvin, b. Hubbardston. 1793; set. 

X. Y., 1804, Mich.. 18_'4. Macomb 

Hist., 726, 773; Macomb Past. 355. 
Dolly, m. 1790? Lemuel Foster of 

Mass. and Mich. Jackson Port., 745. 
Ebenezer, b. Conwav. 1800; set. 

X Y., 18^:7, Mich., 1831. Lenawee 

Hist. II, 130. 
Jehiel, b. Wilbraham, 1787; set. Mich. 

1831. Oakland Port., 612. 



(To be continued.) 



203 



This is the sixth of a series of articles, giving the organization and history of all the Massachusetts 
regiments which took part in the war tf the Revoluti n.] 

COLONEL EBENEZER BRIDGE'S 

REGIMENT 



Colonel Ebenezer Eridge's Minute Men's Regiment, 1775. 
27th Regiment Army of the United Colonies, 1775. 



By Frank A. Gardner, M. D. 

Middlesex County furnished a majority of the companies of which this 
regiment was composed. Of the seven companies in the Minute Men's Regiment 
six were from Middlesex County and one from New Hampshire, and of the 
ten companies in the 27th Regiment, Army of the United Colonies, seven were 
from Middlesex, two from Essex and one from New Hampshire. 

We may properly consider that the nucleus of this regiment was formed 
in March, 1775, when Ebenezer Bridge was chosen Captain of a company of 
fifty Minute Men in Billerica. When the Lexington Alarm was sounded, April 
19, 1775, Colonel Bridge responded at the head of a regiment composed of seven 
companies. The officers of this Minute Men 's Regiment were as follows : — 

Colonel, Ebenezer Bridge of Billerica. 
Lieut. Colonel, Moses Parker of Chelmsford. 
Major, John Brooks of Reading. 
Adjutant, Joseph Fox of Billerica. 
Surgeon, Walter Hasting of Chelmsford. 

Reading Company. 

Captain, John Bacheller. 
First Lieutenant, Ebenezer Damon. 
Second Lieutenant, James Bancroft. 
58 non-commissioned officers and men. 

Tewksbury Company. 

Captain, John Trull. 

First Lieutenant, John Flint. 

Second Lieutenant, Luke Swett. 

30 non-commissioned officers and men. 



204 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

Billerica Company. 

Captain, Jonathan Stickney. 

First Lieutenant, James Lewis. 

Second Lieutenant, John Lewis. 

51 non-commissioned officers and men. 

Dunstable Company. 

Captain, Leonard Butterfield. 
First Lieutenant, Nathaniel Holden. 
Second Lieutenant, Lemuel Perham. 

35 non-commissioned officers and men. 

Dracut Company. 

Captain, Peter Coburn. 

First Lieutenant, Josiah Foster. 

Second Lieutenant, Ebenezer Varnum. 

36 non-commissioned officers and men. 

New Hampshire Company. 

Captain, Archelaus Towne of Amherst, N. H. 
First Lieutenant, James Ford of Nottingham, N. H. 
Second Lieutenant, David Wallingford of Hollis, N. H. 
54 non-commissioned officers and men. 



Wilmington Company. 

Captain, Cadwallader Ford. 

First Lieutenant, John Harnden. 

Second Lieutenant, (wanting.) 

25 non-commissioned officers and men. 



April 24, 1775, this regiment was reorganized as a regiment in the Pro- 
vincial Army and when a little later the regiments in that army were num- 
bered, it became the 11th Massachusetts Bay Regiment. He reported that 
his regiment was full and the officers were recommended for commissions; 
these were granted to the officers of the regiment in the session of the Sec- 
ond Provincial Congress, May 23-29, 1775. 



COLONEL EBENEZER BRIDGE'S REGIMENT 205 

The following interesting return of the regiment at this period is pre- 
served in the Massachusetts Archives: — . 

"Coll° Bridge's Return. 
Moses Parker Lt Col° 
John Brooks Major 

Capt Jonathan Stickney 66 men 

Capt Benj Walker m 73 

Capt John Batcheller 69 

Capt Ebenezer Bancroft 50 

Capt Peter Coburn 51 

Capt Eben r Harnden 47 

Capt John Ford • ■ 59 

Capt Oliver Will Lane recruiting 

Capt John Row 40 

Capt Jacob Tyler recruiting 



455 
May 26, 1775. Eben r Bridge." 

A general return of the army dated June 9, 1775, credited Colonel Bridge 
with 3 field officers, 7 captains, 14 subalterns, 2S sergeants, 24 corporals, 7 
drummers, 7 fifers and 315 privates, making a total of 405. He had at that 
time arms sufficient for all of the privates and 3,195 rounds of ammunition. 

This regiment played an important part in the battle of Bunker Hill, June 
17, 1775. It was one of the three infantry regiments from Massachusetts in 
that memorable conflict. Frothingham tells us that "Though the whole 
regiment was ordered to parade on the 16th of June, yet it is stated that 
three of its companies did not go on under Colonel Prescott. Ford's Com- 
pany reached the field just before the action began, and a portion of this 
regiment — two companies under Major Brooks — were on the way to the hill 
when the Americans were retreating." Many of the men in this regiment 
were in the redoubt with Colonel Prescott and fought valiantly as shown by 
the aecount of the battle written by Captain (afterwards Lieut. Colonel) 
Ebenezer Bancroft and proven by the records of the killed and wounded. 
Captain Bancroft in his account of the battle states that Colonel Prescott 
came to him and said; "If you can do anything with the cannon I wish you 
would, I give (you) the charge of them." Accordingly he directed the men 



206 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



to dig down the bank in order to form an embrasure, which they were forced 
to do with their hands as the intrenching tools had been carried off. Captain 
Bancroft further states that he fired a cannon twice to loosen up the earth 
and he learned later that both of these balls fell in Boston, one in Brattle 
Square and the other in Cornhill. -The account of the casualties to the offi- 
cers of this regiment will be given in their records in the biographical sec- 
tion of this article. A newspaper printed in Providence, Rhode Island, July 
15, 1775, stated that sixteen members of this regiment were killed in the 
battle and twenty-nine wounded. An account published in Force's American 
Archives, (v. 4-1 1, p. 1628,) gives the numbers as seventeen killed and 
twenty-five wounded. In the general accusation which followed the battle, 
Colonel Bridge was included in the list of those who were blamed for not 
being sufficiently aggressive. In the court martial which followed he was 
acquitted on account of his wounds and the indisposition of body resulting 
therefrom. i 

The following list of officers of the regiment is preserved in the State 
Archives ; 

"Ebenezer Bridge, Colonel. 
Moses Parker, Lieut. Col° Prisoner in Boston. 
John Brooks, Major. — 



Captains. 



Lieutenants. 



Ensigns. 



Jona Stickney 
Benj a Walker 
John Batchelor 
Eben r Bancroft 
Peter Coburn 
John Ford 
John Harnden 
John . Row 
Jacob Tyler 



Elijah Danforth 
John Flint 
Eben r Damon 
Nath'l Holden 
Josiah Foster 
Isaac Parker 
Will m Blanchard 
Mark'Pool 
Charles Forbush 



John Lewis 
Ebenezer Fitch 
James Bancroft 
Samuel Brown 
Ebenezer Varnum 
Jonas Parker 
Eleazer Stickney 
Ebenez r Cleveland 



Joseph Fox, Adjutant 
John Bridge, Quarter Master 
Walter Hastings, Chirurgeon. 
Captain Walker missing 



supposed killed. 



June 23, 1775. ' 



COLONEL EBENEZER BRIDGE'S REGIMENT 207 

Fourteen cartridge boxes were ordered June~24, 1775, by_Colonel Bridge 
for his men and they were received by them later. 

The following list of companies with the names of the towns represented 
is from the State Archives: 

"Col. Eben r Bridge's Reg't 
Captains 



Benj. Walker, Tewksbury, Chelmsford, Bedford, An lover &c. 

John Ford, Chelmsford, Tewksbury, &c, 

Jona. Stickney, Billerica, &c. 

John Row, Cape Ann. 

Peter Coburn, Dracut, Methuen, Tewksbury &c. 

John Harnden, Wilmington, Billerica, , Tewksbury, Reading &c. 

John Bacheller, Reading &c. 

Eben Bancroft, Dunstable, *Derry, &c. 

Archulaus Towne, Hollis, N. H. - 

Charles Furbush, Andover. " 

In the records of the Third Provincial Congress, June 2S, 1775, mention 
is made of a petition of the officers of this regiment relating to organization 
and the rank of officers. The committee to whom it was referred reported 
on the following day. 

In the records of the Committee of Safety in the Journal of the Provin- 
cial Congress, July 7, 1775, we read; 

"Eight small arms were delivered Col. Ebenezer Bridge, for the use of 
his regiment, amounting, as by appraisement to seventeen pounds, six shill- 
ings, for which receipt was taken in the minute book." 

A list of the field and staff officers of the regiment dated August 1, 1775, 
is like those given with the exception of the name of John Sprague, Sur- 
geon's Mate, which is added. Another similar list bears the date of Sep- 
tember 30. The regiment was stationed at or near Cambridge through the 
year. November 23, 1775, Colonel Bridge with his regiment was ordered at 
the foot of Cobble Hill (the hill between Somerville and Cambridge on which 
the McLean Asylum formerly stood) to patrol towards the bay and neck 
during the night as. a strong detachment under General Putnam was throw- 
ing up fortifications there. 

When the regiments were reorganized for the Continental Army service 



208 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

a letter from the officers of this regiment was sent to General Washington. 
This was acknowledged as follows: 

"Head-Quarters, Cambridge, December 10, 1775. 
(Parole, Burke.) (Countersign, Barre.) 

The General has great pleasure in thanking Colonel Bridges, and the offi- 
cers of the Twenty-seventh Regiment, (who, from a peculiarity of circum- 
stances, or want of vacancies, have no appointment in the new established 
army,) for their polite address to him. He considers the assurances which 
they have given, of their determination to continue in service, (if required) 
until the new regiments are completed, in a very favorable light, especially 
as it is accompanied with further assurances that the men of the Twenty- 
seventh Regiment are consenting thereto. Such a conduct at this important 
crisis cannot fail of giving pleasure to every well-wisher of his country ; 
and next to engaging for another year, is the highest proof they can give of 
their attachment to the noble cause of liberty. At the same time that it re- 
flects honor upon themselves, it may, under Providence, give posterity reason 
to bless them as the happy instruments of their delivery from those chains which 
were actually forging for them." 

The strength of the regiment each month is shown in the following table : 



Date. 


Com. off. 


Staff. 


Non-Coms. 


Rank & File 


Total. 


June 9, 


24 


- . 


66 


315 


405 


July - 


19 


3 


53 


406 


481 


Aug. 18, 


26 


3 


50 


468 


547 


Sept. 23, 


26 


. 4 


55 


472 


557 


Oct, 17, 


30 


4 


49 


464 


547 


Nov. 18, 


24 


4 


42 


460 


530 


Dec. 


25 


3 


50 


455 


533 



COLONEL EBENEZER BRIDGE of Billerica was the son of Reverend 
Ebenezer Bridge of Chelmsford. He went to Billerica a few years before the 
war and engaged in business as a "merchant, " living at the Farmer place near- 
ly opposite the (Colonel) Stickney house. He was chairman of a committee 
of the town which reported resolutions protesting against the acts of the 
"British Ministry and Parliament against the colonies" June 4, 1774. He was 



COLONEL EBENEZER BRIDGE'S REGIMENT 209 

also chosen chairman of the "committee of Correspondence.'' He was a 
member of the Middlesex Convention August 30-31, 1774, and served as its 
clerk. He was appointed on a committee of the convention to take into con- 
sideration "an act for the better regulating the government of the province 
of Massachusetts Bay in New England," and was chosen representative to 
the First Provincial Congress, in October 1774. — December 5, 1774, he was ap- 
pointed on a committee "to prepare an address to the clergy of this province 
desiring them to exhort to carry into execution the resolves of the Continen- 
tal Congress." Two days later he was appointed on a committee "to collect 
the several expenses that have accrued to the Congress in this and the former 
session thereof, and they are directed to sit forthwith." He was chosen 
chairman of the "committee of Inspection" of Billerica in December, 1774. 

In March, 1775, he was chosen captain of a company of fifty minute men, 
and this we have reason to believe was his first military service, as we can find 
no French war record, and he was always called "Mr" Bridge in the records 
prior to this date. He evidently developed considerable military ability for 
when the call came April 19th, he responded as Colonel in command of a 
Regiment of Minute Men composed of seven companies. When the Provin- 
cial Army was organized a few days later he was continued as regimental 
commander and the regiment was stationed at Cambridge. He was "Field 
Officer of the Day" May 17, "Officer of the Main Guard" May 22, and 
"Field officer" May 30-31, 1775. The account of the service of his regiment 
at Bunker Hill has been given in the records of the organization. He was 
wounded "on the head and neck by a sword cut" and is said by the historian 
of Billerica to have been one of the last to leave. Later in the year he ren- 
dered the following: ♦ 

"An account of what I loft in the Battle at Bunker's Hill. 

Viz 1 new Beaver Hat £1 : 10 : 00 

1 Silver Hilted Hanger 4 : 1 6 : 00 



£6:06:00 



A true Account 

Attest 

Eben r Bridg Col° 27th Regiment. 
Camp at Cambridge, Nov. 30, 1775." 

He was tried for "misbehaviour & neglect of duty in action at Bunker's 
Hill," and the following verdict was rendered: 



210 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

• 
"The Court are of opinion that indisposition of body rendered the prisoner 
incapable of action and do therefore acquit him." He commanded the regi- 
ment through the year and on January 1, 1776, returned "one firelock" to the 
State authorities. He was one of the corporators of the Middlesex turnpike 
which was chartered in 1S04. He did not return to Billerica after the war. 
At the time of his marriage, September 17, 1817, he lived in the town of Har- 
vard. 

LIEUT. COLONEL MOSES PARKER of Chelmsford was a Sergeant in 
the Company commanded by Captains John Reed and Benaiah Young, in the 
late Colonel Titcomb's Regiment, from April 7 to September 8, 1755 (prob- 
ably) . He served as Ensign of the same Company from the last named date 
to December 15, of that year. From March 31, 1759 to August 6, 17G0, he 
was Captain of a company at "Saint Johns." This was evidently St. John, 
(now New Brunswick) for another record shows that he was a Captain in Col- 
onel Frye's Regiment at "Nova Scotia" during this period. From a list dated 
July 22, 1761, we learn that he served three months as a Captain in Colonel 
Nathaniel Thyng's Regiment. Two other undated records of service are also 
to be found in the archives. When the Lexington Alarm was sounded April 
19, 1775, he marched as Lieut. Colonel of Colonel Ebenezer Bridge's Regiment 
and the independant company of Minute Men of which Lieut. Colonel Parker 
was the commander was led by his Lieutenants, Benjamin Walker and Isaac 
Parker. April 24, he was engaged in the same rank in the Provincial Regi- 
ment under the same commander. He was field Officer of the Main Guard" 
May 8 and June 5, "Field Officer of Fatigue," May 11, and June 3. and Offi- 
cer of the Main Guard" June 4, 1775. He marched with the regiment from 
Cambridge to Breed's Hill on the night of June 16, in the body of men under 
Colonel William Prescott, consisting of Prescott's Regiment, a part of Colonel 
Frye's, part of Colonel Bridge's with the artillery and about 200 Connecticut 
troops. He fought valiantly on the following day and was desperately 
wounded and taken prisoner. He died of his wounds July 4, 1775. 

MAJOR JOHN BROOKS of Reading was the son of Caleb and Ruth (Al- 
bree) Brooks. He was born in Medford May 31, 1752. He worked on his 
father's farm and when fourteen years old was taken into the home of the fam- 
ily physician, Dr. Simon Tufts, to study medicine. He began to practice at 
Reading in 1773. In response to the Lexington Alarm, April 19, 1775, he 
marched as Major of Colonel Ebenezer Bridge's Regiment of Minute Men, and 
he held the same rank under that commander through the year. January 1, 



COLONEL EBENEZER BRIDGE'S REGIMENT 211 

1776, he became Major of Colonel Charles Webb's 19th Regiment in the Conti- 
nental Army, and served through the year. January 1, 1777 he was made 
Lieut. Colonel of Colonel Michael Jackson's Sth Regiment, Massachusetts 
Line. He was appointed Lieut. Colonel Commanding the 7th Regiment Massa- 
chusetts Line, (formerly Alden's) November 11, 1778 and served until June 
12, 17S3. A portion of this time he was called "Acting Colonel." He made 
a distinguished record for himself during these years of conflict. One writer 
states that, "The capture of General Burgoyne and his army may de attrib- 
uted in no small degree to the gallant conduct of Colonel Brooks and his regi- 
ment, on the 7th of October in the battle of Saratoga." Hon. Roger Wal- 
cott Williams of Connecticut described Colonel Brooks conduct on that day 
as follows: "When the Colonel saw that the decisive moment had come, he 
lifte # d his sword in air and Cried 'Follow your Colonel at double quick.' He 
immediately led the way to the top of the entrenchments, crying 'come on, 
come on.' They did come on, and the most violent and bloody conflict en- 
sued, in which they decided the fate of the day." He was with Washington 
during the memorable winter at Valley Forge, and in June, 1778, distinguished 
himself at the battle of Monmouth. As a tactician he has been considered 
second only to Baron Steuben, and after that officer was made Inspector Gen- 
eral, Colonel Brooks was associated with him in establishing a uniform system 
of drill and exercise. A writer in the New England Historic Genealogical 
Register states that, "When in March, 17S3, the officers had planned a con- 
spiracy causing Washington the most anxious moments of his life, the Com- 
mander-in-Chief went to Colonel Brooks to ascertain how the officers stood, 
and finding him sound asked him to keep his officers in quarters. Colonel 
Brooks replied, 'Sir, I have anticipated your wishes,' to which Washington 
replied with tears in his eyes, 'Colonel Brooks, this is just what I expected from 
you.' " 

At the close of the war he was invited by his old family physician and pre- 
ceptor to take his place in Medford and the offer was accepted. One of his 
biographers has said of him that, "As a physician he ranked in the first class 
of practitioners, possessing in an eminent degree those qualities which were 
calculated to render him the most useful in his professional labors, and the 
delight of those to whom he administered relief." 

In 1786, he was made Major General of the 3d Division, Massachusetts 
Militia and April 11, 1792, was given the rank of Brigadier General in the 
United States Army. He was honorably discharged November 1, 1796. In 
1788, he was a member of the Convention bv which the Constitution of the 



212 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

United States was adopted. He represented the county of Middlesex for 
several years in the Massachusetts Senate and served as a member of the 
executive council. He was United States Marshall of the district of Massa- 
chusetts, 1791-96, and was appointed, December 20, 1790, Inspector of the 
Revenue for Survey Xo. 2, in the district of Massachusetts. Governor Strong 
appointed him Adjutant General of the State, in IS 12, and he served in that 
responsible office during the second war with England until 1815. In IS L6 
he was elected Governor and served seven consecutive years. He declined to 
be a candidate again and, retiring to his Medford home, resumed practice. 
Chief Justice Parker said of him that, "he maintained the dignity of his of- 
fice, and thereby honored the people who bestowed it. . . . Bred in the best 
school of manners, — a military association of high-minded, accomplished offi- 
cers, — his deportment, though grave and dignified like Washington's was 
nevertheless warm and affectionate. . . . He was one of the last and best sam- 
ples of that old school of manners." 

He was President of the Massachusetts Medical Society for many years, 
continuing so to the time of his death. He was Secretary of the Massachusetts 
Society of the Cincinnati in 17S3-6 and President from 1810 until 1825. Har- 
vard College conferred upon him the degree of A.M. in 17S7, that of M.D. in 
1810 and LL.D. in 1817. He also held many other positions of honor and 
trust. He died March 1, 1825, at the age of 73 years. 

ADJUTANT JOSEPH FOX of Billerica. His name appeared on the tax 
lists of that town from 1769 to 1776. He served as Adjutant under Colonel 
Bridge in the Minute Men's Regiment and later in the Provincial and United 
Colonies' Regiments through the year. January 23, 1776, he was appointed 
Ensign in Colonel Burrill's Connecticut State Regiment, and promoted to 
Second Lieutenant, September 19, of that year. January 11, 1777, he became 
a first Lieutenant in Colonel William R. Lee's Additional Regiment and a Cap- 
tain in Colonel Henry Jackson's Regiment on June 23d of that year. In Oc- 
tober, 1778, he was in Colonel David Henley's Regiment and served as Pay- 
master of that command from October 30, 1778, to April 1, 1779. He was 
transferred to Colonel Henry Jackson's Regiment April 22, 1779. This 
regiment was designated the 16th Continental, July 23, 17S0. He was a Cap- 
tain in the 9th Massachusetts Regiment January 1, 17S2, and retired just 
a year later. He died March 24, 1820. 

QUARTERMASTER JOHX BRIDGE of Chelmsford may have been and 
probably was the man of that name who held the rank of First Lieutenant 



COLONEL EBENEZER BRIDGE'S REGIMENT 213 

in Captain John Tapley's Company from February 12, to October 23, 1757. 
This company was evidently in Colonel Joseph Frye's Regiment and was pre- 
sent at the capitulation of Fort William Henry, August 9, 1757. His name 
appears as Lieutenant in the same company in a roll dated March 7, 1758. He 
was engaged April 24, 1775, as a "Captain acting as Quartermaster" and he 
served under Colonel Bridge through the year. 

SURGEON WALTER HASTINGS held that rank in Colonel Ebenezer 
Bridge's Minute Mens Regiment, April 19, 1775. His name appears in a list 
of Surgeons and Surgeon's Mates, examined and approved at Watertown, 
July 5, 1775. He served through the year. January 1, 1777, he was ap- 
pointed Surgeon in Colonel Michael Jackson's 8th Regiment Massachusetts 
Line and served until retired January 1, 1781. 

SURGEON'S MATE JOHN SPRAGUE was probably the John Sprague 
who was credited with £S:03:00 for Medical attendance on Moses Bennet, 
pilot of the ship "Massachusetts," June 20, 1759. He held the above rank in 
Colonel Ebenezer Bridge's Regiment from May 1, 1775, through the year. 
January 1, 1776. he was appointed Surgeon's Mate of Colonel Edmund Phin- 
ney's 18th Continental Regiment and served through the year. He was re- 
ported sick at Fort George, December 8, 1776. October 6, 1778, he was Sur- 
geon of the privateer schooner "Active," Captain Andrew Gardner. He was 
engaged as Surgeon of the State sloop, "Winthrop," Captain George Little, 
May 4, 1782, and served through two cruises until March 17, 1783. 

CAPTAIN JOHN BACHELLER of Reading was one of the company com- 
manders in Colonel Ebenezer Bridge's Minute Mens Regiment. April 19. 1775. 
He enlisted in the same rank in the provincial Army under Colonel Bridge and 
served at least as late as August 1st, as shown by his company pay rolls, pre- 
served in the Military Manuscripts in the Essex Institute. 

CAPTAIN EBENEZER BANCROFT of Dunstable was the son of Tim- 
othy and Elizabeth (Farwell) Bancroft. He was born April 1, 1738, in that 
part of Dunstable, which later became Tyngsborough. From September 15 
to December 14, (endorsed 1755; he was a Corporal in Captain Jonathan 
Butterfield's Company and marched from Albany to Dunstable. He was a 
Sergeant in the same company from March 29 to December 4, (endorsed 1756). 
From March 31 to April 30, (probably 1759) he served as a second Lieutanant 
in the same company, and from February 14 to December 4 (endorsed 1760) 
he was a Lieutenant in Captain Silas Brown's Company. In 1771, he served 



214 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

as a Selectman of Dunstable and later was chosen on a committee to divide 
the town into "districts for schooling." He marched on the Lexington Alarm 
April 19, 1775, and was described asta "Captain serving as a volunteer" in 
Captain Reuben Butterfield's Company, Colonel David Green's Regiment. 
He overtook the British at West Cambridge and did effective work with his 
gun. April 24, 1775, he was engaged as a Captain in Colonel Ebenezer 
Bridge's Regiment and served until June 17th, when he was severely wounded 
at Bunker Hill. On the evening of June 16, 1775, he was on a court martial 
and was not able therefore to march with his command. He obtained per- 
mission from General Ward on the morning of the 17th and hastening to 
Charlestown, joined his regiment. While standing by the redoubt before the 
action began, a ball from the "Somerset" passed within a few inches of his 
head and affected his left eye so that he ultimately became totally blind. 
His effective management of the artillery pieces and the making of the em- 
brasures have already been described in the record of the achievements of 
the regiment. Captain Bancroft stated that he fired twenty-seven musket 
shots during the fight at the redoubt. Nason, the author of the "History of 
Dunstable " states that he "fought nobly in the redoubt and was the last to 
leave it. He used a musket in the melee and being a man of remarkable 
strength, knocked down several British soldiers. He had his musket wrenched 
from him, his hat knocked off, his shoulder injured and his forefinger shot 
away." He wrote an account of the battle which is a valuable addition to our 
original records of that important event. The "Historical Register of the 
Officers of the Continental Army" states that he did not return to the army, 
but we have an abundance of proof from the records in the Massachusetts 
Archives that he saw much service and rose rapidly in rank. 

He was commissioned February S, 1776, 2nd Major of Colonel Simeon 
Spaulding's 7th Middlesex County Regiment. From September 27 to No- 
vember 16, 1776, he "served as Major in Colonel Ebenezer Brooks's 3d Mid- 
dlesex County Regiment. June 20, 177S, he was chosen 1st Major in the 7th 
Middlesex County Regiment, and April 21, 17S0, he was commissioned Lieut. 
Colonel in the same regiment, at that time commanded by Colonel Jonathan 
Brown. He also served in the same rank in Colonel Cyprian How's 4th Mid- 
dlesex county Regiment from June 28 to October 30, 17S0, to reinforce the 
Continental Army in Rhode Island. He evidently was at his home in Dun- 
stable much of the time through 1776 and 7 for he was chosen on the "Com- 
mittee of Correspondence" March 4, 1776, and as "Major" Ebenezer Bancroft. 
was chosen on a committee to "prepare y e Draft of a vote," June S. 1770. 



COLONEL EBENEZER BRIDGE'S REGIMENT 215 

He served as a Selectman February 17, 1777, and was the Representative of 
his town to the General Court in that year. This absence from the army was 
evidently due to his wounds, for a resolve entitling him to quarter pay was 
passed January 26, 177S, to commence from January 1, 1770, as he was 
wounded at Bunker Hill. Later his name was transferred to the United 
States Pension Rolls. The author of "Old Dunstable," however, states that 
he was at the battle of Bennington, and that he commanded a guard which 
conducted the Hessians to Cambridge, after the battle of Saratoga. He 
lived the remainder of his life in Dunstable, purchasing the house once 
owned by Henry Farwell and in 1S77, occupied by his grandson Ebenezer 
Bancroft, Esq. In September, 1S27, Colonel Bancroft met with an accident 
by a fall and broke the thigh bone in the socket. He lingered several days 
in great pain and died September 22, 1727, in the 90 th year of his age. He 
was buried under arms, the band playing "Blue-Eyed Susan" on the way to 
the grave as it was the only tune they all could play. He was, buried with 
Masonic rites as he had become a member of a travelling lodge in the French 
and Indian w r ar in 1755. 

CAPTAIN LEONARD BUTTE RFIELD of Dunstable was a private in 
Captain Leonard Whitney's Company, from March 31 to November 15 (en- 
dorsed 1760). He was reported sick and was allowed "90 miles travel home." 
From May 1 to January 10 (endorsed 1761-2), at that time called a resident 
of Chelsmford, he was a Corporal in Captain Moses Parker's Company. Jan- 
uary 23, 1775, he was chosen on a committee of Dunstable "to carry into 
execution the agreement of the Continental Congress." He commanded a 
company in Colonel Ebenezer Bridge's Minute Mens Regiment on the Lexing- 
'ton alarm, April 19, 1775, and served five days. A bounty of £5 per month 
was voted him later for "Service on Guards att Cambridge." Xo further 
service is on records in the Massachusetts Archives. Nason, the historian 
of Dunstable, however, states that he is given as Captain in the "Alarm 
List," May 1776; that he was drafted for the third time June 3, 1777, and 
that he was in Captain Oliver Cummings's Campany in 1777-S. He died 
November 17, 1800, aged 60. 

CAPTAIN PETER COBURN of Dracut marched in command of a 
company in Colonel Ebenezer Bridge's Minute Mens Regiment, April 19, 
1775. He was engaged for service in the Provincial Regiment under Colonel 
Bridge, April 26, 1775. He fought in the battle of Bunker Hill and was re- 



216 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

imbursed for losses in the battle. The nature and amount of the losses 
were not specified however in the records. He serve: 1 through the year. 

CAPTAIN CADWALLADER FORD. JR., of Wilmington, was the son of 

Cadwallader and Mary Ford, born "November 27, 1743. As commander of 
one of the companies in Colonel Ebenezer Regiment of Minute Men, he 
marched on the Lexington alarm, April 19, 1775 and served twenty-one days. 
The records state that he enlisted March 9, 1775, to "be ready at a minute's 
warning till the last of June, 1775, and trained 10 half days." He died at 
Wilmington October 15, 1804, aged sixty-one years. 

» CAPTAIN JOHN FORD of Chelmsford, may have been the man of that 
name who enlisted April 11, 175S, as a member of Captain Angier's Com- 
pany in Colonel Joseph Williams's Regiment. He was a Captain in Colonel 
Ebenezer Bridge Minute Mens Regiment April 19, 1775. Six days later he 
was engaged for service in Colonel Bridge's Regiment in the Provincial Army 
and served under that commander through the year. He was in the battle 
of Bunker Hill and lost articles there. February 5, 1776, he was commis- 
sioned a Captain in Colonel John Robinson's Regiment to serve until April 1, 
1776. May 31, 1776, he was commissioned Captain in the 7th Middlesex 
County Regiment. From July 11, to November 30, 1776, he was a Captain 
in Colonel Jonathan Reed's 6th Middlesex County Regiment. He was en- 
gaged September 27, 1777, as Captain of a volunteer company in the same 
regiment and served until November 8, 1777. 

CAPTAIN CHARLES FURBUSH of Andover, served in the French 
and Indian war. Several terms of service are credited in 1756-S to men of 
this name, but as his father, Charles also served it is impossible to separate 
their records. The following extract from Bailey's "History of Andover" 
gives a part of his record : 

"Charles Furbush (Sr) had. a son of the same name. Charles the son, as 
soon as he was of age was called to serve in the French and Indian war at 
the forts on Lake George and Champlain. He was so young that his father 
chose to enlist with him. Father and son camped and bivouacked together and 
they were sleeping under the same blanket upon the ground one night, when 
Charles awoke and found by the light of the moon shining in his father's face 
that he was dead." According to family tradition he was in the battle of 
Bunker Hill and was disabled in action and carried to the rear. He served 
through the year in Colonel Bridge's Regiment and was first engaged for that 



COLONEL EBENEZER BRIDGE'S REGIMENT 217 

service April 25, 1775. An interesting family relic was the following invita- 
tion: '''General Washington's Compliments to Captain Furbush and requests 
his company to dinner today." 

CAPTAIN JOHN HARXDEX, of* Wilmington, enlisted March 9. 1775, as 
First Lieutenant of Captain Cadwallader Ford's Company, Colonel Ebenezer 
Bridge's Zvlinute Mens Regiment. He was engaged as a Captain in Colonel 
Bridge's Provincial Regiment, April 24, 1775, and probably served through 
the year. 

CAPTAIN OLIVER WILL LAXE is included in a list of the Officers of 
Colonel Bridge's Regiment, dated May 26, 1775, with the word "recruiting" 
following it. Xo further record of the man has been found in the Massachu- 
setts archives. 

I CAPTAIN JOHX ROWE, (also called JR), was the son of Lieutenant John 
and Mary (Baker) Rowe, born in 1737. In a return dated at the camp at Lake 
George, X r ovember 22, 1755, giving-a list of invalids belonging to Colonel Icha- 
bod Plaisted's Regiment, is written against his name; "Judged unfit for ser- 
vice." He w r as a private in Captain Samuel Glover's Company, Colonel 
Joseph William's Regiment, from May 15 to October 10, (endorsed 1753). 
Babson in his "History of Gloucester" states that he was a Sergeant in his 
father's company but as the records in the Massachusetts archives show the 
presence of Sergeant John Row and Private John Row both in the army in 
1755, it is probable that the senior John Row was a Sergeant at that time, being 
promoted to the rank of Lieutenant later. The son was engaged as Captain 
in Colonel Ebenezer Bridge's Regiment May 19, 1775. Babson states that 
he was at Bunker Hill with his company, June 17. 1775. He served through 
the year in this regiment. An account dated Gloucester, January 16, 1776, 
shows that stores and money were given to Captain Rowe's Company when 
it departed for headquarters. An official record of a ballot by the house of 
Representatives, April 24, 1777, shows that he was chosen 1st Major in Colonel 
James Collins's 6th Essex County Militia Regiment. He received his com- 
mission the same day. Babson tells us in his "History of Gloucester," that 
while at home on a furlough in 1776, he engaged in an attack upon a British 
vessel off the Cape and was taken and carried a prisoner to Xew York. He 
died on his farm at Pigeon Hill, about 1800. 

CAPTAIX JOXATHAX STICKXEY of Billerica was the son of Captain 
Daniel and Mary (Hill; Stickney of Billerica. He was born in that town Au- 



218 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

gust 17, 1736. The author of the "History of Billerica" states that Jonathan 
enlisted for the invasion of Canada in 1759, but no record of such service by a 
man of that name and town is given in the Massachusetts Archives. He was 
chosen Lieutenant of Captain Ebenezer Bridge's Company of Minute Men of 
Billerica in March 1775, and was Captain of the Billerica Company in Colonel 
Ebenezer Bridge's Minute Mens Regiment, April 19, 1775. Six days later 
he was engaged for service in Colonel Bridge's Provincial Regiment and he 
served under that commander through the year. He was with his company 
at the battle of Bunker Hill. March 10, 1777, he was one of a committee of 
five chosen in Billerica "to Indent with persons to Inlist into the Continental 
Service." He was a Selectman in Billerica in 1777 and 1787. In 17S5, he 
was Major and led the Billerica Artillery in a snowstorm to Cambridge to 
guard the Supreme Judicial Court in Shay's Rebellion. 

CAPTAIN ARCHELAUS TOWNE (or TOWN) of Amherst, N.H., was 
the son of Israel and Grace (Gardner) Towne of Middleton, Mass. He was 
born in the last named town in 1734 and went with his father at the age of six 
to Narraganset (now Amherst, N.H.) He was a man of remarkable strength 
and endurance. He marched on the Lexington alarm, April 19, 1775, in 
command of a New Hampshire Company in Colonel Ebenezer Bridge's Minute 
Mens Regiment. Through May and June this company was one of the thir- 
teen composing Colonel John Stark's New Hampshire Regiment and did valiant 
service at the battle of Bunker Hill. In the first week in July the company 
numbered about fifty men. Between the 3d and 7th of that month he had 
been transferred to Colonel Ebenezer Bridge's 27th Regiment, Army of the 
United Colonies. He presented a petition to the House of Representatives 
(of N.H), in which he stated that he and his son, Archelaus Towne, Jr., did on 
the 24th day of July 1777, "set out from Amherst, and marched and joined 
the Continental army.- commanded by Gen. Gates; served as scout and did 
duty as other soldiers; were in the battle on the 19th of September near Still- 
water, and continued in the service until four days before Gen. Burgoyne 
(surrendered, when being taken very sick, he was obliged to return home. That 
neither himself nor his son had received any recompense for their services 
from any person whatever; wherefore he prayed that the same allowance might 
be made to himself and son that others had received for similar services." He 
died at Fishkill, New York, November, 1779. 



CAPTAIN JOHN TRULL of Tewksbury may have been the John Trull 
whose name appears on the muster roll of Captain John Wright's Company, 



COLONEL EBENEZER BRIDGE'S REGIMENT 219 

dated Boston, January 1, 1756. It states that he was a sentinel and that he 
entered service November 22, 1754 and served until August 3, 1755. An 
endorsement shows that the company was at Fort Halifax. The name also is 
found in a list of men under His Excellency" John, Earl of Loudon, out of Col- 
onel Ezekiel Cushings' Regiment. He was reported as entitled to a bounty 
of S10 and to have received therefor, £3. This was dated Falmouth, April 12, 
1757. The name of John Trull appears on a card of David Trull of Tewksbury, 
as said Trull's father or master in 1761. Captain John Trull commanded a 
company in Colonel Ebenezer Bridge's Minute Mens Regiment, April 19,177" , 
and served ten days. He was commissioned Captain of the 11th Company 
(West Company in Tewksbury) in Colonel Simeon Spaulding's 7th Middlesex 
County Regiment, May 31, 1776. 

CAPTAIN JACOB TYLER was a member of the First Company of Andover, 
Lieut. Colonel John Osgood, Commander, April 18, 1757. He was an Ensign 
in Captain Peter Parker's Company from April 28 to December 11, 1760 and 
Lieutenant in the same company from December 12, 1760 to March 30, 1761. 
He was named as a Captain in Colonel Ebenezer Bridge's Regiment and was 
reported as "recruiting" in a regimental return dated May 26, 1775. No further 
record of his service is given. 

CAPTAIN BENJAMIN WALKER of Chelmsford may have been the 
man of that name from Wilmington or Bradford, whose service is recorded 
in the French war records at the Archives. He was a Lieutenant in Colonel 
Moses Parker's Company of Minute Men which marched April 19. 1775. May 
27th, he was commissioned Captain in Colonel Ebenezer Bridge's Regiment. 
He commanded his company at the battle of Bunker Hill and was wounded 
and taken prisoner. He died of his wounds in August. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT JEREMIAH BLANCHARD of Andover was a 
member of Captain John Forster's 4th Company of Andover, which was in 
Lieut. Colonel John Osgood's Regiment. This service was attested to April 19, 
1757. From March 19 to October 23, 1757, he was a Corporal in Captain 
Richard Saltonstall's command. A roll which included his name, was made 
of a part of the above company at the capitulation of fort William Henry, 
August 9, 1757. His name appears as Private in Captain Isaac Osgood's 
Company, Colonel Ebenezer Nichols's Regiment, from April 7 to November 12 
(endorsed 1758.) He enlisted April 25, 1775, as a Lieutenant in Captain 
Charles Furbush's Company in Colonel Ebenezer Bridge's Regiment and served 



220 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

through the year. He was commissioned a Second Lieutenant in Colonel 
Thomas Poor's Regiment, June 10, 1778. He is also described as a "Lieuten- 
ant acting as Captain" during this service which terminated February 17, 
1779. During the early part of this service he was in Captain David Whit- 
tier's Company in this same regiment. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT WILLIAM BLANCHARD of Wilmington was a 
Sergeant in Captain Cadwallader Ford Jr's Company in Colonel Ebenezer 
Bridge's Minute Mens Regiment. He enlisted in the company March 9, 1775, 
and responded with it to the Lexington alarm, April 19th. Five days later 
he enlisted as a Lieutenant in Captain John Harnden's Company in the same, 
regiment and served through the year. He probably was the Colonel William 
Blanchard who died in Wilmington, January S, 1833, aged 82 years. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT EBENEZER DAMON of Reading served as a 
Sergeant under Captain William Williams from June 26 to December 2, 1760. 
He was First Lieutenant of Captain John Bacheller's Company in Colonel 
Ebenezer Bridge's Regiment of Minute Men, April 19, 1775. He served 
through the year under the same officers. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT ELIJAH DANFORTH of Billerica was the son of 
Thomas and Rebecca (Simonds) Danforth and was born in Billerica August 8. 
1737. In 1757, he served as a private in Captain Thomas Flint's Company, 
Colonel Eleazer Tyng's Regiment, and marched for the relief of Fort William 
Henry. From March 2S to December 1, 1759, he was a private in Captain 
Jonathan Butterfield's Company, Colonel Eleazer Tyng's Regiment, at Crown 
Point. He served as a private in Captain Silas Brown's Company from Novem- 
ber 18, 1761, to July 1, 1762. From the latter date to November 16. 1762. he 
was a private in Captain Gideon Parker's Company. April 25, 1775, he was 
engaged as a Lieutenant in Captain Jonathan Stickney's Company, Colonel 
Ebenezer Bridge's Regiment, and served through the year. In 1776 
he served as First Lieutenant of Captain Abishai Brown's Company in Colo- 
nel Josiah Whitney's additional regiment for the defence of Boston. Jan. 
1, 1777, he became a Captain in Colonel Thomas Nixon's 6th Regiment, Massa- 
chusetts Line. He served in that command until he was retired as a super- 
numerary February 1, 1779. March 24, 1777, he was added to the committee 
of five "to Indent with persons to Inlist." He died about November, 1792. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT JOHN FLINT of Tewksbury marched on the Lex- 
ington alarm, April 19, 1775, as an officer of that rank in Captain John Trull's 



COLONEL EBENEZER BRIDGE'S REGIMENT 221 

Company, Colonel Ebenezer Bridge's Regiment of Minute Men. When the 
Provincial Regiment was formed he became Lieutenant of Captain Benjamin 
Walker's Company in Colonel Bridge's Regiment and served through the year. 
May 13, 177S, he was engaged as First Lieutenant in command of the company 
in Colonel Thomas Poor's Regiment, -which was called the "late Capt. Law- 
rence's Co." The company was raised to fortify the passes on the Xorth 
River. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT JAMES FORD of Nottingham, X.H., held that 
rank in Captain Archelaus Towne's Company, in Colonel Ebenezer Bridge's 
Minute Mens Regiment, April 19, 1775. He served in the same company in 
the Provincial Army in May and June when it belonged to Colonel John Stark's 
X.H. Regiment, and was at the battle of Bunker Hill. Early in July he re- 
turned with the company to Colonel Bridge's Regiment and served through 
the year. In 1776, we are told by the compiler of the Xew Hampshire Revolu- 
tionary Rolls, that he was in Colonel "Lutwych's" Regiment. In 1777 he 
commanded a compan) 7 from Xottinham West, N.H., in Colonel Moses X'ichols's 
Regiment of New Hampshire, and had a hard experience at Bennington as 
the following certificate shows: 

state of ^ Th^ ma y certify that James Ford Esq being a Captain in ye Detach - 
Hampshire j ment Commanded by Me upon the Right wing of Gen 1 Stark's Brigade 
in the Battle of Walloonsuck Hill (so called) near Bennington on the 16th day 
of August 1777 was very badly wounded by two Musket Balls which pass d 
through his two thighs. 

— Moses Nichols Col°" 

He was paid September 19, 1777, for four months service in full. £24:03:00. 
His pension commenced on that date and he was paid on account of it £24 :00 :00 
in February, 177S. He recovered from his wounds sufficiently to re-enter 
the service and in 1781 was Second Major of Lieut. Colonel Daniel Reynolds' 
Xew Hampshire Regiment at West Point. 

FIRST LIEUTEXAXT JOSIAH FOSTER (or FORSTER) of Dracut was 
probably the man of that name who was a centinel in Captain William Lyman's 
Company, from September 15, to % December 10, 1755; Sergeant in Captain 
John Burk's Company June 23- October 22, 175S; and Second Lieutenant in 
Captain Moses Parker's Company, Colonel Frye's Regiment at St. John. Nova 
Scotia (now X.B.) from March 31, 1759, to July 23, 1760. He marched on the 
Lexington alarm as First Lieutenant of Captain Peter Coburn's Company, 



222 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

Colonel Ebenezer Bridge's Minute Mens Regiment. He served under the 
same commanders through the year. At the battle of Bunker Hill he lost 
articles and was allowed 4 shillings for the following: 

"To one ftrait bodied Coat £1:00:00 

To one fword and belt " 0:18:00 

To one Cartridge Box 0:04:00 

Josiah Fofter." 

He was a Lieutenant in Captain Joseph B. Varnum's Company, Colonel 
Simeon Spaulding's Regiment. Endorsed "1777". 

FIRST LIEUTENANT NATHANIEL HOLDEN of Dunstable was a 
Selectman of the town in 1772 and a member of the committee of inspection 
January 23, 1775. He marched as a Lieutenant in Captain Leonarl Butter- 
field's Company, Colonel Ebenezer Bridge's Minute Mens Regiment. April 19, 
1775. He was engaged April 24, 1775, as First Lieutenant in Captain Eben- 
ezer Bancroft's Company, Colonel Bridge's Regiment, and served through the 
year. From September 27 to November 16, 1776, he was a First Lieutenant 
in Captain Zaccheus Wright's Company, Colonel Eleazer Brooks's 3d Middle- 
sex County Regiment. He was a member of the committee of correspondence 
in Dunstable March 4, 1776, and a member of the committee of assessors for 
the First Precinct (now Tyngsborough) in the same year. In 1783, he was 
on a committee to divide the town into school districts and served as a Select- 
man in 17S7. He lived in that part of Dunstable which is now Tyngsborough, 
on the margin of Howard's Brook, and bore the name of "Peacemaker." 

FIRST LIEUTENANT JAMES LEWIS of Billerica was probably the 
son of Benjamin Lewis of Billerica, who was born September 25, 1735. He 
was chosen Second Lieutenant of Captain Ebenezer Bridge's Minute Mens 
Company, in March, 1775, and was First Lieutenant in Captain John Stick- 
ney's Company, Colonel Ebenezer Bridge's Minute Mens Regiment, April 19, 
1775. He removed to Groton inT796 and died there June 12, 1S10. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT ISAAC PARKER of Chelmsford was a Lieutenant 
in Lieut. Colonel Moses Parker's Independent Company of Minute Men April 
19, 1775. This company was led by Lieutenant in command, Benjamin Wal- 
ker. He enlisted April 25, 1775, as Lieutenant of Captain John Ford's Com- 
pany and was called First Lieutenant in a return dated September 25. 1775. 
December 13, 1776, he was engaged to serve as Second Lieutenant in Captain 



. 



^■■: 



. ■ 



COLONEL EBENEZER BRIDGE'S REGIMENT 223 

John Minott's Company, Colonel Nicholas Dike's Regiment, for the defence 
of Boston, stationed at Dorchester Heights. His commission for this service 
was to date from December 1, 1776. He was First Lieutenant in Colonel Mich- 
ael Jackson's 8th Massachusetts Regiment from January 1, 1777, to October, 
1778, when he was honorably discharged. A certificate dated Medford, Feb- 
ruary 15, 1779, signed by Lieut. Colonel John Brooks, showed that when in 
service he was not absent except on furlough or on command. A gratuity 
of £36, dated February 15, 1779, was drawn in his favor, allowed by resolve 
of May 1, 1778. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT MARK POOL of Gloucester was the son of Joshua 
and Deliverance (Giddings) Pool. He was born after his father's death, 
which occurred June 27, 1739. He was a private in Captain William Thomp- 
son's Company, Colonel Ichabod Plaisted's Regiment, from March 30 to 
December 3, 1756, at Fort William Henry and Crown Point. From March 20 
to November 20, 1758, he was a private in Captain Andrew Gidding's Company, 
Colonel Jonathan Bagley's Regiment. He held the rank of Sergeant in Cap- 
tain Nathaniel Bayley's Company, from April 24 to November 14, 1759. 
May 19, 1775, he was engaged as a Lieutenant in Captain John Rowe's Com- 
pany, Colonel Ebenezer Bridge's Provincial Regiment, and served under the 
same officers through the year. December 24, 1776, he was a Captain in 
Colonel Timothy Pickering Jr's 1st Essex County Regiment. His name as 
Captain appears in a list of officers appointed to command men drawn from 
the brigade of General Farley in April, 1777. These troops were to reinforce 
General Spencer at Rhode Island. He was Captain of a Company in Colonel 
Jonathan Titcombs' Regiment for Rhode Island service n\ 1777 (May and 
June), and held the same rank in Colonel Jacob Gerrish's Regiment of Guards 
from November 13, 1777 to April 5, 1778. After the war he held the rank of 
Major in the Militia. " He died February 11, IS 15, aged 76, "having been al- 
ways held in high esteem for the undaunted bravery of his military career." 

SECOND LIEUTENANT JAMES BANCROFT of Reading was a Ser- 
geant in Captain Thomas Eaton's train band (year not given.) He was 
Second Lieutenant of Captain John Bacheller's Company, Colonel Ebenezer 
Bridge's Minute Mens Regiment, April 19, 1775. On the 24th of that month, 
he enlisted as Ensign under the same officers and served through the year. He 
was commissioned May 6, 1776, Captain in Colonel Jonathan Fox's 2nd Mid- 
dlesex County Regiment, and held the same rank in September-November 
of the same year in Colonel Jonathan Reed's 6th Middlesex County Regiment, 



224 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

at Ticonderoga. January 1, 1777, he was made Captain in Colonel Michael 
Jackson's Regiment and served until December 31, 1770. He is also credited 
with service in 17S0 to May 12th, when he was reported as resigned. The His- 
torical Register of the Officers of the Continental Army calls him a Sergeant 
and later a Lieutenant in Colonel Jackson's Regiment, but the records in the 
Massachusetts Archives and his company rolls in the Essex Institute give an 
abundance of proof that he held the rank of Captain. The Historical Register 
above cited states that he served to June, 1783, and that he died April 2, 1803. 
He was a member of the Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT SAMUEL BROWN of Dunstable was probably 
the man of that name who was a private in Captain Moses Parker's Company 
at St. John, March 27 to September 7, 1759, and Corporal from September 8, 
1759, to July 23, 1760. He was a Sergeant in Captain Reuben Butterfield's 
Company, Colonel David Green's Regiment, which marched on the Lexington 
alarm, April 19, 1775. May 27, 1775, he was commissioned an Ensign, also 
called Second Lieutenant, in Captain Ebenezer Bancroft's Company, Colonel 
Ebenezer Bridge's Regiment. He was wounded in the left shoulder at the 
Battle of Bunker Hill, June 17, 1775. His name was on the Dunstable alarm 
list in 1776. 

SECOXD LIEUTENANT EBENEZER FITCH of Bedford was a Ser- 
geant in Lieutenant Moses Abbott's Company, which marched from Bedford 
on the Lexington alarm, April 19, 1775. May 27, 1775, his commission was 
ordered as Ensign in Captain Benjamin Walker's Company, Colonel Ebenezer 
Bridge's Regiment. He served through the year and was called Second Lieu- 
tenant in a muster roll dated October, 1775. From January 1, to December 
31, 1776, he was a First Lieutenant in the 11th Continental Regiment. He 
died March 21, 1833.- 

SECOND LIEUTENANT JOHN LEWIS of Billerica was a Corporal in 
Captain Isaac Osgood's Company, Colonel Ebenezer Nichols's Regiment, from 
April 1, to July 20, 175S, and a Sergeant in the same command, to November 4, 
1758. He was Lieutenant of Captain Jonathan Stickney's Company, Coionel 
Ebenezer Bridge's Regiment of Minute Men, April 19, 1775. April 25. he was 
engaged as Second Lieutenant under the same officers and served through the 
year. He was engaged as Lieutenant in Captain Solomon Pollard's Company, 
Colonel Samuel Denny's Regiment, October 23, 1779. The regiment was 
detached to march to Claverickand join the Continental Army for three months. 



COLONEL EBENEZER BRIDGE'S REGIMENT 225 

He was probably the John Lewis, born August 5, 1737, who was the son of 
Benjamin Lewis of Billerica. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT JOXAS or JAMES PARKER of Acton (also 
given Chelmsford) may have been the James Parker who was a private in 
Captain Benjamin Milliken's Company, Colonel Richard Saltonstall's Regi- 
ment, enlisting April 22, 1756. April 25, 1775, he became an Ensign in Cap- 
tain John Ford's Company, Colonel Ebenezer Bridge's Provincial Regiment and 
served through the year. He was also called Second Lieuetnant in a return 
made September 25, 1775. He served through 1776 as Second Lieutenant 
of Captain W. H.Ballard's Company, Colonel Asa Whitcomb's 6th Continental 
Regiment, until August and First Lieutenant during the rest of the year. 
January 1, 1777, he was commissioned a Lieutenant in Colonel Alden's 7th 
Regiment, Massachusetts Line, promoted to Captain Lieutenant October 1, 
177S, and to Captain June 5, 1779. During the latter part of this service the 
7th regiment was commanded by Lieut. Colonel John Brooks. Captain Par- 
ker was reported ' 'absent without leave from October IS, 17S0" and was dis- 
missed from service January 24, 1781. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT LEMUEL PERHAM of Dunstable was chosen 
committee man of the Second Parish in that town in 1763-4. On the Lexing- 
ton alarm, April 19, 1775, he marched as Second Lieutenant of Captain Leon- 
ard Butterfield's Company, Colonel Ebenezer Bridge's Minute Mens Regiment, 
and served ten days. June 12, 1775, he was a member of the committee of 
Correspondence of Dunstable. February, 1776, he was commissioned First 
Lieutenant of Captain John Ford's Company, Colonel John Robinson's Regi- 
ment, to serve until April 1st. He was on the Dunstable alarm list in 1776, 
and later in the year was given a bounty for six months service at Rhode 
Island in 1777, although the record of this last named service has not been 
found in the Massachusetts Archives. He served again as a member of the 
Committee of Correspondence in 17S1. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT JAMES SILVER of Methuen was a Sergeant 
in Captain James Parker's Company, Colonel Ichabod Plaisted's Regiment 
(Endorsed July 26, 1756). The record of this service shows that he was born 
in Haverhill and resided in Methuen. He was 33 years of age and a cordwainer 
by trade. April 25, 1775, he was engaged as Lieutenant in Captain Charles 
Furbush's Company, Colonel Ebenezer Bridge's Regiment, and served in that 
command through the year. He was called Ensign in some returns and his 



226 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

commission as Second Lieutenant was recommended October 26, 1775. From 
August 3 to September 30, 1779, he was First Lieutenant in Captain John 
Kettell's Company, Major Nathaniel Heath's detachment of guards, and 
Lieutenant in Captain Caleb Champney's Company in the same detachment 
during the rest of the year. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT ELEAZER STICKNEY of Tewksbury was the 
son of William and Anne (Whiting) Stickney. He was born in Billerica Aug- 
ust 30, 1740 and was admitted a member of the church there, June 5, 1763. 
He marched in Captain Jonathan Brown's Company, Colonel David Green's 
Regiment, on the Lexington alarm, April 19, 1775. May 24, 1775, he was 
engaged as Second Lieutenant of Captain John Harnden's Company, Colonel 
Ebenezer Bridge's Regiment, and served through the year. He died in 
Tewksbury, January 5, 1824. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT LUKE SWETT of Tewksbury held that rank 
in Captain John Trull's Company, Colonel Ebenezer Bridge's Regiment of 
Minute Men, April 19, 1775. April 28, he was engaged as Sergeant in Cap- 
tain Benjamin Walker's Company, Colonel Bridge's Regiment, and served 
through the year. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT EBENEZER VARNUM of Dracut was a pri- 
vate in Captain Moses Parker's Company from June 1, 1761, to January 10, 
1762, at Ticonderoga and Crown Point. He was Second Lieutenant of Cap- 
tain Peter Coburn's Company, Colonel Ebenezer Bridge's Minute Mens Regi- 
ment, April 19, 1775, and served in the same rank during the year. In some 
returns he was called Ensign. He was at the battle of Bunker Hill and sent 
the following account of losses: 

"To one great Coat £1:00:00 

To one filk Handkerchief . 0:06:00 

To one Knap fack 0:03:00 



1:13:00 



Eben r Varnum.' 



He was a Lieutenant in Captain Joseph B. Varnum's Company, Colonel 
Simeon Spaulding's 7th Middlesex County Regiment, endorsed 1777. He 
lived in the upper part of Dracut, near Pelham, and was a farmer by occupa- 
tion. He was an own cousin of Colonel William Prescott. According to the 
Varnum Genealogy he was over "six feet tall, very heavy with huge legs, and 



COLONEL EBENEZER BRIDGE'S REGIMENT 227 

up to the time of his death wore stockings and small knee breeches. He had 
a stentorian voice and a powerful will." He left a large property when he 
died March 13, 1813. 

SECOND LIEUTENANT DAVID WALLINGFORD (or WALLINGS- 
FORD) of Hollis, N. H. , was the son of Jonathan Wallingford of Bradford, and 
was born in that town, Sept. 25, 1744. His name was first on the Hollis, N.H.,tax 
list in 1770. He enlisted April 19, 1775, as a private in Captain Reuben Davis's 
Company of Minute Men. He was engaged April 25, 1775, as Second Lieu- 
tenant of Captain Archelaus Towne's Company, Colonel Ebenezer Bridge's 
Regiment. He served as a private in Captain McDurrie's Company in the 2nd 
New Hampshire Regiment which marched to join the Continental Army at 
New York in September, 1776. In the summer of 1777, he was Second Lieu- 
tenant of Captain Daniel Emerson's Company, Colonel Nichols's New Hamp- 
shire Regiment, which marched on the Ticonderoga alarm. He was discharged 
September 28, having served 71 days. He died at Hollis, N.H., march 12, 
1791, "aged 45." 

ENSIGN EBENEZER CLEAVELAND was the son of Reverend Eben- 
ezer and Abigail (Stevens) Cleaveland. The father was a Chaplain in Colonel 
Jonathan Ward's Regiment in 1775, and Colonel Paul Dudley Sargent's Regi- 
ment, later in the war. May 19, 1775, he was engaged as Ensign in Captain 
John Rowe's Company, Colonel Ebenezer Bridge's Regiment, and served 
through the year. January 1, 1776, he became First Lieutenant of Captain 
Josiah Fay's Company, Colonel Jonathan Ward's 21st Regiment in the Conti- 
nental Army, and July 12th, was promoted to the rank of Captain. He served 
as a Captain in Colonel Michael Jackson's Sth Regiment, Massachusetts Line, 
from January 1, 1777 until he resigned, Cecober 3, 177S. He died November 
26, 1822. 






SOME ARTICLES CONCERNING MASSACHU- 
SETTS IN RECENT MAGAZINES 



By Charles A. Flagg 



General. The Red and Blue war of 1909. 
By Lieut. W. M. Pratt. (New England 
magazine, Sept., 1909. v. 41, p. 777- 

787.) 

Barnstable. Barnstable vital records. 
Transcribed by G. E. Bowman. (May- 
flower descendant, July. 1909. v. 11, 
p. 130-132.) 

Part 14; series began Oct., 1900. v. 2, p. 212. 

Dedham. Diary of John Whiting of Ded- 
ham, 1743-17S4. Communicated by 
J. F. Whiting. (Xew England historical 
and genealogical register, Apr— July, 1909. 
v. 63, p. 192, 261-265.) 

Duxbury. Duxbury vital records. Tran- 
scribed by G. E. Bowman. (Mayflower 
descendant, July, 1909. v. 11, p. 148- 
151.) 

Part 9; series began Oct., 1906. v. 8, p. 23. 
Essex County. Essex County notarial 
records, 1697-1763. (Essex Institute. 
Historical collections; Oct., 1909. v. 45, 
p. 333-340.) 

Part 12; series began Apr.. 19C5. v. 41, p. 183. 

The French Canadians in Essex 

County and their life in exile. By G. F. 
Dow. (Essex Institute. Historical col- 
lections, Oct., 1909. v. 45, p. 293-307.) 

Newspaper items relating to Essex 

County. (Essex Institute. Historical 

collections. Oct., 1909. v. 45, p. 341- 

349.) 

Part 7 (1758-1759); series began Apr., 19C6. 



v. 42. 



214. 



Gloucester. Revolutionary prisoners at 
Gloucester, 17S2. By G. E. Merchant. 
(Essex Institute. Historical collections, 
Oct., 1909. v. 45, p. 350-352.) 

From " Gloucester daily times," Jan. 11.1907. 

Hadley. The original settlers of Hadley. 
and the lots of land granted them. By 
Dr. Franklin Bonneyand Elbridge Kings- 
ley. (Grafton magazine of history and 
genealogy, Aug., 1909. v. 2, p. 3-37.) 

The tombstone inscriptions in the 

old part of the Center cemetery at Had- 
ley. By Dr. Franklin Bonney and El- 
bridge Kingsley. (Grafton magazine of 
history and genealogy, Aug., 1909. v. 2, 
p. 38-55.) 

Harwich. Harwich vital records. Tran- 
scribed by G. E. Bowman. (Mayflower 
descendant, July, 1909. v. 11, p. 173- 
176.) 

Part 13; series began July, 1901. v, 3. p.174. 

Ipswich. Ipswich voters in 1673. (Essex 
Institute. Historical collections, Oct., 
1909. v. 45, p. 355-356.) 

From Ipswich MS3. in Essex Institute. 
Lawrence. A little Italy along the banks 

of the Merrimac. By Joseph McCarthy. 

(Xew England magazine, Sept., 1909. 

v. 41, p. S32-S35.) 
Middlfsex County. The development of 

Middlesex Fells. By F. W. Coburn. 

(New England magazine, Sept., 1909. 
v. 41, p. 813-817.) 



RECENT MAGAZINE ARTICLES 



229 



New Bedford. New Bedford. The won- 
derful growth of a Massachusetts cotton 
manufacturing city. By W. H. B. Rem- 
ington. (New England magazine, Sept., 
1909. v. 41, p.S19-831.) 

Pembroke, Gravestone records in the 
Briggs burial ground, North Pembroke. 
Inscriptions prior to 1S51. Copied by 
J. W. Willard, S. W. Smith, A. M. Jones 
and E. H. Whorf. (Mayflower descend- 
ant, July, 1909. v. 11, p. 168-170.) 

Plymouth Colony. Plymouth Colony 
deeds. Transcribed by G. E. Bowman. 
(Mayflower descendant, July, 1909. v. 
11, p. 165-168.) 

Part 29 (1657); series began in Apr., 1899. 
v. 1. p. 91. 

Plymouth Colony wills and inven- 
tories. Transcribed by G. E. Bowman. 
(Mayflower descendant, July, 1909. v. 
11, p. 152-161.) 

Part 29 (1652-1653); series began in Jan., 
1899. v. 1, p. 23. 

Plympton. Gravestone records in a smal 1 
cemetery in the north village of Plymp- 
ton. Inscriptions prior to 1851. Copied 
by S. W. Smith, J. W. Willard, E. H. 
Whorf and W. J. Ham. (Mayflower de- 
scendant, July, 1909. v. 11, p. 176- 
177.) 

Gravestone records in the Old ceme- 
tery at Plympton. Inscriptions prior to 



1851. Copied by J. W. Willard, S. W. 
Smith, E. H. Whorf and W. J. Ham. 
(Mayflower descendant, July. 1909. v. 
11, p. 161-165.) 

Part 8 (Shaw -Virgin): series b ?an in July 
1906. v. 8. p. 50. 

Provincetowx. The birthplace of Amer- 
ican liberty. By Henry Waterman. 
(Americana, New York, Aug., 1909. v. 
4, p. 49S-502.) 

Provincetown vital records. Tran- 
scribed byG. E.Bowman. (Mayflower 
descendant, July, 1909. v. 11, p. 187- 
188.) 

PartS, series began in Apr., 1907. v. 9, p. 100. 

Scituate. Records of the First church of 
Scituate. Transcribed by G. E.Bowman. 
(Mayflower descendant, July, 1909. v. 
11, p. 138-142.) 

Part 4 (Admissions by Rev. S. Bowen) ; series 

began in Apr., 1908. v. 10, p. 90. 

Uxb ridge. Deborah Wheelock chapter, 
D. A. R. By marcia P. Griswold, histo- 
rian. (American monthly magazine, 
Aug., 1909. v. 35, p. 419-420.) 

Wellfleet. Records from the Duck Creek 
cemetery, Wellfleet. Inscriptions prior 
to 1851. Copied by S. W. Smith and 
J. W. Willard. (Mayflower descendant, 
July, 1909. v. 11, p. 142-145.) 

Part 3 (Gill-Hinckley); series began July, 

1908. v. 10, p. ISO. 



■fejgi 



' 



THE GEORGE GARDNER HOUSE 



Frank A. Gardner, M. D. 



Old Salem is visited each year by many thousands of pilgrims who in their 
mad rush to "do" the place, have little conception of the size of the original 
township or of the great wealth of early colonial houses still standing within 
those bounds. One of the many interesting groups of such houses can be 
seen in West Peabody along what is known as the "Old Lowell Road." The 
first of this trio as one journeys out from Salem is the Anthony Xeedham 
house, at the crossroads formed by the modern Newburyport turnpike and 
the Lowell road. This is a picturesque white leanto house nestled beneath the 
trees of a fine old orchard. A half mile further along we came to the Joseph 
Flint house and a mile beyond this, out toward the "Seven Men's Bounds" 
we find the third house in our group, the Lieutenant George Gardner house. 

This last named house, the subject of our sketch is the original domicile 
erected on the George Gardner farm. George was the second son of Thomas 
Gardner, Planter, who came to Cape Ann as overseer of the plantation in 
1623-4 and moved with Roger Conant and the other "Old Planters" to what 
is now Salem in 1626. Thomas Gardner the father was granted a farm lot of 
100 acres on this same highway on the 20th of the 12th month in 1636. 
This tract was just east of the Anthony Needham house above mentioned. 
Thomas erected a house of the leanto type like the Xeedham and George 
Gardner houses and it remained standing until October 1854, when it was set 
on fire by a man who had formerly worked there as a farm hand. 

In 1649 (25th of the 2nd mo.) George Gardner and his brothers Thomas, 
Samuel and Joseph, were ordered to survey land, "for w ch they shall haue 
allowance in pte of the medow for theire paynes." On the "30 th day" of 
the following month, he was granted "4 acres of medow ... at the 7 mens 
bounds," and forty acres of upland to be laid out near his meadow. The 
"7 mens bounds" referred to was the line laid out between what is now West 
Peabody and Lynnfield, the original bounds in that section between Salem 
and Lynn. An interesting reminder of this old line still stands in the woods 




a feSi _. *. - ^ • ■ _ Sr 



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THE GEORGE GARDNER HOUSE 231 

a short distance to the south of the road, in the shape of a heap of stones, 
piled up there to mark an angle in the line. 

The land which was granted to George Gardner at that time lies between 
the present Phelps' Mill station on the Salem and Lowell branch railroad and 
the Lynnfield line. His holdings in this section were greatly increased in a 
few years by additional grants as the following extracts from the town records 
will show; 

"27 th 2° m° 1654. Vpon the request of Sergeant Georg Gardner for a 
small playne of vpland contayning about six acres lying and scituate neare to 
Robert Moultons Jun' his medow & to the round hill neare mr Humfres flarme 
and soe to that land that is graunted to flrances Perries: Accordingly it is 
graunted.'' 

13, llmo, 1662. "Granted to Sergeant George Gardner that he fhall haue 
a lott next to the land that runeth to his house by those lotts alredie laide 
out and of the same size he payinge five pounds as others have done." 

The following entry is made in the Book of Grants, p. 155: "By virtue of 
an order from the Selectmen of Salem, directed unto Jeffrey Mafsey, Lit 
George Gardner and myself or unto any two of us to lay out unto Seueral 
persons seueral parcells of land between Humphries Farm & the farm formerly 
belonging to Phelps on this side Ipswich River so called near the seven mens 
bounds: — We accordingly laid out unto Lt. George Gardner One hundred & 
ninety acres of said lande which was for seueral grants, which he bought of 
seueral persons amounting unto soe much adjoining unto his own land, and 
is bounded as followeth viz: to the widow Pope, Geoyles Corey, Humphres 
Farm, and to Lynn bounds, and the Seven Men's bounds a little pine [tree] 
by Boston path, . . . Goodman Buxton's land on the west, lying unto Lynn 
bounds; Lt. Gardner Forty poles by the river unto Samuel Gardner's bounds; 
Sam'l Gardner and John Robinson s land and a little red oak & a great White 
Oak, between John Rubton & John Robinson & Lt Gardner's a little walnut, 
John Rubton on the East, an oak standing near Lt. Gardner's meadow. 

The return of the laying out of this land I formerly gave in unto the Se- 
lectmen of Salem. 

Attest Nathl Putnam, 

Salem 24th. of Sept. 1697/'. 

The above record was certified to by John Croade, Clerk, as being a copy 
of an original entry made in the year 1665. 

Lieut. George Gardner, the grantee, soon after he became possessed of the 



232 THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 

property, erected the house which is the subject of this sketch. He was born 
in England and is first mentioned in the Salem Records in 1637 at which 
time he received a grant of ten acres of lanl. In 1641 he became a member 
of the First Church. He frequently served on juries and in September, 1663, 
was appointed Lieutenant of the foot company. He also served as selectman. 
He had large financial interests, trading with the West Indies and the other 
colonies. In 1660 he set up the business of baking at his house on the eastern 
side of Daniels Street, near the water, and in the following year went to 
Barbadoes. 

In 1663 or earlier he leased his farm to Thomas Gould, who remained on 
it as a tenant through Lieut. George Gardner's life. About 1673, Lieut. 
. Gardner went to Hartford, Connecticut, and he was a prosperous merchant 
there until his death, August 20, 1679. He left a large estate in Salem and 
his Connecticut possessions amounted to over £3000. This farm was de- 
scribed in the inventory as containing "about 400 acres of upland & meddow 
with the dwelling houfe & outhousing upon it now in poffeffion of Thomas 
Goold." This was valued at £320:00:00. In his will he left this farm 
to his son Samuel Gardner, but specified that his son Ebenezer should have 
the income from the rental of it during his mother's life. We know from 
the records that Thomas Gould was a tenant as late as 1684-5. Other land 
adjoining was allowed him in 1796-7 making about four hundred and fifty 
acres in all. 

Captain Samuel Gardner the second owner of this farm was one of the 
leading citizens of Salem during his long life. He held many town offices 
and was a representative and deputy to the General Court. He was a suc- 
cessful merchant and left a large estate when he died, in February, 1724. 

A part of this farm was left to his grandson, John Higginson ; another 
portion to the five daughters of his deceased son John Gardner, and the re- 
mainder, including the portion with the farmhouse on it to the three sons of 
John: — John, Daniel and Samuel. This property was distributed to the 
heirs in 1733, and John and Samuel sold their shares in the farm to their 
brother Daniel. The farm at this time was known as the Walden farm re- 
ceiving that name from a lessee. 

'Daniel Gardner, called in the records "gentleman" lived most of his life in 
this old farmhouse. He held many town offices in Salem and in the new town 
of Danvers, after the division in 1752. He also represented Salem in the 
General Court in 1750. He died September 15, 1759, and left his estate to 
his two sons Samuel and John. The farm is described in the inventory as 



THE GEORGE GARDNER HOUSE 233 

"220 Acres of Upland and Meadow with the buildings ftanding on the same 
fcituate in sd Danvers ; £S pr. £1760." John Gardner died before July 0, 
176S and Samuel purchased of the other heirs, their interest in his brothers 
half of the farm. Samuel lived on the farm during his life. He held various 
town offices and served on several patriotic committees during the revolution. 

Samuel Gardner sold forty-eight acres of the farm to Ezra Upton, July 9, 
1768. April 14, 1S0S, he sold the remainder of the farm, amounting at that 
time to 150 acres, to his sons Asa and George Gardner, for $4,200, retaining 
a mortgage for that amount on the same. These sons divided the farm 
between themselves, October 14th of the same year, Asa retaining the west- 
ern portion containing the old farmhouse. x\sa lived in the house during his 
life. He was chosen surveyor of highways in 1818 and field-driver in 1812 
and 1819. In the latter year he also served on the jury. He increased the 
size of his land holdings by the purchase of forty-eight acres from his sister 
Sally Walcott, July 22, 1835. He died March 9, 1S5S. He had no children, 
and his widow, conveyed the homestead to Bowman Viles, October 18, 1S71. 

The house has been well cared for and is in an excellent state of preserva- 
tion. The first reunion of the Gardner Family Association was held there 
August 14, 1907, when the old doors, projecting timbers and ancient panell- 
ings were inspected and admired by all. The present occupants of the farm 
Mr. George D. Viles and his wife gave the guests a hearty welcome and well 
maintained the old time reputation of the house for its hospitality. 



.: : - 



JpprtmM of thl^intnranlltDoIutiBn 



Frank A.Gar_d\er.M. IXEdi 



State Brigantire Active. 

In the spring of 1779, Captain John 
Foster Williams in the "Hazard" captured 
the brigantine "Active", Captain William 
Simm (or Sims,) off St. Thomas, West In- 
dies, after an action lasting thirty-seven 
minutes, in which the American vessel 
lost three killed and five wounded. The 
prize arrived safely in Boston, as the follow- 
ing extract from the records of the Board 
of War will show: 

"Ordered That m r I vers pay Samuel 
Stibbens for piloting Brig Active to boston 
Prize to the Hazard & gates. 
April 14, 1779. £2-00-00" 

"In the House of Representatives 

Resolved that this state will and hereby 
do renounce all Claim to the British Priva" 
teer called the Active, William Simm, late 
Commander, in favor of John Foster Wil- 
liams, Commander of the Brig Hazard and 
the Officers and Seamen thereof; and all 
Claim to the Privateer Brig Revenge, 
Edward Thompson late Master, in favor of 
Capt. Allen Hallet, Commander of the Brig 
Tyrannicide, the Officers and Seamen there- 
of, in testimony of their approbation of the 
spirit and good conduct of the said John 
Foster Williams and Allen Hallet Esq" 
Commanders of the said Briggs Hazard 
and Tyrannicide, the Officers and Seamen 
thereof, in Capturing the said British Priva- 
teers and all persons concerned are directed 
to take notice of this Resolve and govern 
themselves accordingly. 

In Council Read and Concurred 
April 23, 1779. 

Confented to by Fifteen of the Council." 



An inventory of the "Active" was taken 
April 24, 1779.' 

"Ordered, That Captain Hopkins re- 
ceive from Captain Gustavus Fellows & 
Capt Martin the Brig a Active, with her 
Boats Guns and all their appurtenances 
& Stores agreable to Inventory." 

"Ordered That M r I vers receive from 
Capt Daniel Martin being so much paid 
Samuel Stibbings through mistake y* 14 lh 
inftant for Piloting the Brig Active a prize 
to the Hazard and Gates. Board of War, 
April 29, 1779. 12:00:00." 

"In the House of Representatives. 

The House made choice by Ballot of 
Capt Allen Hallet to Command the Armed 
Brigantine called the Active, lately pur- 
chased by the Board of War. 

In Council Read and Concurred. 
Friday April 30, 1779. 

Confented to by Fifteen of the Council" 

May 1, 1779, the Board of War, "Ordered 
ThatMrlvers . . . pay Labourers removing 
the Brig Active from Rowe's to Grey 
Wharf &c. 10:00:00." 

The records of the Board of War for May 7 
1779, state that, "Allen Hallet Esq r This 
day produced a Commifsion from the Hon- 
orable Council appointing him to the Com- 
mand of the Armed Brig: Active." 

Captain Hopkins was ordered to deliver 
to Charles Willis for the Brig "Active." 

Duck to the value of £615:00 :00 

Twine " " " " 48:00:00 

1 Cod line " " " 2:02:00 

£665:02:00 
"We the subfcribers do severally engage 
and Inlist ourf elves as Officers Seamen <k 



DEPARTMENT OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION 



Z60 



Marines on Board the* Brig :'Active"under 
the Command of Allen Hallet Esq r in the 
Service'in^the State of^Mafsachufetts Bay, 
for the defence and protection'of^Said State 
to serve faithfully on board said Brig and 
her Boats, and on board Such Vefsel or 
Vefsels as may be made prizes by said Brig 
for & during the term of Four Months 
from the day of our Inlistment and until 
our return to and proper discharge at Bos- 
ton if the fervice should require it, on the 
Establishment made for that purpofe. 

And we do hereby bind ourselves to 
Submit to all orders and regulations of the 
Navy of the United States ofjXorth Amer- 
ica and this State and faithfully to observe 
and obey all such orders and Commands as 
we Shall receive from time to time from 
our Superior Officers on board or belonging 
to the faid Brig Active and on board any 
Such Boats or Vefsel or Vefsels as" aforesaid. 
And it is on the part of the State that such 
perfons as by land or fea ihall Loofe a Limb 
in any Engagement with the Enemies of 
these United States of America or be other- 
wife incapable of gitting a Lively Hood, 
Shall be intitled to the fame Pro vif ions as 
the disabled Perfons in the Continental 
Service. And it is 'further agreed that 
there Shall be fix dead Shares, to be dis- 
tributed by the Commiision Officers ofJ;b e 
said Brig to Such non Commifsioned^officers 
and Seamen as shall honorably distinguish 
themf elves on the Courfe" of the Cruise 
against the Enemies of these United 
States. 

Entered 
Allen Hallet Captain May 23, 

Solomon Hallet 
Ifaiah Hallet 
Georg Hallett 
Enoch Hallet Junr 

Ebenezer Sears " " 

William Warren '" " 

Samuel Chafe May 27, 

Josiah Gage 
James Gage 
James Rallosom May 28," 



The "Active's complement in May, 1779, 
was as follows: 

Captain, Allen Hallet. 

First Lieutenant, Roger Haddock. 

Second Lieutenant, Peter Pollard. 

Master, Cleaves Bean. 
Lieutenant of Marines, Wm. Thompson. 

Surgeon, Henry Stephens. 

Surgeon's Mate, Gideon Frost. 

21 other officers, 61 men and 11 bovs. 

CAPTAIN ALLEX HALLET ha ! pre- 
viously commanded the State sloop "Re- 
public" and the privateer "Sturdy Beggar" 
in 1776, the privateers "Starke" and "Amer- 
ica" in 1777, and the State brigantine 
"Tyrannicide" in 1779. A full account of 
his naval career has already been given 
in the Massachusetts Magazine, v.l, pages 
106-7. 

FIRST LIEUTENANT ROGER HAD- 
DOCK was Prize Master of the State Brig- 
antine "Hazard", Captain John Foster 
Williams, from March 1, 1779, to April 20, 
1779. He was engaged June 2, commissioned 
June 2, 1779, First Lieutenant of the State 
brig "Active." 

SECOXD LIEUTENANT PETER POL- 
LARD was commissioned December 21, 
1777, commander of the privateer sloop 
"Independence." July 20, 177S, he was 
engaged as Prize Master of the State Brig- 
antine "Tyrannicide", Captain John Allen 
Hallet. He was engaged May 4, 1779, 
Second Lieutenant of the State Brig "Ac- 
tive" and was commissioned June 2 rA . 

MASTER CLEAVES BE AX was en- 
gaged in that rank on the "Active" May 4, 
and commissioned June 2, 1779. 

LIEUTENANT OF MARIXES WIL- 
LIAM THOMPSOX (also called JR.) held 
that rank on the State brigantine "Tyranni- 
cide", Captain Allen Hallet, from July 15, 
1778 to December IS, 1778. He was en- 



236 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



gaged for the same service on the State brig 
"Active", May 10, 1779. 

SURGEON HENRY STEPHEN was 
engaged for service on the "Active" May 12 t 
and a warrant for service was issued June 
25, 1779. 

SURGEON'S MATE GIDEON FROST 
was engaged to serve on the "Active" May 
10, 1779. 

"State of Mafsachufetts Bay, 

Council Chamber, May IS, 1779. 

Whereas information has been given to 
this Board that there are five negroes lately 
captured & Carried into Plymouth who 
are willing to serve this State in some one 
of the State vefsels as also a Negro Man 
called Jack now on board the Guard Ship 
in the Harbour therefore 

Ordered that Cap 1 Hallet Commander 
of the Brigan* Active be & he hereby is 
directed to send some Officer to Plymouth 
for the purpose of enlisting those five ne- 
groes provided s d Negroes are yet free & 
willing to enlist on board said Brig 1 as Sea- 
men as also the Negro Man Jack a prisoner 
on board the Guard Ship provided he is also 
willing to serve on board s d Brig' and if 
he shall so incline the Commif sary of Prison- 
ers is hereby directed to liberate him. 
True Copy 
Atteft 

John Avery D. Secy." 

"Brigantine Active to Allen Hallet, Dr. 

To cash disbursted at Portsmouth as per 
following Acctt. 
June 30th 1779. 

To Mr Haddock's Bill for felf & 

horse Exprefs to Boston £52-09-00 

To hire of a horse & Sulkey for 

above Express 46-16-00 

To Elisha Hill's Bill for Smith's 

Work 207-04-00 

To John Marshall's Bill for 

Carpenter's Work 93-19 06 



To Joel Leigh ton's Bill of Sun- 
dries as pr Bill 57-02-00 

To John Gooch's Bill for Sun- 
dries as pr Bill 4_io_00 

To one pair Steelyards for Ships 

Use 8-00-00 



470-06-06 



To Commifsions for advancing 

the above Cash a 5 p.c. 23-10-00 



£493-16-00' 



The following order was presented in 
payment of this bill and honored : 

"Portsmouth, June 29, 1779. 
At Sight 
Gentlemen 

Please to pay to M r Neal Mclntyer 
or Order the fum of Four Hundred & Ninety 
three pounds twelve shillings & six pence 
Value received on acct Brigt n Active 
in fo doing you will oblige 

Your Humble Serv 1 
£493:12:06 A. Hallet. 

The Hon 1 Board of War, Boston 
Pay it." 

"Brig Active Dr to Account of Prizes 
14 Six pound Cannon at 610 

per pair 4270:00:00 

209 Pound Six pound Shott 

att 24— 130:16:00 

226 dobble h d do 30— 339:00:00 

280 Clusters Grape do for 6 

pounders 30— 420:00:00 

£5159:16:00 

"Bill to Board of War to Thos Knox 
Jun 17, 1778 To piloting the Brig 

Active and tendance to Sea 25:00:00" 
The "Active was one of the vessels in 
Commodore Saltonstall's Squadron on the 
Penobscot expedition and had 16 guns and 
100 men. She was burned off Brigadier's 
Island August 14, 1779 to prevent her 
falling into the hands of the enemy. 



• 






„y 



DEPARTMENT OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION 237 



Announcement for iqio. 

The general plan followed during the 
past two years will be continued and each 
quarterly number of the magazine will 
contain, as heretofore, a historical review 
of one of the Massachusetts regiments 
which served in 1775 and the record of one 
of the vessels in the Massachusetts State 
Navy in the Revolution. The following 
ist shows the regiments and ships which 
will be presented during the year: 

January. Colonel Timothy Walker's 
Regiment, composed of companies raised 
in the County of Bristol. 

April. Colonel Theophilus Cotton's Regi- 
ment of Plymouth County men. 

July. Colonel James Frye's Regiment, 
made up of men from the County of Essex 

October. Colonel Benjamin Ruggles 
Woodbridge's Regiment, containing six 
companies from Hampshire County, two 
from Berkshire County, one made up of , 
men from both Hampshire and Worcester 
Counties and one company from Essex 
County. 

January. State schooner "Diligent," Cap- 
tain John Lambert. 

April. State sloop " Machias Liberty," 
Captain Jeremiah O'Brien. 

July. State sloop "Defence," Captain 
Seth Harding. 

October. State ship "Mars," Captain 
John Lambert. 

In addition to the above, various short 
articles of interest to students of that 
period will appear together with reports of 
the doings of the various patriotic societies- 
Further installments of the Ashley Bowen 
diary will be presented, the notes therein 
increasing in interest and value as the 
per od of the American Revolution is ap- 
proached. Patriotic movements will re- 
ceive the cordial support of this depart, 
ment, notably the one looking to a saner 
and more dignified celebration of Independ- 



ence Day and the one having for its ob- 
ject the placing of memorial tablets upon 
sites and buildings of historic interest. 
The frightful loss of life and limb annually 
recorded makes the former change impera- 
tive, while the educational value of the 
latter movement is apparent to all. 



Field Day, Massachusetts Society, S A. R. 

The annual Field day of the Society was 
held at Salem, on Saturday, September 25, 
1909. The members and their friends met 
in the parlors of the Salem Young Men's 
Christian Association at 10 A.M. where 
they were recieved by the local committee. 
At 10.45, line was formed and the members, 
headed by the color guard of the Salem 
Cadets under Sergeant Clay, proceeded to 
the Broad Street Burying Ground, where 
simple but impressive services were held at 
the grave of Captain Jonathan Haraden. 
Dr. Hicks, State Chaplain, offered prayer, 
following which a large laurel wreath 
bearing the colors of the Society was placed 
upon the gravestone by State President 
E. C. Battis. The colors were dipped by 
the bearers and taps sounded by cornetist 
Bernier of the Salem Cadet Band. The line 
was re-formed and the members returned to 
the hall, passing the house of the distin- 
guished patriot, General Timothy Pickering. 
The compatriots and their friends then 
started out in groups under competent 
guides and visited the many places of his- 
toric interest in the Puritan city. At 12.30 
they re-assembled in the Y. M. C. A. par- 
lors and marched behind the colors to Ames 
Memorial Hall where the dinner call was 
sounded, after Chaplain Hicks had asked 
the Divine blessing and the company was 
seated. The hall was decorated with na- 
tional flags and the colors of the society, 
while bouquets of the dark purple Xew 
England asters were on every table. 



238 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



After dinner had been served, Honorable 
E. C. Battis, President of the Massachu- 
setts Society, welcomed the compatriots 
with a few well chosen words and turned the 
meeting over to Dr. Gardner, President of 
Old Salem Chapter, S. A. R. An address 
upon Captain John Haraden was then 
delivered, a copy of which will be found in 
this number of the Massachusetts Magazine. 
In the introduction of the next speaker, Mr. 
William C. Greene, President of the Rhode 
Island Society, S. A. R., reference was made 
to the invaluable service in the revolution, 
rendered by his distinguished kinsmen, 
Major General Nathaniel Greene. Mr. 
Greene referred in a pleasing manner to the 
historical ties binding Old Salem to Rhode 



Island and showed that when Salem lost 
Roger Williams, Rhode Island made a 
great gain. The next speaker was Briga- 
dier General Phillip Reade, U. S. Army 
Retired, a kinsman of Colonel Jonathan 
Reed who commanded the Gth Middlesex 
County Regiment in the Revolution. He 
spoke of his early ancestors in Salem, 
making especial mention of the saintly 
Rebecca Xourse. The last speaker of the 
afternoon was Rev. Howard F. Hill D. D., 
President of the Xew Hampshire Society, 
S.A.R. At intervals during the afternoon the 
Salem Cadet Orchestra played patriotic se- 
lections, the audience rising during the ren- 
dering of "The Star Spangled Banner" and 
the closing hymn "America." 



5 3 / 




ihtimsann f? lantern 

**"* 16 2 0-1630 3!^® 



Lucie M. Gardnlr. A. O.. E,di 



Societies 



MAYFLOWER SOCIETY. 

Membership, Confined to Descendants of the 3/ay- 
flcncer Passengers. 
Governor — Asa P. French. 
Deputy Governor — John Mason Little. 
Captain — Edwin S. Crandox. 
Elder — Rev. George Hodges, D. D. 
Secretart — George Ernest Bowman. 
Treasurer — Arthur I. Nash. 
Historian — Stanley W. Smith. 
Burgeon — William H. Prescott, M. D. 
Assistants — Edward H. Whorf. 

Mrs. Leslie C. Wead. 

Henry D. Forres. 

Mrs. Annie Quincy Emery. 

Lorenzo D. Baker, Jr. 

Miss Mary E. Wood. 

Miss Mary F. Edson. 



THE OLD PLANTERS SOCIETY. 

Incorporated. 

Membership Confined to Descendants of Settlers 

in New England prior to the Transfer of the 

Charier to New England in 1630. 

Phesident — Col. Thomas Wentworth Higginson, 

Cambridge 
Vice Pres. — Frank A. Gardner, M. D., Salem. 
Secretary — Lucie M. Gardner, Salem. 
Treasurer — Frank V. Wright, Salem. 
Registrar — Mrs. Lora A. W. Underbill, 

Brighton. 
Councillors — Wm. Prescott Greenlaw, Boston. 

R. W. Spragce, M. D.. Boston. 

Hon. A. P. Gardner, Hamilton. 

Nathaniel Conant, Brookline. 

Francis H. Lee, Salem. 

Col. J. Granville Leach, Phila. 

Francis N. Balch, Jamaica Plain. 

Joseph A. Torrey, Manchester. 

Edward 0. Skelton, Roxbury. 



The Fall meeting of The Old Planters 
Society was held Thursday, Sept. 16, in 
the historic town of Marblehead. Mem- 
bers and friends had opportunity to visit 
many of the places of interest about town, 
gathering for the formal exercises at three- 
thirty o'clock at the Lee Mansion, which 
has recently become the headquarters of 



the Marblehead Historical Society. After 
a few words of cordial greeting Mr. Nathan 
P. Sanborn, president of the local society, 
gave a most interesting account of the life 
of Col. Jeremiah Lee, builder and owner 
of the famous old house. 

Col. Jeremiah Lee was born at Man- 
chester, Massachusetts, in 1721. As a 
young man he came to Marblehead, went 
into the shipping business and early iden- 
tified himself with the interests of the 
town. He held a commission as Colonel 
in the Marblehead Regiment, was one of 
the firewards, was one of the committee 
appointed to draw up opposition to the 
Stamp Act, was appointed a delegate to 
the first Continental Congress, and was on 
the Committee of Safety. He was wealthy, 
but as his wealth was in shipping, his es- 
tate became poor. His beautiful house, 
built in 176S, was the resort of many fa- 
mous people, including General Washing- 
ton and the Marquis de Lafayette. He 
died on May 10, 1775, leaving a widow, 
two daughters and one son. On the death 
of his widow in 1791, the house became 
the property of Judge Sewall who sold it 
in 1804 to the Marblehead Bank in whose 
hands it has remained until this summer. 
The house has much that attracts more 
than a passing glance, especially the hand 
carving, which at the present day, would 
command a prohibitive price. 

Mr. Sanborn was followed by Dr. Frank 
A. Gardner, vice-president of the Old 
Planters Society who read the entries of 
the month of June, 1775, from the diary of 
Ashley Bowen, a quaint character of old 
Marblehead. The diary furnished inter- 
esting contemporary comment on the stir- 
ring events of the early days of the Revo- 
lutionary War. 

At the close of the meeting many of the 
party went by ferry to the Neck, where a 
basket lunch was enjoyed at Castle Rock. 
The meeting was well attended and attest- 
ed to the attractiveness of the field meet- 
ing which has become an annual feature of 
the society's program. 



* 






if 



A Continuation of the Genealogical Dictionary of E^ex County Families, compiled until 
Oct., 1909, by Sidney Petiey, Esq., in The Essex Antiquarian. 



LUCIE MARION GARDNER, A.B., Editor 



Essex was the 

fou 



le first county settled in the Mas^aclnif-etth- Bay Colony, and all the rc-conl* of early Macrae 
ind in the probate, court and town records of thin county prior to the year IMUO are .'al 
and published here in alphabetical form, and arranged genealogically when pOMIDle 



rly Massachusetts families 
athered 



BROWNING NOTES 

Thomas Browning, born about 
1587, lived in Salem as early as 1636, 
and had a house there as early as 
1645. He lived in Topsfield, 16)9- 
1661 and subsequently in Salem, 
where he died Feb. — , 1670-1. His 
wife Mary survived him. His daughter 
Sarah married Joseph Williams in 
Salem 20:9:1661 : and she was living 
in Salem in 1719. Mr. Browning's 
daughter Elizabeth married James 
Symonds of Salem 20:9:1661, lived 
in Salem and died before 1725. Mr. 
Browning's daughter Deborah mar- 
ried, first, John Perkins of Topsfield 
Nov. 28, 1666 ; and he died there 
May 19, 1668. She married, second, 
Isaac Meachum of Salem, yeoman, 
Dec . 28, 1669 ; and after 1682 removed 
to Enfield, Conn, where they were 
living in 1696. Mr. Browning had 

another daughter who married 

Towne of Topsfield, and they were 
living in 1671. The estate of Mr. 
Browning was appraised at £444: Is. 

George Bruce of Marblehead, mar- 
iner, married Hannah Hanover Sept. 
21, 1773 in Marblehead; he died be- 
fore April 1,1776, when administration 
was granted upon his estate: she sur- 
vived him and married, secondly George 
Tishue, April 8, 1776 in Marblehead. 

Reynold (Roland or Ronald) Bruce 1 
of Marblehead married Miss Hannah 
Blaney Oct. 28, 1756, in Marblehead. 



She died in Marblehead, his widow 
Oct. 9, 1811, at the age of eighty. 
Chidren born in Marblehead: 

1. Jonathan, 2 baptized July 22, 1759. 

2. Hannah, 2 baptized Sept. 13, 1761. 

3. William, 2 baptized April 29, 1764; 

died voung. 

4. David," 2 born Jan. 18, 1768: mas- 

ter mariner; lived in Marblehead 
. m. Sarah Chapman July 4. 1790, 
in Marblehead: she was his wife 
in 1809; he died Nov. 7, 182S, 
aged sixty , children born in 
Marblehead; David born Nov. 4, 
1191, captain, married Alice Nut- 
ting Feb. 14, 1814; died sudden- 
ly of fever and ague Dec, 21, 
1822, aged thirty-one; 2. Sally, 3 
born June 21,_1794: 3. Eliza, 3 
born May 24, 1797 ; married Am- 
brose Gregorv, March 6, 1821; 
4. William, 3 'born Oct. 1, 1799; 
died at Batavia (received the 
news Dec. 23, 1821); 5. Marv 
Grant, 3 born June 2, 1S02;6. 
Clarissa^ born May 21, 1805; 
married Zephaniah Bassett of 
Boston, March 24, 1S33; 7. Dan- 
iel, 3 born Aug. 13, 1S07; mar- 
ried Mary J. Shirly, June 20, 
1830; 8. Maria, 3 born Oct. 15, 
1809;* 9. Elizabeth Buffinton, 3 
baptized Oct. 22, 1S09; married 
William Hart of Lynn Sept. 29, 

♦This is probably the record of Eliza- 
beth's birth. 



FAMILY GENEALOGIES 



241 



1833; 5. Jane,* baptized Tune 10. 
1770; 6. William, 2 baptized 
March 1, 1772. 



BRUCE NOTES 

Mary Bruce married Edward Hil- 
ler in 1788. — Private Record in 
Marblehead. 

Joseph Bruce married first, Mary 
Allen, Nov. 10, 1793 in Marblehead; 
and second, Elizabeth Main, June 

10, 1S04 in Marblehead. He lived in 
Marblehead, died at sea (news was 
received April 3) 1822, aged forty- 
nine.' Children, born in Marblehead 
1. John Trefry, baptized May 11, 
1794; 2. Joseph, baptized Dec. 25, 
1796; lost overboard at sea (news re- 
ceived Dec. 17, 1819; 3. Marv, bap- 
tized Feb. 3,1799; 4. William Allen, 
baptized Oct. 31, 1802; 5. Thomas 
Maine baptized Nov. 9, 1806; 
"drowned siting a Net at Cape Ann" 
Nov. 13, 1823 aged seventeen. — 
Marblehead records. 

Lewis Bruce married Hannah Batt's 
(published March 8, 1784); Revo- 
lutionary soldier; died July 1, 1828, 
at the age of sixty- six ; children: 

1. Salley born June 10, 17S4; married 
Nathaniel Richardson Dec. 31, 1806; 

2. Lewis, born May 3, 1786 ; 3. Han- 
nah, born Nov. 13, 178S; died Oct. 
18, 1805; 4. William, born July 14, 
1791; died Oct. 8, 1839; 5. Lot, 
born Oct. 7, 1793; died Sept. 25, 
1813; 6. Harriet, born April 1, 1796; 
married Timothy Johnson, Jr., May 

11, 1818; 7. George, born Sept. 13, 
1798 ; died by accident Oct. 14, 1824; 
8. Mary, born Nov. 29, 1801; mar- 
ried Jacob I. Johnson Nov. 5, 1820. 
— Lynn Records. 



Administration upon the estate of 
Thomas Bruce of Marblehead. mar- 
iner, was granted Jan. 2, 1770. His 
estate was valued at £5 135. 2d; 
and included one pair of silver buck- 
les, clothing, wages due from Capt. 
Samuel Poate, "3 months & 20 days 
Hospatell money" etc. — 

Probate records. 

Jonathan Bruce married Alice 
Utley, both of Salem Feb. 14 17S2.— 
Salem Town Records. 

George Bruce of Woburn, butcher 
was married out of Salem, May 30, 
1791. — Salem Town Records. 

George, Ester, William, Sarah, 
Francis, Lathe, John, and Polly, 
children of George and Ester Bruce, 
baptized Nov. S, 1795. — East church 
(Salem) records. 



BRUER NOTES 

John Bruer of Rowley published 
to Hannah Dodge of Ipswich, June 
3, 1789. — Rowley town records. 

— Bruer married John Tomson 
aboutl690. — Salisbury town records. 

Elizabeth Bruer married Samuell 
Ingolls Feb. 2, 1681. 

Mary Bruer married John Richards 
Nov. 18, 1674 

Sarah Bruer married Samuell 
Graves March 12, 1677-8. 

Thomas Bruer married Elizabeth 
Graves Dec. 4, 1682. 



BRUMAGIN NOTES 

Katherin Brumagin married Jona- 
than Johnson June 11, 1745. 

— Lynn town records. 
Richard Brummingham married 
Lydia Rhoades Jan. 11, 1757. 

— Marblehead church records 



242 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



BRUNIER NOTE 

Louis de la Brunier (Brunnier) 
married Lucy Challis March 12, 1789 
children: Louis, born June 27, 17S9 
Gideon Challice, born April 13, 1S02 
Lucy Challice. 

— Gloucester town records. 



BRUNSON NOTE 

Joanna Brunson married John Mare 
July 18, 16S2. — Salem town records. 



BRYANT NOTES 

Benjamin Briant married Eliza- 
beth Obear Nov. 21, 1790; she died 
Jan. 7, 1833, aged seventy-one ; chil- 
dren : Betsey, born Sept. 5, 1791; 
Rebecca, born Oct. 19, 1793; James, 
born July 4, 1795; Benjamin, born 
Feb. 9, 1797; Anna, born May 26, 
1799, died Aug. 23, 1S00; John 
Graves, born Jan. 29, 1801; Jonathan, 
born Nov. 26, 1802; William, born 
Nov. 24, 1S04. 

Mary Bryant died in 1749. 

John Bryant of Lynnfield married 
Anna Larcom, at Lynnfield, Aug. 4, 
1761. — Beverly records. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Bryant married Lt. 
James Andrews April 16, 1765. 

— Boxford town records. 

Andrew Bryant of Haverhill mar- 
ried Sally Endicott Dec. 23, 1798. 

Lucy Bryant published to Joseph 
P. Morton June 30, 1798. 

— Danvers town records. 

Thomas Bryant married Marv Jos- 
lin Oct. 28, 1712; child: Elizabeth, 
born Sept. 24, 1713. 

Mary Bryant married James De- 
merit March 7, 1727. 

William Briant married Sarah 
Smallman April 2, 1734. 

— Gloucester town records. 



William Bryant of Plaistow mar- 
ried Anna Whittaeker of Haverhill 
Dec. 4, 1755; yeoman; lived in Ha- 
verhill; she was his widow in 1801, 
lame and infirm; his will, dated May 
6, 1797, was proved Jan. 6, 1800; 
children, born in Haverhill: David, 
born Oct. 10, 1756; living in 1797; 
Anna, born Feb. 11, 1759; married 
Jonathan Johnson before 1797; Bet- 
sey, born Oct. 28, 1760; died May 19, 
1764; James, born Feb. 23, 1763; not 
mentioned in his father's will in 1797; 
Betsey, born May 3, 1767: married in 
1797rWilliam, born April 14, 1770; 
living in 1797; Mary, born Sept. 26, 
1773; unmarried in 1797; Andrew, 
born Jan. 15, 1776; living in 1797; 
Matthew, born Apr. 22, 1779; living 
in Haverhill, laborer, in 1800, and 
died before Apr. 1S01 ; Hannah, living 
in 1797; Calvin, under twenty-one 
years old in 1797. 

John Bryant, lived in Lynnfield, 
husbandman, as early as 1744 : wife 
Anna, 1770-1792 (dau. of William 
Richardson of Lynn, yeoman?); he 
died Oct. 5, 1795, aged seventy-three; 
she died in Lynnfield Aug. 29, 1S12, 
at the age of eighty; children, born in 
Lynn: 1. Mary 2 , born May 12, 1746, 
married Jephthah Tyler of New Marl- 
boro, Oct. 9, 1765; and was living in 
1792; 2. Jonathan 2 , born Jan. 13, 
1748; lived in Lynn; married Sarah 
Norwood Dec 4, 1770; died in Lynn, 
" after a lingering and painful illness 
of about 3 months of something sup- 
posed to breed in his head," April 4, 
1775, aged 27; children: 1. John 3 , 
born April 14, 1771; lived in Lynn- 
field; yeoman; in 1796 he was weak 
and unable to travel ; married Eunice 
Shelden Oct. 30, 1790; he died in 
Lynnfield Sept. 11, 1827, aged fifty- 



FAMILY GENEALOGIES 



243 



six; 2. Anna 3 , baptized Aug. 13, 1775; 
died in Lynnfield March 17, 1797 at 
the age of twenty-four; 3. Sarah 3 , 
baptized Aug. 13, 1775; 4. Elizabeth 2 , 
born Nov. 10, 1749; married Joseph 
Emerson of Chelmsford Sept, 20, 1768) 
5. Sarah 2 , born May 14, 1753; mar- 
ried Jacob Parker of Hopkinton May 
28, 1771; 6. Lydia 2 , born June 15, 

1755; married Gowin before 

1792; 7. Benjamin 2 , born Oct. 6, 1757; 
living in 1792. — Records. 

Margaret, wife of John B riant, died 
" of something supposed to breed in 
her brain," June 4, 1759. 

John Briant, Jr., died ''of fever and 
canker," March 7, 1766, aged twenty- 
one. — Lynn church records. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Thadeus 
Brian, died Oct. 26, 1675. 

Mary, daughter of Thadeus Brian, 
died Oct. 19, 1675. 

Katherine Bryant of Andover pub- 
lished to Joshua Burnham June — , 
1778. — Lynn town records. 

Mehitable Bryant published to 
Samuel Starns of Middleton Oct. 4, 
1761. — Lynn town records. 

Peter Brian married Mary Jones 
Nov. 24, 1776, 

George Briant married Mary Mackr 
intire Nov. 10, 1767. 
Mrs. Marv Briant married John Las- 
del Sept. '27, 1778. 

— Marblehead town records. 

Hepzibah Briant married Samuel 
Stearns Dec. 2, 1761.* 

— Middletown town records. 

* Samuel Stearns of Middleton, husband- 
man, was appointed guardian of Tabitha 
Bryant, under fourteen years of age, 
daughter of Jeremiah Bryant of Reading 
Jan. 10, 1763. — Essex County Probate rec- 
ords. 



Miss Patience Bryant of Xewbury- 
port, married Nathan Lunt of New- 
bury, Jan. 13, 17S5. 

— Newbury port town records. 

Hannah (Joanna — publishment) 
Bryant married Jacob Averill, Jr., 
Nov. 23, 1752. —Topsfield town records. 

Joanna Bryant, a young woman, 
daughter of Richard Bryant, baptized 
Oct. 28, 1744. 

— First church (Salem) records. 

Richard Bryant of Salem, mariner, 
married Sarah Flint Nov. 10, 1720; 
she was his wife in 1731; he was liv- 
ing in Salem in 1733: children, born 
in Salem: Richard, born June 11, 
1721; Sarah, born Oct. 9, 1723. 

— Records. 

Daniel Flint of Wenham appointed 
guardian of Sarah Briant aged up- 
ward of fourteen years, minor, daugh- 
ter of Daniel Briant of Salem, de- 
ceased, Jan. 1, 1738-9. — Probate 
records. 

Job Bryant married Marv Dodd, 
both of Salem, May 2, 1792.— Salem 
town records. 

Joseph Bryant of Salisbury*, black- 
smith, lived there 1751-1759; married 
Jedediah (Jedida. Zedidee) Wheeler 
April 14, 1753, in Salisbury; he died 
in the winter of 1758-9, administra- 
tion being granted on his estate to 
his widow Jedida Briant of Salisbury 
Feb. 5, 1759; she married, secondly, 

Short before 1770: the children 

of Joseph and Jedida Bryant were 
born in Salisbury as follows: Sarah. 
born Jan. 31, 1755; living in 1770: 
Patience, born July 14, 1758; living 
in 1770. — Records. 

John Bryant, Jr., of Lvnnfield, yeo- 
man, 1788-1794. 



244 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Timothy Bryant of Salem, mariner, 
1796. —Registry of deeds. 

Timothy Bryant of Reading, mar- 
iner, warned out of Salem May 30, 
1791. — Salem town records. 

Mary, Sarah and Samuel, children 
of Job and Mary Bryant, baptized 
April 24, 1796, in East Church (Sa- 
lem) records. 

Timothy Bryant's children, bap- 
tized Timothy. Mary , 17S9; and 

Lydia, Aug. 9, 1795. — North church 
(Salem) records. 



BUYERS NOTES 

Jane Bryers married William Gil- 
ford Sept. 6, 1763. — Danvers town re- 
cords. 

Jacob Bryor, married Elizabeth 
Burne (published Jan. 25, 1766) ; son 
John, born April 27, 1777. 

Jacob Brvor married Sarah Little- 
hale March "29, 1787. 

— Gloucester town records. 

Elias Brian also Bryer) married 
Mary Pitman, June 2, 1726. He was 
a fisherman, and they lived in Mar- 
blehead in 17 IS, 1761, and he was 
living there in 178S. — Records. 

Elias Bryars married Elizabeth 
Gale April 21, 1799.— Marblehead 
town records. 

Richard Bryer married Ellena 
Wright Dec. 21, 1665; and she died, 
his wife, Aug. 29, 1672. — Newbury 
town records. 

Sally Briers published to Samuel 
Swasey, both of Salem, Dec. 7, 1793. 



BRYSON NJT2 

Sarah Bryson (?) published to Eb- 
enezer Collins, both of Salem, Dec. 27, 
1735. — Salem town records. 



DESCENDANTS OF JOSEPH 
BUBIER OF MARBLEHEAD. 

The name of Bubier is variously 
spelled in the early records of Essex 
County, as Boober, Boobier, Booby, 
Bubier, etc. The first of the name in 
the country was 

Joseph Bubier 1 . He was a fish- 
erman and lived in Marblehead. He 

married, first, Jane , who was 

called granddaughter of Richard Ben- 
nett. She was living in 1695, and 
was dead the next year. He mar- 
ried, second, Rebecca, widow of Wil- 
liam Pinson (or Pinsent), of Salem, 
Jan. 1, 1696-7. Mr. Bubier died be- 
fore Sept. 22, 1701, when adminis- 
tration was granted upon his estate, 
which was appraised at £320. His 
wife, Rebecca, survived him and 
married, thirdly, Robert Bartlett, 
Dec. 24, 1702. 

Children : — 

2 — i. Christopher 2 , "eldest" son 1702. 
See below (2). 

3 — ii. Jane-, bapt. April 28, 1695, in 
Marblehead; m. Nicholas Pick- 
ett Oct. 28, 1703. 

4 — in. Mary 2 , bapt. April 28, 1695 in 
Marblehead; " youngest daugh- 
ter," 1707; was brought up 
by William Heraett of Mar- 
blehead, husbandman, to whom 
she was a maid, and in his will 
he gave her his house and land 
in Marblehead, goods, stock, 
etc. She married Francis Bou- 
den, Sept. 22, 1707; and died in 
1748. 



Christopher Bubier 2 was a fish- 
erman and mariner and lived in Mar- 
blehead. He married Miss Margaret 
Palmer of Marblehead, Aug. 11, 1700; 
and died before Oct. 11, 1706, when 
administration was granted upon his 



FAMILY GENEALOGIES 



245 



estate which was appraised at £113, 
145. Id. She survived him, and mar- 
ried, secondly Andrews. 

Children (only one surviving Mr. 
Bubier) born in Marblehead: — 

5—i. Joseph 3 , bapt. Feb. 6, 1703-4. 

See below (5). 
6 — ii. Christopher 3 , bapt. June 16, 

1706. See below (6). 



Joseph Bubier 3 , baptized in Mar- 
blehead Feb. 6, 1703-4. He was a 
fisherman and lived in Marblehead. 
He married Mary Stacy Feb. 8, 1724- 
5; and died before Dec. 30, 1741, 
when administration was granted on 
on his estate. She survived him. 
Children, born in Marblehead: — 

7 — i. Margaret 4 , bapt. Oct. 2, 1726. 

8 — ii. Joseph 4 , died young, bapt. July 
7, 1728. 

9— in. John 4 , bapt. Oct. 26, 1729. 
10— rv. Mary 4 , bapt. June 13, 1731. 
11— v. Margaret 4 , bapt. Aug. 26, 1733. 
12 — vi. Christopher 4 , bapt. Aug. 3, 1735. 
13 — vn. William 4 , bapt. June 26, 1737. 
14 — vin. Hannah 4 , bapt. Sept. 3, 1738. 



6 

Christopher Bubier 3 , baptized in 
Marblehead June 16, 1806. He was 
first a shoreman, then a coaster, then 
a merchant, and the last twenty-five 
years of his long life a yeoman. He 
married Margaret LeVallier Oct. 30, 
1726; and she died Feb. 2, 1782, at 
the age of seventy-three. He died at 
the home of his daughter Sarah 
Besom, in Marblehead, June 30, 1789, 
at the age of eighty-three. His es- 
tate was valued at £758, 10s. : 2d. 

Children, born in Marblehead : — 

15 — i. Mary 4 , m. John Bassett, Nov. 1, 
1750: and d. before 1789. 



16—n. John 4 , bapt. May 27, 1733. See 
below (16). 

17 — in. Sarah 4 , bapt, Sept. 28, 173.5; m. 
Philip Besom of Marblehead, 
mariner, Sept. 30, 17.31; and 
was his widow in 1790. 

18 — iv. Joseph 4 , bapt. Jan. 1.5, 1737-8. 
See below (18). 

19— v. Pete 4 , bapt. March 2, 1739-40. 
See below (19). 

20— vi. Margaret 4 , bapt. Apr. 18, 1742; 
m. Capt. Thomas Grant of 
Marblehead, goldsmith. July 12, 
1761, and d. before 1789. 

21 — vn. Grace 4 , bapt. Apr. 1, 1744; m. 
Joseph Prentiss of Marblehead. 
merchant, before 1789. 

22 — viii. William 4 , bapt, March 30, 1746. 
Sec below (22). 

23 — ix. Christopher 4 , bapt. June. 17, 
1750. 



16 

Capt. Johx Bubier 4 , baptized May 
27, 1733. He was a mariner and 
lived in Marblehead. He married Ruth 
Darling May 23, 1754; and died before 
June 5, 1770; when administration 
was granted upon his estate. She 
survived him and died, his widow, in 
Marblehead, Jan. 13, 1791, at the age 
of fifty-six. 

Children, born in Marblehead: — 

24 — i. Christopher 5 , bapt. Nov. 17, 
1754. 

25 — ii. John 5 , bapt Feb. 13, 1757. 

26 — in. Benjamin 5 , bapt. Jan. 28, 1759. 
See below (26). 

27 — iv. Joseph 5 , bapt. May 24, 1761. 

28 — v. Peter s , bapt. Oct. 2, 1763; mar- 
iner; lived in Marblehead: m. 
Hannah Collyer Sept. 16, 1792; 
he d. before March 26, 1778. 
when administration was grant- 
ed upon his estate and she was 
his widow of Marblehead in 
1799. 

29 — vi. Henry 5 , bapt. Feb. 16, 1766; mar- 
iner; lived in Marblehead; and 
administration was granted 
upon his estate in 1799. 



246 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



18 

Capt. Joseph Bubier 4 , baptized in 
Marblehead Jan 15, 1737-8. He was 
a mariner, and lived in Marblehead. 
He married Miss Mary Adams * of 
Marblehead April 19, 1759; and died 
Dec. 20, 1783, at the age of forty-five 
years, eleven months and eighteen 
days. She survived him and was his 
widow in 1796. 

Children, born in Marblehead : — 

30 — i. John 5 , bapt. Nov. 4, 1759; living 

in 1789. 
31 — ii. Mary 5 , bapt. March 28, 1762; m. 

John Curtis Aug. 4, 1782; and 

was living in 1789. 

19 

Capt. Peter Bubier 4 , baptized in 
Marblehead, March 2, 1739-40. He 
was first, a mariner, and subsequently 
a shoreman, and lived in Marblehead, 
except in 1777 and 1778, when he 
lived in Lancaster. He married first, 
Mary Hooper, May 14, 1761; and she 
died Aug. 28, 1738, at the age of 
twenty-four years and seven months. 
He m. second, Miss Abigail Chipman, 
Jan. 29, 1769, and died before Nov. 
11, 1790, when administration was 
granted on his estate. His wife, Abi- 
gail, survived him, and died in Mar- 
blehead, his widow, May 30, 1815. 
She was living in Sterling in 1793 and 
1794. 

Children, born in Marblehead: — 
32 — i. Sarah 5 , bapt. Aug. 14, 1763; d. 
Aug. 8, 1781, at the age of 
eighteen. 
33 — ii. Mary 5 , bapt. June 22, 1766; m. 
Joseph Barker, 3d, of Marble- 
head, coaster, July 24 (29?;, 
1784; and was living in 1789. 
34 — in. Abigail' 1 , bapt. Nov. 12, 1769; 

unmarried in 1789. 
35 — iv. John 5 , bapt. Sept. 8, 1771; d. 
Sept 6, 1772. 



36— v. Peter 5 , bapt. Julv 18, 1773; mar- 
iner; lived in Marblehead; died 
before July 13, 1793; when ad- 
ministration upon his estate 
was granted to his mother. 

37— vi. John 5 , d. Feb. 24, 1777. 

38— vii. Sophia Mellex 5 , d. Oct. 22, 1780. 

39 — viii. Elizabeth 5 , bapt. Aug. 14, 1785; 
d. Aug. 13, 1786. 

22 

William Bubier 4 , baptized in Mar- 
blehead March 30, 1746. He was a 
goldsmith and lived in Marblehead. 
He married Deborah Howard, June 
19, 1770; and died before Sept. 4, 
1792, when administration upon his 
estate was granted. She survived 
him and died, his widow, in Marble- 
head, Sept. 18, 1808, at the age of 
sixty- two. 

Children, born in Marblehead: — 

40 — i. Elizabeth 5 , bapt. Nov. 18, 1770; 

unmarried in 1789. 
41 — ii. Deborah 5 , bapt. June 21, 1772; 

unmarried in 1789. 

26 

Benjamin Bubier 5 , baptizedT^in 
Marblehead Jan. 28, 1759. He was 
a mariner and lived in Marblehead. 
He married Jane Dixcey Nov. 15, 
1779; and died before 1791. She 
survived him* and died in Marble- 
head of consumption Oet. 25, 1830, 
at the age of seventy. 

Child, born in Marblehead: — 
42—1. Ruth 8 , bapt. May 2, 1779; of 
Marblehead: unmarried in 1797. 



NOTES 

John Bubier, mariner, lived 'in 
Marblehead, in 1805. Administration 

* Jane, "spurious" dau. of Jane Bubier, 
bapt. Aug, 21, 1789. — Marbleliead Church 
Records. 



FAMILY GENEALOGIES 



247 



granted his widow, Hannah, Jan. 15, 
1805, of Marblehead. 

Child, born in Marblehead: — 
1. Joseph, baptized May 30, 1784; 
lived in Marblehead ; mariner in 
1810. He married Mary Dodd 
Oct. 30, 1808. He died in Cal- 
cutta. Administration granted 
to his widow Mary Bubier of 
Marblehead July 18, 1810. 
Christopher, son of Christopher Bu- 
bier, baptized Sept. 22, 172S. 

John Bubier married Hannah 
Wadden Nov. 5, 1781. 

John Bubier married Hannah Jar- 
vis Jan. 1, 17S4. Children of John and 
Hannah Bubier: Barbara, baptized 
May 11, 1783; Christopher, baptized 
March 26, 1786; Hannah, baptized 
Oct. 4, 1789; John, baptized Aug. 24, 
1788; John, baptized Sept. 23, 1792; 
Mary, baptized Jan. 15, 1786; Sarah, 
baptized June 12, 1791. 

Hannah, daughter of Joseph and 
Hannah Bubier, baptized Jan. 20, 
1788. 

Christopher Bubier married Eliza- 
beth Laskey July 28, 1778. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Bubier married Ed- 
ward Grace Sept. 1, 1788. 

Henry Bubier married Elizabeth 
Hooper Aug. 26, 1786. 

— Marblehead records. 

Mary Bubier married Thomas Oli- 
ver of Aronsick Feb. 28, 1742. 

Peter Bubier published to Mary 

Martin Oct. 12, 1782. She died be- 
fore marriage. 

Sarah Bubier married Samuel 
Wormstead Dec. 27, 1762. 

— Marblehead records. 

Widow Elizabeth Bubier of Mar- 
blehead was appointed administratrix 
of estate of Christopher Bubier Jr. of 



Marblehead, fishermen, July 9, 1788. 
— Probate records. 
Mary daughter of Christopher Boo- 
ber, baptized ..larch 21, 1730-1 

Gloucester church records. 

Christopher Bubier lived in Marble- 
head. He married Sarah Horton Oct. 
3, 1754 in Marblehead. She was ap- 
pointed administratrix of his estate, 
Feb 2, 1761. She was living, his 
widow in 1762. 

Children baptized in Marblehead: 

1. Mary Oct. 19, 1755. 

2. Christopher Aug. 11, 1757 

3. John Horton Nov. 18, 1559. 



DESCENDANTS OF EBENEZER 
BUCK OF HAVERHILL. 

Ebenezer Buck 1 , son of Ephraim 
and Sarah (Brooks) Buck, born in 
Woburn May 20, 1689; was a weaver, 
married (probably second wife) Miss 
Judith Weed of Amesbury Feb. 21, 
1722-3; and came to Haverhill to 
live. He conveyed his homestead in 
Haverhill to his son Jacob in 1750, 
and died in 1752; his will, dated 
March 9 1752, being proved June 29, 
1752. She survived him. 

Children : — 

2 — i. Jonathan 2 , eldest son, 1752. See 
below (2). 

3 — ii. Lydia 2 , b. about 1715; d. Oct. 11, 
1736, aged twenty-one years. 

4 — in. Ebenezer 2 , b. about 1717, d. 
May 14 (15?) 1736 aged nine- 
teen. 

5 — iv. Mary 2 , b. April 21, 1724, in Ha- 
verhill; m. Nathaniel Green 
July 16, 1741; and d. Oct. 8, 
1741. 

6 — v. Asa 2 , b. June 23, 1726 in Haver- 
hill; d. Oct. 28. 1741. 



. 



248 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



7 — vi. Jacob 2 , b. June 10, 1731 in Ha- 
verhill. Sec below (7). 

8 — VII. Phebe 2 , b. May 21, 1741; d. Feb. 
2, 1741-2. 



Jonathan Buck 2 , a mariner along 
the coast, lived in Haverhill. He 
married Miss Lydia Morse of Newbury 
Oct. 19, 1742; and was living in 
Haverhill in 1771. 

Children, born in Haverhill: — 

9—1. Ebenezer 3 , b. March 21, 1743; d. 

Sept. 21, 1744. 
10—n. Asa 3 , b. Aug. 29, 1744; d. Feb. 7, 

1747-8. 
11 — in. Lydia 3 , b. April 20, 1746; d. Sept. 

15, 1753. 
12— iv. Jonathan 3 , b. April 3, 1748. See 

below (12). 
13— v. Mary 3 , b. Sept. 29, 1750. 
14 — vi. Ebenezer 3 , b. April 25, 1752. 
15 — vii. Amos 3 , b. July 24, 1754; m. Lydia 

Chamberlain in Methuen, Oct. 

14, 1778. 
16 — viii. Daniel 3 , b. Sept. 2, 1756. 
17 — ix. Lydia 3 , b. Oct. 22, 1761 ; m. Joshua 

Treat March 5, 1780. 



Jacob Buck 2 , born in Haverhill, 
June 10, 1731. He was a yeoman 
and lived in Haverhill upon the 
homestead of his father, which had 
been conveyed to him before he was 
of age. He married Hannah Ames 
of B oxford May r 7, 1752. He was 
living in Haverhill in 1771; and she 
died in Chester, N. H., March 18, 
1809, at the age of eighty-one. 

Children, born in Haverhill: — 

18—i. Moses 3 , b. March 3, 1754. 

19 — ii. Asa 3 , b. Dec. 18, 1755. 

20 — in. Hannah 3 ,* probably m. William 

Davis June 25, 1780. 
21— iv. Samuel 3 , b. Feb. 26, 1759. 

* Abraham Buck, son of Hannah Buck/ 
singlewoman, born Dec. 11, 1776. — Haver- 
hill town records. 



22— v. Phebe 3 , b. Sept. 11. 1760; m. 

Benjamin Chase of Newbury. 

(pub. May 13, 1781.) 
23— vi. Jacob 3 , b. Julv 27, 1762. 
24 — vii. Eliphalet 3 , b. Oct. 10, 1764. 

See below (24). 
25— viii. Mary 3 , b. July 21, 1766. 
26— ix. Nathan 3 , b. Dec. 19, 1768. 

12 

Jonathan Buck 3 , born in Haver- 
hill April 3, 1748. He married Han- 
nah Gale, and lived in Haverhill. 

Children, born in Haverhill : — 
27—i. Benjamin 4 , b. Nov. 19, 1768. 
28 — ii. John 4 , b. Oct. 27, 1771. 
29 — in. Ruth 4 , b. Au?. 9, 1775. 
30 — iv. Lydia 4 , b. Oct. 25, 1777. 

24 

Eliphalet Buck 3 , born in Haver- 
hill Oct. 10, 1764. He married Sarah 
Cole Sept. 6, 1785; and lived in Ha- 
verhill. 

Children, born in Haverhill: — 

Samuel 4 , b. April 21, 1786. 

Sarah 4 , b. Nov. 19, 1787. 

John 4 , b, Sept. 27, 1789. 

Sally 4 , b. Oct. 14, 1791. 

Deborah 4 , b. Dec. 10, 1792. 

Ebenezer 4 , b. Nov. 28. 1794. 
37— vii. Katherine 4 , b. April 18, 1797. 
38— viii. Polly 4 , b. Dec. 28, 1800. 
39— ix. Abiah 4 , b. Nov. 26, 1802. 



31—i. 
32—n. 
33— in 
34— iv, 

35— v. 
36— vi. 



NOTES 

Administration on the estate of 
John Buck of Marblehead was granted 
March 3, 1701. Credit was given for 
money received from the province 
treasurer. — Probate records. 

Keziah Buck of Andover married 
James Marble (of Middleton?) March 
17, 1742-3 — Andover town records. 

Ezra Buck married Hannah Jaques 
June 15, 1794.— Bradford town records. 



FAMILY GENEALOGIES 



249 



William Buck of Newbury married 
Phillis Hooper of Newbury Oct. 10, 
1783. 

Capt. John Buck married Miss 
Elizabeth Bartlet, both of Newbury- 
port, Dec. 28, 17S4, and had a daugh- 
ter Eliza, born July 23, 1796. 

— Newbury port town records. 

Polly Buck of Haverhill married 
Winthrop Flanders June 8, 17S6. 
— Salisbury town records. 



BUCKHORN NOTE 

Alexander Buckhorn published to 
Elizabeth Grealey, Aug. 6, 1774. 
— Marblehead town records. 



BUCKLER NOTES 

Daniel Buckler married Ruth Picket 
Jan. 16, 1787; she was buried June 
9, 1796; aged thirty-two. They lived 
in Beverly, where their children were 
born as follows; James, born June 
27, 1787; Daniel, born Aug. 3, 1789; 
William, born Aug. 3, 1789; Wil- 
liam born Sept. 20, 1791; Pegge, 
born April 11, 1794; Ruth, born May 
25, 1796. — Beverly records. 

William Buckley, a shoemaker, 
lived in Ipswich 1657-1674, and in 
Salem, 1681-1702; married Miss Sarah 
Smith of Ipswich. He was dead in 
1705, administration being granted on 
his estate Feb. 8, 1714; she died be- 
fore 1726. Children born in Ipswich; 
1. William, born Dec. 8, 1657 ; died 
in 1659. 2. William, died Aug. 16, 
1660. 3. John, born May 8, 1660. 
4. Priscilla, married William Stacey 
28: 9: 1697 ; and was his widow, of 
Salem, in 1726. 5. Mary, married 

Procter, and was his widow, 

of Salem, in 1727. 6. William, born 



Oct. 14, 1666; was a shoemaker or 
cordwainer; lived in Salem; married 
first, Abigail Caves of Topsfield Dec. 
21, 1697; second, widow Dorcas 
Faulkner of Salem Feb. 20, 1734-5; 
he died ; and she married, third, Joshua 
Felt of Lynn June 16, 1736. In 
1714 and 1729, he was the only sur- 
viving son of William Buckley. 
7. Elizabeth, born May — 1669. 

— Records. 

Children of Joseph Buckley: Eliza- 
beth, born Feb. 12, 1772; Joseph, 

May 13, 1774_; lly (daughter) 

born June 6, 17S0. 

— Newbury town records. 

Mary Buckley, married Silvester 
Whitterage Nov. 17, 1684. 

— Marblehead town records. 

Mrs. Dorothy Bucklev married 
Jonathan Wade Dec. 9, 1660 in Ips- 
wich. — Court records. 



BUCKMAN NOTES 

Samuel Buckman, • feltmaker of 
Amesbury, 16S7-1689; of Newbury 
1702-1734; wife Martha Harris 1687- 
89, wife Mary 1736-7; children of 
Samuel and Martha (Haines) Buck- 
man; Samuel (first son) born Sept. 
16, 1687; died Oct. 21, 1687; Samuel 
(second son), born Nov. 10, 16S8; 
died Nov. 28, 16S8; Sarah, born Nov. 
26, 16S9; married Abraham Colby of 
Rowley Nov. 21, 1712. 

— Amesbury town records. 

John Buckman married Elizabeth 
Woodberry April 5, 1772; she died in 
Beverly March 24, 1827, of dyspepsia, 
at the age of seventy-eight ; children, 
born in Beverly; 1. Elizabeth, born 

March 6, 1773; married True; 

and she was his widow in 1827: 2. 



250 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



John; born Sept. 21, 1775, living in 
1819, married Miss Sarah Wood Oct. 
4, 179S; she died Oct. 16, (18?) 1825, 
aged forty-nine; he died March 15, 
1831; their children were born as fol- 
lows; Sophia, born Nov. 21, 177S; 

; died Sept. 28, 1S00, aged 

three davs; Elizabeth, born March 11, 
1802; Sally, born Nov. 26, 1S04; 
Almira, born Sept. 20, 1S07 ; married 
William H. Johnson Dec. 24, 1829; 
Mercy Wood, born Feb. 5, 1810; John 
James, baptized Oct. 23, 1813 ; John 
James, born Oct. 8, 1814; Mary Wood, 
born July 11, 1816; died Oct. 11, 
1817. — Beverly records. 

James Buckman of Salem, mariner, 
died on board the brig Ranger, and 
administration upon his estate was 
granted May 7, 1787. 

Widow Sarah Buckman of Ipswich 
was appointed administratrix in the 
estate of her late husband John 
Buckman of Ipswich, fisherman. Feb. 
24, 1724-5. Dr. Samuel Wallis of 
Ipswich attended him in his last sick- 
ness, before Nov. 19, 1723. 

— Probate records. 

Mary Buckman married W T illiam 
Collins, Sept. 10, 1769. 

Sarah Buckman married Samuel 
Shattock, Jr. July 24, 1676. 

Dr. David Buckman married Esther 
Sprague of Maiden, March 4, 1745-6. 
— Salem records. 

Hannah Buckman married John 
Masters Feb. 12, 1729-30. 

Sarah Buckman published to Sam- 
uel Whitaker of Concord, Sept. 4, 
1731. 

Children of Jeremy Buckman; 

, baptized April — , 1717; 

Stephen; baptized Oct. 7, 1722; Mar- 
tha, baptized Aug. 16, 1724. 

— Ipswich records. 



Jose Buckman of Maiden married 
Hannah Peabody of Boxford Feb. 24, 
1690; her son Joses baptized Oct. 30, 
1692. — Topsficld church records. 

Children of Jeremiah and Hannah 
Buckman; Jeremiah, baptized June 
29, 1729; Hannah, June 29, 1731. 

David, son of Jeremiah Buckman, 
baptized June 19, 1726. 

Betsey Buckman married Jacob 
Thomson, Jr. Jan. 24, 1793. 

— Beverly records. 

Elisha Buckman married Elizabeth 

Porter Aug. 1 (7 church record.) 

1799. 

Mary Buckman of Ipswich married 
William Handcock of Marblehead, 
Jan., 18 1719-20. 

Sarah Buckman married John 
Perault July 12, 1725. 

— Marblehead records. 

Jeremiah Buckman* of Ipswich 1713 
-1731; laborer 1713, 1714; yeoman 
1720, 1721 ; housewright 1730-31 ;_son 
Jeremiah, lived in Beverly 1720-1/31, 
cordwainer 1730-1731; married Han- 
nah Lamson (published Dec. — , 1<20.) 

— Records. 

Joseph Buckman married Judith 
MaddoxOct. 16, 1791. 

— Gloucester town records. 

Joseph Buckman of Ipswich mar- 
ried Mary Legro of Wenham Nov. 29, 
1724; children, born in Ipswich; 1. 
John, baptized Nov. 14; 1725 ; 2. 
Joseph, baptized May 26, 172S ; 3. 
Benjamin, baptized Aug. 30, 1730. 
— Ipswich records. 

Daniel Buckman of Ipswich mar- 
ried Elizabeth Edwards of Wenham 

♦Jeremiah Buckman of Lexington, car- 
penter and wife Hannah sold land in Ham- 
let parish, Ipswich in 1732. — Essex Registry 
of Deeds. 



FAMILY GENEALOGIES 



251 



Dec. 7, 1720; lived in Wenham 1722 
-1724; and in Beverly 1725-1735; 
was a cordwainer and fisherman. He 
died in Ipswich of apoplexy, Aug. 3,' 
1773, aged seventy-one. Children 

born in Beverly: 1. died May 

26> 1725; 2. d. in infancv Jan. 

9, 1729-30; 3. Daniel, born Sept. 16, 
1726 ; 4. Eleanour, baptized Sept. 8, 
1728;5. Edwarde, born July 31, 1730; 
Pelatiah, baptized Nov. 14, 1731. 

— Records . 



BUCKMASTER NOTES 

Elizabeth Buckmaster married 
Moses Moody Sept. 10, 1785. 

— Haverhill town records. 

John Buckmaster married Deborah 
Wood Nov. 29, 1789. — B oxford town 
records. 



BUCKMINISTER NOTES 

Rachel Buckminster married Joshua 
Brown May 25, 1788. — Boxford tow 
records . 

John Buckminster, resident in 
Ipswich, published to Hannah Butler 
of Ipswich Nov. 3, 1787. — Ipswich 
town records. 

Judith, wife of Richard Buckmin- 
ster of Newburyport, died, on a visit 
to his sister, Mrs. John Smith, Nov. 
2, 1772, aged thirty-seven. 

— Rowley town records. 



BUDESART NOTE 

John Griffin was appointed admin- 
istrator of the estate of his mother, 
Agnes Budesart (also deceased 24: 9: 
1682) April 10, 1683, by court at 
Ipswich. She was apparently of 
Newbury . — Probate records . 



DESCENDANTS OF THOMAS 
BUFFINGTON OF SALEM. 

Thomas Buffington 1 lived in Sa- 
lem 1671-1728; husbandman 1685- 
1726; married Miss Sarah Southwick 
of Salem, 30: 10 mo. 1670. Will dated 
Sept. 18, 1725, proved Aug. 28, 1728. 
Wife Sarah survived him and was his 
widow in 1733. 

Children, born in Salem: — 

2 — i. Thomas 2 , b. March 1, 1671. See 
below (2). 

3 — ii. Benjamin 2 , b July 24, 1675. See 
below (3). 

4 — in. Abigail 2 , b. July 25, 1695; mar- 
ried Samuel King, jr., husband- 
man, of Salem, Aug. 13, 1714. 



Thomas Buffington 2 , born in Sa- 
lem March 1, 1671; lived in Salem; 
married Hannah Ross Feb. 2S, 1699. 
She was his wife in 1705 and he was 
dead in 1725. 

Children*, born in Salem: — 

5—1. Hannah 3 , b. May 11, 1701. 

6— ii. Sarah 3 , b. Aug. 30, 1703. 

7 — ii. Thomas 3 , b. June 25, 1705 of 

Killingsly Co., yeoman, 1749. 
8 — iv. James. See below (8). It is not 

absolutelv certain that James 
jj (8) was the son of Thomas (2), 

but evidences point that way 

and Thomas (3) mentions a 

brother or brothers. 



Benjamin Buffington 2 , born in 
Salem July 24, 1675; husbandman; 
lived in Salem in 1705, and in Swan- 
sey, Mass., 1725-1733. 

Children, born in Salem: — 

9 — i. Benjamin 3 , born Mav 4. 1699. 
10 — ii. William 3 , b. Oct. 9,' 1702. 
11— in. Jo 3 , b. March 25, 1704-5. 

* There were sons other than Thomas. 



252 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



8 

James Buffixgtox, lived in Salem 
1739-1773; cordwainer 1739-1773; 
wife Elizabeth 1740-1773. His will 
dated May 13, 17 < 3, proved June 8, 
1773; his estate being appraised at 
£631: Is. :Shd. Many shoes on hand 
at death. 

Children: — 

12 — i. Betty 2 , baptized July 27, 1740, 
in middle precinct (Peabody) ; 
m. Nathan Putnam Aug. 2, 
1752, and was living in 1773. 

13 — ii. Mary 2 , born Aug. 25, 1735, in Sa- 
lem; m Thomas Gardner of 
Dan vers, June 13, 1755, and 
was living in 1773. 

14 — in. Hannah 2 , baptized July 27, 1740, 
in middle precinct (Peabody). 

15 — iv. James 2 , baptized July 27, 1740, 
in middle precinct (Peabody). 
See below (5). 

16 — v. John 2 , b. about 1742. See below 
(6). 

17 — vi. Sarah 2 , married Benjamin Chap- 
man Nov. 24, 1762. 

18 — vii. Nehemiah 2 , b. about 1745; mar- 
iner 1775-1799; merchant, 
1789-1799; yeoman 1816-1S32. 
Lived in Salem; married, first, 
Elizabeth Procter, Sept. 14, 
1774; second, Elizabeth Ashton, 
Jan. 26, 1786. He died March 
18, 1832. She survived him 
and died of palsy, his widow, 
April 4, 1845, aged eighty eight. 

19 — vni. Elizabeth 2 , married William But- 
man before 1773. 

20 — ix. Lydia 2 , married Robert Cook, jr.. 
March 10, 1767, and was living 
in 1773. 

21 — x. Jonathan 2 , mariner, of Salem. 
1775. 

22 — xi. Zadock 2 . See below (12). 

15 

James Buffixgtox 2 , baptized mid- 
dle precinct (Peabody) July 27, 1740. 
Lived in Salem and was a cordwainer 
in 1762 and 1772, and a mariner in 
1776. He married Prudence Procter 



of Danvers Feb. 14, 1765. Adminis- 
tration was granted on his estate 
May 6, 1776. His estate was ap- 
praised at £494:5s:10J. She sur- 
vived him, and married, secondly, 
Daniel Frye March 15, 1783. 
Children: — 

23 — i. Prudence 2 , married Jacob Tuck- 
er Sept. 7, 1788, and was of 
Salem, his widow, in 1704. 

24 — xi. Hannah 3 , b. in Salem Jan. 30, 
1767; married Elijah Briggs of 
Scituate, ship-builder, Aug. 15, 
1789, and returned to Salem to 
live in 1796. 

25 — in. Betsey 3 , married David Nichols 
Nov. 17, 1798. 

26 — iv. James 3 , mariner, lived in Salem; 
married Eli7abeth Dennis Dec 
10, 1797. Administration was 
granted on his estate Aug. 28, 
1805, and she survived him. 

27 — v. Sarah 3 , born in Salem, Sept. 27, 
1772, married Ebenezer Mann 
of Salem, ship-builder, Oct. 31, 
1791 

16 

Capt. Johx Buffixgtox 2 , born 
about 1742; mariner, 1775-1805; mer- 
chant 1779-1827. Lived in Salem; 
married Mary Pitman Aug. 18, 1767, 
and she was his wife in 1818. He 
died of old age Feb. 17, 1827, aged 
eighty-three. 

Children (only heirs-at-law in 
1827) : — 

28 — i. — John 3 , b. about 1767; died of a 
rupture in Salem Nov. 5, 1S18, 
aged fifty-one. 
29 — ii. Eliza 3 , married Nathaniel Wil- 
liams Crafts, before 1818. 
30 — in. Polly 3 , b about 1773; died Apr. 
27, 1797. 

22 

Capt. Zadock Buffixgtox 2 , cord- 
wainer 1775; gentleman 17S2-1793 ; 
esquire 1797-1799. Conducted tav- 
ern at the corner of Washington and 



FAMILY GENEALOGIES 



253 



Church streets in 1793. He married, 
first, Miss Abigail Procter in Aug. or 
Sept., 1776, in Salem; and she was 
his wife in 17SS. He married, second, 
Deborah Saltmarsh, June 7, 17S9. 
His will dated March 15, 1799, 
was proved June 26, 1799, and his 
estate was valued at $8,483.50. His 
wife Deborah survived him and died, 
his widow, in the spring of 1815. 

Children: — 
31- — i. Jonathan 3 , minor in 1799 and of 

Boston, merchant, in IS 15. 
32 — II. Lydia 3 , aged under twenty-five 

years in 1799. 



NOTES 



Thomas Nehemiah Buffington, of 
Salem, laborer. 1797. — Registry of 
deeds. 



Mary Buffington, baptized March 
31, 1728.— -Middle precinct (Peabody) 
Salem church records. 

Children of James and Abigail Buf- 
fington : — 

1. James, b. Dec. 12, 1798. 

2. Mary, b. May 5, 1802. 

3. Martha, b. July 1, 1805. 

4. Abigail, b. Nov. 26, 1806. 

5. Hannah, b. Dec. 4, 1808. 

— Danvers town records. 

Hannah Buffington married Jona- 
than Marsh, Sr., Oct. 7, 1725. 

Hannah Buffington married Syl- 
vester Procter Dec. 3, 1761. 

Thomas Buffington married Mary 
Coffen, Aug. 22, 1758. 

— Salem town records. 



(To be continued.) 



asv 



(Upvilititfm $c (&$rnmt ni 



on goofyrf anb either ^iibject^? 



Randall Family 

"A Biographical History of Robert Randall and 
his descendants 1608-1909. By William L. Chaffin. 
The Grafton Press genealogical publishers. New York 
MCMIX xx. 247 pages. $5.00 from the compiler, 
Rev. W. L. Chaffin, North Easton, Mass. 

From the admirable introductory essay 
on the Randall families of America by 
A. F. Randall, president of the "Randall 
Historical Association of America," it 
appears that there are no less than 25 dis- 
tinct and, as far as known, unconnected 
Randall families in this country ; and while 
several accounts of individual lines have 
appeared, this is "the first genealogy of all 
the descendants of an immigrant Randall 
ancestor." 

The original Robert Randall settled in 
Weymouth about 1635, but his descendants 
for several generations centered at Easton, 
Mass., where they were at one time the 
largest family, and no less than 25 of the 
name enlisted in the Revolutionary army 
from that town. 

The work is no mere genealogy, if by that 
term we understand a dreary succession of 
names and dates ; perhaps its most notable 
feature is Mr. Chaffin's success in making 
the members of the family live before us, 
the little sketches or characterizations of 
individuals, which lend a touch of personal 
interest to its pages. Those of us who have 
tried, know how difficult an art this is. 

The compiler, for forty years pastor at 
North Easton, and well known as author 
of the "History of the town of Easton", 
has been collecting data for twenty years, 
the last two or three since retirement from 
active professional work, being devoted to 



perfecting and completing this history. 
The volume concludes with an excellent in- 
dex of nearly fifty pages. 

Numbers of the Indian Tribe3 
Overestimated. 
R. A. Douglas-Lithgow, in his new work, 
"Dictionary of American Indian Place and 
Proper Names in New England," says of the 
Indian tribes occupying Massachusetts and 
the other New England states: "With re- 
gard to their aggregate tribal numbers 
many opinions have been expressed and 
many estimates given by some of the ear- 
lier writers, but most of them have been 
as rash as extravagant. More careful re- 
cent inquiry has elicited the fact that the 
number of Indians occupying New Eng- 
land, at any time subsequent to the year 
1600, has been very much exaggerated, 
and the writer has been assured by two 
well-known modern anthropologists, who 
have made a special studv of the matter, 
that the total number of Indians in New 
England about the year 1600 did not ex- 
ceed 24, or 25,000. Their calculations, 
arrived at independently, are based upon 
an average of between 75 to 80 souls in 
each village, and the results are as fol- 
lows : — 

Pequots 2000 

Narragansetts, .... 5000 

Massachusetts 2500 

Wampanoags, 3000 

Pawtuckets, 2000 

Mohegans 2000 

Maine Indians, .... 2500 
All others, 2500 

Total, 21,500 






5-5$ 



0ur^U0riaT J?nx±t^ 



Rjdv^Thomas Ilbasklin WXters. 



WITH the completion of the work' 
on the Rebecca Xourse house in 
Danvers, another has been added 
to the long list of ancient dwellings rescued 
from decay and preserved to future gen- 
erations. It needs not be said that the 
work has been done with good judgment 
and fine sympathy. Restoration has be- 
come a fine art. Architect and amateur 
alike recognize that the cardinal principle 
is absolute adherence to the original archi- 
tecture, wherever it can be determined. 

The small casement windows, w T ith di- 
minutive panes have been wisely adhered 
to through the great rooms heavily beamed 
above and the side walls finished in matched 
boarding of an ancient style, are dark and 
gloomy, save when the sunlight or firelight 
bring good cheer. A single coat of white- 
wash was common in ancient times and a 
whitened ceiling would have relieved the 
depressing atmosphere of these shadowy, 
mysterious rooms. But no such light touch 
has found place here. The dark time- 
stained hue of the natural wood is its only 
adornment and it lends itself with peculiar 
fitness to a dwelling, filled with such solemn 
and pathetic memories. The cavernous 
fire places with the black mouth of the oven 
opening into unknown depths of darkness, 
are in fine harmony. Severe, homely 
simplicity is never departed from. This 
Puritan home breathes the spirit of the 
stern Puritan times, in every nook and 
corner. 

The story of its restoration to its primal 
dignity is the old familiar one. It was in 
danger of destruction by an owner, who had 
no appreciation of sentimental values. A 



woman of fine historic sense, feeling keenly 
the shame that would be entailed by its loss, 
gave herself with wonderful patience to the 
task of raising funds for its purchase. She 
made appeal to a public, always gene-ous 
and with its generosity unexhausted by 
the frequent demands upon it. The re- 
sponse was gratifying and adequate One 
princely gift came from a descendant of 
Governor Endicott, who was the original 
owner of the farm. Small contributions 
from many givers swelled the total sum to 
some seven thousand dollars. The house 
and twenty-five acres adjoining and sur- 
rounding the dwelling, were bought and 
the title w r as vested in an Association, 
organized to hold the property. The deed 
was done so quietly, so quickly, and 
apparently so easily, that any enthusiastic 
friend of any old dwelling in any part of 
our Commonwealth, which has reasonable 
claim for preservation, may proceed with 
confidence to raise a fund by public 
subscription. 

Apart from its intrinsic value, as an 
excellent specimen of a seventeenth cen- 
tury home, peculiar personal associations 
hallow this ancient house. From this 
fireside, a woman of spotless character, well 
advanced in years, the mother of a goodly 
family was dragged to prison, to trial and 
to the scaffold in the summer of 1692. She 
was charged with the practise of witch- 
craft, and some frivolous girls accused 
her of tormenting them in supernatural 
fashion. When she was arraigned before 
the Justices, they uttered piercing shrieks 
and declared that she bit or stamped upon 
them. She protested her innocence and 



256 



THE MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



made solemn appeal to God to help her but 
in the frenzied excitement of that dread- 
ful time, calm judgment or natural sym- 
pathy was impossible 

THOSE who were first accused may 
have been beldames of sharp. tongue 
and persons of unsavory reputation. 
Robert Calef observes that among these 
were "Sarah Good, who had long been 
counted amel ancholy or distracted woman; 
and one Osborn, an old bedridden woman ; 
which two were persons so ill thought of, 
that the accusation was the more readily 
believed." But the distracted victims of 
that extraordinary delusion soon brought 
charges against people of finest quality. 
Little Dorothy Good, the five year old 
• daughter of Sarah, was charged with be- 
ing a witch and was imprisoned with her 
mother. Mary Easty, the sister of Re- 
becca Nourse, was accused, " acquitted, 
arrested again two days later and sen- 
tenced to death. She petitioned the 
Court: "the Lord above knows my inno- 
cence then and likewise doth now, as at the 
great day will be known by men and angels, 
I petition your honors not for my own life, 
for I know I must die, and my appointed 
time is set; but the Lord he knows if it be 
possible that no more innocent blood be 
shed, which undoubtedly cannot be avoided 
in the way and course you go in." When 
she bade farewell to her husband, children 
and friends, "she was, as is reported by 
them present, as serious, religious, distinct 
and affectionate as could well be exprest, 
drawing tears from the eyes of almost all 
present." The excellent Madame Hale of 
Beverly, wife of the minister, fell under 
suspicion; Rev. George Burroughs, the 
former minister of a Salem church, was 
condemned and executed. 

The history of Salem witchcraft has been 
written again and again, wisely and well, 
and the innocence of the unfortunate vic- 
tims has been abundantly proved, but a 



lingering suspicion abides in some minds 
that the condemned were at fault, and 
may have met a fate that was in some 
measure deserved. There is a popular 
misconception, that passes for truth with 
too many of careless mind, that the witch 
was an old hag, arrayed in conical hat 
and flowing cloak, who bestrode her broom- 
stick and rode down the midnight wind, 
in quest of victims. 

She is seized upon by tradesmen as a 
catchy advertisement of their wares. 
Thoughtless young men, innocent of any 
evil motive, taking their cue from the 
common error, parade the streets as polit- 
ical campaign clubs, wearing the accepted 
.garb of the ancient witch. Thus in bur- 
lesque, with gibe and sneer, or silly grin, 
the saddest and most pitiful of all delu- 
sions is recalled, with monstrous falsity, 
and painful heartlessness. 

NO more wise and weighty protest 
against the prevalent shallow 
thought, no more apt and sugges- 
tive portrayal of the Truth, no more be- 
fitting honor to those who died, can be 
conceived than this silent but eloquent 
memorial. It has seemed worth while 
that the home ot one of those, who died 
so ignominiously, should be restored, and 
preserved to all time. It was dedicated 
with no labored eulogy of the good wom- 
an, who dwelt here. With a few well 
chosen words by broad minded and sym- 
pathetic men, it was opened to all who 
care to come. In the course of years, 
many will come and as they tarry a little 
in these old rooms, they will feel the spell 
of the Past. Rebecca Nourse, the wife 
and mother, the neighbor and friend, loyal, 
loving and tender, will live again. Her 
gentle presence will glorify her old home, 
and win the hearts of many to herself, 
and to her companions in sorrow and bitter- 
ness, in wiser and more just appreciation, 
in tend*r sympathy and enduring love. 



3S7 



INDEX OF AUTHORS AND SUBJECTS FOR 
VOLUME II, MASSACHUSETTS MAGAZINE 



Prepared by Charles A. Flagg 



Authors' names italicized. 



"Active," Mass. brigantine, 234. 
Adultery, The "Scarlet letter," 3. 
American Revolution, Department of the, 

45, 101, 168, 234. 

Lamson's Weston company, 132. 

Mass. brigantine, "Active." 234. 

Mass. brigantine, " Independence/' 

45. 

Mass. naval legislation, 45. 

Mass.officers,18,46. 72, 101,146,168, 

191, 208, 235. 

Mass. sloop, " Freedom," 101. 

Mass. sloop, " Republic," 168. 

Mass. sloop, " Tyrannicide," 192. 

Negroes in naval service, 236. 

Privateer, ''General Pickering," 196. 

Privateer, " Julius Caesar, " 198. 

Rations, Beer complained of, 17. 

Regiments, Bridge's, 203. 

" Danielson's, 69. 

" Doolittle's, 11. 

'« Fellows', 141. 



See also Bunker Hill; Haraden, Capt. ].; 
Lexington; Valley Forge. 

Antietam battlefield, 118. 

Army of the United colonies ; see American 
Revolution, Regiments. 

Bachiller, Mrs. Mary, of Kittery, the orig- 
inal of Hawthorne's Hester Prynne, 
3. 

Bartlett family gathering, 1909. 185. 

Battlefields, High school trips to, 118. 

" Bay State Monthly, " 48. 

Beer in rations, Complained of, 1775, 17. 

Benefactions to towns, 187. 



Berkshire County, Fellow's regiment, part- 
ly from, 141. 

Bodge, George M., historian, 51. 

Books reviewed 

Chaffin, W. L. A biographical history 
of Robert Randall and his descend- 
ants, 254. 
Fisher, S. G. The struggle for American 

independence, 105. 
Pope, C. H. The pioneers of Maine and 
New Hampshire, 50. 

Boston, Historical pilgrimages to, 120. 

Boston Bay, Settlers before 1630, 115, 176. 

Bowen, Ashley, Diary, 109. 

Bridge's regiment, 1775, 203. 

Browning family notes, Essex County, 240. 

Bruce family notes, Essex County, 241. 

Bruer family notes, Essex County, 241. 

Brumagin family notes, Essex County, 241. 

Brunier family notes, Essex County, 242. 

Brunson family notes, Essex county, 242. 

Bryant family notes, Essex County, 242. 

Bryers family notes, Essex County, 244. 

Bryson family notes, Essex County, 244. 

Bubier family, Descendants of Joseph of 
Marblehead, 244. 

Buck family, Descendants of Ebenezer of 
Haverhill, 247. 

Buckhorn family notes, Essex County, 249. 

Buckler family notes, Essex County, 249. 

Buckman family notes, Essex County, 249. 

Buckmaster family notes, Essex County, 
251. 

Buckminster family notes, Essex County, 251 

Budesart family notes, Essex County, 251. 



258 



INDEX 



Buffington family, Descen lanti of Thomas 

of Salem, 251. 
Bunker Hill, Bridge's regiment at, 205. 

Doolittle's regiment at, 15. 

Carnegie Institution. Failure to encourage 

art and literature, 56. 
Chaffin, William L. Biographical history 

of Robert Randall and his descend- 
- ants. Reviewed r 254. 
Chase Family Association, 174. 
Civil War, see Antietam, Gettysburg, New- 

bern, N. C. 
Clemens family notes, Salem 107. 
Conant, Roger, Monument in Salem, or 

Gloucester? 1S4. 
Criticism and comment department, 48, 

107, 174, 254. 
Cutting family of Weston, 136. 
Danielson's regiment, 1775, 69. 
Danvers. Rebecca Nourse house restored, 

255. 
Deerfield, Williams house, 41. 
Dennis Albert W. Some Massachusetts 

historical writers, 51. 
Doolittle's regiment, 1775, 11. 
Douglas-Lithgow , R. A. Indians in Mass, 

overestimated, 234. 
Draper, Eben S. Ancestry of, 123. 
Draper, T. W. M. Ancestry of Gov. Eben 

S. Draper^ 123. 
Editorial department, 55, 118, 186, 255. 
Eliot, Charles W.,59. . 
Emigrants from Mass., Michigan series, 39, 

66, 200. 
"Essex Antiquarian" Genealogical depart- 
ment continued in Mass. Magazine, 240. 
Essex County. Bridge's regiment, partly 

from, 203. 

Genealogical Dictionary, 240. 

Fellows' regiment, 1775, 141. 
Fisher, Sidney G. The struggle for Amer- 
ican independence. Reviewed, 105. 
Flagg, Charles A. Dedication of Mass, 

monument at Newbern, N. C, 48. 

Local historical societiesinMass.,84. 

Mass. pioneers, Michigan series, 39, 

66,200. , .. 



Name "Massachusetts Magazine, 



48. 
Charles A. Flagg. Old Merriam house, 

Gra'ton, 98. 
Review of Chaffin's Biographical 

history of Robert Randall, 254. 
Review of Pope's Pioneers of Maine 

and New Hampshire, 50. 
— Some articles concerning Mass. in 

recent magazines, 42, 93, 162, 228. 

Some Mass. books of 1908, 49. 

William Abbatt's " Magazine of 



History," 174. 

"Freedom," Mass. sloop andbrigantine, 101. 

Gardner, Frank A. Ancestors of Benjamin 
Clemens Witherell, 107. 

Captain Jonathan Haraden, 191, 

— -. Colonel Ebenezer Bridge's regi- 

. ment, 203. : 

Colonel Ephraim Doolittle's regi- 
ment, 11. 

Colonel John Fellow's regiment, 141. 

Colonel Timothy Danielson's regi- 
ment, 69, 

: — Department of the American Rev- 

• olution, 45, 101, 16S, 234. 

The George Gardner house, West 

Peabody, 230. * 

Heroes and monuments, 171. 

Historical pageants, 107. 

Review of Fisher's Struggle for 



American independence, 105. 
Gardner, Lucie M. Family genealogies, 

Essex Co., 240. 

Gloucester day, 1909. 184. 

Pilgrims and planters department, 

54, 115. 176, 239. 
Settlers about Boston Bay prior to 



1630, 115, 176. 

Gardner Family Association, 117. 1S3. 
Gardner house, West Peabody, 230. 
Genealogists, Presumption of, 55. 
"General Pickering," privateer, 196. 
Gettysburg battlefield, 119. 
Gloucester dav, 1909. 1S4. 
Grafton, Merriam house, 98. 
Hampden County, see Hampshire County. 



INDEX 



259 



Hampshire County, Danielson's regiment 
from, 69. 

Hampshire County, Fellow's regiment, 
partly from, 141. 

Haraden, Capt. Jonathan, of Salem, idl. 

Hastings family of Weston, 137. 

Hawthorne, Nathaniel. The " Scarlet let- 
ter" and old Ketterie, 3. 

Henniker, N. H. Old home week, 186. 

Heroes and monuments, 171- 

Hews family of Weston, 138. 

High school trips to Washington and bat- 
tlefields, 118. 

Hill, Mrs. Caroline R. The old Rand 
house, 165. 

Historic houses, Gardner house, West Pea- 
body, 230. 

Merriam house, Grafton, 98. 

Nourse house, Dan vers, 255. 

Noyes house, Newbury, 30. 

-Rand house, Weston, 165. 

Williams house, Deerfield, 41. 

Historical investigation, Encouragement 
of, 56. 

Historical magazines, Early American, 174. 

Historical pageants in Mass. 1909, 107. 

Historical societies in Mass., List of, 84. 

Hubbard family of Weston, 138. 

"Independence," Mass. brigantine, 45. 

Indians in Mass. Numbers in colonial 
times, 254. 

James, Edward J. Tribute to Pres. Eliot, 60. 

Jordan, David S. Tribute to Pres. Eliot, 63. 

"Julius Caesar," privateer, 198. 

Battery, Maine. The "Scarlet Letter," 3. 

Lamson, Daniel S. Weston, 129. 

Lamson family of Weston, 138. 

Lamson's Weston company at Lexington, 
132. 

Lee, Col. Jeremiah, of Marblehead, 239. 

Lexington, Battle of, Weston company at, 
132. 

Livermore, Mrs. Mary A. at Marietta, 
1888, 33. 

Local historical societies in Mass., 84. 

Local history, Encouragement to students 
of, 56. 



McClintock, John iV., Weston, 129. 
"Magazine of history," 174. 
Marblehead, Bowen's diary, 109. 

Col. Jeremiah Lee, 239. 

Old Planters Society meeting, Sept. 

1909, 239. 
Marietta, O. Centennial of 1888. Mrs. Mary 

A. Livermore at, 33. 
Massachusetts, Bibliography of historical 

writings. Books of 1908, 49. 
Magazine articles, etc., 

1908-1909, 42, 99, 162, 228. 
— Historical pageants, 1909, 107. 

Historical writers, 51. 

- Indian population overestimated, 

254. 

Local historical societies, List of, 84. 

Monument at Newbern, N. C. dedi- 
cated, 48. 

Naval legislation in Revolution, 45. 

Navy see American Revolution; 

Haraden, Capt. J. 

Pioneers, Michigan series, 39,66,200. 

Privateer, "General Pickering," 196. 

Privateer, "Julius Caesar," 198. 

Regiments see under American Rev- 
olution. 

— Revolutionary officers, 18, 46, 72. 

101, 146, 168, 191, 208, 235. 

Settlers about Boston Bay before 

1630, 115, 176. 

"Massachusetts Magazine," Earlier periodi- 
cals of the name, 48. 

Mayflower Society, 54, 239. 

Merriam house, Grafton, 98. 

Michigan, Pioneers from Mass., 39, 66, 200. 

Middlesex County, Bridge's regiment part- 
ly from, 203. 

Military heroes, Monuments to, 171. 

Minute men, see American Revolution, 
Regiments. 

Monuments to military heroes, 171. 

Negroes in the Revolutionary navy, 236. 

New Hampshire, Bridge's regiment partly 
from, 203. 

Newbern, N. C. Dedication of Mass. monu- 
ment, 48. 



260 



INDEX 



Newbury, Noyes house, 30. 

Northrop, Cyrus, Tribute to Pres. Eliot, 65. 

Northwest Territory. Centennial 18S8, An 
incident, 33. 

Nourse house, Danvers, restored, 255. 

Noyes, Benjamin L., The Rev. James 
Noyes house in Newbury, 30. 

Noyes house, Newbury. 30. 

Old home week, 186. 

Old planters, Boston, 115, 176. 

Old Planters Society, 54, 117, 185,239. 

Our editorial page, 55, 118, 186,255. 

The Pathfinder (Mrs. Livermore) at Mari- 
etta, 33. 

Peabody, Gardner house, 230. 

Perley, Sidney, Genealogical dictionary of 
Essex County, Continuation of, 240. 

Pilgrims and planters department, 54, 115, 
176, 239. 

Pope, Charles H., The pioneers of Maine 
and New Hampshire. Reviewed, 50. 

Public utility funds, Plea for establish- 
ment, 187. 

Punishments, The " Scarlet Letter," 3. 

Putnam. Association, 185. 

Record officials, Unreasonable requests 
from, 55. 

Regiments, see under American Revolution. 

"Republic,' ' Mass. sloop, 168. 

Revolution, American, see American Rev- 
olution. 

Salem, Capt. Jonathan Haraden, 191. 

Field day, of Mass. S. A. R. Sept. 

1909, 173, 237. 

— Privateers "General Pickering' ' and 



" Julius Caesar, ' ' 196. 
— Witchcraft, 255. 



Sears family of Weston, 139. 

Sectional feeling, Decline of, 48. 

Sheldon, George, The Pathfinder at Mari- 
etta, O. in 1888. 33. 

Sheridan, Philip H., Defence of, 172. 

Society of Mayflower Descendants, 54, 239. 

Sons of the American Revolution, Mass. 
Field day, 173, 237. 

Mass. Bay cloister, at Valley Forge, 

173. 

Sylvester, Herbert M., The "Scarlet letter" 
and old Ketterie, 3. 

Sylvester, Herbert M., historian, 52. 

Town clerks, Unreasonable requests from, 
55. 

Towns, Benefactions to. 187. 

"Tyrannicide, " Mass. sloop, 192. 

Valley Forge, Dedication of Mass. Bay 
cloister, in Memorial chapel, 173. 

Van Ness, Thomas, Protest against mon- 
uments to military heroes, 172. 

Washington, Booker T., Tribute to Pres. 
Eliot, 61. 

Washington, D.C., High school trips to, 118, 

Waters, Thomas F., Our editorial pages, 
55, 118, 186, 255. 

West Peabody, Gardner house, 230. 

Weston, History and genealogy, 129. 

Lamson's company at Lexington. 

1775, 132. 

Rand house, 165. 



Sanborn, Nathan P., Sketch of Col. Jere- 
miah Lee, 239. 



Williams house, Deerfield, 41. 

Winsor family of Weston, i39. 

Witchcraft delusion, 255. 

Witherell, Benjamin C, Ancestors of, 107. 

W T itherell family of Salem, 107. 

Worcester County, Doolittle's regiment 

from, 11. 
Fellow's regiment partly from, 141. 



The foregoing is not an index of personal names. Such an index covering every name found on the 
pages of the magazine will be issued at convenient periods, probably every five years: the theory being- that 
for genealogical or general reference use such a consolidation will be m:>re helpful than an annual issue 



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The standard history of the Siege of Boston, and of the 
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THE RISE OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE 
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Our Scries of 

Famous Old Houses 

Nearly every town in the State has some old house, 
a historic land mark for generations, about which 
clusters some old legend or association that makes it 
celebrated in the neighborhood. We wish to get 
photographs \<( all such and will pay $1.00 apiece 
for all that we can use. Send with photograph a 
description of the house. 



Settlers about Boston prior to 1630. 

The Pilgrims and Planters Department of tht 
magazine is devoted to the study of the settlements 
made in Massachusetts before 1630 and the men 
who made them. We have considered the Ca:.-e 
Ann-Salem Planters in these pages and in the Apr.', 
issue we will publish a study of the settlers about 
Boston Bay. An endeavor will be made to print a-, 
complete a list as possible of the men who came 
with an account of what they accomplished. 



Communications 
to our Department 
of Comment and 
Criticism 

In our department of 
'Comment and Criticism 
).\ Books and Other 
subjects" we invite com- 
nunications from our 
-eaders on any subject of 
Massachusetts history. 
We will be glad to have 
mportant newspaper clip- 
Dings submitted. In fact, 
we shall welcome anything 
of wide-spread interest 
concerning men, books, 
societies, or records asso- 
ciated with Massachusetts 
listorv. 



Some 

Massachusetts 
Historical 
Writers 

Suggestions from our 
•eaders of names for this 
lepartment will be gladlv 
eceived. We wish to 
>rint biographies of the 
own historians, compilers 
)f fam'ly genealogies, and 
>ther historical writers. 
Ul over Massachusetts, 
we desire to know the his- 
orians of the small towns 
is well as the men who 
lave written many books 
ind pamphlets on a var- 
ety of historical subjects. 



In recognition of Dr. Chas. 
W. Eliot's retirement from 
the presidency of Harvard 
University after 40 years of 
service, in May, the April 
number will contain an ar- 
ticle, taking notice of the 
event. 

A complete list of the active 
historical Societies in Mas- 
sachusetts, with names of 
officers, etc., will be printed 
in the April number. It is 
now in preparation by Mr. 
Chas. A. Flagg, of the Lib- 
rary of Congress, who has 
conducted an extensive cor- 
resonpdence with all parts 
of the State, in order to 
locate the small societies, 
which have not appeared in 
previous lists. 



N. E. N. C. 



The Massachusetts 

Historical Societies 

A feature <>f our next 
issue will be an article or. 
the historical societie- o: 
the state, including a list 
of such societies, com- 
plete as near as possible 
to make it. with some 
particulars about each. 

Weston 

Owing to congestion of 
other material we have 
been obliged to defer 
publication of an article 
on Weston by Mr. Mc- 
Clintock. 



Membership in 
the Hereditary- 
Patriotic Societies 

Dr. Gardner in his ''De- 
partment of the American 
Revolution" will be glad 
to answer questions or 
supply any information he 
can regarding Revolu- 
tionary matters, to enable 
persons to identify their 
genealogical connections, 
or to piove the Revolu- 
tionary service of their 
ancestors;as a prerequisite 
to membership in the J). 
A. R., S. A. R. and other 
patriotic orders. 



Recent Massachusetts Bibliography 

While other agencies, and particularly the book 
eviews of the " Xew England Historical and Gen- 
ealogical Register " make mem ion of the new books, 
nany of our readers are no less interested in know- 
ng what is printed concerning the state in the various 
periodicals, historical, literary, etc. 

A number of these are indexed by one or other of the ex- 
iting periodical indexes, but no one n r all : >mbined cover the 
ntire field, and in no place can one rind a conspectus of the field 
,t larze. 

Such a list is included in the present number, and if found 

ISeful. it will h*» rnnf ini:f rl inrlpfinitot'v- 



American Privateers. 

We wish to call special attention to the com- 
pleteness of the histories of the privuteerships. 
appearing in the Department of the American 
Revolution. Their value as contributions to Amer- 
ican naval history can hardly be over estimal 

The subject of the next article (April issue) will be 
the state brigantine "Freedom." The state si - 
"• Republic," Captains John Foster Williams . r. I 
Allen Hallet, and the state brig "Active," Caj I 
Allen Hallet, will appear in the July and October 



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